0259: St. Dionysius becomes Pope
1099: Godfrey of Boullion elected first Christian ruler of
1209: Capture of Beziers, France by the Albigensian
"Crusade;" the Papal Legate says "Kill them all; God will
know His own."
1212: Marriage of King Otto IV of Germany to Beatrix of
1246: John of Plato Carpini arrives at Karakorum, for the
inauguration of Guyuk as KaKhan
1461: Death of Charles VII, King of France
1515: An alliance is formed between the Holy Roman Empire
1587: A second English colony -- also fated to vanish under
mysterious circumstances -- was established on Roanoke Island off North
Carolina. (John White delivers 177 colonists to Roanoke Island)
1598: Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice" entered
on the Stationers' Register
1612: Agnes Browne, Joan Vaughan, Mary Barber, Hellen
Jenkenson and Arthur Bill executed in England for witchcraft
1613: Coronation of Michael Romanov, Czar of Russia
1620: A small congregation of English Separatists, led by
John Robinson, began their emigration to the New World. Today, we refer to
these folks as 'Pilgrims.'
1627: Execution of the Compte de Boutteville and the Compte
de Rosmadec des Chapelles for the death of the Marquis de Bussy d'Amboise in
1643: Cornish army invades Devon and besieges
Parliamentarians in Bristol
1650: Cromwell invades Scotland
1796: Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses
Cleaveland (correct spelling of his name - it seems that the city spells its
1812: English troops under the Duke of Wellington defeated
the French at the Battle of Salamanca Spain.
1833: Hector Berlioz was quite a smart aleck when he
attended the premiere of "Ali Baba," the last opera of Cherubini.
"Twenty francs for an idea!" he shouted during the first act. In
the second act he offered forty; in the third act, eighty.
1847: The first large company of Mormon immigrants entered
the Salt Lake Valley, in wha was still Mexican territory. Soon after, Mormon
leader Brigham Young founded Salt Lake City,Utah.
1864: In the first battle of Atlanta, Confederate troops
under Gen. John Hood were defeated by Union forces under Gen. William
1870: Josef Strauss died in Vienna at the age of 42. When
Johann Strauss died, his band wound up being led by Johann Strauss the
Younger. When he left the band to compose it was brother Josef who took the
baton, giving up a career in architecture to do so.
1916: A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade San
Francisco, killing ten people.
1933: Wiley Post completed his first solo flight around the
world in seven days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
1934: A man identified as bank robber John Dillinger was
shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater.
1937: The Senate rejected President Roosevelt's proposal to
add more justices to the Supreme Court.
1943: American forces led by General George S. Patton
captured Palermo, Sicily.
1946: Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David
Hotel Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
1963: World Heavyweight Champion Sonny Liston was able to
retain his boxing title by knocking out Floyd Patterson in the first round
of a match in Las Vega, Nevada.
1965: "Till Death Us Do Part" debuted on
England's BBC. The show was so popular it became a TV series in Great
Britain. The show was the forerunner of the 1971-72, CBS-TV hit, "All
In The Family," starring Carroll O'Connor.
1969: Apollo XI astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin
"Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, safely reunited aboard the
command module, blasted out of lunar orbit for the start of their journey
home after the first manned mission to the moon.
1975: The House of Representatives joined the Senate voting
to restore the American citizenship of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1979: Frenchman Bernard Hinault won the "Tour de
France" in 103 hours, 6 minutes and 50 seconds. It was his second time
to have won the event, having won the previous year. He would win again in
1981, 1982 and 1985.
1979: The first Sony Walkman went on sale.
1981: A Rome court sentenced Turkish extremist Mehmet Ali
Agca to life in prison for the assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II.
1982: A Tucson, Arizona, TV station's antenna was struck by
lightning 20 times in 10 minutes.
1982: Reverand Sun Myung Moon married 2,200 couples in New
York City, making this the biggest mass wedding in history.
1985: The Reagan administration issued a statement blaming
apartheid for being "largely responsible for the current violence"
in South Africa, but stopped short of criticizing the government's
declaration of a state of emergency.
1986: For the first time in a half-century, the House of
Representatives impeached a federal official. Judge Harry E. Claiborne was
later convicted by the Senate of tax evasion and bringing disrepute on the
1986: The United States began its policy of escorting
re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers up and down the Persian Gulf to protect them from
possible attack by Iran.
1987: The United States began its policy of escorting
re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers up and down the Persian Gulf to protect them from
possible attack from Iran.
1987: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to a U.S.
proposal to ban medium- and short-range nuclear weapons.
1988: Iran and Iraq said they would send their foreign
ministers to New York to meet with UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de
Cuellar, after Iran said it would accept a UN cease-fire resolution.
1989: Nearly 200,000 Palestinian children returned to
classrooms in the West Bank after the Israeli army lifted an order that had
kept their schools closed for most of the Palestinian "intefadeh."
1990: Voters in Mongolia began casting ballots in their
Communist-ruled nation's first multiparty election ever.
1990: American Greg Lemond won his third Tour de France
title. He finished the event in 90 hours, 43 minutes and 20 seconds.
1991: Police Milwaukee arrested serial killer Jeffrey L.
Dahmer, who was later murdered prison.
1991: Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America contestant,
charged she'd been raped by boxer Mike Tyson an Indianapolis hotel room.
(Tyson, convicted of rape, served three years prison.)
1991: President Bush returned from a nine-day trip that
included the G-7 summit in London.
1992: Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escaped from his
luxury prison near Medell. (He was slaby security forces December 1993.)
1993: Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa agreed to
resign, following big election losses by the scandal-plagued Liberal
1993: Leonard Slatkin conducted the Boston Symphony at
Tanglewood. Elliott Carter's "Holidays" Overture launched the
program, which concluded with "Rite of Spring." In between, the
Beethoven Second Piano Concerto was performed by Christian Zacharius.
1994: President Clinton ordered round-the-clock aid flights
to Zaire's border area to help millions of Rwandan refugees.
1994: O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent to the slayings of his
ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
1994: A federal judge ordered The Citadel, a state-financed
military college in Charleston, South Carolina, to open its doors to women.
1995: Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, South
Carolina, of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons. (She was later
sentenced to life in prison.)
1996: Friends and families gathered on a Long Island, New
York, beach for a tearful memorial service dedicated to the 230 victims of
the crash of TWA Flight 800.
1997: More than 2,000 people gathered in Milan, Italy, for
a memorial Mass for slain fashion designer Gianni Versace; the mourners
included Princess Diana, singer-songwriter Elton John and supermodels Naomi
Campbell and Eva Herzigova.
1998: President Clinton, with Republican lawmakers at his
side, signed a bill designed to mold the Internal Revenue Service into a
friendlier, fairer tax collector.
1998: The Senate Armed Services Committee rejected, on a
9-to-9 vote, Daryl Jones' bid to become Air Force secretary.
1999: Family members watched mournfully from the deck of a
Navy destroyer as the ashes of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and
her sister, Lauren Bessette, were cast into the sea off Martha's Vineyard,
consigned to the depths where they died.
2000: President Clinton, in Japan for a Group of Eight summit, addressed US troops on Okinawa, where he said they "need to be good neighbors" with the island's residents.