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Leopold Freiherr von Hauer
Leopold Freiherr von Hauer was born on 26 January 1854 in Budapest.  At the start of World War I, Hauer was in command of the 9. Cavalry Division until he was replaced by FML Theodor von Leonhardi in September 1915.  In October 1914, FML Hauer was granted his own Cavalry Corps.  He led this force until May 1915, when it was disbanded.  However, GdK Hauer was able to form a new Cavalry Corps.  He commanded this force from September 1915 until October 1917, during which time he saw some of the fiercest fighting (during the first Brussilow Offensive in June 1916, and again in July 1917)  Then, GO Hauer had to disband it once again.

The following timeline summarizes his military career:

  
Mar 1900 Commands Hussar Regiment 16 until Oct 1906
    
May 1900 Promoted to Oberst
  
Oct 1906 Commands 13. Cavalry Brigade until Jul 1907
  
Nov 1906 Promoted to Generalmajor
     Jul 1907
Commands 4. Cavalry Brigade until Dec 1910
  
Nov 1910 Promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant
    
Dec 1910 Royal Hungarian Honvéd Cavalry Inspector until Aug 1914
   
Aug 1914 Commands 9. Cavalry Division until Sep 1915
  
Oct 1914 Commands Hauer Cavalry Corps until May 1915
    Nov 1914
Promoted to General der Kavallerie by title
    
Feb 1915 Promoted to General der Kavallerie
    
Sep 1915 Commands Hauer Cavalry Corps until Oct 1917
   
Aug 1917 Promoted to Generaloberst
  
Oct 1917 Retired

Leopold Freiherr von Hauer died on 3 May 1933 in Budapest.

GWS, 3/02
Attention: Visit FEEFHS map room for a Map of Galicia including some of the placenames mentioned here.  Also, see the Map of Volhynia including Lutsk and Kowel (on the far left).  Be sure to open in a separate window to toggle between this page and FEEFHS.

Orders of Battle:  August 1914

Immediately prior to the invasion of Poland
I. Armee, Gen. d. Kav.
Viktor Dankl
    V. Korps, Feldzeugmeister
Paul Puhallo von Brlog
      Support: XII. inf. div., Feldmlt. Kestranek
       III. kav. div., Feldmlt.
von Brudermann
       IX. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Hauer

Northern Front on 25 December 1914
Army Group Woyrsch, Gen. Remus von Woyrsch
Öst. II. Armee, Gen. d. Kav.
von Böhm-Ermolli
      Gallwitz Korps, Preußisch General der Artillery
von Gallwitz
           Gruppe Hauer
                3. kav. div., Feldmlt.
von Brudermann
                9. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Hauer

Christmas 1914 found Hauer’s cavalry division in battle near Tomaszów, southwest of Lódz.  During this time, he was part of Gen. Gallwitz’s Corps, on the northern tier of 2. Army’s sector.  Two Austrian cavalry divisions, called Gruppe Hauer, included the 9. and General Adolf Brudermann’s 3. Cav. Div.  His soldiers had their backs to the river Pilica, and nothing in the way of defenses except common trenches in a flat farming landscape.  This was the best terrain for a cavalry division, but Russian concentrated fire forced Hauer’s troops to fight from the trenches.  Opposing Gruppe Hauer was the Russian III. Caucasian Corps, part of the 4. Army of General Everth.  Hauer’s left was right on the southern edge of Tomaszów, guarding the flank of Gruppe Frommel in the German 9. Army.  This town was the immediate objective of the Russians in the last week of December, but they were repulsed by the Germans and Austrians after a half dozen clashes along the Pilica river, which runs east of Tomaszów.  After this battle, Hauer’s Group was moved along with the rest of the 2. Army to the Carpathians. [rev. 4/04]


Orders of Battle, January 1915
Immediately prior to the Battles for the Carpathians
(Army Group Woyrsch, Gen. d. Kav.
von Woyrsch)
Öst. II. Armee, Gen. d. Kav.
von Böhm-Ermolli
   Öst. XII. Korps, Gen. d. Inf.
Kövess von Kövesshaza
       IX. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Hauer

Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, May 1915
Immediately preceding the Dunajec offensive
Armee Woyrsch, preuß. Generaloberst
v. Woyrsch
Army Group Kövess (XII. Korps), Gen. d. Inf.
v. Kövess
       9. kav. div., Gen. d. Kav. Frh. v. Hauer
                1. kav. brig., Genmj. Ostermuth
                9. kav. brig., Oberst Frh. v. Sessler
                32. IBrig. (Gruppe) Genmj.
Goldbach

K.u.K. forces assigned to the German armies, as of September 1915
To the IX. Armee, Gen.
Mackensen: IX. kav. div., Gen. d. Kav. von Hauer


Orders of Battle:  June 1916
Immediately prior to the successful offensive by General Brussilow
Linsingen Group, Gen. d. Inf.
von Linsingen
IV. Armee, Generaloberst
Erzherzog Josef Ferdinand
   Hauer kav. Korps, Gen. d. Kav. von Hauer
       Polish Legion, Genmj.
von Puchalski
       XI. Honved kav. div., Genmj. Czito
       IX. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Leonhardi


Orders of Battle:  July 1916
Immediately following the breakthrough by Brussilow
Army Group Linsingen, Gen. d. Inf.
von Linsingen
IV. Armee, Generaloberst
von Tersztyanszky
   Hauer kav. Korps, Gen. d. Kav. von Hauer
       Polish Legion, Genmj.
von Puchalski 
       XI. Honved kav. div., Genmj. Czito
       I. kav. div., Genmj. de Ruiz
       IX. kav. div., Feldmlt. von le Gay


Orders of Battle:  August 1916
Immediately preceding Roumania's declaration of war against Austria
Army Group Linsingen, Gen. d. Inf.
von Linsingen
IV. Armee, Generaloberst
von Tersztyanszky
    Hauer kav. Korps, Gen. d. Kav., von Hauer
        I. kav. div., Genmj. de Ruiz
        IX. kav. div., Gennmj. von le Gay
        Bay. kav. div., Genlt. von Hellingrath

The Battle of Kowel was a significant turn of fortune for the otherwise brilliant Russian General Brussilov.   In the last week of July, Brussilov's VIII. Army launched an offensive designed to seize the important railhead at Kowel.  This was his way to capitalize on the roaring success of his Lutsk offensive.  Hauer's Cavalry Corps was located on the very northern tier of the offensive's theatre.  Nevertheless, Brussilov did as before, launching theatre-wide attacks to reduce the enemy's ability to transfer reserves to needy sectors.  Hauer's Corps faced the Russian IV. Cavalry Corps, and the first half of the offensive was relatively quiet. 

Little activity was reported between Gruppe Gronau north of Siedliszcze or south of the Lodnitza brook, both of which was  on the Stochod river, the natural frontlines.  Gruppe Clausius, south of Hauer, felt a little more sting from the attacks, but Brussilow spent the first weeks testing the lines, confident that the southern flank of the forces guarding Kowel were weaker than the northern ones.  Hauer did not have to face a serious challenge until the last weeks of the offensive in mid-August.  Then, the IV. Cavalry Corps scored a breakthrough on 18 August, and Hauer was forced to request reserves from General
Bernhardi's reserves near Kowel.  These arrived on 23 August and stopped the bleeding around the town of Rudka, in the middle of his sector.  The fighting did not produce any results except create a small salient and create a lot of casualties.

GWS, 9/03


Orders of Battle:  November 1916
Amidst the successful offensive against Roumania
Linsingen Army Group, Gen. d. Inf.
von Linsingen
IV. K.u.K. Armee, Generaloberst
von Tersztyanszky
    Hauer kav. Korps, Gen. d. Kav. von Hauer
       IX. kav. div., Genmj. von le Gay
       I. Deutsch inf. div., Gen. d. Inf. von Jacobi
       Bay. kav. div., Genlt. von Hellingrath


Orders of Battle:  July 1917
Immediately prior to the Kerensky Offensive
Linsingen Army Group, Gen. d. Inf.
von Linsingen
IV. K.u.K. Armee, Generaloberst
von Tersztyanszky
    Hauer kav. Korps, Gen. d. Kav. von Hauer
       IX. kav. div., Genmj. von le Gay
       I. Deutsch Landwehr div., Gen. d. Inf. von Jacobi
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