Easton's Bible Dictionary
Topics: Repent'ance

Text:  There are three Greek words used in the New Testament to denote repentance.

(1.) The verb metamelomai is used of a change of mind, such as to produce regret or even remorse on account of sin, but not necessarily a change of heart. This word is used with reference to the repentance of Judas (Matt. 27:3).

(2.) Metanoeo, meaning to change one's mind and purpose, as the result of after knowledge. This verb, with

(3.) the cognate noun metanoia, is used of true repentance, a change of mind and purpose and life, to which remission of sin is promised.

Evangelical repentance consists of

(1.) a true sense of one's own guilt and sinfulness;

(2.) an apprehension of God's mercy in Christ;

(3.) an actual hatred of sin (Ps. 119:128; Job 42:5, 6; 2 Cor. 7:10) and turning from it to God; and

(4.) a persistent endeavour after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments.

The true penitent is conscious of guilt (Ps. 51:4, 9), of pollution (51:5, 7, 10), and of helplessness (51:11; 109:21, 22). Thus he apprehends himself to be just what God has always seen him to be and declares him to be. But repentance comprehends not only such a sense of sin, but also an apprehension of mercy, without which there can be no true repentance (Ps. 51:1; 130:4).

Call to:
(Dt 30:19-20; Isa 55:1-3,6-7; Lk 3:6; Ac 16:31; Heb 2:3).

Gracious providence (Dt 32:15; Ps 68:19-20; 91:16; 95:1; 116:13; 149:4; Isa 12:2-3). Personal deliverance from enemies (2Sa 22:36; Ps 3:8; 18:2; 37:39; Isa 1:18; 32:1-4). National deliverance from enemies (Ex 15:2; 1Ch 16:35; Ps 98:2-3; 106:8; Isa 46:12-13; Jer 3:23). A divine standard of righteousness (Isa 56:1), the saving power of divine truth (Isa 45:17), the light and glory of Zion (Isa 62:1). The promised Messiah (Jn 4:22). Personal righteousness (2Ch 6:41; Ps 132:16). Eternal life (1Th 5:8-9; 1Pe 1:5,9; 1Jn 5:11). Everlasting (Isa 45:17; 52:10). Liberty (Isa 61:1-3; Mt 11:28-30).
To be developed (Php 2:12; 1Th 5:8-10; Jude 3).

From God:
(Ps 3:8; 36:8-9; 37:39; 68:18-20; 91:16; 98:2-3; 106:8; 121:1-8; Isa 46:12-13; 51:4-5; 63:9; Jer 3:23; 21:8; Eze 18:32; Joel 2:32; 1Pe 1:5; 1Jn 2:25).
Through Christ--
(Isa 61:10; Mt 1:21; Lk 19:10; 24:46-47; Jn 3:14-17; 11:51-52; Ac 4:12; 13:26,38-39,47; 16:30-31; Ro 5:15-21; 7:24-25; 9:30-33; 1Co 6:11; Gal 1:4; 3:13-14; Eph 1:9-10,13; 2Ti 1:9-10; 2:10; Tit 3:5-7; Heb 2:3,10; 5:9; 7:25; 1Jn 4:9-10; 5:11; Jude 3; Rev 3:20; 5:9).
The atonement (1Co 1:18,21,24-25; Gal 1:4; 3:8,13-14,21,26-28; Col 1:20-23,26-27; 1Ti 2:6; Rev 5:9), the Resurrection (Ro 5:10), the gospel (Ro 1:16; Jas 1:21), the grace of God (Eph 2:8-9; Tit 2:11; 2Pe 3:15), the word of God (Jas 1:21), the power of God (1Co 1:18).

Message of:
Foretold by the prophets (Isa 29:18-19,24; 35:8; Lk 2:31-32; 1Pe 1:10). By angels (Lk 2:9-14). From the seed of Abraham (Ge 12:13). Proclaimed by Christ (Lk 19:10; Jn 12:32). Preached by the apostles (Ac 11:17-18; 16:17). Wisdom for, derived from the Scriptures (2Ti 3:15). Praise for, ascribed to God and the Lamb (Rev 7:9-10).
Israel (Isa 45:17; 46:12-13; Ac 13:26,38-39,47; Ro 1:16).
The Gentiles (1Ki 8:41-43; Isa 52:10,15; 56:1,6-8; Mt 21:31; 24:14; Jn 10:16; Ac 11:17-18; 15:7-9,11; 28:28; Ro 11:11-12; 15:9,16; Gal 3:8,14; Eph 3:6,9).
All people (Mt 18:14; 22:9-10; 22:14; Lk 2:10,31-32; 3:6; 13:29; Gal 3:28; Eph 2:14,17; Col 3:11; 1Ti 2:3-4; 4:10; 2Pe 3:9; Rev 5:9; 7:9-10; 14:6; 22:17).
Experienced by Moses (Ex 15:2). Priests clothed with (2Ch 6:41; Ps 132:16).
From sin (Mt 1:21; Mk 2:17; Lk 5:31-32). From spiritual hunger and thirst (Jn 4:14; 6:35; 7:37-38).
See Adoption; Redemption; Regeneration; Sanctification.

Conditions of:
Repentance (Mt 3:2; Mk 1:4; Lk 3:8; Ac 2:38; 3:19; 2Co 7:10). Faith in Christ (Mk 16:15-16; Jn 3:14-18; 5:24; 6:47; 9:35; 11:25-26; 12:36; 20:31; Ac 2:21; 16:30-31; 20:21; Ro 1:16-17; 3:21-30; 4:1-25; 5:1-2; 10:4,8-13; Gal 2:16; 3:8,26-28; Eph 2:8; Php 3:9; 2Th 2:13; 1Ti 1:15-16; Heb 4:1-2; 1Pe 1:9). Supreme love to Christ (Lk 14:25-27). Renunciation of the world (Mt 19:16-21; Lk 14:33; 18:18-26). Choice (Dt 30:19-20; Ps 65:4; Eph 1:4-5). Seeking God (Am 5:4). Fear of God (Pr 14:27; 15:23; 16:6; Mal 4:2).
Not by works (Ro 3:28; 4:1-25; 9:30-33; Ro 11:6; Gal 2:16; Eph 2:8-9; 2Ti 1:9-10; Tit 3:5-7).
See Blessings, Spiritual, Contingent Upon Obedience; Faith; Obedience; Perseverance; Repentance.
Plan of:
(Jn 17:4; Heb 6:17-20). Foreordained (Eph 1:4-6; 3:11). Described as a mystery (Mt 13:11; Mk 4:11; Lk 8:10; Ro 16:25-26; 1Co 2:7-9; Eph 1:9-10,13; 3:9-10; 6:19; Col 1:26-27; 1Ti 3:16; Rev 10:7).

The incarnation of Christ (Gal 4:4-5). The atonement by Christ (Jn 18:11; 19:28-30; Ac 3:18; 17:3; Ro 16:25-26; 1Co 1:21-25; 2:7-9; Eph 1:7-11; 3:18; 6:19; Col 1:26-27; Heb 2:9-18; 10:10). Initial grace (Jn 6:37,44-45,65; Eph 2:5; Tit 2:11). The election of grace (2Th 2:13-14; 2Ti 1:9-10). Inheritance (Heb 1:14). Regeneration (Jn 3:3-12).
Sets Forth--
Reconciliation to God through Christ (2Co 5:18-19; Col 1:9,19-23; Heb 2:14-18). Righteousness by faith in the atonement of Christ, as opposed to righteousness by works (Ro 10:3-9; 16:25-26; Eph 2:6-10).
Offered and Rejected--
(Dt 32:15; Mt 22:3-13; 23:37; Lk 14:16-24; Jn 5:40).

Parables of:(Lk 15:2-32).
Illustrated by:
A horn (Ps 18:2; Lk 1:69), a tower (2Sa 22:51), a helmet (Isa 59:17; Eph 6:17), a shield (2Sa 22:36), a lamp (Isa 62:1), a cup (Ps 116:13), clothing (2Ch 6:41; Ps 132:16; 149:4; Isa 61:10), wells (Isa 12:3), walls and bulwarks (Isa 26:1; 60:18), chariots (Hab 3:8), a victory (1Co 15:57).
Typified by the bronze snake (Nu 21:4-9, w Jn 3:14-15).
See Atonement; Jesus the Christ, Mission of; Redemption; Regeneration; Sanctification; Sin, Forgiveness of.


God's unmerited favor. The Greek words for joy and grace are related; grace causes joy. In the Christian understanding, nothing brings joy like the good news of what God has done in Christ to bring us salvation.
What is salvation?

sal-va-tion (sal van) n.  [[ME salvacioun  < OFr salvation  < LL(Ec) salvatio  < L salvatus , pp. of salvare , to SAVE1]]   1 a saving or being saved from danger, evil, difficulty, destruction, etc.; rescue   2 a person or thing that is a means, cause, or source of preservation or rescue   3 Theol.  deliverance from sin and from the penalties of sin; redemption --sal-vation-al adj.

salvation, n.    1. [The act of preservation]  ----Syn. deliverance, extrication, liberation, emancipation, rescue,  release, conservation, exemption, reprieve, pardon.
2. [A means of preservation]  ----Syn. buckler, safeguard, assurance; see aid 1,  protection 2.
3. [In the Christian religion, saving a soul from damnation]  ----Syn. regeneration, rebirth, new birth, second birth, work of grace,  forgiveness, mercy, justification, redemption, sanctification,  entire sanctification.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Topics: Salva'tion

Text:  This word is used of the deliverance of the Israelites from the Egyptians (Ex. 14:13), and of deliverance generally from evil or danger. In the New Testament it is specially used with reference to the great deliverance from the guilt and the pollution of sin wrought out by Jesus Christ, "the great salvation" (Heb. 2:3).


Topics: Regenera'tion

Text:  only found in Matt. 19:28 and Titus 3:5. This word literally means a "new birth." The Greek word so rendered (palingenesia) is used by classical writers with reference to the changes produced by the return of spring. In Matt. 19:28 the word is equivalent to the "restitution of all things" (Acts 3:21). In Titus 3:5 it denotes that change of heart elsewhere spoken of as a passing from death to life (1 John 3:14); becoming a new creature in Christ Jesus (2 Cor. 5:17); being born again (John 3:5); a renewal of the mind (Rom. 12:2); a resurrection from the dead (Eph. 2:6); a being quickened (2:1, 5).

This change is ascribed to the Holy Spirit. It originates not with man but with God (John 1:12, 13; 1 John 2:29; 5:1, 4). As to the nature of the change, it consists in the implanting of a new principle or disposition in the soul; the impartation of spiritual life to those who are by nature "dead in trespasses and sins." The necessity of such a change is emphatically affirmed in Scripture (John 3: 3; Rom. 7:18; 8:7-9; 1 Cor. 2:14; Eph. 2:1; 4:21-24).

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Topics: Redemp'tion

Text:  the purchase back of something that had been lost, by the payment of a ransom. The Greek word so rendered is apolutrosis, a word occurring nine times in Scripture, and always with the idea of a ransom or price paid, i.e., redemption by a lutron (see Matt. 20:28; Mark 10:45). There are instances in the LXX. Version of the Old Testament of the use of lutron in man's relation to man (Lev. 19:20; 25:51; Ex. 21:30; Num. 35: 31, 32; Isa. 45:13; Prov. 6:35), and in the same sense of man's relation to God (Num. 3:49; 18:15).

There are many passages in the New Testament which represent Christ's sufferings under the idea of a ransom or price, and the result thereby secured is a purchase or redemption (comp. Acts 20:28; 1 Cor. 6:19, 20; Gal. 3:13; 4:4, 5; Eph. 1: 7; Col. 1:14; 1 Tim. 2:5, 6; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:12; 1 Pet. 1:18, 19; Rev. 5:9).

The idea running through all these texts, however various their reference, is that of payment made for our redemption. The debt against us is not viewed as simply cancelled, but is fully paid. Christ's blood or life, which he surrendered for them, is the "ransom" by which the deliverance of his people from the servitude of sin and from its penal consequences is secured. It is the plain doctrine of Scripture that "Christ saves us neither by the mere exercise of power, nor by his doctrine, nor by his example, nor by the moral influence which he exerted, nor by any subjective influence on his people, whether natural or mystical, but as a satisfaction to divine justice, as an expiation for sin, and as a ransom from the curse and authority of the law, thus reconciling us to God by making it consistent
with his perfection to exercise mercy toward sinners" (Hodge's Systematic Theology).
Romans 5
Synopsis: - The happy effects of justification through faith in the righteousness of Christ.  (1-5)
That we are reconciled by his blood.  (6-11)
The fall of Adam brought all mankindinto sin and death.  (12-14)
The grace of God, through the righteousness of Christ, has more power to bring salvation, than Adam's sin had to bring misery,  (15-19)    as grace did superabound. (20, 21)

Citation: - ROMANS   8
Synopsis: - The freedom of believers from condemnation.  (1-9)
Their privilegesas being the children of God.  (10-17)
Their hopeful prospects under tribulations.  (18-25)
Their assistance from the Spirit in prayer.  (26, 27)
Their interest in the love of God.  (28-31)
Their final triumph, through Christ.
Justification-  a change of state, a new righteousness in God

Righteousness-a change of acts,a new obedience to God

Reconciliation- a change of friendship, a  new union with God

Tribulation ,patience, experience,and hope.

Justification in seven steps by faith.
1. we have peace
2. we have access
3. we  rejoice in hope of glory
4. we glory in tribulations
5. the love of God is shed in our hearts
6. we shall be saved from wrath
7. we joy in God.
. Tribulation worketh patience, not in and of itself, but the powerful grace of God working in and with the tribulation. Patient sufferers have most of the Divine consolations, which abound as afflictions abound. It works needful experiene of ourselves. This hope will not disappoint, because it is sealed with the Holy Spirit as a Spirit of love. It is the gracious work of the blessed Spirit to shed abroad the love of God in the hearts of all the saints. A right sense of God's love to us, will make us not ashamed, either of our hope, or of our sufferings for him.

As we go through our tribulations and trial , we learn to rely on the grace of God, the guidence of the Holy Spirit, and rest in the gift of the sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Through this, we learn to be patient and let God be God.  This assurance gives us the experience we need  to face not only this present tribulation, but tribulations to come.
We emerge from our difficulties with the experience to know that the sure hope of  the eternal blessing and blessings in the present backed by the love offered by God to us through Jesus Christ , our Lord, and the comfort of the Holy Spirit.