Symbols of Hawai`i
is Hawaii spelled Hawai`i?
Nickname : Ka Inoa Kapakapa
Adopted April 23, 1959
admitted as the 50th State on
March 12, 1959.
known as the Pineapple State, The Paradise
of the Pacific, and Hawai`i Nei (Beloved Hawai`i).
Aloha Spirit Law
is an ACTUAL law "on the books" in Hawai`i,
encoded in the Hawai`i Revised Statutes, section 5-7.5
and acknowledges that The Aloha Spirit "was
the working philosophy of native Hawaiians and was
presented as a gift to the people of Hawai`i."
: Ka Mâkia
The saying is attributed
to King Kamehameha III on July 31, 1843, when the
Hawaiian flag was once more raised after a brief period
of unauthorized usurpation of authority by a British
mau ke ea o ka `âina i ka pono."
[oo' wah mau KEH' yah oh ka AI' nah ee kah poh' noh.]
"The life of the
land is perpetuated in righteousness."
The motto is used
effectively to stress the importance of land in a folk
song by Gordon Freitas called `ÂINA and in HAWAI`I
`78 by Israel
: Ke Kapakila
on the island of O`ahu
Info on the State
: Ka Hae
flag's eight stripes represent the eight major
islands of Hawai`i and resembles the Union
Jack of Britain, as many of Kamehameha the Great's
advisors were British and the islands were once placed
under England's protection.
In 1794 the British
navigator, George Vancouver, presented a British flag to
Kamehameha, who flew it for twenty-two years. It was
during these years that he founded the kingdom. He
commissioned this flag in 1816.
It has served as the flag
of the kingdom, republic, territory, and the state of
Written in 1874.
In 1967, the legislature
declared it as the official song of Hawai`i.
Words by King Kalâkaua,
music by Henri Berger, master of The Royal Hawaiian
Band. It was the national anthem of the Kingdom of
Hawai`i, before the overthrow and annexation by the U.S.
An unofficial and beloved
co-anthem is Hawai`i
Aloha, often sung at the end of group gatherings,
including Da' Hawai`i club's meetings, parties and lû`au.
: Ke Kila
Adopted 1958, originally
designed for the Kingdom of Hawai`i in 1895.
seal has a heraldic shield in the center and a figure of
King Kamehameha I on its right side and the Goddess of
Liberty holding the Hawaiian flag on its left.
shield is the phoenix surrounded by taro leaves, banana
foliage, and sprays of maidenhair fern. With color
added, the seal becomes the Coat
: Ka Pua
aloalo or Ma`o-hau- hele.
brackenridgei, also known as
the native yellow hibiscus. More history.
: Ke Kumu La`au
Adopted in 1959.
from G.D. Carr, UH, Mânoa
The tree is a symbol of
known as the candlenut tree, as Native Hawaiians once
used the oil to light stone lamps and strung the seeds
on coconut or palm leaf midribs and used them as
: Ka Manu
Adopted in 1988.
is speculated that the nênê,
with its beautiful markings on head and neck, is a
descendant of a wayward ancient Canadian goose that got
off track and settled in Hawai‘i’s mountains.
Over years of natural selection, the nênê
lost most of the webbing on its feet because it no longer
needed to swim.
a species that was on the brink of extinction before a
conscious, concerted effort was made to save it by
nênê is the last
surviving Hawaiian goose species endemic to Hawai`i; at
least seven others are extinct.
late 1700s, approximately 25,000 nene were estimated to
inhabit the island of Hawai`i, but by the 1950s the
population had diminished to an estimated 30
breeding programs were implemented with the help of the
children of Hawai`i. Today, it it is estimated
that about 300 survive on the Big Island; 200, on Maui;
and 160, on Kaua`i.
last trip home, Uncle
T and I were greeted by a gaggle of them at the head of the
Devastation Trail at The Volcanoes National Park on the
island of Hawai`i.
sandwicensis, also known as
the Hawaiian goose. More
from the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural
: Ka Pôhaku Makamae
Adopted in 1987.
Ka `Êkaha Kû Moana
why it is better left under the sea.
Sport : Ka Mea Pâ`ani Ho`okahi
Adopted in 1998.
: Ka He`e Nalu
In his journal of the
late eighteenth century, Captain Cook noted that
Hawaiians went surfing. He wrote about the great
ceremony of making a surfboard, especially for the ali'i
The New England
missionaries, who first arrived in the 1820's, frowned
upon surfing considering it a waste of time. It was not
until the early 1900's that surfing became a popular
sport again due to the influence of Olympic swimming
gold medalist, Duke Kahanamoku and others. ~ Source
Sport : Ka Mea Pâ`ani Hui
and info, courtesy of kaiopua.org
canoe racing: Ka Heihei Wa`a
early Polynesians fashioned their wa`a (canoes)
with tools made of stone, bone and shell, assembled with
lashings of braided fiber and powered by sails of
matting. These early voyagers navigated without charts
or instruments, yet had explored and settled the Pacific
Ocean long before the Europeans realized the world
design of canoes has evolved many times and today, the
sport of outrigger canoe racing is hugely popular in
Hawaii, with race events held almost every weekend from
May to September. So popular, in fact, that the State of
Hawaii has proclaimed outrigger canoe paddling the
official state team sport."
: Ka I`a
Unofficially adopted in
which means" fish with a snout like a pig."
It also grunts like a pig when out of water.
for the correct pronunciation.
rectangulus, also known as the
Hawaiian Trigger Fish.
Mammal : Ka Holoholona `Ai Waiû o ke Kai
Adopted in 1979.
of Dr. Louis Herman
Pronounced [koh hoh LAH']
on these yearly visitors.
novaeangliae, also known as
the humpback whale.
: Nâ `Ôlelo
Official in 1978.
(Ka `Ôlelo Hawai`i) and
English and Hawaiian shall be the official languages of
Hawaii, except that Hawaiian shall be required for
public acts and transactions only as provided by law.
[Add Constitutional Convention 1978 and election Nov 7,
Hawaiian language info: http://hawaiianlanguage.com
: Ka Hula
Adopted in 1999.
"Hula is the
language of the heart
and therefore the heartbeat
of the Hawaiian people."
~ Kalâkaua, King of Hawai`i, 1874 to 1891
Hula info: http://hawaiianlanguage.com/hula.html
Credit: List is from Da' Hawai`i Club's directory, prepared by Toby
© 2002 Aunty
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