Hi Folks
Fairness
Hi Folks

Summary

New Jersey law
(2C:7-16) includes this critical language, which every state should have:

Prohibitions on
Misuse of Registry Information:

Consistent with this public safety purpose of Megan's Law, the Internet registry law expressly prohibits the use of registry information for the purpose of applying for, obtaining, or denying health insurance, insurance, loans, credit, education, scholarships or fellowships, benefits privileges or services provided by any business establishment (unless for a purpose consistent with the enhancement of public safety), or housing or accommodations.

The law also makes it a crime, punishable by a term of imprisonment between three and five years and a fine of up to $15,000, to use registry information to commit a criminal offense, and makes it a disorderly persons offense, punishable by a fine of up to $1,000, to use registry information to commit any disorderly persons or petty disorderly persons offense. These charges would be in addition to any charges related to the underlying criminal act committed.
General Information:

Courts have held, that the purpose of Megans' laws are to protect the public. Following the court's logic, some legislatures began to include that in their statutory findings.

The public on the other hand, has interpreted the courts holding in many contexts, forgetting this, Megans' laws are also meant to protect registered sex offenders, as they too are part of the public!

We need to remember, there are female and juvenile registered sex offenders, who also need protection from other sex offenders. Hence Megans' laws must be read to protect them

To interpret "protect the public" to exclude all registered sex offenders, would raise equal protection arguments in a court of law.

With those facts in mind we reviewed each state's Internet registry to see if legislators added anything to protect the listed registrants, and their families, from vigilantism or harassment.

Our findings have been that states have, all but ignored the rights of families of sex offenders, making them a class of their own. As you read the warnings you will find which states have given consideration to appropriate warnings.

Further, beyond "Warnings" as to visible or open acts of vigilantism or harassment, these classes of folks suffer subtle vigilantism by virtue of the exclusionary methods society applies in every aspect of life. I.e., Housing, Employment, and many others.

Thank you
eAdvocate


Beyond SPECIFIC SEX OFFENDER REGISTRY PUBLIC WARNINGS, states have other laws which address harassment, stalking, protesting outside private residences and the like. Sex offenders and their families need only to contact their local police to have these laws enforced. These laws apply to everyone.

Risk Assessment:
Determining a person's future community risk!

Why do risk assessment tools consistently fail communities?

Risk assessment "tools" are used to predict future recidivism, or the likelihood of recidivism. There are dozens of tools, each researcher has his/her own idea of what factors, should and should not be considered.

Researchers study and dissect offenders, they look for characteristics common to all offenders. Then arrive at hypothetical conclusion as to why, this one will recidivate, and that one may not, based upon -Researcher Selected- common characteristics.

The same tools are used to determine whether or not to civilly commit a person at the end of a prison sentence. Without any change these tools are also used to determine a risk level for someone already in the community. That risk level (LOW-MEDIUM-HIGH) then determines the level of community notification.

But they all miss the point, persons who have offended, regardless of the crime type, all originally came from a community, somewhere in our 50 states.

Throughout the United States are all sorts of communities small, medium, and large. They have schools, churches, doctors, dentists, shopping malls, entertainment centers, housing, health care, social services, and all sorts of things that make up communities.

In any community there will be folks who are well off, and others not so well to do. There will be people in high positions, and people in entry level positions; and there will be those who are homeless.

What is it that makes a community and its people grow, stagnate or lose all hope? That common thread is opportunity, a community characteristic. People must have the opportunity to access community services to satisfy their basic human needs.

However, there are some with human frailties, and some who have failed before, these may need the help of others, it is a community responsibility to recognize this too and respond.

What causes recidivism? The lack of, or withdrawal of, opportunity.

Without opportunity, people will resort to survival. This is a very basic human characteristic which cannot be ignored.

Researchers, like politicians and community leaders, stop looking inside the offender, and begin to look at "community opportunities" available to that person. That, will reduce recidivism significantly and make communities safer!

Remember, "If you find a man who is hungry and you give him a fish, he won't be hungry today; but if you teach him how to fish, he will never go hungry again; and, he pays taxes!" Sadly, if a community does nothing, he will survive, but how?

eAdvocate 4-22-04
Community Brotherhood
If you look only at the negative things about a person, and refuse to find their positive points, simply ignore them,

could you ever break bread with them, be their friend, or seek their help in your time of need? What does community mean?

    Home        Topic Index
States with LARGE headings are UPDATED May 2004, others are May 2003
State-by-State Access to Offender Registry laws -AND- Megans' Law Public Warnings
concerning harassment and/or vigilante acts against registrants (or their families),
their employers, landlords or colleges (if they attend one).
ALAKARAZCACOCTDCDEFLGAIAIDILINKSKYLAMA
MDMEMIMNMOMSMTNCNDNENHNJNMNVNYOHOKORPA
RISCSDTNTXUTVAVTWAWIWVWY__HIPRVIGU

States with Civil Commitment laws.
AZCAFLILIAKSMAMNMONJNDSCTXVAWAWI

Speaking broadly to encompass all states: Today's offender registration laws are conditioned on one or more of these premises: A previous offender's presence in a state for a specified period of time, -OR- residence, working, volunteering, or higher education in a state (temporarily or permanently). Following those comes all the specifics of a state's law to determine whether or not registration is required, and when. It is possible that, a state law requires registration under one law (within 24 hrs), while a different time period under another law (state's sex offender law). I.e., Florida, Felon & Sex Offender registration. Further, unless someone has advised us, we have excluded City Ordinance registration laws, opting for state registration laws.

We have chosen to provide folks with DIRECT LINKS, to state registration laws and state Legislatures. CRITICAL POINTS to remember: Offender registration laws are changing constantly. The statutes (laws) provided by states on the Internet, are usually (but not always) as of the end of their last session (usually they are dated in some way), and DO NOT include laws passed during the current legislative session. That is why we also provide a link to the current legislative session, so folks can see if any laws have changed and when they will be effective.

Only a lawyer familiar with a state's law can give you a proper interpretation of that law at any given time. They will also be familiar, or should be, with any case law that may have arisen which modifies or interprets that state's current law; sometimes this does happen.

Note: Regarding our DIRECT LINKS to Registration Laws: In some states it will not take you to the specific law, but it will take you close to that law. Each state has programmed their Internet access slightly different, and we opted to get you close in those cases, you may have to navigate within a state Internet site a little more. Enjoy this journey, knowing the laws makes it worth it.

ALABAMA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 15-20-1 through 15-20-38
Note; Click on "Code of Alabama" on left edge, and navigate to the specific code.)

No Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer:
Within Law It Says:
§15-20-35. Use of Information: (a) The responsible agency shall cooperate with the Director of the Department of Public Safety in a reasonable manner that enables the Department of Public Safety to prepare a criminal sex offender release notification form, designed by the Department of Public Safety (b) The information collected or maintained by the Department of Public Safety, sheriff, or police department under this article shall be used to track the locations and movements of criminal sex offenders in this state and shall be disclosed to any of the following: (1) Federal, state, and local criminal justice agencies for law enforcement purposes and community notification in accordance with Section 15-20-22 or another state’s similar provision. (2) Federal, state, and local governmental agencies responsible for conducting employment-related confidential background checks. (c) The information in subsection (b) may be made available through the Alabama Criminal Justice Information center network and the NCIC network for criminal justice purposes only.

ALASKA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 12-63-010 through 12-63-100)

Internet Public Warning:
This information is made available for the purpose of protecting the public. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution.

Forms Related to Registration: Sex Offender Registry Document Library


ARIZONA: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 13-3821 through 13-3827)

Internet Public Warning:
THE INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THIS SITE IS INTENDED FOR COMMUNITY SAFETY PURPOSES ONLY AND SHOULD NOT BE USED TO THREATEN, INTIMIDATE, OR HARASS. MISUSE OF THIS INFORMATION MAY RESULT IN CRIMINAL PROSECUTION.

Further, on the opening page to the registry is this: "Finally, a zero tolerance approach regarding harassment and vigilantism reinforces the true meaning of community notification: to empower the public with knowledge that can be used to protect themselves and their families from becoming victims."

Civil Commitment Law: 36-3701 through 36-3717)

State Administrative Rules/Code/Regulations/Law: The code by which state departments operate.


ARKANSAS: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 12-12-901 through 12-12-1303)

No Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer:

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
Click on "Registration Law" then Click on "SubTitle 2";
Click on Chapter 12" then Click on "SubChapter 9";

Arkansas Manual: Sex Offender Registry - Protocol Training Manual (75 pg PDF file)
Arkansas Manual: Sex Offender Guidelines and Procedures for implementing risk assessment and community notification regarding sex offenders (revised June 2004) (33 pg PDF file)
Registration form:CLICK
Change Address form:CLICK
Acknowledgement form:CLICK

CALIFORNIA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 290.0 through 290.5
Internet Public Warning:
Legal and Illegal Uses. The information on this web site is made available solely to protect the public. Anyone who uses this information to commit a crime or to harass an offender or his or her family is subject to criminal prosecution and civil liability.

Informational Only. The California Department of Justice has not considered or assessed the specific risk that any convicted sex offender displayed on this web site will commit another offense or the nature of any future crimes that may be committed.

Legal Limits on Disclosures. Only information on registered sex offenders allowed to be disclosed under California law appears on this web site. Under state law, some registered sex offenders are not subject to public disclosure, so they are not included on this site. State law does not allow offenses other than the crimes for which the convicted sex offender is required to register to be disclosed here.

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
Click on "Registration Law" and scroll down to "California Law" Click again;
Check the "Penal Code" and enter 290 in Search box, then Click search;
Click on "PENAL CODE SECTION 281-294" then scroll down to 290.0 --- 290.5

Civil Commitment Law:
Click on "Civil Commitment Law" and scroll down to "California Law" Click again;
Check the "Welfare & Institutions" and enter 6600 in Search box, then Click search;
Click on "WELFARE & INSTITUTIONS CODE 6600-6609.3" then scroll down to 6600. --- 6609.3

Civil Commitment Law: 6600.0 through 6609.3


COLORADO: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 16-22-101 through 16-22-114)

Internet Public Disclaimer: Who May Request A List of Registrants: A person eighteen (18) years of age or older residing in the State of Colorado may request from the CBI a list of those persons on the sex offender registry who reside within the same local law enforcement agency jurisdiction as the requesting person or in local law enforcement agency jurisdictions contiguous thereto.
A person eighteen (18) years of age or older residing in the State of Colorado may request from the CBI a list of those persons on the sex offender registry who reside in geographic areas OTHER than those specified above WHEN NECESSARY FOR PUBLIC PROTECTION AND UPON A DEMONSTRATION OF A NEED TO KNOW.

Need to Know: A showing of a person's need to protect themselves or their immediate family from persons convicted of offenses involving unlawful sexual behavior. Only persons who request the CBI to provide a listing of those registrants who do not reside in their local law enforcement jurisdiction and/or a contiguous jurisdiction must demonstrate a need to know. Such showing must be demonstrated with specificity what the nature of the threat is and/or any other circumstances which would delineate the need for protection.

» :Instructions to Discontinue Sex Offender Registration
.... JDF 460, 461, 462, 463, 472, 205 R3/03


CONNECTICUT: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: Chap. 969 Sec 54-250 through 54-261)

Internet Public Warning: Sec. 54-258a. Warning against wrongful use of registry information. Any agency of the state or any political subdivision thereof that provides public access to information contained in the registry shall post a warning that states: "Any person who uses information in this registry to injure, harass or commit a criminal act against any person included in the registry or any other person is subject to criminal prosecution." Such warning shall be in a suitable size and location to ensure that it will be seen by any person accessing registry information.

» :Application for Exemption from Sex Offender Registration Requirements
.... JD-CR-122 Rev 10-01 Connecticut Judicial Branch Superior Court

» :Application to Restrict/Remove Restriction of Dissemination of Sex Offender Information
.... JD-CR-123 Rev 08-02 Connecticut Judicial Branch Superior Court


DELAWARE: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: Title 11, Chapter 41, Subchapter III, §§§ 4120, 4121, 4122)

Internet Public Warning: If you believe that any of the information found in these records is in error, please contact the Delaware State Police, State Bureau of Identification. This information is made available for the purpose of protecting the public. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution.


DISTRICT of COLUMBIA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 22-4001 through 22-4017

Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer: This information is not intended to create alarm or panic. Our intent is to inform our citizens and to enhance community safety and awareness. The Metropolitan Police Department has not considered or assessed the specific risk of reoffense for any individual registrant included in the registry. In addition, it has made no determination that any offender included in the registry is currently dangerous. Offenders are included in the registry solely by virtue of their conviction record. Unlawful use of this information to threaten, intimidate, harass, or injure a registered sex offender will not be tolerated and will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.


FLORIDA: Legislature Link
(Sex Offender Registration Law: FS 943.0435 -or- FS 944.606 through 944.607)
Internet Public Warning: Same as Sexual Predator Warning below.

(Sexually Predator Law: Florida: Law: FS 775.21)
Internet Public Warning: Any person who misuses public records information relating to a sexual predator, as defined in this section, or a sexual offender, as defined in s. 943.0435 or s. 944.607, to secure a payment from such a predator or offender; who knowingly distributes or publishes false information relating to such a predator or offender which the person misrepresents as being public records information; or who materially alters public records information with the intent to misrepresent the information, including documents, summaries of public records information provided by law enforcement agencies, or public records information displayed by law enforcement agencies on websites or provided through other means of communication, commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.

(Career Offender Registration Law: FS 775.26.. FS 775.261 FS 775.608 through 775.609)
Internet Public Warning: Any person who misuses public records information concerning a career offender, as defined in this section, or a career offender, as defined in s. 944.608 or s. 944.609, to secure a payment from such career offender; who knowingly distributes or publishes false information concerning such a career offender which the person misrepresents as being public records information; or who materially alters public records information with the intent to misrepresent the information, including documents, summaries of public records information provided by law enforcement agencies, or public records information displayed by law enforcement agencies on websites or provided through other means of communication, commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.

(Felon Registration Law: 775.13)
No Internet listing of felons.

(Civil Commitment Law: FS 394.910 through 394.931)

GEORGIA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: O.C.G.A. 42-1-12)

No Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer:
Within Law It Says:
O.C.G.A. 42-1-12 (i)(3) states "the Georgia Bureau of Investigation or any sheriff maintaining records required under this code section shall release relevant information collected under this code section that is necessary to protect the public." However, due to the fact this information is continually changing, the Georgia Bureau of Investigation makes no expressed or implied guarantee concerning the accuracy of this information.


IDAHO: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 18-8301 through 18-8326
Internet Public Warning: 18-8326. PENALTIES FOR VIGILANTISM OR OTHER MISUSE OF INFORMATION OBTAINED UNDER THIS CHAPTER. Any person who uses information obtained pursuant to this chapter to commit a crime or to cause physical harm to any person or damage to property shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, in addition to any other punishment, be subject to imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed one (1) year, or by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or both.

(Juvenile Registration Law: 18-8401 through 18-8413
Internet Public Warning: 18-8413. PENALTIES FOR VIGILANTISM OR OTHER MISUSE OF INFORMATION OBTAINED UNDER THIS CHAPTER. Any person who uses information obtained pursuant to this chapter to commit a crime or to cause physical harm to any person or damage to property shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, in addition to any other punishment, shall be subject to imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed one (1) year, or by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or both.


ILLINOIS: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 730 ILCS 150 through 730 ILCS 152
Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer: The Sex Offender Registry was created in response to the Illinois Legislature's determination to facilitate access to publicly available information about persons convicted of sex offenses. ISP has not considered or assessed the specific risk of re-offense with regard to any individual prior to his or her inclusion on this Registry and has made no determination that any individual included in the Registry is currently dangerous. Individuals included on the Registry are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and Illinois state law. The primary purpose of providing this information is to make the information easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individuals. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution.

Internet Public Warning/Reminder: The information contained on this site does not imply listed individuals will commit a specific type of crime in the future, nor does it imply that if a future crime is committed by a listed individual what the nature of that crime may be. ISP makes no representation as to any offender's likelihood of re-offending. Information compiled on this Registry may not be used to harass or threaten sex offenders or their families. Harassment, stalking or threats may violate Illinois criminal law.

(Civil Commitment Law: 725 ILCS 205 through 725 ILCS 207


INDIANA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 5-2-12-1 through 5-2-12-14

Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer: Indiana sheriffs make no representation, either implied or expressed, that all information placed on this web site is accurate. Much of the information derives from official records but some is gathered from the offenders themselves who are required to list their address when they have been released into the community at large, whenever they move, and as part of an annual verification process. Information contained on this site provides no representation as to any offender’s likelihood of re-offending or the nature of any future crimes that may be committed. Information in this registry may not be used to harass or threaten sex offenders or their families. Harassment, stalking, or threats may violate Indiana law.


IOWA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 692A.1 through 692A.16

Internet Public Warning: The following information is provided from the Iowa Sex Offender Registry to the public pursuant to Iowa Code chapter 692A. The purpose of this information is to allow members of the public a means to protect themselves from individuals who have committed an offense that requires registration on the Sex Offender Registry. Any actions taken by you against these subjects, including vandalism of property, verbal or written threats of harm or physical assault against these subjects, their families or employers can result in your arrest and prosecution.

Informational Note:In the past, prior to the current online registry, this state required folks to complete a form, showing why the information was needed, before receiving the information about the offender. Form: DCI-150 rev. 2-26-2002

(Civil Commitment Law: 229A.1 through 229A.16


KANSAS: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: K.S.A. 22-4901 through 22-4912 (increments of 1)
No Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer: Nothing whatsoever...

(Civil Commitment Law: K.S.A. 59-29a01 through 59-29a21 (increments of 1)

(Note: Statute search only permits displaying one statute at a time.)

KENTUCKY: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: KRS 17.500 through 17.540 & 17.990-17.991

Internet Public Warning (Only one in LARGE BOLD LETTERS): UNDER KRS 525.070 & 525.080, USE OF INFORMATION FROM THIS WEBSITE TO HARASS A SEX OFFENDER IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE PUNISHABLE BY UP TO 90 DAYS IN THE COUNTY JAIL. MORE SEVERE CRIMINAL PENALTIES APPLY FOR MORE SEVERE CRIMES COMMITTED AGAINST A SEX OFFENDER. (Mandated by statute KRS 17.580)


LOUISIANA: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: Title 15.540 through 15.549 (See Note Below)

No Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer:

Note: There is no way to list all registration statutes together, so you must SEARCH for them one-by-one (they are displayed when each is found). Click on SEARCH (right hand side), then scroll down to Louisiana Laws and do your search. The Revised Statutes are: 15:540, 15:541, 15:542, 15:542.1, 15:542.2, 15:543, 15:544, 15:545, 15:546, 15:547, 15:548, 15:549.


MAINE: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: Title 34-A, Chap 15, §11201 through §11256

Internet Public Warning: There are many individuals with similar names and dates of birth. It is your responsibility to ensure that the records accessed through this site pertain to the individual about whom you are seeking information. The information provided on this web site is intended to be used for public safety and community awareness purposes only. Use of this information to threaten, intimidate, or harass any registrant or any other person may result in criminal prosecution.


MARYLAND: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 11-701 through 11-721

Internet Public Warning: The information presented on this web site should not be used in any manner to injure, harass, or commit a criminal act against any individual named in the registry, or residing or working at the reported address. Any such action could subject you to criminal prosecution.

State Administrative Rules/Code/Regulations/Law: The code by which state departments operate.


MASSACHUSETTS: Legislature Link
Registration Law: Chapter 6, Sec. 178C through 178P (Scroll down to Sex Offender Registration)

No Internet Public Warning: However, within the state law is: Chapter 6: Section 178N Misuse of information; penalties. Section 178N. Information contained in the sex offender registry shall not be used to commit a crime against a sex offender or to engage in illegal discrimination or harassment of an offender. Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to the provisions of sections 178C to 178P, inclusive, for such purpose shall be punished by not more than two and one-half years in a house of correction or by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Civil Commitment Law: Chapter 123A Sec. 1 through 16

Massachusetts Sex Offender Registry Board: SORB
Forms related to Sex Offender Registration: FORMS


MICHIGAN: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: MCL 28.721 through 28.732)

Internet Public Warning/Disclaimer: Extreme care should be exercised in using any information obtained from this web site. Neither the MSP nor the state of Michigan shall be responsible for any errors or omissions produced by secondary dissemination of this information. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution. However, information provided by convicted sex offenders is often submitted intentionally in error.
MICHIGAN LAW: 28.721a Legislative declarations; determination; intent. Sec. 1a. The legislature declares that the sex offenders registration act was enacted pursuant to the legislature's exercise of the police power of the state with the intent to better assist law enforcement officers and the people of this state in preventing and protecting against the commission of future criminal sexual acts by convicted sex offenders. The legislature has determined that a person who has been convicted of committing an offense covered by this act poses a potential serious menace and danger to the health, safety, morals, and welfare of the people, and particularly the children, of this state. The registration requirements of this act are intended to provide law enforcement and the people of this state with an appropriate, comprehensive, and effective means to monitor those persons who pose such a potential danger. History: Add. 2002, Act 542, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 . © 2004 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

These following 2 provisions do not apply to the public registry (Internet or paper), but do apply to the private parts of the registrant's information:

MCL 28.730:
(4) Except as provided in this act, an individual other than the registrant who knows of a registration or report under this act and who divulges, uses, or publishes nonpublic information concerning the registration or report in violation of this act is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 93 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

(5) An individual whose registration or report is revealed in violation of this act has a civil cause of action against the responsible party for treble damages.


MINNESOTA: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 243.166 through 243.167
Community Notification Law: 244.052
No Internet Public Warnings: No messages at all.

Civil Commitment Law: Chapter 253B.01 through 253B.10

Sex Offender Registration Forms: FORMS


MISSISSIPPI: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 45-33-21 through 45-33-57

Internet Public Warning: SEC. 45-33-51. Misuse of information; penalties. (1) Any person who willfully misuses or alters public record information relating to a sex offender or sexual predator, including information displayed by law enforcement agencies on web sites, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or imprisonment in the county jail not more than six (6) months, or both. (2) The sale or exchange of sex offender information for profit is prohibited. Any violation of this subsection (2) is a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or imprisonment in the county jail not more than six (6) months, or both.


MISSOURI: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: [Juveniles 211.425] [Adults 589.400 through 589.425])

Internet Public Warning: The Missouri State Highway Patrol, Criminal Records and Identification Division, has not considered or assessed the specific risk of re-offense with regard to any individual prior to his or her inclusion on this web site and has made no determination that any individual included on the web site is currently dangerous. Individuals included on the web site are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and Missouri state law. The primary purpose of providing this information is to make the information easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individual. .... Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution.

MONTANA: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 46-23-501 through 46-23-520
Note: Youths declared deliquent w/sex offense: 41-5-1513

Internet Public Warning:Information from the registry should not be used to threaten, intimidate or harass registered offenders.

NEBRASKA: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 29-4001 through 29-4013

Internet Public Warning: Sex offender registry information shall not be used to retaliate against the registrants, their families, or their employers in any way. Vandalism, verbal or written threats of harm are illegal and will result in arrest and prosecution.
Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
Click on "Registration Law";
Scroll down and CLICK on "Statutes" (give it a second to display);
Scroll down again and CLICK on "29 Criminal Pro...";
Now in the search box you will see "View Chapter," CLICK on that (it takes a minute to load, be patient); Once it loads then Scroll down to 29-4001 and thereafter to see all statutes, 4001 through 4013.


NEVADA: Legislature Link
(Registration Laws: CHAPTERS 179A...179B...179C...179D

Internet Public Warning:
Under the provisions of state law and as further defined by the State Attorney General, this information is provided for general public safety. A person is authorized to use this information only to protect him/herself or a child who may be at risk. The release of this information to the public is meant to assure public protection, not to punish the offender. It is illegal to use information obtained through this web site to commit a crime against a registered sex offender or to engage in discrimination or harassment against a registered sex offender. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution and/or civil action.

NEW HAMPSHIRE: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 651-B-1 through 651-B-10

Internet Public Warning: Anyone who uses this information to injure, harass, or commit a criminal act against any person may be subject to criminal prosecution.

NEW JERSEY: Legislature Link
Registration Law: 2C:7-1 through 2C:7-19

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
Click on the "Registration Law" link above; Click on the "+" sign next to Title 2C;
Scroll down to 2C:7-1 --- 2C:7-19

Civil Commitment Law:
Click on "Civil Commitment Law" link below;
Enter "VIOLENT PREDATOR" in the Search box, then Click search;

Internet Public Warning (This state takes the warning seriously):
This information is being made available on the Internet to facilitate public access to information about persons who have committed a sex offense, to enable you to take appropriate precautions to protect yourself and those in your care from possible harm. Public access to registry information is intended solely for the protection of the public, and should never be used to threaten, intimidate or harass another.

Prohibitions on Misuse of Registry Information:
Consistent with this public safety purpose of Megan's Law, the Internet registry law expressly prohibits the use of registry information for the purpose of applying for, obtaining, or denying health insurance, insurance, loans, credit, education, scholarships or fellowships, benefits privileges or services provided by any business establishment (unless for a purpose consistent with the enhancement of public safety), or housing or accommodations.

The law also makes it a crime, punishable by a term of imprisonment between three and five years and a fine of up to $15,000, to use registry information to commit a criminal offense, and makes it a disorderly persons offense, punishable by a fine of up to $1,000, to use registry information to commit any disorderly persons or petty disorderly persons offense. These charges would be in addition to any charges related to the underlying criminal act committed.
Civil Commitment Law: TITLE 30 INSTITUTIONS & AGENCIES 30:4-27.24 through 30:4-27.35


NEW MEXICO: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 29-11A-1 through 29-11A-8)

Internet Public Warning: The information provided is intended for community safety purposes only and should not be used to threaten, intimidate, or harass.
NOTE: The City of Albuquerque has its own City Ordinance for Sex Offenders, and rules which differ from state laws, it is far more restrictive.

NEW YORK: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 15-20-1 through 15-20-38

Internet Public Warning: Anyone who uses this information to injure, harass, or commit a criminal act against any person may be subject to criminal prosecution.

NORTH CAROLINA: Legislature Link
Registration Law: Article 27A Sec. 14-208.5 through 14-208.32
Note: § 14-208.26. Registration of certain juveniles adjudicated delinquent for committing certain offenses. (found within Article 27A of the above link)

Internet Public Warning: This information is made available for the purpose of protecting the public. Anyone who uses this information to commit a criminal act against another person is subject to criminal prosecution.

North Dakota: Warning: The purpose of this list is to promote public protection from the potential risks posed by individuals who have committed offenses in the past. Sex offenders have always lived in our communities, and the accompanying risks have always been present. This method of public notification is an acceptable way of reducing that risk and enhancing public protection. Any actions taken by persons against these subjects, including vandalism of property, intimidation, harassment or verbal or written threats of harm against these subjects or their families, landlords, or employers, are not acceptable, and will likely result in arrest and prosecution of those persons.


OHIO: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: Title XXIX Crimes Chapter 2950.01 through 2950.99

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
Click on "Registration Law" link above;
Click on folder "TITLE XXIX Crimes";
Scroll down to folder "CHAPTER 2950 SEXUAL PREDATORS, ..." Click on that folder.


Internet Public Warning (HIDDEN IN THE TERMS & CONDITIONS FOR USE OF eSORN):This information is being made available on the Internet to facilitate public access to information about persons who have committed either sexually oriented offenses, or child-victim oriented offenses, to enable you to take appropriate precautions to protect yourself and those in your care from possible harm. Please note that while individual sex predators or habitual sex offenders pose a high risk of engaging in further offenses, BCI&I has not assessed any specific risk of re-offense with regard to any individual prior to his or her inclusion within this registry, and has made no determination that any individual included in the registry is currently dangerous. The reason for providing this data on the Internet is to make the information more easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individual. Individuals included within the registry are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and state law. Persons who have been arrested or charged with a registrable sex offense or a child- victim oriented offense are not required to register unless the arrest or charge results in a conviction. Public access to registry information is intended solely for the edification of the public. ANYONE WHO USES THIS INFORMATION TO COMMIT A CRIMINAL ACT AGAINST ANOTHER PERSON WILL BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION..


OKLAHOMA: Legislature Link
Registration Law (Adults): 57-581 through 57-590
Registration Law (Juveniles): 10-7308-1.2 through 10-73081.13

No Internet Public Warnings:

Within Juvenile Law: §10-7308-1.12. Use of information to commit crime or cause physical harm or damage to property – Penalties. Any person who uses information obtained pursuant to this act to commit a crime or to cause physical harm to any person or damage to property shall be guilty of a misdemeanor upon conviction, and, in addition to any other punishment, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed one (1) year, or by a fine not to exceed One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment. eff. July 1, 2001.

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws:
1) Click on "Registration Law" & scroll down to "Oklahoma Statutes & Constitution" Click again;

2) Click on "Oklahoma Statutes 1-85" and scroll down to "Title 57" DO NOT Click ;

Note: Oklahoma statutes are in RTF file format, therefore when you CLICK on "Title 57" you will be prompted to either "OPEN" or "SAVE" their files to your disk. Inorder to "Open" it you will need a word processor that handles RTF file such as Word or Wordperfect. Assuming you have one of them, or an equivalent, then Click to see their file.

3) When the file opens scroll down to §57-581 through 57-590 The Sex Offenders Registration Act

For the juvenile law substitute that statute and follow same procedure.

Oklahoma Policy and Procedure regarding registration
Sex Offender Notice of Duty to Register Form (pdf)
Sex Offender Registration Form (pdf)
Violent Crime Offender Registration Form
Violent Crime Offenders Registration Act- Notice of Duty to Register

Oregon: NO MESSAGES

Oregon: Law: Nothing in law!
....

Pennsylvania: NO MESSAGES ....
Rhode Island: No Internet Access

Rhode Island: Laws: Nothing in law!
....

DATE UPDATED 1-20-04
South Carolina: NO MESSAGES on online registry itself:

South Carolina: Law:
SECTION 23-3-400. Purpose. [SC ST SEC 23-3-400] The intent of this article is to promote the state's fundamental right to provide for the public health, welfare, and safety of its citizens. Notwithstanding this legitimate state purpose, these provisions are not intended to violate the guaranteed constitutional rights of those who have violated our nation's laws.

SECTION 23-3-490. Offender registry information available to public. [SC ST SEC 23-3-490] (A) Information collected for the offender registry is open to public inspection, upon request to the county sheriff. A sheriff must release information regarding persons required to register under this article to a member of the public if the request is made in writing, on a form prescribed by SLED. ...... ...... ...... .....

A sheriff who provides the offender registry for publication or a newspaper which publishes the registry, or any portion of it, is not liable and must not be named as a party in an action to recover damages or seek relief for errors or omissions in the publication of the offender registry; however, if the error or omission was done intentionally , with malice, or in bad faith the sheriff or newspaper is not immune from liability.

SECTION 23-3-510. Persons committing criminal offenses using sex offender registry information; punishment. [SC ST SEC 23-3-510] A person who commits a criminal offense using information from the sex offender registry disclosed to him pursuant to Section 23-3-490, upon conviction, must be punished as follows: (1) For a misdemeanor offense, the maximum fine prescribed by law for the offense may be increased by not more than one thousand dollars, and the maximum term of imprisonment prescribed by law for the offense may be increased by not more than six months. (2) For a felony offense, the maximum term of imprisonment prescribed by law for the offense may be increased by not more than five years.

Tennessee: Warning: this information should not be used in any manner to injure, harass, or commit a criminal act against any person named in the registry. Any such action could subject you to criminal prosecution.
South Dakota: No Internet Access

South Dakota: Law:
22-22-41. Penalties for crime committed as result of information from sex offender registry. Any person who commits any crime as a result of information gained through the sex offender registry or through public information kept pursuant to § 22-22-40 is guilty of a Class 6 felony. Such liability is in addition to any other civil or criminal penalties.

Texas: (Entire List Can be Purchased) Disclaimer: The information provided through this Web site is open record. It may be used by anyone for any purpose. However, it is your responsibility to make sure the records you access through this site pertain to the person about whom you are seeking information. Extreme care should be exercised in using any information obtained from this Web site. Neither the DPS nor the State of Texas shall be responsible for any errors or omissions produced by secondary dissemination of this information.
Utah: Warning: Information compiled in this registry may not be used to harass or threaten sex offenders or their families. Harassment, stalking, or threats are prohibited and doing so may violate Utah criminal law.
Vermont: Disclaimer: Local law enforcement agencies and the Vermont Crime Information Center are authorized to release relevant registry information to the public when the requestor can articulate a specific concern about their safety or the safety of their family.
Virginia: Disclaimer: The registry is based on the Virginia General Assembly's decision to facilitate access to publicly-available information about persons convicted of sexual offenses. The Virginia State Police has not considered or assessed the specific risk of reoffense with regard to any individual prior to his or her inclusion within this registry, and has made no determination that any individual included in the registry is currently dangerous. Individuals included within the registry are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and state law. The main purpose of providing this data on the Internet is to make the information more easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individual.

Added 10-31-03: Found on State Police Information Page: Dissemination of Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry: Sex offender registry information shall be disseminated for the purposes of the administration of criminal justice, screening of current or prospective employees or volunteers, or otherwise for the protection of the public in general or children in particular. Use of the information for purposes not authorized by Section 9.1-912 is prohibited and a willful violation with the intent to harass or intimidate another is punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor.

Washington: No Internet Access However they do have various County Web Sites....

King County: Citizen abuse of this information to threaten, intimidate or harass registered sex offenders will not be tolerated. In fact, such abuse could end law enforcement's ability to notify the public. The King County Sheriff's Office believes the only person who wins if community notification ends is the sex offender, since sex offenders gain their power through secrecy.
West Virginia: Warning: It is not the intent of the Legislature that the information be used to inflict retribution or additional punishment on any person convicted of any offense requiring registration. .... Citizen abuse of this information to threaten, intimidate or harass registered sex offenders will not be tolerated. Further, such abuse could potentially end our ability to do community notifications.
WISCONSIN: Legislature Link
(Registration Law: 301.45 through 301.47
Note: Exception to registration requirements for underage sexual activity. see 301.45 (1m).

No Internet Public Warning:

Navigating the state web site:
Registration Laws: Follow instructions below carefully!
Click on "Registration Law," in the left column Click on "Wisconsin Law";

Then, in the middle column Click on "Statutes";

Then, Click on "The Updated Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations";

On left side of screen "Chapters" are shown, scroll down to "Chapter 301" and Click on the "+" sign;

Then scroll down to "301.45" and Click on that; laws will show on right side.

Internet Public WARNING: It is not the intent of the Legislature that this information be used to injure, harass, or commit a criminal act against persons named in the registry, their families, or employers. Anyone who takes any criminal action against these registrants, including vandalism of property, verbal or written threats of harm or physical assault against these registrants, their families or employers is subject to criminal prosecution.

Wyoming: NO MESSAGES

Wyoming: Law: ??
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Hawaii: No Internet Access

Hawaii: Law: Nothing in law!
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Puerto Rico: NO MESSAGES

Puerto laws: ??
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Virgin Islands: NO MESSAGES

Virgin Islands Law: ??
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Guam: NO MESSAGES

Guam Law: ??
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