An unabashed "All my ancestors" website

An "All My Ancestors" website

Seventh Generation

64. Thomas HILLMAN 1 was born 2 on 27 Aug 1820 in Shipley, Sussex, England. He died on 26 Apr 1885 in Ashurst, Sussex, England. He was buried on 30 Apr 1885 in Ashurst, Sussex, England. He married 3 Elizabeth HAMPER on 29 Apr 1844 in Brighton, Sussex, England. [Parents]

In the 1881 census Thomas Hillman and his wife Elizabeth lived at a home curiously named "Bergen of Zoom" in Ashurst, Sussex, England. At sixty, he had no occupation. He and his 66 year old wife claimed Shipley, Sussex, England, as their place of birth.

65. Elizabeth HAMPER [image] 1 was born on 19 Oct 1814 in Alciston, Sussex, England. She died on 27 Apr 1897 in Ashurst, Sussex, England. She was buried in Ashurst, Sussex, England. [Parents]

A very brief Youtube video of Ashurst, Sussex, England ... taken from "Ashurst Beacon" ...


66. Nelson NICHOLSON 1 was born 2 on 19 Mar 1820 in Of Ferring, Sussex, England. He died on 12 Jun 1904 in Ashurst, Sussex, England. He was buried on 12 Jun 1904 in Ashington, Sussex, England. He married Mary HOTSTONE on 5 Jul 1846 in Lyminster, Sussex, England. [Parents]

67. Mary HOTSTONE 1 was born on 3 Aug 1823 in Lyminster, Sussex, England. She died on 21 Jan 1898 in Ashurst, Sussex, England. [Parents]


68. Luigi Payola NICOLA 1 was born 2 on 18 Jun 1808 in Corellato, Barella, Torino, Italy. He was christened in Madonna Del Angeli. He died in 1877. He married Guilette PAJUENNE. [Parents]

69. Guilette PAJUENNE 1 was born 2 in 1806 in Of Payero, Italy. She died in 1865.


70. Henry MORGAN 1 was born 2 on 1 Dec 1823 in St. George, London, England. He died on 16 Jul 1907 in London, Middlesex, England. He was buried in Jul 1907 in Manor Park, London, England. He married Maria HAYWARD on 17 Oct 1846 in Shoreditch, London, England. [Parents]

Henry Morgan is described as a "bootcloser," "one who ... sews the uppers of boots." (definition from:

He married at Holywell Mount Chapel, an Independent establishment. His address at the date of his marriage was 21 Willow Street, Paul Street, in Shoreditch district.

71. Maria HAYWARD 1 was born on 18 May 1822 in Sudbury, Suffolk, England. She died on 15 Apr 1883 in Bethnal Green, London, England. [Parents]


72. William BOURNE 1 was born 2 about 1806 in Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England. He died on 2 Oct 1861 in Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England. He married Sarah POND on 17 Oct 1846 in Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England. [Parents]

73. Sarah POND 1 was born in 1819. She was christened on 29 Aug 1819 in Bury, Odiham, Hampshire, England. [Parents]

"Sarah Bourne" was a 63 year old widow living with her married son George W, her married daughter (presumably daughter in law) Caroline, and a five month old granddaughter, on the road to Hare Farm Cottage, Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England, in the 1881 census. Her son Alfred James Bourne lived next door with his wife and five children. (


74. Daniel COOPER 1 was born in 1811. He was christened 2 on 29 Aug 1811 in Cliddesden, Hampshire, England. He died on 24 Sep 1899 in Cliddesden, Hampshire, England. He was buried on 1 Sep 1899 in Cliddesden, Hampshire, England. He married Mary Ann RIGDON on 25 Jul 1835 in Cliddesden, Hampshire, England. [Parents]

Perhaps the same as the 61 year old Daniel Cooper, a Farm Carter, who in the 1881 census lived with his wife Ann, a nephew, and a teenage boarder, at "Lower Farm", Silchester, Hampshire, England. He claimed Silchester as his birthplace. (

A carter could be "someone whose work is driving carts" (

75. Mary Ann RIGDON 1 was born about 1827 in <Cliddesden, Hampshire, England>. She died in Hampshire, England.

Perhaps the same as the 53 year old "Ann Cooper" who lived at the Lower Farm, Silchester, Hampshire, England, with her husband and nephew and boarder during the 1881 census. She was born in Pamber, Hampshire, England. (


76. John SHARPE [image] 1 was born 2 on 15 Jan 1788 in Waterborough, Queens, New Brunswick. He was christened on 13 Mar 1793 in Waterborough, Queens, New Brunswick. He was buried 3 on 16 Jun 1881 in Houghton, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada. He married Mary ELLSWORTH on 3 Sep 1815 in Waterborough, Queens, New Brunswick. [Parents]

"About 1[8]30 moved with his family from New Brunswick to Ontario, Canada, near Lake Erie, where is still [1880] living with his family. He was a farmer." [Sharpe Genealogy].
"It was to Houghton township, Norfolk county, that John and James Sharpe travelled together with their families about 1830. Both had married [grand] daughters of New York loyalist, William Elsworth. John had originally been granted land in New Brunswick, but James had never received a grant from the crown. Houghton township was and is primarily an agricultural area, located on the shores of Lake Erie in the Niagara Peninsula. Simcoe is the principal city in Norfolk county and the principal crop is tobacco.
"The Sharpes were Baptists and Methodists, and John and James and their sons were leaders in the Second Baptist Church of Houghton township. In 1856 a map of Norfolk county lists farms for John ... John Sharpe's farm is located in concession 1 lot 2. .... " (From "Information relative to the Sharpe/Sharp family", no date, no author).

77. Mary ELLSWORTH 1 was born on 16 Jan 1798 in Waterborough, Queens, New Brunswick. She died on 16 Jul 1875 in Houghton, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada. [Parents]


78. Nehemiah PURDY 1 was born 2 on 15 Oct 1797 in Jemseg, Queens, New Brunswick. He died on 1 Dec 1873 in Houghton, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada. He was buried in Houghton, Norfolk, Ontario. He married Elizabeth ELLSWORTH about 1838 in , Queens, New Brunswick. [Parents]

79. Elizabeth ELLSWORTH 1 was born 2 in 1811 in St. John, New Brunswick. She was christened on 26 Aug 1811 in Cumberland Bay, Queens, New Brunswick. She died in 1875. She was buried in 1875 in Houghton, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada. [Parents]


80. Cpl. Benjamin HITCHCOCK [image] was born 1 about 1788 in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, England. He died 2 before 1851 in New Brunswick. He married Cecelia COLLINS. [Parents]

"He may have been the Benjamin, son of Richard and Mary (Knoke) Hitchcock who was baptised at Stottesden (Shropshire) on May 31, 1789 (Stottesden is only 7 miles from Bridgenorth)." (Quoted from Paul Noyes' website). Or he could have been Benjamin, son of John and Dorothy (Milner) Hitchcock, baptized at Corely 18 October 1789, only a little further distant from Bridgnorth.

Richard and Mary likely were his parents, because the Benjamin who established a family in what is now Victoria County, New Brunswick, Canada, had a son Richard and a daughter Mary Ann perhaps in honour of his parents and siblings, and did not have children named John or Dorothy and (looking now at the names of other children in the John and Dorothy Hitchcock family) did not have children named Sarah or Thomas or Elizabeth or Susanna or Amy. (See Richard Hitchcock family for Greg Usrey's listing of the Richard and Mary Hitchcock family). Mr. Yelland, a genealogy researcher, independently reached the same tentative conclusion based on proximity of Stottesden to Bridgnorth, the town Benjamin claimed as his birthplace in military records. (Letter MT Welbrooke Yelland to Frank Lawson, 17 Aug 1984)

Either set of parents were in the area either as agricultural labourers or were attracted by work in the quarries of the Clee Hill area that Stottesden and Farlow and Corely are near. (See for example Titterstone Clee Summit panorama

Military Service:
Benjamin transferred from the Cardigan Militia on 28 June 1812 to the Sixth company, Second Battalion of the 36th regiment. The Cardigan Militia consisted of a Royal Cardigan Militia in Limerick, Ireland, and a local Cardigan Militia which may have been stationed elsewhere. The 36th was stationed at Blatchington, Sussex, England at this time. He deserted the 36th on 24 August 1812. (WO 12/5099 Muster Rolls and Pay Lists, 2nd Bn, 36 Reg, 1812-1814 as transcribed by Yelland for Frank Lawson).

"No record of military service for next 18 months. One might assume that he spent part of, [if] not all [this time] in prison for deserting. Either 15 or 20 Feb 1814 Private Benjamin H. transferred from 36th Regiment to the Royal West India Rangers. Feb 1814 - Jun 1815 Trinidad." (Muster roll records provided to Frank Lawson, then to Gilbert Hitchcock as cited in Paul Noyes' website. If link has moved then use his index).

"Then til Mar 1816 Guadaloupe at least part of the time as member of Captain [George] Jack's 1st Rifle Co." ( which in turn relies on WO 12/11237-8 Muster Rolls and Pay Lists, RWIR, 1814-1819 and WO 25/663 RWIR Description Book, 15 Feb 1816). Benjamin may have been involved in the taking of the Island of Guadeloupe from the Napoleonic French on 8-10 August 1815. (""Last Fight for Napoleon"", Journal of the Soc for Army Hist Research, Vol. xiv, No. 56 (Winter 1935), pp. 231-2.) He was at least part of the occupation force.

"From then until [25 February 1817] transfer to 8 Co. he was at St. Lucia. Mar - Jun 1817 St. Vincent. Regiment then moved to St. Kitt's where 25 Jul 1818 he was promoted to Corporal. " (Muster roll records as above).

All British soldiers were described in their regiment's "Description Books" so that they could be identified and returned to their commanding officers if caught absent without leave. Benjamin was between 5'6&3/4" and 5'7" tall. He had light brown hair, grey or hazle eyes, and a fair complexion. He was slender in build.

Settling in New Brunswick:
He and his wife and oldest child were among the Rangers disbanded in Saint John, New Brunswick in June 1819 in spite of the fears of the local city council at the "setting loose at one time of such a body of unruly people". Given a choice of £10 cash or 100 acres of land, he chose the land and perhaps would not have been able to afford the well-documented wild night that the paid-off Rangers enjoyed. He was one of 62 soldier-settlers from this regiment that settled in the upper St. John River valley between Woodstock and Grand Falls. (See His Majesty's Royal West India Rangers)

"Two years later in 1821 when "The McLaughlin Report" outlined the conditions on these newly settled lands there were very few settlers occupying the lands. Benjamin and his family were not on their land at that time and where they [were] remains a mystery. ...." (End of Noyes website quote ). However a review of Benjamin's petition for land in 1824 helps us understand why the "McLaughlin Report" would not have found Benjamin at his original lot:

Before 1824, this land petition tells us, he had abandoned his original grant of land for another across the River, and "built a House, Barn + Stable + had about 12 acres under cultivation." (Full text at Noyes Rootsweb or search his index for Hitchcock). Finding this not sufficient to farm upon, he petitioned the provincial government for two hundred more acres. Benjamin hoped to farm the two lots on either side of his existing farm. His widow had 30 cleared acres by the 1851 census. His son Samuel did ultimately possess some of the adjoining land.

Benjamin's house was a humble log hut rather than a house as we usually think of houses. A passing traveller gave a fleeting description during his overnight stay on 7 January 1824: ' "... was arrived after dark at a log-hut, in which we found a family of the name of Hedgecock ...." '. Most of the soldier-settlers in this region lived in modest log homes at this time. (Armine S.H. Mountain Saint John Museum Archives, Odell Papers, Shelf 29, Box 7, Pkt. 20, item 18. Letter 31 January 1824 as cited in: "The Weary, The Famished and the Cold - The Story of the Military Settlement on the Upper St. John River, 1814-1821", Ernest A. Clarke (Carleton County Historical Society), 1981, p.72).

Military experience: background reading:
For more on the 36th please see which includes a section on the second battalion, which disbanded two years after Benjamin's desertion. Also Worcester City Museums. Typical uniform of the 36th is found at Worcester City Museums soldier tending to his feet except the collar and cuffs should be green.

A description of British army life (albeit from a Canadian context).

81. Cecelia COLLINS [image] 1 was born 2 calculated 1792. She died 3 before 1861 in New Brunswick.

Appears as a widow living with sons Richard and Frederick in the 1851 census. She had 30 cleared acres, 150 bushels of potatoes from that land, and 50 bushels of oats. She had three "neat cattle", 1 milking cow, no horses, no sheep, and three "swine." (For this detail please see the Upper St. John website links.)

There is no known primary source that supports the use of Collins as her maiden name. We rely on 1970s-era letters from Cecelia's Great-grandaughter Gertrude (McLaughlin) Duffy. Another secondary source was found at the family histories collections at the University of New Brunswick.

One might speculate that she was Irish as her son James was sometimes claimed as being of Irish extraction.


82. Nicholas DEE [image] 1 was born 2 about 1797 in Ireland. He died 3 after 1881. He married 4 Rebecca Elizabeth YEOMANS on 1 Aug 1821 in Saint John, Saint John, New Brunswick. [Parents]

Probably born in County Waterford, Ireland, within view of Slievenamon Mountain. ("Relatives of Nicholas Dee", no author, no date, found in the Roy and Sadie Dee home in Victoria County, New Brunswick and given to James Dee of Hartland, NB).

A family tradition: Nicholas worked hard to save up money to immigrate to North America from Ireland. On the last night before sailing, with his chest or trunk packed and placed on the ship, he went to the pub to have one last celebration before leaving the Emerald Isle forever. The evening of celebration made him late for the boat the next morning, and he missed the boat and his luggage. He had to work and save up his money again before he finally came to North America. One version of the story states he had to wait another 7 years (CHH).

"One can only speculate that he arrived in North America between 1800 and 1820. Whether he arrived in St.John first, New York, or Boston remains a mystery.

"Most of his life is somewhat of a mystery as well as a puzzle. Nicholas first lived in Hampton, King's Co.1831 (vol 17.#123 F9035). In 1833 Nicholas sold a piece of land in Richibucto on the St.Nicholas River for 10 shillings. He next appears and is listed as an early settler of Fort Fairfield, Maine. At this time it may have been called Sarsfield or Plymouth Plantation. The Maine census of 1840 says there were eight children. (James Dee, December 2005)

After marrying the former Rebecca (Yeomans) Foss, his family lived in Plymouth Grant (later renamed Fort Fairfield, Maine), in 1836 and 1840. ( "Settlers Survey 1836 Town of Plymouth Grant" (Maine State Archives, Misc. Land Office Records, A21R20:4-8 Box 3)).

He is probably the Nicholas "Dean" found with 6 children aged somewhere between 4-20 years and a second adult (his wife) in the March 1837 special census of the Aroostook River (See 1837 census).

He is listed as being the head of a family of ten in 1840. He was aged between 40-50, his unnamed wife also aged between 40-50, and children ranging from 0-5 to 15-20. One of either Nicholas or his wife could not read. (1840 census, Maine, Aroostook County, Plymouth Grant, reel M704-136, page 64, entry 0126 as found on website 1840 census .Both Nicholas and Rebecca Elizabeth marked their pension documents with an "X".

He appears in 1844 where the land he lived on with his family is described as 139 acres in Township D, Range one, lot # 17. His land was among the "Lots granted to encourage the erection of mills, improved before Aug. 9, 1836." "On Township D in Range 1, and F in Range 2, some of the settlers," writes the 1844 border treaty commissioners, "subsquently to the commencement of their improvements, received deeds under grants made by the State of Maine previously to the Treaty, for the encouragement of mills, and thus [they] have absolute titles to their lots." (Joint Report of the Commissioners to locate grants, and determine the extent of possessorty claims under the late treaty with Great Britain, December 1844, pp.12-55, in the Archives of the State of Maine, as found in C. Gagnon, Upper St.John ). "This is on the Aroostook Falls road about a half mile in on the right from the main road. (James Dee, Dec 2005)

"Michael Russell, married to Phoebe Yeomans (a probable sister to Rebecca), also lived in this area close to the the present day border. Michael was listed as one of the earliest settlers of Fort Fairfield. He is buried in the Old St.Denis Cemetry between The Fort and Caribou." (James Dee, Dec 2005)

Perhaps the Aroostook War displaced this family to the British side of the 1842 boundary established by the Ashburton - Webster Treaty. (History of Aroostook County by Wiggins, formerly on line). Until this time the Aroostook River was a wilderness valley with some families both farming and woodcutting. They floated their lumber down the Aroostook River and down the St. John River that it connected to, to Fredericton, New Brunswick. They boated their supplies back up these rivers. "When the boundary line between Maine and New Brunswick was run, after the Ashburton treaty, it cut off a slice about half a mile in width from the entire eastern side of Plymouth Grant...." (See Wiggins). Nicholas Dee does not appear in the 1850 census of Plymouth Grant (1850 census).

"After the border dispute in 1842 was settled, Nicholas was forced to move. This time it is believed that he and about half of his family made a trek to the flatlands of Campbellton, about 1850. The border was established in 1851.

"Mary married John Nelson . Margot and John Argent were here, and Catherine and Ben Hitchcock also located in this area and had two children born here. Nicholas soon got itchy feet and he and all the others moved back to Victoria County to settle in the Limestone Siding area known then as Ranger Settlement or Costigan.

"It was about this time when the first steamboats started to appear on the river in this area. The Reindeer was built in 1848 and travelled from Fredericton to Woodstock to Grand Falls regularly. The Railroad started in 1877.

"You can find their names in the 1861 census. Nicholas lived in the Grand falls area where Nicholas Junior was looking after his father and mother. Nick Junior worked for his Brother -in-laws Ben Hitchcock and James Morrell as well as other lumbering jobs. With these meager wages he paid the rent in Grand Falls for his parents." (James Dee, Dec 2005) In 1861 Nicholas Sr had 15 improved acres, 85 unimproved, $100 cash value, $12 cash value in implements and machinery, 1 "milch cow", 2 working oxen, 1 other "neat" cattle. (1861 Census)

"Old Nick applied for a land grant lot #147 in 1857 but he never received a grant. Later Richard applied for and received lot#147. This became the old homestead. It is believed that Clayton Dee owns this land today.

"So Richard, William, Catherine, and Hannah all became early settlers of Limestone Siding. Phoebe was probably handicapped, Nicholas died in the Civil War, and whatever happened to Margaret's and Mary's marriages remain a mystery.

"Nicholas Jr entered the 16th Maine Regiment in 1862 and always sent his pay back to support his parents who now seemed to be living in the Fort Fairfield area. After Nicholas died in the war the parents applied for and received a small war pension of 8 dollars a month which helped keep them in the area. Rebecca Elizabeth probably died about 1880 and where she is buried is some what of a mystery. The 1881 census says old Nicholas was a widower living with Richard, his son in Limestone Siding. He likewise does not have a burial site that we can find, nor a date of death.

"The records show that Nicholas was blind in one eye and had a severe case of arthritis. Although the report states that he was not very healthy he and his wife lived to be over 80 years of age.

"In summary Nicholas Dee spent most of his life clearing land, first in the St.Nicholas river, second in Fort Fairfield area, the flatlands of Campbellton, and finally along the beautiful St.John River in Limestone Siding, N.B. Considering the modes of travel for these times, it is remarkable that he and his family could have been in so many different areas. You might say he was one tough old cookie." (James Dee December 2005).

(Does not appear in the 1851 census in Perth, Andover, or Madawaska (see for example He does not appear in my notes of the 1871 census; perhaps I just missed him.)

Nicholas Dee and his family appear (with an error regarding his wife's maiden name) at the Canadian Irish Cultural Association website.

83. Rebecca Elizabeth YEOMANS [image] was born 1, 2 calculated 1790 in New Brunswick. She died 3 after 1872. [Parents]

Her grandson James Hitchcock (About 1851-1937) said that his Yeoman ancestors came from the Kennebecasis River area of New Brunswick. The late Mildred (Hitchcock) Clarke and her mother, Ethel Mary (Waldron) Hitchcock (d. 1959) both stated they had heard this from James Hitchcock. (CHH 7 Feb 2004). Mildred recalled that Grampa James H Hitchcock (1851-193 ) stated that his Yeoman ancestors were Loyalists. (CHH 22 Dec 2006)

She first married to George Foss 29 Jan, 1816 in the Parish of Hampton, Kings Co, New Brunswick. (PANB microfilm F-9089 holds George Foss' marriage bond). They lived in New Brunswick and in Maine. (See Archie Foss). She must have been older than the 8 years that her estimated date of birth from the 1861 census would suggest!

Sometime about 1820 George and Rebecca returned to the US. (Rootsweb item by Archie Foss). We presume she was widowed very soon after 1820 because she married as "Rebecca Youman" in 1821. George may have been a sailor who was lost at sea. (Tom Laderoute e mail Nov 2005)

She is the unnamed wife of Nicholas Dee in the 1840 census near Fort Fairfield, with daughters aged between 15 and 20 years old.

Census: She was 40 to 50 years old in 1840 (1790 - 1800), 53 in 1861 (1808), family does not appear in my 1871 notes, and her husband was widowed in 1881. Her 1878 affidavit for a civil war pension suggests 1790 as her date of birth.

An Eli Yeomans (probably her father) is mentioned as guarantor in the 1816 marriage bond. See marriage bonds . We viewed the 29 January 1816 bond on PANB microfilm F-9089; it did not specify what relationship Eli Yeomans was to "Rebeccah", noting only that they were from the same parish and county. Eli Yeomans made a petition for land in 1810 (PANB F 4174). He received land in 1814 (PANB F 16305).

A Gencircles website by Laura Quartermain mentions three Eli Yeomans in New Brunswick (one too late to be the Eli mentioned here, the other two father and son) but no Rebecca Yeomans.

She could be the daughter of Elisha Yeomans, son of Benjamin the Loyalist. We received (December 2005) scanned and e mailed documentation that strongly hints at a connection, without perfect proof. Thanks to Tom Laderoute.

One of Rebecca's sisters may have been Phoebe (Youmans) Russell, who married and lived in Fredericton before moving to Sarsfield (now Fort Fairfield) just as Rebecca and Nicholas did:

"[There is] a letter from Michael and Pheobe's son John Russell supporting the Dee's claim to a Civil War pension from their son Nicholas Dee Jr. I don't think John spells out their relationship in the letter but said that N.Dee spent his last night before going to war with John Russell, he said that N .Dee Jr told him that it was his intention to look after his parents. Some of the Russell sons , sons in law and grandsons were in the Maine Regiments.

"We believed for many years that Pheobe's name was Humans, because that's the way it is spelled in the Catholic Church records, The people who live around Hampton NB pronounce Yoemans as Umans.

"... Nicholas became a vey common name in our family, however Rebecca did not. That may have been due to the fact that the priests of the time would not baptise children without saint's names,
and I don't believe that Rebecca is one. I don't have any other proof that I know of, other than I think in one of the census one or two of the Dee family were living with the Russells." (RR e mail to MH, 16 July 2007)

There are many Yeomans in the Hampton rural cemetary (see: The dates are too late to be her parents.

See "Yeamans" p. 275 on PANB F-365? This may hold her loyalist ancestor?


84. Henry MERRITT [image] was born 1 about 1794 in Stanton Parish, Wiltshire, England. He died before 1871. He married 2 Mary Emily ANDERSON on 1 Apr 1822 in York, New Brunswick.

What he looked like: two different descriptions:
Henry "Merrett" joined the 98th regiment of the British Army, on 30 January 1812, in Newbury, Birkshire, England. He was 5' 7 1/2" tall, with a fair complexion, gray eyes, brown hair, and a long "visage" or face. At the time he enlisted he was an 18 year old labourer. (Attestation Register, 98th Reg't, microfilm B5508, vol 549, p. 5, Library and Archives Canada)

In contrast, the 1813-1818 regimental Description Book showed that he was a stout, round-faced, hazle-eyed, square-shouldered labourer. (WO 25/548, Description Book, 98th Regiment, 1813-1818 as transcribed by researcher MT Welbrooke Yelland for Frank Lawson)

His uniform would have been "red-faced buff, men's lace with red and gray lines." This means that the main colour of the jacket was buff, with red collar and cuffs, and a lace as described on the edge of the cuffs and down the front where the buttons were located. Pants were often white. See

The regimental emblem of the 98th Regiment can be found here .

Military experience:
He came to North America with his regiment for the War of 1812 (his regiment came to North America in 1814, see War of 1812 - Land Operations, p. 430), and may have been part of the very successful British invasion of the Penobscot River as far as Bangor, Maine in 1814. (Stanley's book, War of 1812 - Land Operations, pp. 369-375, describes the invasion by about 700 British, including "selected companies of [several regiments including] the ... 98th...") However 98th Regiment muster rolls and pay lists reviewed by Yelland simply don't show him between 1814-15.

He was stationed at Halifax, Nova Scotia, from January to September 1816 as part of 3 company of the 98th. Prince Edward Island had him from then until September 1817, when he moved to Saint John until his 24 July 1818 discharge. (WO 12/9730,31, and 32, Muster Rolls and Pay Lists 1816-1818 transcribed by MT Welbrooke Yelland). He served a total of six years and 236 days in the 98th Regiment. He was then "Located" (given a land grant). (WO 25/548, Description Book, 98th Regiment, 1813-1818 as transcribed by MT Welbrooke Yelland).

For a description of British army life (albeit in a Canadian context) see ,a href="">British Army life

Settlement in New Brunswick:
After the war many soldiers from the 98th Regiment and other regiments were offered land on the Saint John (New Brunswick) River valley between Woodstock and Grand Falls. Though he occupied his land grant from as early as 1818 and collected rations from the nearby Fort Presque Isle from at least 25 November 1818 to 24 July 1819 (Presque Isle Commissariat Record Book 1818-19, pp. 6, 19, 41-42), his grant of land was only formalized in 1826 (as one of the grants made to "George Mansie and 144 others", volume 9, number 1949). It is shown in a cadestral map. One version of this map is at the Carleton County Rootsweb site.

His neighbour to the north:
The land just north of Henry's new grant was supposed to be put aside for church use. Unfortunately, the Surveyor General Mr. Sproule had made a mistake and the church land was on a native reserve. The Indian reserve's south boundary was originally Henry's northern boundary, but the reserve shrank northward. Please see the Upper St. John website and scroll down the page.

In 1820 as a resident of York County (which then included present-day Carlton, Victoria and Madawaska counties), Henry Merritt earned 11 shillings for raising four bushels of wheat and 7 bushels of "Indian corn." In 1821 Henry was entitled to £1 for raising 12 bushels and 8 bushels respectively. (From grainbounty website). The "several claimants for the bounty [were required] to make oath that the quantities of grain herin stated are of the first and only crop raised on the land for which the Bounty is claimed...." (See also Bounty grain eligibles which quotes a 15 June 1822 schedule of qualifying applicants).

His residence at the 1836 baptism of his son James and the 1837 baptism of his son Thomas was given as "Andover" and his occupation as "farmer."

By the 1851 census his family's residence was shown as the Front River Settlement. He had 40 acres cleared land. 200 bushels of potatoes had been picked, which was by far the largest crop he listed in the census. He had two "neat cattle" and three milking cows. He had one horse, thirteen sheep, and four swine. This census also shows that one of his family had passed away in the previous year, and we do not know who that was. (1851 census)

By 1861 the Merritts resided in Grand Falls Parish, Victoria County, on 200 acres. They had improved 40 of them. It is possible that their grown son Thomas, who lived nearby, was the Merritt's "male hand employee" claimed on the census. They were Protestants. (1861 census) Henry was sometimes described as being of Argosy, New Brunswick. (See IGI) He passed away before the 1871 census, which lists his wife "Emlea" as a widow.

A family tradition:
After his son William's marriage to Mary Rideout, he is said to have protested: "If she's Queen Mary, then I'm King Henry!" (CHH)

The birth record:
There are no less than three Stanton Parishes in Wiltshire, and I have been unsuccessful in confirming his birth record in the parish registers of any of them. They are Stanton Fitzwarren, Stanton St. Bernard, and Stanton St. Quinton. Only Stanton St. Bernard had Merretts.

One of the possible ancestors:
Genealogical researcher MT Welbrooke Yelland believes our Henry may have been the illegitimate son of Ann Fislock. This Henry was baptized Nov 23 1792 in Stanton St Bernard and was approximately the right age to be our ancestor. Yelland could not find any other Henrys around 1793-4 in this parish. The father's name was not given, but Ann Fislock's son was perhaps one of several children fathered by a Henry or Harry Merrett/Merritt during this time period. (Letter MT Welbrooke Yelland to Frank Lawson 17 Aug 1984) This Henry/Harry appears to have fathered a child, Jane, by an Elizabeth Hulstone. Thereafter Henry/Harry and Elizabeth Merrett had several children which, according to Yelland's hypothesis, would be half-brothers and -sisters to our Henry of New Brunswick. (Parish Register Extracts enclosure to 17 Aug 1984 letter cited above).

Another possible ancestor:
Another possibility not discussed by Yelland is Henry Merritt, son of Mary Merrit, christened 16 August 1789 at Market Lavington (about 5 miles away from Stanton St. Bernard), though if this was our Henry's baptismal record it is puzzling why Henry would understate his age in the Attestation Register by 4 years. The year before "Avifs (baseborn) Daughter of Mary Merret, [was] Bapd Oct.r 22.d" 1788 in Stanton St. Bernard (Stanton St. Bernard Parish registers microfilm and Market Lavington Parish Records microfilm). Therefore the mothers of both prospective Henrys may have been associated with Stanton St. Bernard Parish.

Both too old:
If the christening date was near the birthdate then both Henrys would have had to understate their ages to be described as 18 in 1812. Henry, son of Ann Fislock by a year, and Henry, son of Mary Merritt, by 4 years. We have heard that young soldiers tended to overstate their ages in order to get into the army and therefore if either of these were our ancestor, it is puzzling why he would claim to be younger than he was.

No response to a query on moonrakers website October 2004. Reference ID: EJ12093138J

Expense records of the 98th for 1818 did not name individual soldiers. (New Brunswick Museum, see New Brunswick Museum).

Death Record?
The Union Cemetary in Grand Falls may hold his gravestone? Please see what may be his gravestone inscription. If the death date was incorrectly transcribed as 1806 (should be 1866?) then he would have been the same age as our Henry Merritt, and would have deceased before the 1871 census as our Henry did. An incorrect transcription appears likely as none of the other gravestones listed are this early. Nor did British-descended Europeans begin to settle in this area in any significant numbers until approximately 1814 as implied in our piece on Henry's father-in-law, David Anderson.

Unfortunately comparing DNA samples of Henry's New Brunswick descendants with DNA samples from descendants of Henry/Harry Merrett and Elizabeth Hulstone would not absolutely confirm the Yelland hypothesis that Henry was the son of Henry/Harry and Ann Fislock. It could only confirm/refute that our Henry was related to Henry/Harry, husband of Elizabeth, through the male line. If refuted, however, it would lend weight to the alternate hypothesis that Henry of New Brunswick was possibly the son of Mary of Market Lavington, and suggesting the New Brunswick Henry inherited his surname (but of course not his Y-DNA) from his mother.

85. Mary Emily ANDERSON [image] was born 1 calculated Sep 1803 in England. She died in Aft 1891. [Parents]

A bit of detective work bridges the gap between Mary Emily Anderson, the wife of Henry Merritt, and Mary Anderson, daughter of David Anderson and younger sister of William and Henry Anderson. We noted a number of coincidences that, taken together, build a strong argument that the two Marys are one and the same.

The birthdate for the older Mary, calculated from her apparently "rounded off" age of 45 in the 1851 census, is within two years of the date of birth as calculated from an 1814 military record. Mary Emily Anderson's marriage to Henry Merritt was witnessed by a Henry Anderson. The 1851 census entry gives date of entry to the province as 1807, the year that David Anderson's regiment entered North America (see: War of 1812 - Land Operations, Stanley, Appendix, p. 430). A William and Henry Anderson are settlers occupying adjoining lots in the area Mary's father had been settled on. One of these brothers has a daughter whom he names Mary Emily Anderson, I believe after his sister.

The 1851 Census suggests she was born in England. The 1891 Census suggests she was born in Quebec. This would place her family in Quebec earlier than the 10th Royal Veterans Battalion was stationed there (1807). We would tend to rely on the earlier record, which was closer to the event.


86. Jephthah RIDEOUT [image] 1 was born 2 about 1809 in New Brunswick. He died on 21 Jun 1881. He was buried 3 in Ortonville, Victoria, New Brunswick, Canada. He married 4 Ann DIXON on 30 Nov 1830 in York, New Brunswick. [Parents]

Jepthah or Japeth or Japthey Rideout migrated from Maugerville to Carleton County between 1821 and 1826 together with his parents and most if not all his 12 or 13 brothers and sisters. ("The Rideouts" a four page typewritten document from the Family Histories collection, Author not cited, no date, Provincial Archives of New Brunswick [PANB])

In 1851 he petitioned for "about sixty to 100 Acres of Crown Land" in Andover Parish, Victoria County, on the St. John River near Ezekiel Rideout and across from the mouth of the Salmon River. "Petitioner wishes this land on the road system." His age given as 45. (See PANB microfilm F 4243)

Also in 1851 "Japthey" was found living in Perth Parish, in what is now Victoria County, New Brunswick with his wife Ann and children. His neighbour was his father-in-law, George Dixon. He is described as a 42 year old farmer. (See 1851 census).

In 1859 Jephtha again petioned for land. (We haven't seen PANB microfilm F 9021, as cited in

By 1861 Jephthah Rideout appears as a 62 year old Baptist farmer residing in Grand Falls Parish, Victoria County, New Brunswick. On 11 January of the same year he petitioned for one hundred acres of land "South of [his father-in-law] Geo Dixons No. 131 Grand Falls." (See PANB 9026). (Grand Falls Parish was created from Andover Parish).

87. Ann DIXON [image] 1 was born 2 on 17 Apr 1812 in Ireland. She died on 18 Oct 1894. She was buried 3 in North Tilley, Victoria, New Brunswick, Canada. [Parents]

Irish-born Ann Dixon is almost certainly the daughter of George Dixon, Royal West India Ranger and an Irish soldier-settler in the upper St. John River valley. They both entered the province in the same year (comparing census data for her and date of entry of his regiment). Her age is right to be one of George's unnamed three children age 7 or over, in 1818-19 Commissariat at Presque Isle military records. In the 1851 census she as a married adult lived next door to the widowed and infirm George Dixon.

Her childhood may have been challenging: “Forced to live in overcrowded and unsanitary married quarters and regularly exposed to the full range of killer diseases, it is a miracle that any infant survived its first brush with deadly pathogens to reach childhood and later maturity. Children fed a regular diet of salted foods were also more vulnerable to the impact of disease.” (Buckley, pp. 158-9)

"My favorite story," writes Anne Cote in a 4 Nov 2003 e mail to Rebecca Walch, "is if a wife chose to follow her husband to the West Indies, only male children and nursing babies were allowed to go with them. So Thomas and baby Mary were okay. However my great-great-grandmother would not have been allowed to go so they cut her hair and dressed her as a boy. She was the eldest of the children and her name was Ann." [The 1851 census however suggests that Ann was about a year younger than her brother Thomas. Age-rounding errors in the census could account for that].]

Family tradition: For many years she and her husband did not speak to each other. If one wanted to communicate with the other, he or she would address one of their children even though they were both in the same room. For example "ask your father if he is going to do thus and such." (CHH, Dec 2003).

Birth record?
While all information indicates that Ann was Irish-born, we noted that there was an Ann Dixon with parents George and Rebecca Dixon, who was born 20 April 1812 in Preston, Lancashire, England and christened 9 Aug 1812 in St. John, Preston, Lancashire, England. (IGI) A search for siblings with nearly the same parameters didn't work. This in itself may be consistent with a moving, military family.

Ann (Rideout) Cote advises the attached photo, forwarded to us in December 2005, is of this couple. We are glad to receive a copy.


88. Thomas Westbrook WALDRON 1 was born 2, 3 on 18 Nov 1785 in New Hampshire, United States. He died about 1867 in New Brunswick, Canada. He married 4 Elizabeth NUTTER on 5 May 1808 in New Hampshire. [Parents]

Thomas Westbrook Waldron was probably born in Dover, New Hampshire, the town his parents lived in until their deaths. He "went to Portsmouth, N.H. in 1803, married, and had a child who died there; then moved into Maine, and his sister [evidently the original source for this entry in the Wentworth Genealogy, pp. 165-6] has not heard of him since about 1815."

Two handwritten sheets kept at the New Hampshire Historical Society, anonymously written apparently in 19th century handwriting, lists his exact date of birth.

Thomas Westbrook Waldron first entered New Brunswick in 1807. He could not have stayed long, as the marriage registers of New Hampshire in 1808 contain the marriage of "Thomas W Waldron" and Elizabeth Nutter, and as we saw above, they had a child in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, before moving to "Maine" whose border with Charlotte County, New Brunswick was disputed by some as late as 1820. Elizabeth's census record confirms she first arrived in New Brunswick in 1811.

"Quite a considerable number of US individuals and families from New England arrived here in the period between about 1790 and the 1830s. There were attractions of timber, of jobs in the shipbuilding industry and other trades, and also relatively stable and low-cost land." (See post loyalists ). Even before his Uncle Daniel Waldron's 1819 bankruptcy there appeared to be no property to hold this Thomas Westbrook Waldron in New Hampshire.

The 1823 Charlotte County, New Brunswick, assessment list gives his name as merely Thomas Waldron. His name appears 85th out of 146 men or landowners who were assessed taxes that year. (Like several others, he was assessed two shillings, 10 pence).

In 1831 Thos Waldron had 100 acres of land, and £40 in personal property. His annual income was £10. He was assessed 1 shilling and 10 pence in taxes. (1831 tax list ).

In 1844 a Westbrook Waldron owned 100 acres of land, had an annual income of £10, and was assessed 2 shillings and 11 pence in taxes. (See St. David's Parish 1844 Tax List ). This can't be Thomas' son Westbrook, who in the first census seven years later, was still single and living with his parents. It must be Thomas the US immigrant.

The 1851 census similarly shows him only as Thomas Waldron. If he was age 67 as the census said, then his birthdate would be about 1784, one year earlier than the date cited by Cutts Genealogy. Only family tradition (which holds that both he and his son "Westbrook" Waldron were Thomas Westbrook Waldron Senior and Junior) kept the middle name.

Thanks to Rolf B. Chase who wrote to us out of the blue and in effect said surely you must realize that your Thomas Westbrook Waldron of New Brunswick and the Thomas Westbrook Waldron of the Wentworth Genealogy and Cutts Genealogy are one and the same. Further investigation has confirmed this.

We had to rediscover this connection with New Hampshire, in part because of a very moral and upright aunt who was reluctant to accept the family stories and that she probably was descended from Major Waldron (d. 1689). She didn't relish her distant ancestor's reputation of cheating the Indians and flogging the Quakers in his neighbourhood.

Death and marriage dates as in Lineage Book: National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Vol 68 (1924), entry 67630, p. 221, are indicated in this entry for Mrs Elinore Waldron Collins: "Granddaughter of Thomas
Westbrook Waldron (1785-1867) and Elizabeth Nutter (d.1862), his wife, m. 1812." Mrs Collins was aware in 1908 of our descent from the New Hampshire Waldrons though dating the marriage apparently to coincide with Elizabeth Nutter's census-reported entry into the province of New Brunswick. Mrs. Collins would be the "cousin of Daddy's" whose research Aunt Vivian referred to more than once in her letters.

89. Elizabeth NUTTER was born 1 calculated 1792 in United States. She died 2 about 1862.

She was probably born in New Hampshire.

A quick reading of the 1851 census entries for Elizabeth and Thomas Westbrook Waldron suggests that he moved to New Brunswick in 1807 and she moved there in 1811, with their marriage plausibly following in about 1812. This appears to be the interpretation that their descendant Ellinore Waldron Collins adopted in the family history attached to her 1908 application for membership in the DAR. (Lineage Book: Nat Soc DAR, Vol 68, page 221, entry 67630.) However a recently-discovered marriage record and the Cutts and Wentworth genealogies confirm an early married life in New Hampshire.

Though her husband had been to New Brunswick in 1807, the two published genealogies confirm they lived in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after their 1808 marriage. She would have married about age sixteen and her husband would have been twenty two. They lost their first child in New Hampshire, before moving to New Brunswick, possibly together, in 1811.

There is no evidence to confirm, and there is some evidence against the possibility that she was daughter of Mathias Nutter of Maine and Charlotte County and Newington, New Hampshire. (See: Arnie Krause Rootsweb and McComb Gencircles and a second McComb Gencircles site.)

New Hampshire video montage found on Youtube. Most of Thomas Westbrook Waldron's and probably some of Elizabeth Nutter's colonial ancestors were from here. Pollards were from here too.


90. Henry Dearborn POLLARD [image] 1 was born 2, 3 on 19 Sep 1793 in Winslow, Maine, Us. He died 4, 5, 6 on 14 Sep 1853 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. He was buried 7 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. He married 8, 9 Rhoda SMITH on 12 Apr 1825 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. [Parents]

Henry, a son of a revolutionary war veteran, was named in honour of his father's favourite commanding officer.

"By 1794 his family had moved to Clinton, Maine, where Henry's father, Barton Pollard Jr., bought part interest in Philbrooks' Mill (two sawmills and a gristmill in what is now Benton, Maine). ... By 1801 the family was in Vassalborough, Maine, where Henry's sister Huldah was born.... About [1813] the family moved to Fairfax (now Albion), Maine.

"Henry served in the War of 1812. He volunteered at Albion, Maine on 18 Nov. 1812, ... in the regiment commanded by Joseph Westcott ... 2nd Lieut. John Wellington. He was honourably discharged in Nov. 1813. Henry ... also ... served in Capt. J. Wellington's company, Lieut. Col. H. Moore's regiment from 12 Sep to 27 Sep 1814, raised at Fairfax ... service at Wiscasset, Maine. He also served in Capt. J. W. Wellington's company, Lieut. Col. Sherwin's regiment from Sep 27 to Nov 10, 1814 .... [Some of this is on, no images however]. After his service, he made a declaration for ... bounty land...." (Fullest on-line detail is found at the St. David Parish rootsweb site prepared by Steve Robbins and

He may be the same Henry D Pollard who was a soldier in Col Ulmers' regiment during the War of 1812. (See

"[17 April 1819] Henry D Pollard 'yeoman' ... mortgaged [?his bounty land?] in Fairfax. He received $250 from Thomas L. Winthrop, 'esquire' of Boston ... for the land, ' part of the Nelson tract, so called, and to contain the north half part of lot numbered thirty seven according to a plan of said Nelson tract made by Joseph Chandler, Surveyor, containing fifty acres more or less." Pollard stated that he was 'lawfully seized in fee of the aforegranted premises, that they are free of all incumbrances, that I have good right to sell and convey the same to said Winthrop.' However, if Pollard paid back Winthrop $250 'in one, two , three, four and five years with interest according to his five promissory notes for the same, then this deed, as also said five notes bearing even date with these present, given by the said Pollard to the said Winthrop, promising to pay the same sum and interest at the time aforesaid, shall be void; otherwise shall remain in full force.' .... Henry Pollard apparently did not redeem his mortgage, because five years later, on 1 July 1824, Thomas L. Winthrop sold this piece of land to Asa Quimby, Physician, of Albion, Maine for $250 ....

"Henry D. Pollard came to St. David, [New Brunswick] in ... 1821.... [and] bought land.... Whether he built a house or bought an existing one is not known at present. His home was on the west side of road going to Gallup Lake near its intersection with the road between Moores' Mills and Central Tower Hill. This was actually half way up the slope of Central Tower Hill. [New Brunswick Department of Lands and Mines. Survey, Title, Record and Drafting Branch. Map. No. 160. ... (Fullest on-line detail is found at the St. David Parish rootsweb site prepared by Steve Robbins and

In 1823 Henry Pollard was one of about 63 men or landowners in St. Davids Parish who were assessed no taxes. About 146 were assessed some portion of taxes. (1823 tax list ).

In 1831 Henry Pollard owned 20 acres of land and £15 in personal property. He had an annual income of £15, and he was assessed 1 shilling 2 pence in taxes. (1831 Tax List).

In 1844 "H. D. Pollard" owned 100 acres of land, £50 in personal property, and was assessed 2 shillings and 11 pence in taxes. (1844 Tax List).

"In the New Brunswick Census of 1851, Henry D. Pollard is listed in St. David Parish as a farmer and proprietor, age 58. ...." (From: Pollard prepared by Steve Robbins and

Despite his New Brunswick residence from 1821 to at least 1851, on September 28th, 1850 he claimed residence in Calais, Maine, and petitioned for US bounty land as a veteran of the War of 1812. (Photocopy in possession of MH).

Henry followed family tradition by naming one of his children "Wellington", after his commanding officer.

"Residences: Winslow, Maine; Clinton (the part which later became Benton), Maine 1794; Vassalborough, Maine about 1801; Fairfax (later Freetown, now Albion), Maine after 1813; Tower Hill, St. David, N.B., Canada 1821.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------

"Gravestone photo: <01pollard96.jpg> (22.5 KB) at 96 dpi. Photo taken in August 1996 by Gerald Robbins. Cemetery: Upper St. David Ridge 'Heritage' (Anglican) Cemetery, St. David, N.B., Canada.

"RHODA / wife of / H.D. Pollard / DIED / AUG. 1, 1886. / AE. 81 Yrs.

HENRY D. / POLLARD / DIED / Sept. 14, 1855. / AE. 62 Yrs.

WELLINGTON / DIED / Sep. 1, 1850. / AE. 24 Yrs. / son of H. D. & R. / Pollard.

"[note: the the transcription appearing at has a typographic error when it states that he was "s/o H.B. & ... " ]" (Steve Robbins)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------

91. Rhoda SMITH [image] 1 was born 2 calculated 1805 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. She died 3, 4 on 1 Aug 1886 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. She was buried 5 in St. David, Charlotte, New Brunswick. [Parents]

~"Rhoda (Smith) Pollard made a declaration for a pension as a widow of a soldier who served in the War of 1812. On 22 March 1879 Rhoda appeared before the Judge of the Municipal Court of Calais, Maine. She was then aged 71 years, a resident of the Parish of St. David, County of Charlotte, N.B., widow of Henry D. Pollard who volunteered at Albion, Maine for service in the War of 1812. She states that she was married under the name of Rhoda Smith to Henry D. Pollard the 12th of April 1825 by Skiffingtom Thompson [ie, Thomson] at St. David, N.B.; also that her husband died the 14th of September 1853 and she has not remarried. Rhoda was 'last paid @$12, to 4th of June 1886' and was dropped as a pensioner because of her death on 1 August 1886. ...."

Rhoda is discussed in the St. David's Parish site prepared by Steve Robbins and T Moffatt).

She appears as a 75 year old widow in the St. David parish, Charlotte County, New Brunswick, Canada census of 1881. She was a farmer and head of household. (


92. Zaccheus LORING 1 was born 2 in Hingham, Massachussetts. He was christened on 21 Nov 1773. He died on 15 Jan 1853. He married Elizabeth "Betsy" PATTERSON. [Parents]

"He was a farmer at Perry, Me." (Loring Gen., entry 98, p. 83).

He and his wife were living with their son John and family in the 1850 census.

~"Zacheus Loring d. Jan. 15, 1853 Betsey, wife d. June 27, 1823 Their children: Eliza Jan. 26, 1801 Sally Nov. 03, 1802 John Aug. 22, 1804 Elijah Feb. 28?,1807 Mary Ann Mar. 30, 1809 Hannah Sept 21, 1811 Meha______ Sept 19, 1813 Josiah Aug. 20, 1816 Davis Sept 25, 1819 Benjamin June 27, 1823 Maria Sumner died Sept. 30, 1857 Betsy Loring died Apr. 24, 1868"

Mentioned in: AT REST IN PERRY,MAINE COMPILED BY JEANNE O'SHEA WAGNER AND COLON S. MORRISON, 1990, as found on Rootsweb). Note that Josiah's birthdate in this on line reference differs from the birthdate suggested in Loring Gen by one year.

His family tree was also given on-line at "George Lincoln, History of Hingham, The Online Edition, Volumes II & III - Genealogy" page 32.

93. Elizabeth "Betsy" PATTERSON 1, 2 was born about 1778. She died 3 on 27 Jun 1823.


94. William SMITH [image] was born 1 calculated 1801 in Sligo, Ireland. He married Mary BLACK.

Not to be confused with his more well-known son, William Smith Jr, inventor of a stump puller. See Kathy's site

See an older newspaper advertisement and scroll down for his invention.

Two family traditions: 1) The Smiths originally lived in a long stone house in Sligo, Ireland. (CHH October 2005) 2) Their family was believed to have once been associated with the McGregor clan. (VBW)

Some feel that the Irish who immigrated between about 1817 and the 1830s were once relatively well-off Scots-Irish who were unable to prosper at home due to the slow post-Napoleonic Wars economy in Ireland and the lack of a market for foodstuffs and "remount" horses for the army. (See: post loyalists) Our family tradition asserts our ancestors were Scots-Irish from County Sligo in Ireland.

William Smith entered New Brunswick in 1825 according to the 1851 census, as did his wife and they are believed to have come together as a married couple. Her family followed later in 1827.

In 1831 he had no real estate, but he was taxed on £20 in personal property, paying ten pence. His annual income was £10. By comparison, most of the others taxed in this year in St. David parish had between £10 and £30, with at least one person making £40 in a year.

By 1844 he had acquired 500 acres of land, £75 in personal property, and paid 9 shillings and 3 pence in taxes. (See 1844 tax list ). Four of his children attended the Tower Hill School: William age 10; Thomas age 8; Margaret Ann age 6; Victoria, age 4. (1840s school list ).

In his 8 August 1860 will, probated 31 Jan 1863, at St. Andrews, he described himself as a farmer of the Parish of St. Davids, Charlotte Co., New Brunswick. He mentions nine children, six under the age of 21, and bequeaths a total of four cows, 8 sheep, and four feather beds to his four daughters under 21. Lots 4, 6, and 2 of block "B", Cape Ann Grant, is divided among two of his sons and these sons are charged with schooling and providing a trade to the two younger sons, as well as 100 pounds each. Another son, John "if he should be living and call for it", to receive $50. Oldest daughter Catherine Smith Loring is not mentioned. Copy of will as per reel 1066 (Probably F-1066 at Prov Arch of NB).

William's grand daughter, Ferne (Smith) Stevensen (DOB 14 Nov 1890 as confirmed by Arnie Krause per 1901 & 1911 census data), presented the late Vivian B Waldron with a list of his children's names and birthdates on a page from the William Smith family bible, she had ripped it from the family bible when she moved to Florida (?) and later sent the page to her. Original now in the possession of CHH. ("I also remember Uncle Robert Smith and it was his daughter Ferne (Smith) Stevenson, who sent me the fly leaf of her grandfather's and my great grand Father's Bible a few years ago." (VBW to CHH, no date, believed to be abt 1975)).

The image shown here is from his family's surviving bible leaf.

95. Mary BLACK [image] was born 1, 2 calculated 1806 in Ireland. [Parents]

Mary Black immigrated to New Brunswick from Ireland in 1825, the same year as her husband, and two years before her parents and siblings. Ref: 1851 Census, St. David Parish, Charlotte Co., NB, p34, age 45

"Grandma [Mary (Black) Smith] was visiting the house and she saw this little girl Mary Helen [Loring], eating bread and butter and jam all together, and said [in a scandalized Irish accent]: "Buther and berries on the same piece of bread?" Grandma Waldron always remembered it because of the way she said it." (CHH Dec 2003, who heard this story through her mother.)

The image shown here is from her family's surviving bible leaf.


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