The Song
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

 The Song of Hiawatha is based on the legends and stories of
many North American Indian tribes, but especially those of the
Ojibway Indians of northern Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
They were collected by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, the reknowned
historian, pioneer explorer, and geologist.  He was
superintendent of Indian affairs for Michigan from 1836 to 1841.

    Schoolcraft married Jane, O-bah-bahm-wawa-ge-zhe-go-qua (The
Woman of the Sound Which the Stars Make Rushing Through the Sky),
Johnston.  Jane was a daughter of John Johnston, an early Irish
fur trader, and O-shau-gus-coday-way-qua (The Woman of the Green
Prairie), who was a daughter of Waub-o-jeeg (The White Fisher),
who was Chief of the Ojibway tribe at La Pointe, Wisconsin.

    Jane and her mother are credited with having researched,
authenticated, and compiled much of the material Schoolcraft
included in his Algic Researches (1839) and a revision published
in 1856 as The Myth of Hiawatha.  It was this latter revision
that Longfellow used as the basis for The Song of Hiawatha.

    Longfellow began Hiawatha on June 25, 1854, he completed it
on March 29, 1855, and it was published November 10, 1855.  As
soon as the poem was  published its popularity was assured.
However, it also was severely criticized as a plagiary of the
Finnish epic poem Kalevala.  Longfellow made no secret of the
fact that he had used the meter of the Kalevala; but as for the
legends, he openly gave credit to Schoolcraft in his notes to the


The following is an exerpt from:
Compton's Encyclopedia Online


Long one of the favorite characters of American folklore, Hiawatha
was an American Indian who is best known as the hero of
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's narrative poem,
`The Song of Hiawatha', published in 1855.

In Longfellow's poem, Hiawatha is a member of the Ojibwa tribe.
Raised by his grandmother, Nokomis, Hiawatha is able to talk to the
animals of the forest and surpasses all the other boys of his tribe in
manly skills. He grows up to be a leader of his people,
marries the Indian maiden Minnehaha,
and acts as a peacemaker among warring tribes.

`The Song of Hiawatha' was inspired largely by Indian legends
told by the student of Indian lore Henry Rowe Schoolcraft.
Longfellow, like Schoolcraft, confused Hiawatha with the
Ojibwa Manabozho. The hero of the poem is thus
a composite of tribal legends.

The real Hiawatha was a Mohawk Indian chief who lived in the late 1500s.
He was a founder of the Iroquois Confederacy. Tradition credits him with introducing maize and fish oil to his people and with originating picture
writing, new navigation techniques, and the practice of medicine.

to Henry Wadworth Longfellows'

Indroduction of Hiawatha

(follow the links at the bottom of each page to go on to the next Chapter
or click within the grid to go to a specific Chapter)

Enjoy this beautiful Epic Poem


VIII   Fishing XVI    Pau-Puk-Keewis
I      Peace-Pipe IX     Pearl-Feather XVII   Hunting of Pau-Puk-Keewis
II     Four Winds X      Wooing XVIII  Death of Kwasind
III    Childhood XI     Wedding-Feast XIX    Ghosts
IV    Mudjekeewis XII    Son of the Evening  Star XX     Famine
V     Fasting XIII   Blessing the     Corn-Fields XXI    White Man's Foot
VI    Friends XIV    Picture-Writing XXII   Hiawatha's     Departure
VII   Sailing XV     Hiawatha's Lamentation

 in the Northern Woods you'll find...
Gardens of my Mind
Minnesota Zone 3 Gardening
Out n About in Northern Minnesota
Da Cabin in Da Woods
A Loving Memorial


If you are the creater of this beautiful music
please contact me so I can give
you credit or remove, per your request.

grannikat at