Bhutan is a tiny landlocked, mountainous
kingdom perched on the eastern Himalayas surrounded by India in the south, east
and west and by the Autonomous Region of Tibet in the north. The country has
three main ethnic groups - Ngalongs of Tibet Stock in the west, Sharhops of
Tibeto-Burman origin in the east and Lhotshampas of Nepalese ethnicity in the
south. The country has an estimated population of around 6,00,000. In Bhutan
there is no written constitution nor an independent judiciary to impart justice,
the judiciary works like simply another government department with no qualified
legal practitioners. Under such circumstances each and every right of the
individual as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are under
the mercy of the rulers.
Under the situation the Student Union
of Bhutan (SUB) was formed on 23 March, 1988 inside the country by
the college students and people in different government services and
institutions. After one and half years of clandestine low profile activities
(for it was unlawful to form any kind of association or union) it was forced to
operate from outside following governments crackdown and arrest of some of its
activists in late 1989.
SUB is a platform shared mostly by
Bhutanese Students and Youths in various fields regardless of their religious
faith, races, caste, creed, sex etc. maintaining its own identity and rising
above partisan politics, this oldest body has always been in the forefront of
the Bhutanese movement.