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monkeynut tree, Sterculia quadrifida

edndan (uk -)
edndan (ug -)
pinta (yuku -)
in Uw Oykangand
in Uw Olkola
in Pakanh

Monkeynut tree, Sterculia quadrifida

The monkeynut tree, Sterculia quadrifida (family Sterculiaceae), is a medium sized tree found in a variety of habitats. In the interior of central Cape York Peninsula it occurs on the fringes of scrub and sometimes in open woodland. It is more common in coastal vine thickets and other coastal habitats.

This tree has large, dark green leaves and red ovoid capsules containing black seeds.

The seeds are edible. They are eaten raw and when peeled taste a bit like a peanut. The edible seed is called egng edndan in Uw Oykangand and Uw Olkola; mayi pinta in Pakanh. For more information on plant food and the traditional subsistence of Aboriginal people in central Cape York Peninsula, see the Edible plant products page.

The inner bark of this tree is an important as a source of string, used for rope, fishing nets and fishing line. See the Plant usage page for more information on the uses of plant products in traditional industry.

e-mail: Philip Hamilton.