ZNAMENITE ŽENSKE NA ZNAMKAH

 FAMOUS WOMEN ON STAMPS

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Bobić Ljubinka 21.1.1897 - 3.12.1978
srbska gledališka in filmska igralka. Kot igralka Narodnega gledališča v Beogradu je bila aktivna več kot 50 let. Bila je zelo popularna, s svojim nekonformističnim stilom je dala svoj pečat vsakemu svojemu nastopu.

Serbian stage and film actress with acting experience of over 50 years in the National Theatre in Belgrade. Very popular, with a non-conformist style who gave her own special stamp to each of her performances.

     
        
YU - 3123


Boch Anna 1848 - 1936
belgijska slikarka, ki je delovala tudi na področju glasbe, kiparstva  in intelektualnih dejavnostih, s čimer imela dostop do številnih umetniških krogov. Bila je aktivna članica Skupine XX in skupine Libre Esthetique. Tu se je seznanila z Jamesom Ensorjem in Paulom Gauguinom, ki sta vplivala na njen po-impresionistični stil. Sama ni preveč znana kot slikarka. Se je pa danes spominjamo po tem, da je bila edina oseba, ki ji je Van Gogh še v času, ko je bil živ, prodal sliko.


Anna Boch’s many talents spanned the plastic arts, music and intellectual activities and this brought her into contact with many artistic circles. She was an active member of the Group of XX and the Libre Esthetique (Free Aesthetics) Group and was closely acquainted with James Ensor and Paul Gauguin who influenced her in her own post-impressionist artistic style. Though Anna Boch never achieved great fame for her own paintings, she is remembered today as the only person to purchase a painting from Vincent Van Gogh during his lifetime.

  
      
B - 3112


Boehm Elisabet 27. 9.1859 - 30.5.1943
je ustanoviteljica nemškega ženskega kmečkega gibanja, ki naj bi pomagal kmeticam pri socialni in izobraževalni enakosti.

German founder of German Women`s Movement. In 1908 she founded Agricultural Housewives Union to help farm women in social and educational freedom.

    
       
 D - 1489


Boer van Rijk Ester de 1853 - 1939
je nizozemska gledališka in filmska igralka, ki je debitirala leta 1873 v Rotterdamu. Najbolj znana je po vlogi Kniertje iz Op hoop van zegen (1900).

Dutch actress, nade her debut in Rotterdam in 1873. She played in plays of Herman Heijermans. Her most famous role was Kniertje from Op hoop van zegen from 1900. She also played in movie.

  
       NL - 1029


Bohanec Mirjana 2.10.1930 -
Hrvaška sopranistka in filmska igralka.
Film Kdor poje ne misli slabo so filmski kritiki proglasili za najboljši hrvaški film vseh časov. Film ima lastnosti operete, vendar istočasno zaradi številnih glasbenih točk izpade kot mjuzikl. Na znamki HR-409 je prizor iz filma na katerem sta igralca Mirjana Bohanec in Relja Bašić. Režiser filma je Krešo Golik. 

Croatian soprano and film actress. The film Tko pjeva, zlo ne misli (Who Sings Means No Harm) was declared the best Croatian film of all times by the film critics. The film has partly operetta characteristics but at the same time it looks like a musical due to the existence of numerous musical numbers. Motif on stamp HR-409: Mirjana Bohanec and Relja Bašić in a scene from the film. Director of film was Krešo Golik.

 
                 HR -
409


BÖHM Almaz 1964 -
je etiopska agronomka, žena avstrijskega igralca (1991), ki je leta 1981 ustanovil dobrodelno organizacijo Ljudje za ljudi (Menschen für Menschen).

Ethiopian agronomist, wife of Austrian actor Karlheinza Böhma founder of charity Menschen für Menschen.
It works exclusively in Ethiopia and carries out long-term, sustainable projects for the rural population there. Following the principle of “support for self-development”, millions of Ethiopians have been given a secure future from the time it was founded to date.

  
               A - 2576


Bohr Margareta
žena danskega znanstvenika Nielsa Bohra.

Wife of Danish scientist Niels Bohr.

   
                 DK - 848


BOLLAND Adrienne 25.11.1895 - 18.3.1975
francoska pilotka

Adrienne Bolland was a test pilot for Caudron, the French aircraft maker, which thought that having a young woman fly its new G3 would be a good way of showing how easy it was to handle the plane. In 1921 she became the first woman to fly over the Andes. She took off from Mendoza, Argentina, and landed 10 hours later in Santiago de Chile. She had flown at an altitude of 14,750 feet, braving the bitter cold and having to avoid mountain peaks that were higher than the altitude her airplane could fly.

    

                        F - 3997


BOMBOVA Viera 14.4.1932 -
slovaška grafičarka, ki je leta 1967 in 1969 prejela na mednarodnem bienalu ilustracij v Bratislavi nagrado Zlato jabolko. Na znamki CZ-2391 je njena ilustracija: Janko Gondašik in zlata žena.

Czech artist, illustrator of books, The Golden Apple winner of the book illustration competition BIB (International Biennial of Illustrations in Bratislava) ´67 and ´69.

  
                CZ - 2391


BONTEA Elena 10.11.1933 -

Moddovian painter studied at School of Fine Arts "Alexandru Plamadeala" in Moldova and at Institute of Art History and Theory in St. Petersburg. She lives and works in Moldova.
On stamp
 MD-572 is her picture: Malanca.

  

                   MD - 572


BOOTH Catherine

    
                     
 MC - 1350


Bora Katharina von 29.1.1499 - 20.12.1552
Rodila se je blizu Leipziga. Ko je bila stara 5 let, ji je umrla mati. Zanjo so najprej skrbeli v avguštinskem samostanu v Brehna, kasneje pa je živela v samostanu Nimbschen. Skupaj s petimi nunami je pobegnila v Wittenberg, središče reformacije. Zavetje je našla pri slikarju Lucasu Cranachu. Za begunko se je zavzel Martin Luther in se brez obotavljanja poročil z njo. Nemški volilni knez je Lutru dodelil avguštinski samostan, ki je postal prijeten dom mladih. Katharina pa ga je z vso zavzetostjo kmalu spremenila v zbirališče študentov, prijateljev, gostov, sosedov in vseh v stiski. Tu se je Katharina seznanjala z idejami reformacije, sodelovala v diskusijah in s tem dajala velik prispevek k propagandi reformacije. Svojega moža je preživela za skoraj 7 let. 

She was born in a place south of Leipzig. At the age of five, after the early death of her mother, she was taken care of first by the nuns of the Augustinian monastery in Brehna and later on lived at the monastery in Nimbschen near Grimma. Together with eight nuns she escaped from the monastery and arrived in Wittenberg, the centre of the Reformation. She found shelter in the home of the painter and mayor Lucas Cranach. Martin Luther took care of the escapee, and in 1525 decided without hesitation to marry Katharina von Bora. On that occasion, the prince elector gave Luther the Augustinian monastery in Wittenberg, which Katharina turned not only into a pleasant home but soon - thanks to her commitment and openmindedness - into a meeting place for students, guests, friends, relatives and persons in need as well. This open house made it possible to see, hear and discuss with the Reformer personally. Thus, Katharina von Bora made no minor contribution to the propagation of the Reformation. She outlived her husband by nearly seven years.

  
          
 D - 2029


Bosse Harriet 19.2.1878 - 2.11.1961
švedska igralka

Swedish actress studied at the Conservatory of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in Stockholm. She worked at the Central Theatre of Christiania 1896-1898, studied in Copenhagen and Paris and made her debut in Stockholm, in 1899 as Loyse in Theodore de Banvile's Gringoire. She also performed on other stages in Stockholm, Gothengurg, and Helsinki and in several motion pictures. She was one of the most popular and critically acclaimed actresses on the Swedish stage at the beginning of the century, but with higher age she found it difficult to get interesting parts, and in 1943 she retired from the theatre.

    
            S - 1291


Bouboulina Lascarina 11.5.1771 - 22.5.1825
je bila grška patriotka, poveljnica ladjevja. Po obeh možeh je podedovala veliko ladjevje, zemljo in gotovino. Bila je članica organizacije, ki je hotela osvoboditi Grke izpod turške okupacije. Bila je edina ženska članica te organizacije. Kupovala in skrivala je orožje, ki so ga Grki potrebovali za upor proti Turkom.

Greek patriot, naval commander. She married twice, both her husbands, captains of their own ships, died in sea battles. She was extremely rich from the fortunes of ships, land and cash inherited from her husbands. She was a member of the underground organization, which for a number of years had organized and prepared the Greeks for the revolution against the Turks. Bouboulina was the only woman who was allowed to join this organization. She helped with buying of arms and hiding them. She participated activity in the War of Independence.

    
           GR - 331


Boucher Helene 23.5.1908 - 30.11.1934
Pilotka je postala s 26 leti. Dosegla je nekaj rekordov v letalstvu: leta 1934 je postavila svetovni hitrostni rekord z 485 km/h, 1933 pa s 5900 m višinski rekord.
Na znamki F-1797 je tudi Maryse Hilsz.

French aviatrix. In 1931 she was the first woman student pilot of the Aeroclub of Landes at Mont-de-Marsan and she obtained the certificate of pilot of tourism. She studied acrobatics under Detroyat and she triumphed in her first air acrobatics match. In 1934, as a speed pilot for Caudron-Renault, she was second in the 12 hours of Angers beating the world record for all categories in the 1,000 kilometers range.
On stamp F-1797 is also Maryse Hilsz.

 
                   F - 1797


BOULANGER Lili 21.8.1893 - 15.3.1918
pevka in glasbenica

She was born in France. She began her music studies very early, and one of the highlights of her life was being able to sing songs by Gabriel Fauré. Lili Boulanger made a noted place in music history by being the first woman to win the Prix de Rome in 1913, and her piece was her cantata Faust et Hélène. At the age of fifteen, she wrote one of her more popular works, a nocturne for violin and piano, and in June of 1914 she wrote her Thème et Variations for piano. Her important works wrote in the years 1916 and 1917: Psaume XXIV (1916), Psaume CXXIX (1916), Psaume CXXX (1916), and Veille prière bouddhique (1917). Her sister was Nadia Boulanger.

   
                 MC - 2764


Boulanger Nadia 16.9.1887 - 22.10.1979
francoska dirigentka, skladateljica in glasbena pedagoginja. Študirala je kompozicijo na pariškem konzervatoriju (1897-1904). Leta 1921 se je začelo njeno dolgoletno sodelovanje z glasbeno institucijo Conservatoire Americain. Med drugo svetovno vojno je poučevala na različnih šolah v ZDA. Kot prva ženska je dirigirala bostonskemu, newyorškemu in philadelphijskemu simfoničnemu orkestru (1938) ter orkestru Londonske filharmonije (1936). Po smrti njene sestre Boulanger Lili leta 1918, ki je bila tudi glasbenica, je lastno skladateljstvo imenoval za neuporabno in je nehala pisati glasbo.

French musician and is better known as a teacher and conductor than as a composer. In the first capacity she was responsible for the musical training of a generation of distinguished composers from Europe and America. Her work as an interpreter influenced many, not least by the part she played in the revival of interest in Monteverdi. Nadia Boulanger's few compositions include Les heures claires, settings of poems by Verhaeren completed in 1912, after which she wrote little, although in 1908 she had won the second Prix de Rome. Her sister was musican Lili Boulanger.

   
                 MC - 2764


BOURDHOUXHE Madeleine 1906 - 1996

  
         B - 3665


Boznanska Olga 15.4.1865 -26.10.1940
poljska slikarka, pod vplivom francoskega impresionizma, slikala predvsem portrete in tihožitja v nežnih zastrtih barvnih tonih. Študirala je v Krakovu, Parizu in Munchnu, kjer je dosegla prve uspehe in prejela številne nagrade.  
PL-1944: Mladenki
PL-2112: Dekle s krizantemo
PL-4220: Prodajalka cvetja

Polish impressionist, painting portrais by use vibrant colours seeming to be veiled with a delicate mist. She was born in Poland, but moved to Paris permanently in 1898. Nevertheless, she remained in contact with Poland and Polish artists, returning frequently to visit and paint. She studied in Crakow and  in Munich, where she had her first successes, winning many prizes and awards. In Paris she joined l’Association des Artistes Polonais "Sztuka."  Known mainly for her portraits and still lives, she ultimately received high awards from both France and Poland. She was most inspired by the impressionist style of painting.

                        

            
    PL - 1944                                  PL - 2112                               PL - 4220


BRACKENBURY Georgina Agnes 1866 - 1949
angleška slikarka
Na znamki
GB-2423 je njena slika Emmeline Pankhurst iz Nacionalne galerije portretov v Londonu.

English painter was born in London, England. She studied at the Slade School of Fine Art. She was a member of both the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies and the Women’s Social and Political Union. Georgina and her sister, Marie, immigrated to San Francisco in 1895. The sisters soon became pupils and close friends of Wm Keith. Georgina returned to London in 1911 and became sought after as a portraitist. Two of her paintings were purchased by the National Portrait Gallery before her death in London in January 1949.
On stamp
GB-2423 is her portrait of Emmeline Pankhurst from the National Portrait Gallery.

 

      GB - 2423


BRADLEY Margaret 1870 - 1948
britanska slikarka,
slika: "La Targa Florio"

British painter.

  
                      I - 3117


BRandes Sonia 1946 -

Danish self-taught artist, particularly known for her papercuts - her decorative papercuts illustrates e.g. H. C. Andersen's fairytales. At H. C. Andersen's 200th birthday Brandes received the City of Odense's Hans Christian Andersen Prize, because she is a brilliant papercut artist, just like the fairytale writer was. Her papercuts has been exhibited in several countries. 

        
                       DK - 1207/1208


Bndstm Elsa 26.3.1888 - 4. 3.1948 
humanistka, vojaška bolniška sestra. Ko je skozi okno švedske ambasade v St. Petersburgu v času prve svetovne vojne opazovala nemške vojne ujetnike, ki so jih vodili v Sibirijo, je sklenila, da opustila razkošno diplomatsko življenje in postala bolniška sestra. Pol privatno, pol kot delegatka švedskega rdečega križa je pod okriljem švedske in danske ambasade pomagala vojnim ujetnikom v Sibiriji. Ujetniki so jo imenovali Angel Sibirije. Po vojni je obiskovala vojne sirote in ruske vojne ujetnike. Z možem se je preselila v Nemčijo, kjer sta pomagala revnim. Ko se je na oblast povzpel Hitler, sta bila prisiljena zapustiti Nemčijo. Preselila sta se v ZDA, kjer sta pomagala evropskim beguncem. 

Humanitarian, army nurse. Gazing down from the window of the Embassy in St. Petersburg, Russia, onto German prisoners of war on their way to the frozen tundra of Siberia, Brändström was moved to leave the luxury of diplomatic life and became a nurse. She ministered to the prisoners of war in Siberia, in part privately and in part as a delegate of the Swedish Red Cross and with the protection of the Swedish and Danish embassy authorities. The prisoners of war benefited tremendously and named her The Angel of Siberia. After the war, she attended the orphans of the German soldiers who had been killed, and Russian prisoners of war. With her husband moved to Germany where she served among the destitute. When Hitler rose to power, Elsa and her husband were forced to flee from Germany and came to USA, where she and her husband offered care to European refuges.


Brandt Marianne 1.10.1893 - 18.6.1983
je nemška oblikovalka, ki študirala slikarstvo in kiparstvo v "Hochschule für Malerei" v Weimaru. V času od 1924 do 1929, ko je diplomirala, je bila članica Bauhausa. Tu so jo poučevali Albers, Moholy, Klee, and Kandinsky. Po vojni je delal kot profesorica na "Hochschule für Bildende Künste" v Dresdenu. Nekateri njeni oblikovalski izdelki se še danes v uporabi  in se proizvajajo. Na znamki je njen čajnik iz Weimara iz leta 1924.

She was a German designer involved with the Bauhaus, where her designs formed an important part of the repertoire and remain in production today. She studied painting and sculpting at the "Hochschule für Malerei" in Weimar. She was at Bauhaus from 1924-1929 and took courses from Albers, Moholy, Klee, and Kandinsky. She lived in Paris from 1926-1927 and received her Bauhaus diploma in 1929. After the war, Brandt worked as an assistant professor at the "Hochschule für Bildende Künste" in Dresden.

   

                     
  D -2002


BRAUNEROVA Zdenka 1858 - 1934


Since her childhood the painter Z. Braunerová, daughter of the politician F. A. Brauner, was interested in painting. She studied with Amálie Mánesová, Pinkas, Chittussi and in Paris where she met with leading artists. Her works, influenced by impressionism and symbolism, were successfully exhibited. Braunerová belonged to the most comprehensive personalities of the Czech and European fine arts. In addition to drawing and painting she created wood engravings, etchings, ex libris and designed decorative glass inspired with Slavonic folk motifs. She greatly contributed to the restoration of Czech book design and typography. Her paintings and graphic works gently and with a special sensitivity for light and colours display the charm of nature. A leading activist for preservation of the old Prague, she was mainly fascinated with the Vltava river banks.

CZ -


Bremer Fredrika 17.8.1801 - 31.12.1865
je švedska pisateljica in zagovornica bork za pravice žensk. Napisala (1830) je prvi švedski realistični roman Družina M. Osebne krize ob spreobrnjenju v krščansko vero je opisala v romanu Nina (1835). Potem ko se opredelila proti poroki in opustila načrte da bo postala medicinska sestra, je napisala zelo bran roman Sosedje (1837). Napisala je tudi avtobiografski roman Dom (1839) in roman Herta, kjer napada moško prevlado v švedski družbi.

Fredrika Bremer, was a Swedish author and women's rights advocate. She published Familjen H. (The Family H.), Sweden's first realistic novel, in 1830. After she was converted to Christianity, a new personal crisis inspired Nina (1835). Deciding against marriage and abandoning plans to devote herself to nursing, she then wrote her most widely read novel, The Neighbors (1837). Her other novels are Hemmet (The Home, 1839), which is autobiographical, and Hertha (1856), an attack on male-dominated Swedish society.

         
                                  S - 540/41


Brigadere Anna 1.10.1861 - 24.6.1933
Znamenita latvijska pisateljica Ana Brigadere  je pisala prozo, pesmi, dramska dela, ukvarjala se je tudi s publicistiko. Znana je po svoji trilogiji God Nature Work, kjer pripoveduje o svojih spominih na otroštvo. Pravljična igra Sprîdîtis je  prva svoje vrste v latvijski dramatiki. Je njeno najbolj popularno delo, prevedeno v osem jezikov.

Famous Latvian writer Anna Brigadere  has created permanent values in different genres of literature such as prose, lyrics, publicism and dramaturgy. In Europa was recognized trilogy of Anna Brigadere God Nature Work which tells in fine language about the deep ethical memories of her childhood. Anna Brigadere has founded a new genre in Latvian dramaturgy by writting a fary-tale play Sprîdîtis in 1903. This play is the most popular work of the writer which has been translated in eight languages as well as staged in Latvia, Finland and Great Britain.

      
   
       LV - 475


Brigita sv. (saint)


Brigitta sv. (saint)


Brlić-Mažuranić Ivana 18.6.1874 - 21.9.1938
Ivana Brlić - Mažuranić  pripada samemu vrhu hrvaškega literarnega ustvarjanja. Knjige Ivane Brlić Mažuranić so pisane za otroke, najprej za svoje lastne  Najbolj znane so Pripovedke iz davnine, roman Vajenec Hlapić, Bajke in basni. Bila je prva žena akademik v Hrvaški. Njena dela so prevedena v skoraj vse evropske jezike. Bila je kandidat za Nobelovo nagrado. V čudoviti zbirki  Ivane Brlić-Mažuranić Pripovedke iz davnine so številne pravljice. Knjiga je bila prvič izdana leta 1916. Vsebino in like je avtorica črpala iz slovanske in hrvaške mitologije, na najboljši možni način je predstavila izgubljeni svet pred krščanskih hrvaških verovanj.
Na znamki HR-412 je motiv iz zgodbe Gozd Striborski, ilustratorka je Cvijeta Job (1965).
Na znamkah HR-
633/634 sta dva junaka iz njenih Pripovedke iz davnine: vila Kosjenka in eden izmed škratov ognjišča Malik Tintilinič.

Ivana Brlić - Mažuranić  ranks among the top Croatian writers. Her books were written for children, primarily for her own children; the most famous are Stories from Ancient Times and the novel The wonderful Adventures of Apprentice Hlapić, and her Fairy Tailes and Fables are equally good. She was the first woman in Croatia to be elected member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her books have been translated into nearly all European languages. She was a candidate for the Nobel Prize. A great number of legends can be found in the wonderful collection Stories from Ancient Times; the book was first published in 1916. She draw the contents and characters’ names from the Slavonic and Croatian mithology, and she brought to life, in the best possible way, the almost lost world of the pre-Christian Croatian beliefs.
Motif on the stamp
HR-412: an illustration from the story Stribor’s Forest by illustrator Cvijeta Job (1965).
On stamps HR-633/634 are two attractive characters from her Stories from Ancient Times: the little fairy Kosjenka and the member of the company of little fireplace brownies, Malik Tintilinić.

                    
           HR - 376                      HR - 412                       YU - 1614  

   
                              HR - 633/634 


Broeckhoven Christine van 9.4.1953 -
belgijska mikrobiologinja in profesorica molekularne genetike na univerzi v Antwerpnu.
Na znamki B-3288 je tudi  Catherine Verfaille

She is a Belgian molecular biologist and professor in Molecular genetics at the University of Antwerp (Belgium). She is also leading the Department of Molecular Genetics of the Flanders Institute of Biotechnology (VIB). Christine Van Broeckhoven does research on Alzheimer dementia, bipolar mental disorders and other neurological diseases. Since 1983 she has had her own laboratory for molecular genetics at the University of Antwerp, and since 2005 is focussing her research on neurodegenerative brain diseases. For her achievements as a scientist, she received the Belgian Quinquennial Prize of the Belgian National Science Foundation and in 1993 she and three other scientists were awarded the American Potamkin Prize for their work on the amyloid precursor protein (APP) which can cause severe, early Alzheimer’s disease. In 2006, she was awarded as laureate for Europe the international L'Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science "for the genetic investigation of Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases".
On stamp B-3288 is also Catherine Verfaille

    
           B - 3288


Bronte Charlotte 21.4.1816 - 31.3.1855
(psevdonim Currer Bell) Z željo, da bi učile tuje jezike je Charlotte Bronte s sestrama (Emily Bronte, Ann Bronte) študirala v Bruslju. Tam je tudi poučevala in delala kot guvernanta. Ko se je vrnila v Anglijo, je ostala sama, da skrbi za svojega očeta. Leta 1947 izdana novela Jane Eyre je dosegla takojšen uspeh. Leta 1849 je izdala novelo Shiley z močnimi avtobiografskimi elementi. V noveli Villette izdani 1853 opisuje Bruseljske izkušnje. Po njeni smrti pa sta bili izdani noveli Professor in Emma.

With sisters (Emily Bronte, Ann Bronte), Charlotte Bronte  studied at Brussels, to prepare themselves to teach foreign languages. Charlotte served in the school as a teacher and was governess to several famillies. In 1847 she published Jane Eyre. The book was an immediate success, arousing intense public curiosity concerning its author. Retuned to England, left alone to care for her father and writing in the intervals between domestic duties, completed a novel with strong autobiographical elements, Shirley (1849). In 1853 Villette was published, a novel in which Charlotte returned to the Brussels experience. The Professor was published posthumously in 1857; Emma, a fragment of a novel,   in 1860.  

    
                 GB -
841

   
                             GB - 2280/85


Bronte Emily 30.7.1818 - 19.12.1848
(psevdonim Ellis Bell) Emely Bronte  je mlajša sestra Charlote Bronte. Z njo je delila osamljeno življenje v Yorkshirskih resiščih. Za večino bralcev njena novela Wuthering Heights (izdana 1847) predstavlja simbol skupnih naporov Bronte sester za njihovo izpolnitev. Roman je močna zgodba o ljubezni in maščevanju v divjini Yorkshira.

Emily Bronte  was younger sister of Charlote Bronte, she shared her isolated life on the Yorkshire moors. For most readers of the Brontes, her novel Wuthering Heights (published in 1847) will remain a symbol of  the sisters' cumulative struggle for fulfillment. It is a powerfull tale of love and revenge set in the remote wilds of Yorkshire.

 
               GB -
843


Brunfaut Emilienne 1908 - 1986
je bila borka za pravice delavk v tekstilni industriji. Kot prva Belgijka je leta 1935 sodelovala v Ženevi na Mednarodni delavski konferenci. Aktivno in nepopustljivo se je borila proti fašizmu in nacizmu.

Brunfaut Emilliene  fought for the rights of female workers in the textile factories. She was first Belgian woman to attend the International Labour Conference in Geneve in 1935. She played an active part in the struggle for peace fighting relentessly against Fascism and Nazism.

 
              
  B - 2412


Brunfay Catherine de

First owner of the Hour Book, a prayer book made in France in mid 15th century and used for eight daily prayers times.

          
    
                                            
  S - 1969-1971


Budevska Adriana 1878 - 1955
bolgarska igralka

Bulgarian actress made her debut in Sofia in 1899. She performed in National Theatre in Sofia. From 1926 - 48 she lived in Argentina for political reasons.

     
      
 BG - 625


Bukovec Brigita 21.5.1970 -
Brigita Bukovec - tekačica, je bila  četrta na evropskem prvenstvu v teku na 100 m z ovirami,  tretja na svetovnem dvoranskem prvenstvu v teku na 60 m z ovirami v Barceloni in osma v teku na 100 m z ovirami na  svetovnem prvenstvu v Göteborgu, 1995. Na olimpiadi v Atlanti je v teku na 100 m z ovirami osvojila srebrno medaljo.
Na znamki SI-
152 je tudi Britta Bilač.

Brigita Bukovec  the fourth place in 100m hurdles on European Championship, the third place in 60m hurdles on World Indoors Championship in Barcelona and the eighth place in 100m hurdles on World Championship in Göteborg, 1995, the 17th place in 100m hurdles in Olympic games Barcelona 1992, the silver medail in 100m hurdles in Olympic Games Atlanta 96. She was in years 93,95,96 proclamated as Slovenian the best sportwoman.
On stamp
SI-152 is also Britta Bilač.

   
           SI -
152


BULOW-HUBE Vivianna Torun
švedska oblikovalka


Bure Ida de  1505 - 1549
Ida de Bure  je bila žena Johna Calvina. Kot vdova ga je srečala v Strassbourgu. Bila je šibkega zdravja. Ob smrti je zapustila dva sinova iz prvega zakona.

Ida de Bure  was wife of John Clavin. She was widow when met Calvin in Strassbourg. She was in poor health and died leaving two sons of her first marriage.

    
    
    B - 1348


Burgund Maria von 1457 - 1482

She was the daughter of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (and of Luxembourg); she became Duchess of Luxembourg upon her father's death in Nancy on January 5, 1477. Later in 1477, she married archduke Maximilian of Austria (the Holy Roman Emperor from 1493-1519), an act which effectively prevented Luxembourg from being annexed by French kings who had claimed ownership of the Duchy since the extinction in 1437 of the male line of the imperial branch of the House of Luxembourg. As Duchess of Luxembourg, Marie of Burgundy strengthened considerably the fortress of Luxembourg and equipped the ramparts with cannons. This was sufficient to withstand the assault in 1479 of the Duke of Amboise, the head of a French army. After this failure, serious opposition to the Burgundian rule of Luxembourg ceased. Marie's benevolent acts were instrumental in securing the loyalty of Luxembourg to Burgundy. She restored the granted privileges of many towns, monasteries, and corporations; restored the confiscated seal; and restored the city hall of Luxembourg City.


Burjan Hildegard 30.1.1883 - 11.6.1933
Hildegard Burjan rojena Židinja je leta 1908 diplomirala na Zuriški univerzi in se skupaj z možem preselila v Berlin. Tu je z vedno večjim zanimanjem študirala versko literaturo. Jeseni 1908 je resno zbolela. ko se je opomogla je prestopila v katoliško cerkev in se posvetila dobrodelnosti. Leta 1909 sta se z možem preselila na Dunaj, kmalu sta postala avstrijska državljana. Leta 1912 je Dr. Burjanova ustanovila Caritas Socialis, zvezo krščanskih tujih delavcev.

Hildegard Burjan  graduated in 1908 from the University of Zurich and moved to Berlin together with her husband. During that time, she increasingly studied religious literature. In autumn 1908, she fell seriously ill. Her recovery made her convert to Roman Catholic faith in the same year, and she devoted the rest of her life to charity. In 1909, the young couple moved to Vienna and, little later, became naturalised Austrian citizens. In 1912, Dr. Burjan founded the Association of Christian Outworkers.

  
            A -
1729


Burke-Sheridan Margaret 15.10.1889 - 16.4.1958
irska sopranistka, študirala je v Dublinu in nato na Royal Academy of Music v Londonu in Rimu. Debitirala je v Rimu 1918 z vlogo Mimi v Boheme. Leta 1920 je prvič pela v Scali, Milano. Pri italijanski publiki je bila zelo popularna, posebej v Madema Butterfly. Pogosto je gostovala v Convert Gardnu v Londonu. Imela je bogat lirični sopran. Kljub številnim povabilom ni nikoli pela na Irskem in v ZDA. Na višku kariere se je leta 1936 nenadoma brez razlage upokojila in vrnila na Irsko.

Irish soprano. Educated at Dominican Convent, Eccles Street, Dublin. Prizewinner at Feis Cheoil 1908. The proceeds of a benefit concert enabled her to study at the Royal Academy of Music, London. Further study in Rome was arranged by Marconi. She made her debut there in 1918 as Mimi in La Bohème. Sang in La Scala, Milan, for the first time in 1920 and became extremely popular with Italian audiences, especially in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly. She made many guest appearances in Covent Garden, London. Audiences were captivated by her beauty, expressive characterisation, and rich lyric soprano voice. Despite repeated requests she would never sing in Ireland or the United States. In 1936 she retired suddenly, at the height of her career and without explanation, and returned to Ireland.

   
               
 IE - 688


Bursać Marija 1921 - 1943
V dneh upora je zagnano delala za NOB. Članica SKOJ od 1941,KPJ od 1942. Bila je namestnica političnega komisarja Prve mladinske delovne brigade in članica okrajnega odbora AFŽ. Od 1943 je bila bolničarka v 10. Krajiški brigadi, v kateri se je izkazala kot borec - bombaš.  V jurišu na nemške bunkerje je bila težko ranjena, tako da je kasneje umrla. Je prva žena narodni heroj proglašena 15.10.1943.

Member of Federation of Communist youth since 1941 and Communist Party of Yugoslavia since 1942. In 1943 joined partisan forces as nurse. As a fighter - bomber she was mortally wounded in an attack on German enemy. As a first woman she was proclaimed as National hero in October 15, 1943.

 

         YU - 2035


Busbach Margareta von 17.stol. (17th. cent.)
redovnica, ustanoviteljica dekliških šol

Nun and founder of schools for girls for all levels of society.


BUTLER Mildred Anne 1858 - 1941
irska slikarka

An Irish landscape painter, Mildred Anne Butler spent most of her life at the family home, Kilmurry in Thomastown, Co. Kilkenny. Kilmurry was her chief source of inspiration, flower gardens and landscapes featuring animals and birds being her forte. She studied under Paul Jacob Naftel in London, crediting him with her first real understanding of the art of watercolour. Exhibition with the Water Colour Society of Ireland began in 1890 and three years later her work was included in an album of watercolours presented to the future Queen Mary. A tiny watercolour of crows hangs in Queen MaryÍs dollÍs house at Windsor. She is associated with the Newlyn school, spending the summers of 1894 and 1895 studying under Norman Garstin, who, like Walter Osborne, had been a pupil of Charles Verlat in Antwerp. Mildred Anne showed only five works at the Royal Hibernian Academy. She exhibited at the first Belfast Art Society show and was one of the first nine academicians elected by the Ulster Academy of Arts in 1930. It wasn't until 1937 that she was granted full membership of the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours, having become an associate as early as 1896.
On stamp IE-1633: Threshing

  
         IE - 1633


BYE Aase  4.6.1904 - 1991
Norveška sopranistka je debitirala leta 1923 v ibsonovem Peer Gynt. Pela je v musicalih in operetah (Carusel, Netopir, Vesela vdova). Svojo kariero je končala 1974.

Norwegian soprano. She debuted on the stage in Ibsen's Peer Gynt, in 1923, and ended her career in 1974. She song in musical comedy as well as operetta taking roles in Carousel and Die Fledermaus as well as The Merry Widow.

  
             N - 1371

gor - up

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