Memorandum of Understanding
Text of the
Memorandum of Understanding Signed by the Greek and Turkish Ministers of Foreign Affairs
[Mr Papoulias and Mr Yilmaz] on 27 May 1988
The two parties
have agreed on the following confidence building measures:
Both parties recognise the
obligation to respect the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of each other and
their rights to use the high seas and international airspace of the Aegean.
In conducting national
military activities in the high seas and the international airspace, the two parties shall
endeavour to avoid interfering with smooth shipping and air-traffic as ensured in
accordance with international instruments, rules and regulations. This would contribute to
the elimination of unwarranted sources of tension and reduce the risks of collision.
The two parties have agreed
that the planning and the conduct of national military exercises in the high seas abnd the
international airspace which require the promulgation of a NOTAM or any other notification
or warning should be carried out in such a way as to avoid also to the maximum extent
possible the following:
The isolation of certain
The blocking of exercise
areas for long periods of time
Their conduct during the
tourist peak period (1 July-1 September) and main national and religious holidays.
understood that the planning and execution of all national military activities will be
carried out in accordance with the existing international rules, regulations and
With a view of
achieving the above, and without prejudice to the existing international regulations and
procedures, the two sides will proceed, when required, to due communication through
of the memorandum of understanding shall have effect and be implemented in full conformity
with the provisions of the Davos joint press communiqué.