The 1999 Philippine Clean Air Act
R. A. 8749
The 1999 Philippine Clean Air Act was finally enacted into law in June this year as Republic Act 8749, after several years' debate in both the Senate and the House of Rep-resentatives . In this Section, I have included only about half of the provisions that dealt mainly with state environmental policies, motor vehicle pollution, fuels & additives, and corresponding fines and penalties. The left out-portions covered industrial and/or sta-tionary sources of pollution, including medical wastes and incinerators.
The clear intent of the Clean Air Act is to bring the citizenry into a national coope-rative and self-regulatory effort to clean the air we now breath, and to ensure that our children will continue to enjoy the same. The measures to be adopted are meant to be preventive rather than corrective, with everyone voluntarily cooperating with the gover-nment rather than it coercing the citizenry. Now that the law's in place, let's see how successful we are in taking care of our environment -- GUYS, IT'S REALLY ALL UP TO US ! ... Happy compliance !
For those who find provisions of the above-Act too "legalese" and tedious reading, though, I 've prepared a summary below which includes a short section on health hazards of motor vehicle pollution. I would also recommend that you guys pls. read the links on Automotive Fuels and Catalytic Converters for a more-thorough discussion of these topics.
Otherwise, you may want to return to my Homepage ;or, link to the new Seat Belt Law , get FREE car/truck maintenance tips , or simply share perspectives with me on the wherewithals of the service and transport industries.
Page 1 - Introduction
to the 1999 Clean Air Act
A. Gasoline - Within
18 mos. gasoline should have an Anti-Knock Index (AKI) of
B. Diesel fuel - Within 18
mos. sulfur content of diesel fuel reduced to 0.20% by
|Tailpipe Emission Pollutants||Light Vehicles||Light Commercial
Category 1: 1250kg. < RW
Category 2: 1250 <RW<1700
Category 3: RW > 1700 kg.
|Carbon Monoxide-CO (g/km.)||2.72||Category 1 - 2.72
Category 2 - 5.17
Category 3 - 6.90
|0.97||Category 1 - 0.97
Category 2 - 1.40
Category 3 - 1.70
NO - 8.0
|Particulate Matter-PM (g/km.)
||0.14||Category 1 - 0.14
Category 2 - 0.19
Category 3 - 0.25
Note 2: For heavy-duty vehicles with engines of 85 KW or less rating, the limit value for particulate emssions
is increased by multiplying the quoted limit by a coefficient of 1.7.
In addition, spark-ignition engines (read: gasoline) should not spew into the atmosphere evaporative HC at not more than 2.0 gms./test, and its closed crankcase ventilation system must not be leaking . The rest of the other anti-pollution devices (catalytic converters, exh-aust recirculation system, etc.) shall be covered by implementing rules and regulations (IRR) to be drafted by the DENR-DOTC-DOST tandem.
The Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
is the lead agency in the implementation of the law, with its Environmental
Management Bureau (EMB) being devolved into a line bureau. Several other agencies
are participating, namely:
A. Fuel quality specs & commerce
|B. Engines & Emission Standards; commerce||Assemblers & distributors/Vehicle Importers/DOTC-LTO/DTI|
|C. Motor Vehicle Registrations/Testing Standards/Shops
Accreditation/Training/Veh. Maint. Standards, etc.
|DOTC-LTO/DTI/Accredited private training and testing
|D. Apprehensions for violators; corrective measures||DOTC-LTO/MMDA & LGUs; accredited m.v. shops|
|E. Regular Vehicle Maintenance||Private vehicle owners/fleet operators; accredited shops & technicians.|