The Huang Surname- Introduction
Huang2 is Chinese surname no.96 in "Bai Jia Xing " 百家姓 (Hundreds Family Surnames), a list of Chinese surnames compiled during the Song dynasty. Huang is the 7th most common surname in China in 2006 (Yuan Yida, 2006). The population of Huangs in China (including Taiwan) was estimated at more than 29 million in 2000; it was also the surname of more than 2 million overseas Chinese, many Vietnamese (no data available) and an estimated 1 million Koreans (The 2000 census of South Korea revealed Huang was the surname of 644,294 South Koreans, ranked 17th) .
Huang is an ancient surname which origin could be traced back more than 4,200 years to the days of the legendary sage emperors preceding the Xia dynasty. During the reign of Emperor Yao 尧帝, Hui Lian 惠连, son of Lu Zhong 陆终, a descendant of the Yellow Emperor 黄帝 (Huang Di) scored a merit in harnessing river floods, and Emperor Yao conferred on Hui Lian the state of Can'hu 参胡 (in present-day region of Fenyang 汾阳, Shanxi province 山西省, China). It was in the 96th year of Emperor Yao (2220 BC). Emperor Yao renamed Can'hu "the State of Huang" 黄国, and bestowed on Hui Lian the surname "Huang" 黄 and the name "Yun" 云. Hence, Hui Lian was also known as Huang Yun 黄云. Hui Lian became the Progenitor of the Huang Surname Clan. The descendants of Huang Yun (Hui Lian) ruled the Huang State of Shanxi until the early "Spring and Autumn Period" 春秋时代 (722 BC-481 BC) when it was conquered by the State of Jin 晋国.
Development and Emigration
In 891 BC,
King Xiao of Zhou (Zhou Xiao Wang)
conferred on a direct descendant of Hui Lian, Huang Xi
(also known as Huang Shi
the nobility title of "Hou"
(Marquis) and a fiefdom in the region east of the Han river
(in present-day region of
province) called "Huang"
(Not to be confused with the Huang State of Fenyang, Shanxi) with the four
neighbouring states, Jiang
Bo Yi's descendants and which was known as Huang
tribe/barbarians 黄夷 during the Xia dynasty), Dao
in the Huang river 潢水 valley as vassals. The Huang State of Yicheng, Hubei
known as the "Western Huang" (Xi Huang
From Jiangxia, the Huang Clan later spread to other parts of China and later on to other parts of the world.
is regarded as the Cradle of the Huang
Clan and the name "Jiangxia" was adopted as the clan's "Hall name"
堂号. Today, the Huang surname
Clan is known as the "Huang Clan of Jiangxia". The
name "Jiangxia" has become a synonym of Huang Surname
From the Tang dynasty (AD 618-AD 907) onwards, Huang Clansmen migrated from Fujian to Guangdong 广东省 and to the other southern provinces. Huang Clan developed into a big Clan in south China and became the 3rd biggest surname clan in South China today. (Related Article: How The Han Chinese Became The World's Biggest Tribe)
Migration to Taiwan 台湾 began during the transition period from the Ming 明 dynasty (1368-1644) to Qing 清 dynasty (1644-1912), when many Huang2 Clansmen followed the Anti-Manchu Ming loyalist forces under Zheng Chenggong 郑成功, crossed the Taiwan straits to Taiwan island.
Huang migration overseas
began as early as the
14th century during the Ming
to destinations in Southeast Asia. One notable early Huang emigrant was
Huang Senping 黄森屏
(better known as Ong Sum Ping), who went to Brunei in 1375. Migration to
Americas began only in the mid-19th century following the forced opening of
China's ports by the West. Today, the population of overseas
estimated at more than 2 million.
Copyright Ng Poh Sing 2003-2006