Emilio Jacinto

Often called the "Brains of the Katipunan". Emilio Jacinto was the young adviser to Andres Bonifacio.

Emilio Jacinto was born on December 15, 1875 in Trozo, Manila; his father was Mariano Jacinto and his mother was Josefa Dizon. He died at the early age of 24 at his secret headquaraters in Majayjay, Laguna, where he got a virulent case of malaria.


Jacinto wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan (Primer of the Katipunan), the oath of the pledges , "Sa Mga Kababayan" and "Pahayag" and "A La Patria" ) which considered to be the best poem he wrote. He founded and edited the
Kalayaan, the newspaper of the Katipunan newspaper

In Agust 30, 1896, the Katipunan launched its first attack on a Spanish garrison at San Juan del Monte. By that time, Rizal had been sentenced to exile in Dapitan and Jacinto was assigned to rescue Rizal who was then confined aboard a Spanish warship to Cuba. Jacinto disguised himself as a Chinese coolie and succeeded in boarding the vessel. Rizal refused to the rescue for reasons that are still the subject of debates.

In February 1898, he was wounded in the thigh during a skirmish with the Spanish cazadores (riflemen) in Maimpis, Laguna and was taken to the Catholic Church of Magdalena. He was taken to the Church of Santa Cruz where a Spanish surgeon kindly ministered to his wound. To avoid capture by the Spanish military authorities, Jacinto used a pass that belonged to a Filipino spy named Florentino Reyes who was captured before the battle in Maimpis.

Heeding the urgent appeal of the Katipuneros in Laguna who asked Jacinto to lead them, he established his secret headquarters in the hills of Majayjay where he died on April 16, 1899.

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