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Unbalanced diet refers to the intake of inappropriate types and inadequate amount of foods and drinks that does not supply nutrition and energy for all our needs and does not maintain good health.

The result of not having a
balanced diet can cause deficiency diseases.  Some of these deficiency diseases that can occur are as follows:
Balanced Diet
Unbalanced Diet

Nutrient                                             Deficiency diseases

    Iodine                                             goiter and reduced growth
    Iron                                                 anemia
    Phosphorus                                    rickets
    Calcium                                          rickets
    Fluoride                                          tooth decay
   A                                                      xerophthalmia or night blindness, damage                                                               to Membrane and growth                                  B1                                                    Beri-Beri
   B3                                                    Pellagra
   B12                                                  anemia
   C                                                     scurvy
   D                                                     rickets and osteomalia
Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland which occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone to meet the body’s need due to lack of Iodine in the diet.

Signs and symptoms:
* Enlargement of thyroid gland in the neck
* Growth affected

Anemia is an abnormal reduction in the number of red blood cells or in the haemoglobin content.

Signs and symptoms:

* Breathlessness
* Weakness
* Dizziness
* Fatigue
* Headache

Rickets is a nutritional disorder characterized by skeletal deformities.  It is caused by a decrease concentration of the mineral hydroxyaphate in bones and cartilage due to low levels of calcium and phosphorous in the blood.

Sign and symptoms:

*Leg curvatures or vertebral curvatures

Kwashiorkor is malnutrition caused by the inadequate intake of protein.

Signs and symptoms:

* Reddish discoloration of hair
* Depigment of the skin
* A swollen abdomen
* Shock and coma precede death
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