The plague of 1348 had killed a third of the occidental countries D'Abbadie Vincent lived with the Abenaqui First Nation, near the Badagucce river, near Pentagouet. At that point, in 1670, the Abenaki Sachem, Madocawondo, liking this young man and Soon, Mathilda or Pidianske or Pidi8ammisk8a, elder sister to his future wife Melchide, gave him a daughter, Claire, in 1671, Thérese (born prior 1677). He also had a son, Robardis,(c.1671-1672) either from a third sister (unknown name) or Pidianske; Robardis chose not to 'mix' with the European community.
FRENCH SYNOPSIS: Bientôt, la paix entre la France et l'Angleterre lui permit d'explorer la Nouvelle-France,
et il s'établit en 1670 à Pentagoët, qui faisait partie de L'Acadie (et se trouve maintenant dans le Maine, U.S.A.)
où le Sachem des Abenakis Etchemin de la baie de Penobscot, Madocawondo lui donna toutes ses filles comme épouses.
Dear Reader: My name is Danielle and I find enthralling the stories which are tied to these early settlers of North America, over-lapping each other so many times, that the story of one becomes the story of his neighbour, child or ennemy; men marrying widows of those who had betrayed them, as did Jeanne Motin with Charles Latour, d'Aulnay's arch ennemy. As it was, France and England soon signed a peace treaty in July 1667.
ANSELME D'ABBADIE DE ST-CASTIN (1685-1728)
More details here on the important family of the D'Amours
from the official website of St-Castin village, near Oloron and Pau
On the families of d'Abbadie de St-Castin, d'Aulnay, LaTour,
d'Entremont, Bélisle / LeBorgne and many more
This story covers the 17th century in Pentagouet (Castine) Maine.
Many early French ancestors who came to the New World were of previously Protestant creed
and came from the Béarn principauty, a Huguenot stronghold.
Before we start with the story of Pentagöet, I would like to say a few words about
Vincent d'Abbadie, 3rd Baron de St-Castin,
for he inflames the mind of so many people, that I find it preferable to first speak of him.
Nevertheless, I repeat, he is but a small part of my story.
Jean-Vincent d'Abbadie, born around June 1652, was a child of the plague.
He was a true survivor, pithed against difficult odds.
The Plague took his Mother's life, Isabeau de Bearn-Bonasse, on November 17 1652, at age 24,
when she died at the home of her parents in Arette, in the valley of Barétous;
she had been married three years and she now had three children.
including the major part of France, but it had spared the Béarn.
Now in 1652, it was the last plague epidemic, perhaps the most virulent,
and it raged in the Bearn from 1652 to 1654
Isabeau, mother of three children ages 2, 1 & 4 months old,
was one of the few buried in the cimetery of l'Église St-Pierre,
near the family castle, when most people were simply incinerated with their possessions.
Yes, Isabelle was a noblewoman whose family had intimate links with the Crowns of Navarre and France,
relationships which in the past had produced some children in the Royal fold.
On his Father' side Jean-Vincent d'Abbadie was also cousin to the Kings
of Navarre and France, third baron of Saint-Castin, a title first belonging to his gr.gr.grand-mother, Jeanne de Forbet.
His parents lived in Escout, canton d'Oloron, near Pau,
and Jean-Vincent was probably born there, as also had his brother Jean-Jacques in 1651
and his sister Marie who was baptized on January 25th 1650 in St-Vincent d'Escout.
Their Father, Jean-Jacques d'Abbadie,
was seigneur de Saint-Castin, d'Escout, d'Escou and Herrère.
ORIGINS of the FAMILIES of
D'ABBADIE de St-Castin and the BEARN-BONASSE
(from Orthez in the canton of Lagor)
as opposed to the d'Abbadie d'Arboucave,
the d'Abbadie de Saint-Germain,
the d'Abbadie de Canou
and the d'abadie de Bastannès,
all of which were descendants of Bertrand d'Abbadie who was lawyer (avocat général) to the King of Navarre;
Bertrand was seigneur of Baléon, Lignac, Tartoin and he married Jeanne de Florence, d'Oloron.
Bertrand was gr-gr-grandFather of Jean-Vincent.
The d'Abbadie were a long line of lawyers and jurists.
Bertrand and Jeanne had 10 children.
It was their son Jean-Pierre d'Abbadie (1537-1609), also a jurist for Henri IV,
who married Bernardine de Luger, dame de Saint-Castin, heiress to the St-Castin estate;
they married in PAU on May 30, 1581.
The Luger family was an important one dating back further than the 15th c.;
they were lawyers & jurists, like the d'Abbadie.
Bernardine was the daughter of Martin de Luger, seigneur de la maison de Pesbeig d'Escout
and of Jeanne de Forbet, dame de Saint-Castin since 1527.
Jean-Pierre and Bernardine had three children,
and it was their son Bertrand who became the first seigneur de Saint-Castin, etc.
and married Marie de Bidou (d'Orin),
daughter to the nobleman Forticq de Bidou and Marie de Parage.
Bertrand and Marie were married c. 1619 and were the grand-parents of our Jean-Vincent(1652-1707).
Bertrand and Marie's son, Jean-Jacques d'Abbadie was born November 1st 1620; he was the father of Vincent.
Jean-Jacques married Isabeau de Bearn-Bonasse by contract on February 4 1649;
it was signed at the House of Bonasse in Arette.
Isabelle was the daughter of nobleman Jacques de Béarn, seigneur de Bonasse
and of Magdeleine de Laas (Làas) and they were a more important family than the d'Abbadie family.
Jean-Jacques and Isabeau were married three years and they had three children:
Isabelle died of the Plague in 1652.
The house where Jean Vincent was born in Escout does not exist anymore.
It was sold by his elder brother four or five years before he inherited the title in 1674, after his brother died.
A new building replaced it immediatly on the old foundations.
On the other hand, for those who want to see some of their earlier roots, the two houses belonging to Jean-Vincent's two grandmothers still stand, and he would have visited there, as they helped raising him.
His d'Abbadie paternal grand-parents' principal residence was in Escout, canton d'Oloron (near Pau)
while his Bearn-Bonasse maternal grand-parents lived in Arète, in the valley of Barétous, both in the Béarn.
Though they did not usually stay there, the d'Abbadie also owned the land where the St-Castin village stood.
The St-Castin village and it's location on a map of France
from the st-Castin village website = http://perso.orange.fr/saint-castin/ecole.htm
when Capitaine Francois Bonasse helped Jeanne d'Albret, Mother of the futur Henri IV;
the Béarn-Bonasse counted as ancestors:
- - Jean de Grailly who received his sword from the King of France Jean le Bon
and was made prisonner in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers
- - Bernard de Béarn (1382), the bastard of the comte de Foix, who became sénéchal de Lannes;
- - Gaston de Foix had a child with Agnes, daughter of King David of Navarre.
This site on heraldry at www.heraldica.org/topics/france/peerage2.htm says
"Foix (1458, C F): for Gaston de Foix. Passes to Albret 1517, Bourbon 1572. Unit. 1589."
ADVENTURE in NEW-FRANCE Vincent d'Abbadie de St-Castin arrived in New-France on June 19 1665,
as an "Enseigne" (Ensign) with the Carignan (Sallières) Regiment.
He was around 12-13 years old.
A few months his arrival, a peace treaty was signed between France & England,
and after spending a few weeks with the Micmacs and Etchemins First Nations, he returned home to France but finding the New World and the First Nations attractive,
he decided to come back and explore it more in depth, arriving in Pentagouet, on the Penobscot River, Acadia, (now in Maine, U.S.A.) in 1670 with gouverneur d’Andigné de Grandfontaine, followqing the Bréda Treaty. At the same time, Philippe Mius D’Entremont (born c.1601- died c.1699) (son of Claude (a.k.a. Nicolas) Muis Antoine De Meuillon DE MONTAUBAN (1572 in Flanders - 1602) and Countess Beatrice DE COLIGNY D'entremont, daughter of Admiral Gaspard DE COLIGNY II and Jacqueline DE MONTBEL D' Entremont, who married June 17 1600. Beatrice was born on 21 Dec 1572 in Savoy, France and died in 1671 in Savoy, France.) Philippe was made "procureur du roi" in 1670 for 18 years. Philippe would live many years in Port Royal but he died in GrandPré around 1700, living with his daughter Marguerite Melanson.
and leading to it, the narrow strip of land which separates the Bagaducce River from the Penobscot River.
Photo was on the website of the Town of Castine at
"Castine, a small coastal village of approximately 7.9 square miles, is located on a peninsula in the East Penobscot Bay Region of Maine, 1 hour from Bangor, and 1.25 hours from Camden and from Bar Harbor. The town, on the National Register of Historic Places, consists of two distinct geographic areas referred to as the Village and "off neck," a narrow strip of land that separates the Bagaduce River on one side from the Penobscot River on the other."
// EXCERPT FROM: http://www.castine.me.us/display.phtml?catid=8&PHPSESSID=18eab5ecfcffc1de0886afd32df52bb1
knowing he intends to go back to France,
gave him all his daughters as wives (3), in an attempt to keep him in the Penobscot bay area.
Around 1684, after his return from a trip to France, he married the youngest,
Melchide de Nicosquoué in Old Town, a small island near Bangor, Maine.
Melchide gave him 10 children: Cécile, Bernard-Anselme, Joseph-Marie, Francois-Xavier, Anasthasie, Ursule, Brigitte, Jean-Pierre(born 1692- died while at Quebec's College, in 1701), Bernard, Barenos
On October 14 1689, Louis XIV (France), awarded him a large concession on the St.John River, close to the D'Amours fief, but he remained mostly in Pentagouet and Port-Royal, and in 1696 he became chief of the Abenakis when Madockawando, his Father-in-law died.
He had to go back to France around 1704 to answer charges of trading with the British in Boston, even though rights to that effect had been granted earlier on, and he died there in late 1706 before he could come back.
His son, Bernard-Anselme, was elected as Chief of the Abenaki tribe.
Both Vincent and Anselme were instrumental in preserving both the rights of the Abenakis in the U.S. and saving the lives of several families by getting land concessions for them in Quebec (St-François-de-Sales, near Quebec, then St-François-du-Lac (Odanak) near Sorel in Nicolet)
This is the plan of the story:
1) 1704: Anselme d'Abbadie de St-Castin's return from France
2) 1707: Anselme's marries in the important D'Amours family, (Charlotte Guyon Damours)
3) 1686: Charlotte's parents story
4) 1711: The cloak-and-dagger story of Louise Guyon D'Amours, who raised Charlotte
5) 1609: de La Tour, the first people living in Acadia
6) 1635: Razilly dies and the Chevalier D'Aulnay inherits Pentagouet,
and the tale of Francoise Jacquemin (LaTour) who dies a heroine.
7) 1650: Alexandre LeBorgne steps in Acadia as Governor
8) 1654: Children of Charles de LaTour and Jeanne Motin, widow of D'Aulnay
9) 1665: Arrival of Jean-Vincent D'Abbadie
10) 1670: Family and life of Vincent D'Abbadie de St-Castin
11) 1707-1711: Louis XIV, Anselme de St-Castin and Pierre Morpain
12) 1714-1720: Louis XV : Family of Anselme d'Abbadie and Charlotte Guyon d'Amours:
their daughter Marie-Anselme receives the title for her husband and cousin, Pierre (D’Abadie de Bastannès) de Bourbon
13) 1746-1750-1755: Acadian stories of the Deportation of the French by the British and the St-Castin / Meunier involvement.
Vincent d'Abbadie, troisième baron de St-Castin, cousin des rois de Navarre et de France, de par sa mère les Béarn-Bonasse et de son père, arriva en Nouvelle-France le 19 juin 1665, comme Enseigne au Régiment de Carignan (Sallières), agé de 13 ans.
Vincent eut comme enfants, entre autres, Claire, Thérèse et un fils, Robardis de l'une des ses femmes, Pidi8ammisk8a ou Mathilde, mais il épousa vers 1684-5 la plus jeune des soeurs, Melchide, de qui il eut 10 enfants, dont Bernard-Anselme, Anasthasie, Ursule, Jean-Pierre(né 1692- décédé 1701 au Collège à Québec), Joseph, Barenos
En 1687, le Roi Louis XIV lui accorda une large concession à la Rivière St-Jean, près de celle des D'Amours.
En 1696 il devient le chef de la tribu des Abenakis à la mort de son beau-père Matakando.
Il fut forcé d'aller en France vers 1704 pour se défendre d'allégations d'avoir "négocié" avec les Britanniques, bien qu'une entente eut été faite à ce sujet quelques années auparavant. Il mourut en France à la fin de 1706 et son fils Bernard-Anselme fut élu chef des Abénakis.
Le père et le fils furent responsables de la retention des droits des Abénakis aux Etat-Unis, et de l'implantation de plusieurs familles Etchemin Abenakies au Québec, dont à Odanak, St-François.
Such is the history of many of those living in the Penobscot Bay area of Maine, who used to be part of Acadia and New-France.
So much in this story is conveluted, I chose to first give you an overlay, then let you wander where your heart choses.
Some like to read about their ties to the Kings of Europe, others to the First Nations, others again to the women who were our Mothers and caregivers, and most people love the stories of fearless pirates who roamed the seas in those years.
This story has them all, the French, English and Indian foes and friends, where friendships overlaid so many lives, the forays into the French Court life during the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XV or the ties to the Kings of Navarre.
The seventeenth century saw the exod and difficult beginnings of Europeans trying to adapt to different lifestyles, often fleeing persecutions, jumping from the frying pan into the fire, as it were...
The numerous First Nations preferred way of life was also going to undergo massive changes, as disturbing as those of the newcomers.
D'ABBADIE de ST-Castin
Jean-Vincent was around thirteen when he first came, either on "Le Brezé" or it's companion, "Le Téren", which left LaRochelle on Mai 6 1665 to arrive in Percé on June 30 1665 with the Carignan-Salières Regiment under le marquis Henri de Chastelard de Salières.
Soldiers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment - 1665
As he would all his life, Vincent was travelling with his man servant, Renaud de Bordenave.
This man even became Godfather to his son Bernard, on October 15 1688.
After going back to France, he returned on July 17, 1670 aboard the Saint-Sebastien which arrived in
the Bay of Pentagoet, under the command of M. Chadreau de la Clocheterie;
there were 40 soldiers (some of which were his fellow-mates of the Carignan-Salieres: Jacques de Chambly, Pierre Joybert(seigneur de Soulanges et de Marson), Sebastien de Villieu),
13 officers and several gentlemen from the Académie Royale des Sciences who were supposed to help
Hector d'Andigne, chevalier de Grandfontaine.
In coming back, Vincent had decided to see more of New France.
First linking to one group of First Nations, the Micmac, he soon got into contact with the Etchemins,
and from there it was but a step to meet the Penobscot Abenakis who spent their winters in Pentagouet (c.1671)
Pentagoët was a site where a Jesuit Mission had been established around 1613, which Charles de Bienville, Claude and , Charles de LaTour had fought for at the beginning of the century, under LOUIS XIII of France and Charles 1st of England.
Around 1682-85, Vincent married the Abenaki Princess, Melchide, sister of Pidiwanskie(Matilda).
He had several sons of which Anselme St-Castin & Joseph Robardis were better known, and finally his many grandsons, including Louis St-Castin and Joseph Meunier.
Most of them were major players in the development of Maine and Acadia, which was then part of New-France, moreso from 1665 to 1725, and they were instrumental in preserving Abenaki lives and their rights, both in U.S.A and in Odanak, Canada.
Vincent and his family lived in Pentagoet, Penobscot peninsula, with their extended family, the Etchemin Abenakis.
This story talks about many ancestors and their descendants, including families of the D'Amours, the La Tour, the d'Aulnay, the Bélisle, the LeBorgne, the Mius, the d'Entremont, Colonels Winslow, Lawrence, Murray who all took part in the 1755 Acadian Deportation of Grand Pre and Beaubassin, which descendants of Vincent, some Meunier, some St-Castin, tried to stop.
Yes, he was 19 when he became a privateer at the request for help to defend Port Royal in Nova Scotia, a request which came directly from the French Governors Vaudreuil and Subercase, but it was also the time of the official beginning of his adult life, which would prove itself useful and dedicated to helping the underdog. Nevertheless, he had started to do so much earlier, and by the time he was ten years old he had had many adventures.
Bernard-Anselme d'Abbadie, baron de St.Castin
was half French by his Father, a nobleman from
the French Court of LOUIS XIV
and half pure Penobscot Abenaki by his Mother,
Marie-Melchide, a true Indian princess,
daughter of Chief (Sachem) Madockawando (ou Matakando).
Anselme became the leader of the First Nation of the Pentagouet Abenaqui tribe in Penobscot after his Father died in 1707 though he refused to lead them in raids involving civilians. Anselme would be responsible for the Treaty signed by the Penobscot Abenaki tribe to get recognition for it's rights in the United States, but this was circa 1717 and 1727.
Earlier on, for the Abenaquis of Penobscot and Pentagoet Maine, in 1676, the times were getting difficult because of the English settlers of New England who began encroaching on their lands in New-England and Acadia, and after some face-offs, some of the Abnaki and Etchemin families began emigrating to Quebec,(where they were responsible for introducing more apple trees, which were and still are abundant in Pentagouet since the 1613 Mission of the Jesuits, d'Aulnay and then St-Castin introduced them) and these Abenaki individuals usually returned often to visit their beloved Penobsot Bay home, especially during their mild winters, but as it was, many being tired of the incessant fighting where their women and children were killed or kidnapped started relocating in Quebec, going first, around 1676-1680, to St-Joseph-de-Sillery, then on July 1st 1683, the Conseil Souverain of Nouvelle-France, under Governor Charron de la Barre granted the Jesuits land for the Abnakis and they moved on to St-Francois de Sales and to La Chaudiere (where the tribe had been coming to for several generations already), and in 1700, in the final move, the Abenaquis were directly given land across St-Francois du Lac, near Sorel and Nicolet, in ODANAK, where they still thrive and where you can visit a Museum which retells of their past.
In the book I wrote about the Damours-St.Castin, I chose the title "St-Castin, bridging to worlds" because St.Castin was an expert in all the "TWO WORLDS" existing these days when the new world was being colonized.
Where most towns inhabitants were untried European newcomers, St-Castin shined. Yes, he stood out advantageously, not only because he was a native of the land (spent most of his early childhood either at his Mom's Penobscot River abenaki village in Pentagouet, Maine, or at the nobleman Vincent d'Abadie de St.Castine, his Dad's, spread, near the D'Amours, close to Madawaska on the St-Jean River in New Brunswick, which had been granted by King Louis XIV for his services with the Carignan Regiment, both places being under French dominions) but because he had the experience and advantage of understanding the two worlds involved, both the American and the European worlds,(he lived in towns of New-France, in Indian villages and at the French Court of Versailles), the French and the English way-of-life, the "whites" and the "red skins" beliefs' systems, the catholics and the protestants' religions (the St-Castin had been Protestant Huguenots in previous generations), the French and Indian tongues, and a smackering of the Dutch and English tongues... and even Men's vs. Women's worlds, for he had had four sisters and many half sisters... yes, Anselme knew more than most people how to navigate between different currents...
As it was, in 1707, at the request of first Vaudreuil, then Subercase, he lead 250 Abenaki and French men overland to rescue Port Royal and he was successful in defending Port-Royal, dealing with the British in Acadia.
First it was in June 1707, then again in August, both times at the official request of the French Governor, against Colonel March's offensive in Port Royal a.k.a. Annapolis Royale, the confrontation was won by the French. During the same year, Anselme got married to Charlotte D'Amours de Chauffours on October 31st 1707, in Port-Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada.
CHARLOTTE GUYON D'AMOURS de CHAUFFOURS, BARONNE de SAINT-CASTIN
The plague of 1348 had killed a third of the occidental countries
Vincent lived with the Abenaqui First Nation, near the Badagucce river, near Pentagouet.
At that point, in 1670, the Abenaki Sachem, Madocawondo, liking this young man and
Soon, Mathilda or Pidianske or Pidi8ammisk8a, elder sister to his future wife Melchide, gave him a daughter, Claire, in 1671, Thérese (born prior 1677). He also had a son, Robardis,(c.1671-1672) either from a third sister (unknown name) or Pidianske; Robardis chose not to 'mix' with the European community.
Bientôt, la paix entre la France et l'Angleterre lui permit d'explorer la Nouvelle-France,
et il s'établit en 1670 à Pentagoët, qui faisait partie de L'Acadie (et se trouve maintenant dans le Maine, U.S.A.)
où le Sachem des Abenakis Etchemin de la baie de Penobscot, Madocawondo lui donna toutes ses filles comme épouses.
Dear Reader: My name is Danielle and I find enthralling the stories which are tied to these early settlers of North America, over-lapping each other so many times, that the story of one becomes the story of his neighbour, child or ennemy; men marrying widows of those who had betrayed them, as did Jeanne Motin with Charles Latour, d'Aulnay's arch ennemy.
As it was, France and England soon signed a peace treaty in July 1667.
ANSELME D'ABBADIE DE ST-CASTIN (1685-1728)
More details here on the important family of the D'Amours
Anselme and Pierre, friends & brothers-in-law, born one year apart, both with
roots in FRANCE, living in the New World and sharing not only a tongue,
but same interests as lovers of the Sea, one a Privateer, the other one a Buccaneer,
would help each other often in times of need.
Their wives were both daughters of Louis Damours, son of Mathieu D'Amours and Marie Marsolet, and of Marguerite Guyon, daughter of Simon Guyon and Louise Racine.
The wives of Pierre and Anselme, Marie-Josephe and Charlotte D'Amours de Chaufours, were raised by their Aunt, Louise Guyon D'Amours de la Freneuse, with their three cousins, Joseph, Louis and little Mathieu-Francois, after their Mother, Marguerite, died in 1696.
So the families of Pierre and Anselme were frequent guest of each other. Yes, Marie-Josephe D'Amours de Chaufours Morpain and Charlotte D'Amours de Chaufours de St-Castin were quite adventurous ladies to chose to be married to such reckless husbands. Those two girls were the most representative of the MARSOLET-D'AMOURS-GUYON alliance sharing twice over each of their great grand-fathers:
Louis D'Amours, Nicholas Marsolet and Jean Guyon. Again, they were:
Louis D'Amours councillor to Louis XIII, King of France,
Nicholas Marsolet a forming hand in the peaceful internal politics with the Montagnais and Algonquins, who, alongside with Etienne Brule was unfairly accused of treason with the KIRKE's Brothers and married to Marie (LeVillain) LeBarbier, tru their first daughter, Marie Marsolet
Jean Guyon Father to their Father, Simon Guyon,
and of Michel Guyon, sieur du Rouvray, husband of Genevieve Marsolet,
and of Francois Guyon, sieur des Pres and his wife Madeleine Marsolet (Beaubassin and Grand-Pre in Acadia were their fief)
Then, on October 2nd 1662, they were the two Guyon brothers marrying the two Marsolet sisters.
LOUISE GUYON d'AMOURS, where love, scandal, courage and fame meet:
When Mathieu married Louise Guyon, she had been a widow, but he swayed her off her feet and she settled with ease with her life with him, giving him several children in their ten years of marriage, but only three boys survived( Joseph, Louis, Mathieu-Francois). After Mathieu's death in 1696, though keeping an eye on both her own children and her sister Marguerite's two daughters, Charlotte and Josie (Marie-Josephe), she simply resume an active, pleasurable social life. Because of her caring disposition and beauty, she had always been welcomed everywhere and it continued to be so. Though she had many affairs, she never re-married, and the offers for her hand must have been many, for not only was she eminently presentable, but she was a woman of means. For several reasons, she was one of the most "talked about" lady in New France. Whatever she did, wore, said, was reported again and again, gaining something in the saying.
Louise Guyon was a very beautiful woman and she eventually went to live in Port-Royal, becoming the mistress of its governor, Jacques-Francois Mombeton de BROUILLAN, and it is reported, as well, at the same time, as of Sieur DENYS de BONAVENTURE. She was desirable and wanted by people she came in contact with, and many (most) people loved her... Yet, she was still taking an active interest in all her children's welfare, including Charlotte and Marie-Josephe (Josie) as their subrogate Mother. Years later, in 1708, in Quebec, Louise GUYON d'AMOURS de la FRESNEUSE was still received in the most closed circles of the capital.
Louise Guyon had great courage and in 1711, she was also part of the daring plan (which failed) of retaking Port Royal from the British which was designed by her son-in-law, Anselme d'Abbadie, baron de St-Castin, risking her life acting as a spy, arriving alone with her second son and one Abenaki, in the middle of winter, in a canoe, crossing the Bay of Fundy and asking shelter to the British Commander of the town, which was granted... and soon after the English fell in a trap at the Bloody Bridge Battle and she escaped with the French. The story is told further down.
Surviving CHILDREN of Mathieu D'Amours and Louise Guyon (widow Charles Thibaut):
Joseph (1687), sieur de LaFresneuse Dujour, commandant of the ship "La Renommee" in 1736
Louis (1689) who would marry Ursule de St-Castin, sister of Anselme
Mathieu-Francois (1692), married in Qc on Oct. 17 1726 Angelique Coutard.
None of these children had any sons to pass on the titles, which went to nephews.
Anselme de St-Castin married Charlotte D'Amours on October 31st 1707 and
Pierre Morpain married Marie-Josephe D'Amours on August 13,1709.
The two daughters, Charlotte & Marie-Josephe (Josie), had been raised both in Quebec and at their home in Riviere-St-Jean (New-Brunswick). Until their Mother's death (Marguerite Guyon d'Amours) in 1696, their New-Brunswick farm had been prosperous and the children would help in feeding the numerous chickens, pigs, or in the milking of their 2 dozen herd of cattle.
(Read the 1695 Acadian census in Links)
It was a down-to-earth prosperous life, with some fun, as in most large families, as theirs were, indeed, their Father alone had 44 first cousins, many of whom had children. Daddy taking them on short trips on his ship, going to Quebec once in awhile, or bringing back their cousins to visit them at regular intervals during the summers, or simply at home, on the sea shore, on the look-out for ennemy ships... Quite an exciting life for young children, over just a little too soon, because before Charlotte was seven and Josie three years old, their Mother, Marguerite Guyon D'Amours de Chauffours had passed away. Since the five children of Marguerite Guyon and Louise Guyon were raised together in a variety of settings, they soon developped independant traits. Josie remained the fragile one, her health was often compromised and she did not have children of her own, though she did take an active interest in her sister's children, Marie-Anselme, Louis, Brigitte and Louise dÀbbadie de St-Castin. Marie-Josephe (Josie) married for love with Pierre Morpain.
Before we can clearly go on, one must go back a century to talk at least a little, for it could be realms, about La Tour and d'Aulnay, LeBorgne and William Alexander.
In 1650, Le Borgne first attacked Denys at Chedabucto and took him prisonner, then sent him to France, where Denys got restitution of his land in 1654. Before LeBorgne could move on, Major Sedgwick in command of British troops sent by Cromwell, in 1654, took the Fort at Penobscot, Fort Latour and Port Royal where LeBorgne was staying. Sedgwick was then sent to Jamaica where he died in 1656. La Tour then used the fact that in 1630 his Father had been created a Nova Scotian baronet and received grant from Sir William Alexander, a great favorite of James I, who, in 1621 had given him a patent for Nova Scotia, which was renewed by Charles 1. Now, on August 10 1656, after becoming English subject, Latour received patent letters from the English Court making him Sir Charles La Tour, joint owner of Acadia with Sir Thomas Temple and William Crowne. Very shortly afterwards La Tour sold his interests to Temple but stayed in Acadia where he died in 1666. As mentioned, Charles had several children with Jeanne Motin, the widow of d'Aulnay and those who survived, married well:
A son (Robardis)was born c.1671, a few months after the birth of his daughter Claire, born to Matilda, PID8WANMIS8E, an elder sister of his future wife Melchide.
CLAIRE ST-CASTIN 1671, dame Paul Meunier
(son of Jean-Joseph Meunier and Marguerite Housseau):
their son Joseph Meunier(c.1689) went to live to Grand Pre
their daughter Catherine Meunier (1688) was married in 1700 to Claude Boudreau
their daughter Marie Meunier was married to Rene Martin
Vincent went back to France for a few years to receive permission and rights in Acadia
He had ten children with Melchide, was born after his return from France, in 1685, BERNARD ANSELME D'ABBADIE DE SAINT-CASTIN
Vincent & Melchide (or Matilda?) also had THERESE ST-CASTIN, 1687, dame Philippe Mius, of Pobomcoup, third son of Philippe Mius d'Entremont(c.1609-c.1701) and Madeleine Élie (or Hélie) Du Tillet, born in 1626. Philippe was the youngest brother of Jacques Mius(b.1659)(m. Anne St-Etienne de Latour) and brother of Abraham (b.circa 1661)(married Marguerite St-Etienne de Latour, sister of Anne).
Their fourth child, MARIE-ANASTASIE de SAINT-CASTIN, 1692, dame Alexandre LeBorgne, of Belle-Isle,
son of Alexandre and Marie Motin St-Etienne de Latour;
Their fifth surviving child, URSULE DE ST-CASTIN, 1696,
dame Louis D'Amours de Chauffours,
son of Mathieu D'Amours de la Fresneuse and Louise Guyon
They had a son, Joseph D'Amours de Chauffours, 1718, from "la Riviere St-Jean" who married Genevieve Roy of Pisiguit. Joseph was held in Halifax in 1763 and we find him in Miquelon in 1767, with all his family and his Mother, Ursule, who was then 71 yrs old.
During this fight Antoine de Saillant, a muskateer, was outstanding in courage, judged by the survivors as an exceptionally brave fighter, as were also commended Subercase and the young Baron Castin)
Saillant's wife, Anne d'Entremont, would remarry in Port Dauphin on February 12 1716, Philippe Pastour de Costebelle (Anne d'Entremont was his second wife, his first wife was Anne de Tour, daughter of Germain de Tour and step-daughter of Le Gouès de Sourdeval; there was a child from his first union, Anne-Catherine Pastour de Costebelle who would marry on Sept 2nd 1719 Jacques de Bertaut, a salt-taxes collector in France, and after becoming a widow she joined the Carmelite order at Trévoux, principality of Dombes). Philippe was Governor of Isle Royale (Newfoundland). He also had a child from his second union: Marie-Josèphe de Pastour de Costebelle born in Paris on April 11 1717, baptized at St-André-des-Arts, who married in January 1737, François de Rivière, Marquis de Giscaro.
After Philippe de Costebelle died in October 1717, Anne d'Entremont, left destitute, went back to France to plead her cause at Court for monies owed to her by different people. The new King was about eight years old; she went to the Béarn to await the settlement of her affairs and met the Chevalier Laurent de Navailles, Baron of Labatut, a seigneur of Béarn in comfortable circumstances, which she married on 20 Aug. 1719.
In 1721 he became prisonner of the English and spent 5 months in Boston. He possibly died at this time, but if not he certainly went underground for his brother Robardis asked the French governor that his pension be continued to be paid to his two brothers (or half-brothers). Another young brother had died during an epidemic while at College in Quebec in 1704
In 1725, his tribe having been severely weakened, a St-Castin (probably Anselme)negotiated a peace treaty with the Anglo-Americans.
He probably died of the Smallpox epidemic of 1728-1729, and after his death, around 1728, his wife Charlotte returned to France and fought for her rights in a trial at the Parlement of Navarre, which she won in 1729, by reaching an agreement whereas their eldest daughter, Marie-Anselme' would marry her French cousin whose Father had been contending for the St-Castin title before his own death.
Charlotte Guyon D'Amours de St-Castin died in Pau on February 27 1734, at 45, and was burried the next day in the Notre-Dame Church in Pau, by the great doors in the vestibule.
She had the pleasure of seeing two of her daughters Marie-Anselme and Louise, marry two Frenchmen, whereas Brigitte appears to possibly have become a nun with the Ursulines of Quebec.
When the ordinance to gather on August 9 1755 was given to the people, they were suspicious, but no one expected what had been arranged. They were told that "this convocation by the Governor of Halifax is about the conservation of your land". So four hundred individuals did go, as ordered, to Fort Cumberland to listen to the reading of this letter of the Governor and were immediatly put under arrest and made prisonners. Since most people of Beaubassin, Chipoudy, Petitcodiac and Memramcook had taken to the woods (being also helped by the Micmacs and Abenakis) on the advice of l'abbe LeGuerne, there was room for the 400 prisonners on the few ships from Massachussetts and for another 140 individuals (mostly the wives of the prisonners who chose to go on board voluntarily rather than be separated from their loved ones).
On August 26, 1755, French Lt Boishebert, commandant at Miramichi, with 30 soldiers, 100 settlers or men, including a St-Castin, and several Abenaquis, encountered 200 men under Major Frye who had just finished burning the Church of Chipoudy and 181 houses near it, and was now just about to set fire to 250 houses in Petitcoudiac. Boishebert attacks the British as they set fire to the Church of Petitcoudiac and the British retreat, leaving 50 dead and 60 wounded. This was how over 200 families escaped the Deportation and took to the maquis. Most went to St.John River or Quebec and those who spent the winter hiding in Shediac and Cocagne helped by the tribes of the First Nations, went to Miramichi in the spring, whereas many followed the advice of l'abbé LeGuerne and went to "Ile St-Jean" (P.E.I) by the way of Green Bay, still others went up to the Baie des Chaleurs.
The great kindness of countless French small towns and their inhabitants helped the survivors and many chose to remain there after 1785.
* * * * * * * *
So, altogether, in 1755, two thirds of the inhabitants of Beaubassin and the isthmus of Chignectou
escaped Lawrence's men during the actual Great Deportation.
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I have been to beautiful Castine in Maine, the long narrow peninsula filled with stately New England homes,
where the low shores, bays and the river are as peaceful as they could have ever have been in times of peace.
It is still as beautiful.
The abundant apple trees, everywhere, are the only true reminiscence of the old days, left behind by the French,
the Jesuits first, then d'Aulnay followed by St-Castin.
If you are interested in the First Nations of the Abenakis which were living at one time in the Penobscot Bay area (it was their winter residence), you can find them in Old Towne, just above Bangor in Maine, where they have reproduced faithfully their Pentagouet/Castine village setting when they were forced to leave it. You can also find several descendants in the village of Odanak, Quebec, near St-Francois (Sorel/Nicolet) where a Museum was developped by it's residents.
About myself what can I say but that I love this planet and it's people, it's plants, forests, children and animals. I know it may sound corny, but I relish every breath and also hope to have a long fruitful life.
Apart from writing and being a French-English Translator, I do love to travel, read and watch movies. I like observing the world. I work in a women's centre dedicated in finding employment to women over 50, as I am.
Another of my interests is filming videos of Community events, people and places especially those with ethnic flavour, for I have a great thirst for knowledge and its dissemination. After all, our heritage helps us in it's stead.
I divide most of my time between Quebec, Sutton,
Montreal, Vancouver, Sherbrooke and Maine.
If you are interested in buying one of my books
from the 9 volumes Serie
"We were there! Canadian, American... Roots"
about the History of the New World in the 17th-18th century which starts with
"Nicholas Marsolet(1587-1677), the French interpretor to the Montagnais First Nation of Tadoussac",
and follows with
"St-Castin (1685-1728) and Charlotte Guyon Damours,
Bridging two worlds"
you can put your name on the waiting list
by going on the Internet at
Quebec, H2X 2L2
I welcome your opinions. Thank you. Danielle.