ELECTRIC FIELD EXPOSURE - HUMAN HEALTH

Compelling Reasons To Consider The Electric Field Exposure as well as Magnetic Field Exposure In Relation to Human Health.

Electric fields, in addition to  magnetic fields are known to exert influence on  biological systems  causing actual interference to the  normal  functions of the organism.

 

From  early days  the focus  has been on the magnetic field as the principle factor  in creating biological disturbance with probable adverse health outcome.   The electric field  has been all but ignored  in this regard.

 

There are however some scientists who see the bigger picture and believe the electric field has a significant role to play in the health affairs of MAN. In  our view this is clearly demonstrated by the procedure used in the ‘DOLLY the SHEEP’ experiment where  the cell replication  for the new  entity   was activated  with  single direct current  (DC) pulses of electricity.   (See NATURE (19967) v380 pp64-66 )  

The presenter of the television programme  detailing the Dolly experiment commented “ This was the moment life began. The importance of electricity  in relation to living organisms is  so profound it  cannot be overlooked."

 

ELECTRICITY IN OUR ENVIRONMENT

The author, as a layperson,  has experienced and carefully observed the effects that  the electric field  in the absence of the magnetic field  can exact on people who would not be otherwise considered ‘electrically hyper sensitive.’  The effect on the individual  was observed to be almost immediate  and  quite profound.

 

Professor Olle Johansson of the Karolinska Institute, Sweden,  has found that the skin cells of healthy  people  as well as those with ElectroHyperSensitivity (EHS)  responded similarly to exposure to the field emissions from computer and TV screens 

 

CASE  #1

Three people of different ages and states of health were unable  to remain alert and awake, at 11 am, 12.30 am and 8 pm while sitting beside   a  timber lamp stand with the power switched  ON at the power point but   OFF at the lamp stand.   Live electrical current was in the lamp stem but with  no current  flow at the time – there magnetic field was not present. .  Each person  was unaware that they were exposed to an electric field and  each later described a feeling of overpowering tiredness that was almost painful.  In each case when the lamp was moved or switched OFF at the powerpoint,  the   person   revived  to former level of alertness within  a matter of minutes. 

CASE # 2

An educational video  screening was held  in a small office,  two professional  people of the  15  present  having previously expressed  great  interest  in the subject matter, one  taking copious notes during the screening.  After approximately 30 minutes these two people , a man (50 + years ) and woman  (40 + years )   were observed to slump in their seats with  eyes closed while the remainder of the audience  maintained alert and interested

 

It was  observed  by the author and one witness that the two affected people  were seated where a computer terminal  was located  about  30 centimeters from the back of their heads.  Covert  investigation revealed that the   PC was switched OFF  at the  hard drive  but ON at  the power point and it was speculated  that this  could be the electric field affecting the two people now seen to be quietly dozing.  The  PC was then switched OFF at the power point and within ten minutes the woman  was seen to revive and  resume note-taking,   the man took eighteen  minutes to recover his former level of alertness.

 

CASE #3

Two children  ages 4 and 6 years,  sleeping beside a wall where there were 

Electricity cables were located suffered nightmares until their beds were  moved. 

     

CASE # 4  (One of many)

With a radio set located at the bedside and switched ON at the power point but OFF at the set  caused insomnia.  Once the set was consistently switched OFF at the point at night the subject experienced a refreshing night’s sleep.

 

ELECTROSTATIC ATTRACTION   -   RADON GAS  PARTICLES 

 

In NATURE magazine Vol 349 February circa 1992,  a correspondent,  F.P. Ziemba  wrote a letter to the Editor,  explaining his  discovery  of  how naturally occurring radon gas particles  are attracted  by the high electrostatic fields  which are found at the surface of computer and TV screens. He believed this  was the cause of many complaints of  computer screen operators .   He found  high levels of ionizing radiation  on the surface of the display screen  of computers and   TV viewing screens.

 

Radon gas enters houses by ventilation and  cracks in foundations and  is more prevalent in air-conditioned  premises where  underground rock decay is also evident.

 

PROFESSOR HENSHAW 

The Ziemba findings  precede the study of  Professor Henshaw  (UK), by approximately 10 years.  Professor Henshaw  announced in  year 2000  that  cancer,  in particular lung cancer may well be attributed to the ionizing particles from pollutant aerosols which are  to be found around high voltage power lines. He warns that the greater incidence of  lung cancer occurs within the path of prevailing winds  which carry these ionized  particles.    

 

Professor Henshaw and his colleague Dr Peter Fews  states that the most  serious physical  health problems may be expected  from exposure to the electric fields  associated with high voltage power lines.

 

DOMESTIC APPLIANCES

Professor Henshaw and  Dr Fews   reported  in 1996 that cables from domestic appliances, such as hairdryers, acted like magnets for radioactive substances – which are  formed by the natural decay of radon in the atmosphere into so-called radioactive "daughters".

 

MWN JULY/AUGUST 1996 Page 1 & 6

Dr Anthony Miller et al.,   published a paper in the American Journal of  Epidemiology  (144, pp.150-160, 1996)  “which found  workers  exposed to high  levels  of  magnetic  and electric fields had leukemia rates that were  up to 11 times  greater than  expected ”  (MWN)  “ Millers team  showed a striking increase  in  leukemia  risk  for cumulative exposure to high electric and magnetic  fields.  Indeed, the adjusted risk ratio for all leukemias  was 1.6 (non-significant) when the analysis was limited to  magnetic fields only.  But when the electric field  was included as well,  the risk ratio rose to 11.2, a significant result.”   It is believed that the combined effect of the magnetic and the electric field  is the vital factor in the results  In MWN  Dr Miller expressed his  concern that …”so much of the  experimental cellular work that has been done has screened out the electric fields. “   This paper was unfortunately released too late to be included in the NASNRC  report  which was due  out in September  1996. 

 

J. Robert Ashley      

Electrical engineer, J. Robert Ashley, has  experience in both the academic and industrial sectors of  his profession.   He  has said  that  measurement of  people's exposure to electrical fields is required as it is  10 to 20 times more likely to explain the link between power lines and childhood cancers than is the magnetic field alone.  He comments that  many studies have been compromised by failure of the investigators  to separate the electric and magnetic components of EMFs.

Source; Biological Effects of Electric Fields from Video Display Terminals. IEEE-USA Entity Position Statement  August 13th 1990

 

Professor Henshaw  has  expressed his  surprise that  the importance of  the attraction of radioactive products  to  oscillating electric fields in our environment,  has escaped the  notice of other researchers. His findings,  though  drawing  severe  criticism from some quarters, is  supported by The Foundation for Children with Leukaemia  and  is recommended for further  serious research.

 

Prof Henshaw believes  the magnetic field  is the main cause of depression and suicide.  

One mechanism  by which this occurs  is the disruption of   melatonin production. He notes that  there have been   studies  supporting this statement which  show positive correlation that have been around for  20 years. He believes another mechanism is the electrical imbalance   within the brain caused by magnetic field exposure. Professor Henshaw - The Bristol University researchers website is at    http://www.electric-fields.bris.ac.uk

 

 SKIN CANCER

 “When you stand under a power line, the electrical field  distorts around you because you are a conductor. These pollutants are oscillating back and forth around you at 50Hz and they can land on you. Applying the NRPB's own risk factors, you can predict an increase in skin cancer." (Henshaw & Frews )

 

RADON DAUGHTERS

However, radon daughters mentioned earlier pale into insignificance next to another set of  villains named by Henshaw - corona ions. High-voltage power lines produce a strong electrical field on the line itself. This field is big enough to ionise the air around it - in other words, to strip electrons from atoms.

 

The effect is like nudging a line of dominoes: the ionisation of one atom triggers the ionisation of another, leading to a chain reaction. The result is a line of charged, highly reactive particles streaming away from the power cable. Henshaw has measured the streams as far away as several kilometres from the line.

 

CAR EXHAUST  POLLUTANTS

These charged particles, or corona ions, act as magnets for air pollutants, including carcinogens such as aromatic hydrocarbons from car exhausts. The electric charge gives the pollutant, when inhaled, a greater ability to stick to the lung - so rather than being exhaled, pollutants become lodged. "New York scientists have found that if there is a charge, pollutants of this size are two or three times more likely to be deposited in the lungs, he says. "In the confined space of the lungs and airways, this charge makes

a big difference.” (Henshaw)

 

 LUNG CANCER

"The upshot is that you are retaining air pollutants, some of which are

known to be linked to lung cancer, in your lungs. You can then do a rigorous assessment for lung cancer, which I put at between 250 and 400 cases a year.   There is actually a paper - not mine - that shows a doubling of lung cancer under power lines, but it hasn't been talked about."

 

When the other effects of air pollutants, such as allergies and respiratory disease, are factored in, Henshaw estimates that corona ions probably damage a few thousand people every year. He also points out that corona ions have been known about since the Fifties, and have been studied extensively by the industry.

 

The preceding  reports   point to a somewhat neglected area of research,  the effects of electric field exposure and how this may  influence development of  human disease.

 

ROGER COGHILL

In  a  paper presented at the Contractors Review in Tucson  U.S.A.,(Nov 1998)   Roger Coghill  criticized the fact that  a review of the available science  at the  Conference  failed to include   research that examined the effect of the  electric field    In his own research he  examined the effect of the  electric field  exposure and it’s role in the development of childhood leukemia. Ref:  (Coghill, Steward et al., Europ. J. Cancer Prev.   (1995)  5:153-158),

 

We quote:

 1.10 The lessons from our study were important and significant: there   emerged a clear dose-response relationship, with good confidence   intervals, between ELF electric field strength and incidence of   childhood leukaemia. This is the only study investigating 24 hr   measured electric fields in the bed  places of children diagnosed with leukaemia, and the only study in the entire literature finding a clear    dose-response, and as such it deserved consideration by the Working Group despite its admitted limitations.

 

 1.11 Moreover, our findings were later supported by occupational studies of electric field exposure (e.g. Miller, Agnew et al., 1996)   so I believe the Working Group has been guilty of ignoring an   important parameter in their assessment, and should have included our   study in their Review. Had they done so this would have directed the epidemiogical community towards further and better ELF electric field  exposure studies.   (Coghill)

 

MICROWAVE  NEWS   July/August  1996 (Page 1 & 6)  Dr Anthony  Miller  expressed concern that  “so much of the experimental cellular work that has been done has  screened out the electric field ”  Dr Miller and associates  published a paper in American Journal of  Epidemiology  (144, pp.150-160, 1996)  “which found  workers  exposed to high  levels  of  magnetic  and electric fields had leukemia rates that were  up to 11 times  greater than  expected ”  (MWN)  “ Millers team  showed a striking increase  in  leukemia  risk  for cumulative exposure to high electric and magnetic  fields.  Indeed the, the adjusted risk ratio for all leukemia was 1.6 (non-significant) when the analysis was limited to  magnetic fields only.  But when the electric field  was included as well the risk ratio rose to 11.2, a significant result.”   It is believed that the combined effect of the magnetic and the electric field  is the vital factor in the results.   Dr Miller expressed his  concern that …”so much of the  experimental cellular work that has been done has screened out the electric fields.’’ This paper  was unfortunately released too late to be included in the NAS-NRC  report  which was due  out in September  1996. 

 

 Reported in Electromagnetic News Jan/Mar 1993

(Jan Wallaczek ) found that there were “significant increases in cytosol-free Mn2+ influx in human T-cell (JURKAT) cells following only four minutes  non-thermal  exposure to electric fields of 50mV/cm2  This finding  has important  implications for inducing later stage EMF effects  on RNA/DNA synthesis, hence on cell mutation.  

 

 Reported in Electromagnetic News Jan/Mar 1993

“A study reported at the 1992 Congress from Robert Glaser from  the Humboldt University, Berlin,  showed how “an electric field alters the shape of red blood cells  thereby disturbing oxygen-carrying  processes. This has implications for  carcinogesis, since as Warburg showed some decades ago,  that cancer cells  seem to have reverted  to a more primitive   form of ATP creation (by the Embden-Mayerhof pathway ), possibly as a result of  inadequate oxygen supply.

 

Another study finds that  an induced electric field of 10-5V/m for only 30 minutes  each day resulted in  an 80% increase in collagen synthesis. This study was reported in a  review  by Nigel Cridland published by the NRPB  1992/3

   INFORMATION

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