Franz Bopp

 

From Introduction 26 May 1875 by Michel Bréal
L'auteur de la Grammaire Comparée, M. Franc̨:ois Bopp, est né à Mayence, le 14 septembre 1791. Il fit ses classes à Aschaffenbourg, où sa famille, à la suite des événements miliatires de cette époque, avait suivi l'Électeru. On remarqua de bonne heure la sagacité de son esprit, ses goûts sérieux et réfléchis, ainsi que sa prédilection pour l'étude des langues : non pas qu'il eût une aptitude particulière à les parler ou à les écrire ; mais son intention, en les apprenant, &ecute;tait de pénétrer par cette voie dans une connaissance plus intime de la nature et des lois de l'esprit humain. Après Leibniz, qui cut sur ce sujet taut de vues profondes et justes,1 Herder avait apris à l'Allemagne à considéerer les langues autrement que comme de smples instruments destinés à l'échange des idées ;   (etc).

    1 Ons trouvera des déails intéressants sur la part que prit Leibniz au dévelopment de la linguistique, dans le bel ouvrage de M. Max Müller : La science du langage, T. I, lec̨on quatrième, Le premier volume de cet ouvrage a été traduit en fran&c̨ais par MM. Harris et Perrot.   (Etc.)   [ 2 vol. 1867-68. ]

Grammaire Comparée des Langues Indo-Européens par M. Franc̨ois Bopp
Traduite et précédée d'introductions par M. Michel Bréal
Paris : Imprimerie Nationale 1875, pp. viii-ix.

 

From The Science of Language (1891) by Max Müller

...     'For a time, everybody who wished to learn Sanskrit had to come to England.   (..)   The first minute and scholar-like comparison of the grammar of Sanskrit with that of Greek, Latin, Persian, and German was made by Francis Bopp, in 1816.1 Other essays of his followed ; and in 1833 appeared the first volume of his Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Slavonic, Gothic, and German. This work was not finished till nearly twenty years later, in 1852 ;1 but it will form for ever the safe and solid foundation of Comparative Philology.2'

    1 Conjugationssystem, Frankfurt, 1816. [ note on p. 231 ]

    1 New edition in 1856, much improved.
    2 This may sound a bold statement in 1888, when Bopp has been relegated to the limbo of the fallen great ones, and his etymologies are only quoted as warning examples of perverse ingenuity. From an historical point of view, however, his work has lost nothing of its greatness. He did what was possible in his time. Let us hope that the same may be said hereafter of those who came after him and carried on his work to higher perfection.

Founded on lectures delivered at the Royal Institution in 1861 and 1863
New York : Scribner's Sons 1891, vol. i, pp. 231-232.

 

Selected bibliographic

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867 Title A comparative grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic languages / Franz Bopp ; translated by Edward Backhouse Eastwick Publisher Hildesheim : G. Olms, 1985 Description 3 v. in 2 (1462 p.) ; 20 cm Series Documenta semiotica.Serie 1,Linguistik ISBN 3487074907 Language English Note Translation of Vergleichende Grammatik Reprint. London : Madden and Malcolm, 1845 Note Includes bibliographical references

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Vocalismus, oder Sprachvergleichende Kritiken : über J. Grimm's Deutsche Grammatik und Graff's Althochdeutschen Sprachschatz, mit Begründung einer neuen Theorie des Ablauts / von Franz Bopp. Publisher Frankfurt/Main : Minerva, 1976. Description x, 253 p. ; 22 cm. Language German Note Reprint of the 1836 ed. published at Berlin.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Kleine Schriften zur vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaft. Gesammelte Berliner Akademieabhandlungen 1824-1854. Publisher Leipzig, Zentralantiquariat d. Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1972. Description 668 p. 22 cm. Series Opuscula,Bd. 5 Language German Note Includes bibliographical references.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title A comparative grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic languages. By Professor F. Bopp. Tr. from the German by Edward B. Eastwick ... Publisher London, Edinburgh, Williams and Norgate, 1885. Description 3 v. (xvi, 1456 p.) 22 cm. Language English Note Paged continuously. Note Includes bibliographical references and index.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Kritische grammatik der sanskrita-sprache in k・zerer fassung, von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin, Nicolai, 1868. Description xv, 479 p. 21 cm.

Uniform Title [ Mahābhārata. Selections] Title Ardschuna's reise zu Indra's himmel, nebst anderen episoden des Maha-bharata; in der ursprache zum erstenmal hrsg., metrisch ・ers., und mit kritischen anmerkungen versehen von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin, Nicolai, 1868. Description [6], 78, [2], 60 p. Language German Note Sanskrit title at head of title-page.

Uniform Title [ Nalopākhyāna.] Title Nalus Maha-bharati episodium. Textus sanscritus cum interpretatione latina et annotationibus criticis, curante Francisco Bopp. Publisher Berolini : F. Nicolai (A. Effert & L. Lindtner), 1868. Description xv, 236 p. 26 cm.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Glossarium comparativum linguae sanscritae, in quo omnes sanscritae radices et vocabula usitatissima explicantur et cum vocabulis graecis, latinis, germanicis, lituanicis, slavicis, celticis comparantur a Francisco Bopp. Publisher Berolini, Libraria D・mleriana (Harrwitz et Gossman) 1867. Description viii, 492 p. 26 x 22 cm. Language Latin Note First and second editions published under title: Glossarium sanscritum. Subject Sanskrit language -- Dictionaries -- Latin.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Grammaire comparée des làngues indo-européennes comprenant le sanscrit, le zend, l'arménien, le grec, le latin, le lithuanien, l'ancien slave, le gothique et l'allemand, par M. François Bopp; traduite sur la 2. éd. et précédée d'une introduction par M. Michel Bréal. Publisher Paris : Imprimerie impériale, 1866-1874. Description 5 v. 25 cm. Language French Note Title and imprint of v. 4-5 vary slightly. Translation of the 2d German ed. "Table des mots": v.5, p. [89]-226.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Ausf・rliches Sach- und Wortregister zur zweiten Auflage von Franz Bopp's Vergleichender Grammatik des Sanskrit, Send, Armenischen, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litauischen, Altslavischen, Gothischen und Deutschen, bearbeited von Carl Arendt. Publisher Berlin, F. D・mler, 1863. Description xi, 272 p. 23 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Uniform Title [ Vergleichende grammahl. English] Title A comparative grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic languages. Publisher London and Edinburgh, Williams and Norgate, 1862. Description 3 v. 22 cm. Language English

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Send, Armenischen, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litauischen, Altslavischen, Gothischen und Deutschen [microform] / von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin : F. D・mler, 1857-1861. Description 3 v. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0524051682 (microfiche) Language German Note First printed in 1833-1852, 6 pts. in 2 v.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title A comparative grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic languages ... / trans. by Edward B. Eastwick. Publisher London : Williams, 1856. Description 3 v. ; 23 cm.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Vergleichendes Accentuationssystem, nebst einer gedrängten Darstellung der grammatischen Übereinstimmungen des Sanskrit und Griechischen; von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin : F. Dümmler, 1854. Description vii, 304 p. 22 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Glossarium sanscritum, in quo omnes radices et vocabula usitatissima explicantur et cum vocabulis graecis, Publisher Berolini, Libraria D・mleriana (Grube & Harrwitz), 1847. Description 1 p.l., [v]-viii, 412 p. 26 x 20 cm. Language Latin

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title A comparative grammar of the Sanscript, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German and Sclavonic languages. Translated from the German principally by Lieutenant Eastwick. Publisher London : Madden and Malcolm, 1845-1856. Description 3 v.

Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Kritische Grammatik der Sanskrita-Sprache in k・zerer Fassung, von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin, Nicolai, 1845. Description xii, 388 p. 21 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Uber die Verwandtschaft der malayisch-polynesischen Sprachen mit den indisch-europäischen. Publisher Berlin : F. Dümmler, 1841. Description 164 p. ; 25 cm. Language German Note "Gelesen in der Akademie der Wissenschaften am 10. Aug. und 10 Dec. 1840."

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Die Celtischen Sprachen in ihrem Verhältnisse zum Sanskrit, Zend, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Germanischen, Litthauischen und Slawischen. Publisher Berlin : Dümmler, 1839. Description 88 p. 26 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Nalas und Damajanti [microform]. Publisher Berlin, 1838. Description 1 v. ISBN 3598502907 : Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Vocalismus, oder Sprachvergleichende kritiken ・er J. Grimm's Deutsche grammatik und Graff's Althochdeutschen sprachschatz, mit begr・dung einer neuen theorie des ablauts; von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin, Nicolaische buchhandlung, 1836. Description x, 253, [1] p. 22 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Kritische Grammatik der Sanskrita-Sprache in kürzerer Fassung, von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin : Nicolai, 1834. Description xii, 380 p. 21 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litthauischen, Gothischen und Deutschen, von Franz Bopp. Publisher Berlin, F. D・mler, 1833-1842. Description 4 v. (xviii, 980 p.) ; 24 cm. Language German

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867, Title Nalus, Maha-bharati Episodium : textus sanscritus cum interpretatione latina et annotationibus criticis / curante Francisco Bopp. Publisher Berlini : F. Nicolai, 1832. Description 239 p. ; 30 cm. Language Latin

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title Grammatica critica linguae sanscritae, auctore Francisco Bopp ... Publisher Berolini, F. D・mler, 1832. Description xiv p. 1 l., 335. [1] p. fold. tables. 22 x 18 cm. Language Spanish

Uniform Title [ Mahābhārata. Nalōpākhyāna. Sanskrit and Latin.] Title Nalus Maha-bharati episodium; textus Sanscritus cum interpretatione Latina et annotationibus criticis curante Francisco Bopp ... Publisher Berolini, Nicolai, 1832. Description xv, 239, [1] p. Note Sanscrit and Latin.

Author Bopp, Franz, 1791-1867. Title S・dflut : nebst drei anderen der wichtigsten Episoden des Mah・Bh穩ata. Publisher Berlin : Kniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1829. Description xxviii, 163 p. ; 18 cm. Language German Subject Mahābhārata. Deluge (Hinduism)

 

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