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Objectives For Language Teachers
objectives as intended learning outcomes Ø
types of performance students are able to demonstrate at the end of
of specific learning tasks students are able to do
of expected students performance at the end of instruction
of general goals
two numbers that are less than 10
proficiency in mathematics
There is a need
for a limited manageable set of instructional objectives in the lesson.
Why do we need to
use instructional objectives:
direction for instruction
guidelines for testing
instructional intent to others
Provide direction for instruction
Provide guidelines for testing
Convey instructional intent to others
intended learning outcomes
Teaching procedures: to explain how to use the preposition ‘on’.
Intended learning outcomes: Use the preposition ‘on’ before
days, journey, etc.
The focus shifts
from teacher to learner and from process to product Ø
authentic and more reliable evaluation.
The verb used in
the objective determines who is being engaged into the activity.
Different verbs can be used: understand, know, list, distinguish, etc…
Two types: Single statement (1)
Funnel statements s
learning outcomes to learning experiences:
Which of one of
the following objectives is stated as a product (learning outcome):
Improves his/her writing skills about national topics.
Composes a well-organized 500 words paragraph about tourism in Oman.
Two ways of
stating instructional objectives:
A statement of specific student performance:
at least three disadvantages of eating junk food.
General objective clarified by a sample of specific student performance.
Understand the meaning of terms
Defines the terms in their own words.
Identifies the meaning of the term when used in context.
Distinguishes between terms that are similar in meaning.
The list of
specific learning outcomes for each general instructional objective
clarifies the types of performance students should be able to demonstrate
when they have attained the objective.