The Civil War Zouave Database
Pre-Civil War and Civil War Zouave Units and Uniforms
Here is a list of Zouave Units in the Civil War or ones that were active shortly before the start of hostilities. Click on the name of the unit to see a picture of their uniform. It is probably never going to be a complete list, but I shall try my best to get as many listed as I possibly can. E-mail
Alabama Alabama Zouaves - Capt. E.M. Law's Co., AL Vol. Inf.
2nd Regt. Militia / 4th AL Inf., Co. B - Tuskegee Zouaves / Alabama Zouaves
15th AL Inf., Co. J,K - Eufaula Zouaves
Capt. John G. Smith's Co., AL Vol. Inf. - Tallapoosa Zouaves
Arkansas 2nd AK Inf., Co. ? (attached from February to June 1862)- Zarvona's Zouaves/Potomac Zouaves/Maryland (Guerrilla) Zouaves (also listed under MD and VA)
California Howell Zouaves - 1865 Nevada County Militia Company
Ellsworth Zouave Cadets - 1864 San Francisco Militia Company
Tittle Zouaves - 1864 San Francisco Militia Company
San Jose Zouaves - Santa Clara County Militia Company
Santa Clara Zouaves - Santa Clara County Militia Company
California Zouaves - 1861 Yuba County Militia Company
1st Marysville Zouaves - 1861 Yuba County Militia Company
1st CA Art. Reg., (attached Infantry company) - Ellsworth Guard (Zouaves) [In late 1863 the name was altered to add 'Zouaves'. In sept. 65 changed name to 'Pioneer Zouaves'.]
Delaware 1st DE Inf., Co. A, & Co. B - Delaware Blues (Delaware Zouaves)
District of Columbia Washington Light Inf., Co. A(also seen as Co. E) - Washington Zouaves
Georgia Thomasville Zouaves
Macon Volunteer Zouaves
4th GA Inf., Co. ? - ?(possibly the Camden Chasseurs, Co. D, 4th GA Cav.)
Illinois Lake Forest Zouaves - Militia Company from Lake Forest College(organized by Ellsworth)
Springfield Zouave Greys
1st IL Lt. Artillery, Battery M - O___? Zouaves
7th IL Inf., Co. I - Springfield Zouave Cadets
11th IL Inf., Co. E - Rockford Zouaves
19th IL Inf., Co. A,K - Chicago Zouaves / Ellsworth Zouave Cadets / Chicago Zouave Cadets / "Col. Scott's Zouave Regt."
37th IL Inf., Co. K - Vermilion County Zouaves
59th IL Inf. / 9th MO Infantry - Zouaves (also listed under MO)
60th Reg. IL State Militia, Co. H - U.S. Zouave Cadets 2nd view of members
77th IL Veteran Inf.
118th IL Mounted Inf.
Indiana Hezekiah Brown's Independent Co. Inf., Indiana Legion(30 days) - Davis Zouaves (of New Albany)
Independent Zouaves of Indianapolis
Lafayette Zouaves - quasi-military boys' company
Montgomery Guards - Crawfordsville, IN
9th IN Inf., Co. K (3 months) [Capt. Dudley H. Chase's Co.] - Logansport Zouave Guard
Fort Harrison Guard Zouaves - (of Terre Haute) organized March 1860, became Co. C, 11th IN Inf.
11th Regt. Indiana Zouaves (this was the Regt's official name, as they were the only Zouave Regt. to not be "Volunteer Infantry" but instead to be "Regiment of Indiana Zouaves") - Wallace's Zouaves
12th IN Veteran Inf. - "Pet Lambs"
18th IN Veteran Inf. - ? 2nd View of Private
22nd IN Veteran Inf. - wore veteran shell jacket. Looking for clear enough image to see details such as presence of tombeaux.
24th IN Veteran Inf.
34th IN Veteran Inf. - Morton Rifles
36th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
43rd IN Veteran Inf. - ?
46th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
47th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
49th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
67th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
99th IN Veteran Inf. - ?
100th IN Inf. - Persimmon Regiment
Iowa Capt. A. A. Graham's Company - Brush Bend Zouaves
1st IA Vol. Inf., Co. E - Burlington Zouaves
28th IA Vol. Inf. - ?
Kansas David Block's Independent Co. KS Inf.(30 days) - Kansas Zouaves / Leavenworth Zouaves
Zouaves d'Afrique - Raised by Senator Jim Lane of KS & wore "baggy scarlet pantaloons purchased from France"
Kentucky Marion Rifle Zouaves - Infantry Company Militia
Halbert Zouaves - Infantry Company Militia
Crittenden Union Zouaves - Infantry Company Militia
Dupont Zouaves - Infantry Company Militia
Tompkins Zouaves - Militia Company called up by US Brigadier General Anderson, Sept. '61
2nd KY Inf., Co. H - Kentucky Zouave Cadets
Louisiana Inkerman Zouaves - New Orleans Theatre Troop
Consolidated Crescent Regt., Co. ?(Capt. W. F. Fry's Company)
- Crescent Zouaves
Louisiana Fire Brigade
Orleans Light Guard Battalion
French Zouave Battalion, European Brigade(New Orleans Foreign Legion) - Tirailleurs Francais
Young Cadets/LA Cadets - attached to Orleans Rifle Battalion
Home Sentinels - Iberville Parish Militia
Munroe Cadets - joined with Munroe Zouaves to form Ouachita Fencibles
Munroe Zouaves - joined with Munroe Cadets to form Ouachita Fencibles
1st Battalion Lousiana Inf./ 1st Confederate State Zouave Battalion - Coppen's Zouaves
St. Leon Dupeire's Zouave Battalion / 1st LA Mounted Zouaves(2nd battalion Coppens' Zouaves)
Louisiana Battalion Zouaves and Chasseurs(Consolidation of Coppens' Zouaves and St. Pauls’ Chasseurs a’ Pied -May 31st, 1862)
1st LA Inf. Battalion, Co. B - Crescent City Rifles
Co. B Wheat's LA Battalion/Wheat's Special Battalion/2nd LA Infantry Battalion - Tiger Rifles
2nd LA Inf. Regt. - Louisiana Zouaves
5th LA Inf., Co. K - Munroe Guards
10th LA Inf., Co. I - Tirailleurs D'Orleans
13th LA Inf.(13th & 20th Consol. Inf.), 6 companies - Avegno Zouaves/Battalion of Governor's Guards
14th LA Inf., Co. ? - ? Zouaves
15th LA Inf., Co. H - Louisiana Turcos
Maine Bowdoin Zouaves - Bowdoin College Military Club
1st Maine Inf., Co. K - Lewistown Zouaves
Maryland Maryland Guard Battalion/1st MD Inf., CSA, Co. E(Formerly part of 53rd Regt. Md. Vol. Militia) - Maryland Guard Zouaves - Second View of Members
Capt. Zarvona's Independant Zouave Company, CSA, later 47th VA Inf., Co. H(transferred to 2nd Arkansas Battalion) - Zarvona's Zouaves/Potomac Zouaves/Maryland (Guerrilla) Zouaves
1st MD Home Brigade Inf., Co.E- Frederick Zouaves
Massachusetts Capt. Reed's Company - Sarsfield Zouaves (named for the man who bought their uniforms)
Adjutant C. M. Whelden's company - Independant Zouaves
"Capt. Brady's Zouave Co."
1st MA Inf., Co ? - Chadwick Light Infantry Zouaves
8th Mass. Inf.,Co. J (later Co. I)(3 months)/ 50th MVM, Co. A/ 13th Unattached Co. MVM - Salem Zouaves
8th Mass. Inf.,Co. G(3 months)/ 50th MVM, Co. A/ 13th Unattached Co. MVM - American Guard , Second Photo of member.
19th Mass. Infantry, Co. K - Boston Tiger Fire Zouaves(rifle company)
23rd Mass. Inf., Co. A - Salem Zouaves
27th Mass. Inf., Band - ? Zouaves (1864)
30th Mass. Inf., Co. I - Boston Fire Zouaves
43rd Mass. Inf. - Boston Light Infantry / Tiger Regt.
Michigan Detroit Zouaves - formed in 1860(boy company)
Brother Johathan Zouaves aka Brother Jonathan Guards (Detroit)- (1861-1862) (boy company) Uniforms were blue jackets and scarlet pants with scarlet Zouave caps.
Coldwater Zouave Cadets a.k.a. Coldwater Cadets - went in to 1st Mich Vol. Inf. in 1861 as C Company.
Ellsworth Zouaves Image Courtesy of MI National Guard.
Hasting Zouave Cadets - formed in 1861, obtained uniforms of unknown style.
The Independent Zouaves - organized in Lansing in April 1861. Apparently it disbanded or became the Elder’s Zouaves.
First Zouaves, a.k.a. Irish Zouaves or Irish American Zouaves - company forming in Detroit in 1861
Marshall Zouaves - formed by young men in 1861
Woodbury Zouaves - home guard company, no further info
Adrian Guard -after the visit of the United States Zouaves Cadets of Chicago in 1860, the company acquired Zouave uniforms of blue jackets trimmed in red with gilt buttons, scarlet pants, and red caps.
Zouave Cadets (of Hudson) - formed in 1861 for boys 12-16. They had J & A Herzof of Chicago make their caps.
1st Battalion Frontier Guards - Co. ?, U.S. Zouave Cadets or U.S. Zouave Cadets of Detroit(1860) - formed in July of 1860. Members were to be between 20 and 23 years of age. They adopted a full Zouave dress, which differed somewhat from that worn by the Chicago United States Zouave Cadets.
4th MI Inf. - (image of Regimental zouave uniform), Co. G - (seen as Trenton Volunteers or Tecumseh Volunteers a.k.a. Tecumseh Light Infantry, wore militia uniform of "red cap, blue jacket, and red pants") Trenton Vols. and Tecumseh Vols. MAY be 2 different militia organizations that combined to make Co. G of the 4th MI Vol. Inf.
6th MI Inf., Co. ?(not co. A,H,E,D or K)- ? Zouaves
8th MI Inf., Co E - Co. Formed in Lansing in 1861
Minnesota 1st MN Inf., Co. E - St. Anthony Zouaves
Misc. / Unknown State Belvidere Zouave Co. (Possibly New Jersey)
Mississippi 13th MS Inf. - Lauderdale Zouaves
Missouri Polk County Rangers - MO State Guard Militia ("red trowsers and gray jackets cut in zouave style" & "baggy red zouave trowsers and short gray jackets")
1st Regiment MO Volunteer Militia., Artillery Company - St. Louis Artillery
2nd MO(Minute Men)Vol. Militia - ? Zouaves
3rd MO Regt., U.S.R.(Reserve?) Corps., Co. A - Turner Zouaves
8th MO Infantry, USA - Fighting Irish Zouaves / American Zouaves
9th MO Infantry / 59th IL Inf. - Zouaves (also listed under IL)
31st MO Inf. - Wide Awake Zouaves
Nebraska 1st NE Inf, Co. ?(Captain W. W. Ivors' Co.) - Zouave Guard
New Jersey Jersey City Zouave Company
Battery B, 1st Regt., N.J. Vol. Lt. Arty. - ? Zouaves
2nd Regt. Foot Militia, Co. H - ? Zouaves
4th NJ Militia - Olden Legion (20th NJ Infantry), Co. G, Camden Zouaves/Camden Fire Zouaves/West Jersey Zouaves - Captain John R. Cunningham (1st company in NJ to enlist)
10th NJ Inf., Co. ? *Currently under research, as might possibly be 4th NJ Militia*
14th NJ Inf., Co. H - McClellan Zouaves
33rd NJ Inf. - Mindl's Zouaves / 2nd Zouaves
35th NJ Inf. - Cladek's Zouaves
New York Ellsworth Guard
45th NYSM, Co ? - Seymour Light Artillery Zouaves
2nd NY Infantry, Co. ? (Capt. G.V. Boutelle's Co.) - ? Zouaves
3rd NY Infantry, Co. E - Syracuse Zouaves
5th Ny Inf. - Duryee's Zouaves
5th NY Veteran Volunteers - Duryee's Zouaves
6th NY Inf. - Wilson's Zouaves
7th NY Inf. - Steuben Rangers/ Steuben Rifles / 1st Steuben Regt.
9th NYSM, Co. B - Brooklyn Greys
9th NY Inf. - Hawkin's Zouaves, Lightning Zouaves, Little Zoo-Zoos
10th NYSM, Co. A - Albany Zouave Cadets
10th NY Inf. - National Zouaves (Co. A - Original national Guard Zouaves, Co. C - Volunteer State Zouaves, Co. F - Morgan State Zouaves)
11th NY Inf. - Ellsworth's Fire Zouaves/ 1st Fire Zouaves
12th NYSM - Onondaga County Regiment, Independence Guard, "The Dozen"(Drum Corps were Zouaves, Regt. were chasseurs)
14th Brooklyn / 84th NY Inf. - Brooklyn Chasseurs. (were chasseurs, but their uniforms were based on Ellsworth's US Zouave Cadets)
18th NY Inf., Co. A - Gridley's Zouaves / The Second Zouaves
17th NY Veteran Infantry - "Red-Headed Woodpeckers"
20th NY Regt., Co. G - ? Zouaves
41st NY Inf., Co. ? - DeKalb Zouaves
42nd NY Inf. - ? Zouaves
44th NY Inf. - Ellsworth's Avengers/ People's Ellsworth Regt.
47th NYSV - Imperial Zouaves
51st Regt. NYSM, Co. A - Shepard Rifles
53rd NY Inf. - D'Epineuil's Zouaves
55th NYSM(also 55th NYSM), Co. F - Gardes Lafayette
57th NY Inf., Co. ? - Washington Zouaves
62nd NY Inf. - Anderson's Zouaves
66th NY Inf., Co. B - Empire Zouaves
69th NYSM, Co. K - Irish Zouaves
73rd NY Inf - 2nd Fire Zouaves
74th NY Inf., Co. B - U.S. Zouave Cadets
75th NY Inf., Co. A - ? Zouaves
87th NY Inf., Co. B / 13th Brooklyn, Co. B - Brooklyn Zouaves/Washington Zouaves
119th NY Inf., Co. ? (Capt. Pleissner's Co.) - Union College Zouaves
125th NY Inf., Co. ? - ? (image found of member in zouave jacket, will post soon)
140th NY Inf. - The Second Monroe County Regiment / Rochester Racehorses / Ryan Zouaves (Jan. 1864 onwards)
146th NY Inf. - Garrard's Tigers (June 1863 onwards)
164th NY. Inf. - Corcoran's Irish Zouaves / Phoenix Regiment
165th NY Inf. - 2nd Battalion Duryee Zouaves
178th NY Inf. - 2nd Regt. Hawkin's Zouaves
North Carolina 69th NC Vols.(Thomas' Legion of Cherokee Indians & Highlanders), Co. ? - Junaluska Zouaves [Contained 200 Cherokee Indians. Organized at Knoxville, Tennessee, during September, 1862, by Col. William Holland Thomas]
Ohio 2nd OH Vol. Militia, Co. D - Cincinnati Zouaves/ Cincinnati Zouave Guards, Co. F - Springfield Zouaves, Co. ? - Gidding's Zouaves
4th OVI, Co. F - The Canton Zouaves
7th OVI, Co. A - Clevland Zouave Light Guard, Co. B - Sprague(Cleveland) Zouave Cadets
30th OVI, Co. A - Portsmouth Zouaves, from Portsmouth, Scioto County
34th OVI - Piatt's Zouaves
44th OVI, Co. ? - ? Zouaves (mentioned in letters from Regt.)
53rd OVI - ? (1864-65)
54th OVI - 2nd Zouaves
76th OVI - ? (1864-65)
Pennsylvania Barstow Zouaves - of Sommerville, PA
Brownell Zouaves - Separate Company Formed In Philadelphia In 1861
Duquense Zouaves - (Western PA Company)
Ellsworth Zouave Cadets - Separate Company Formed In Philadelphia In 1861
Fairfield Zouaves - Militia Company formed in Spring '61.
Sumwalt's Zouaves / Gettysburg Zouaves - Militia Company formed in May '61. Lasted until 1870s.
Mifflin County Zouaves, Capt. Jacob Linthurst's Co. of 42 men, from Milroy, PA - used Ellsworth's Drill manual.
United States Zouaves - Separate Company Formed In Philadelphia In 1861
Washington Zouaves - Separate Company Formed In Philadelphia In 1861
1st Company, Gymnast Zouaves - Pre-war unit, became Co. B, 23rd PA
2nd Company, Gymnast Zouaves - Pre-war unit, became Co. K, 23rd PA
Pittsburgh Fire Zouaves - 2nd VA Inf. USA, Co. D / 5th WV Cav., Co. D (also listed under VA and WV)
1st PA Militia(1860-61) / 18th PVI, Co. D - Philadelphia Zouave Corps(1861) 2nd View of Private and Officer
3rd PA Inf., Co. I - Negley Zouaves, Co. K - Johnstown Zouave Cadets
5th PA Inf., Co. K - United States Zouaves
7th PA Inf., Co. F - Pennsylvania Zouaves
12th PA Inf., Co. I(3 months) - Zouave Cadets
23rd PVI - Birney's Fire Zouaves
28th PA Inf., Co. H - Zouave Cadets
32nd PA Inf, Co. A (3rd PA Reserves) Musicians - ? Zouaves
47th PA Inf., Co. I - Allen Zouaves
50th PA Inf., Co. B - Ellsworth's Zouaves
54th PA Inf., Co. A - Johnstown Zouave Cadets, Co. B - Stoystown Zouaves
57th PA Inf. - Co. ? - ? Zouaves
61st PA Inf., Co. B - Ellsworth Legion, Co. D - Emley Zouaves, Co. G - Holt Guard, Co. H - Independent Greys/Birney's Zouaves, Co. I - Birney's Zouaves, Co. K - 1st Pennsylvania Zouaves
62nd PA Inf., Co. L - Chambers Zouaves
63rd PA Inf., Co. D - Pittsburgh Fire Zouaves
69th PA Inf., Co. I - Tiger Zouaves, Co. K? - Baker Guard Zouaves
71st PA Inf., Co. R - Washington City Zouaves
72nd PVI - Baxter's Fire Zouaves(Co. E -Ellsworth Zouaves)
74th PA Inf., Co. I - Hooveler Zouaves
76th PVI - Keystone Zouaves(Co. A -Lawrence Zouaves, Co. B - Sharon Zouaves, Co. C - Iron Heads Zouaves, Co. H - Curtin Zouaves)
77th NY, Co. ? (Capt. John Covode's Co.) - Covode Zouaves
85th PA, Co. A - ? Zouaves
87th PVI, Co. A - Ellsworth Zouaves, Co. F - Independent Blues of Gettysburg
88th PA Inf., Co. A - Junior Fire Zouaves, Co. B - Neversink Zouaves
93rd PVI, Co. B - Union Zouaves
95th PVI - Gosline's Zouaves
99th PA Inf., Co. G - Union Zouaves, Co. I - Jackson Zouaves
102nd PA Inf., Co. C - Birmingham Zouaves, Co. I - Iron City Zouaves, Co. M - Pittsburgh Zouaves
114th PVI - Collis' Zouaves / Zouaves d'Afrique
122nd PA Inf., Co. K - Schaeffer Zouaves / Lancaster Zouaves
127th PVI, Co. A - First City Zouaves(1862)[formed as an indep. militia company in 1861], Co. B - Harrisburg Fire Zouaves
155th PVI - Ayres' Zouaves(Co. I - Park Zouaves) (1864)
Rhode Island 10th RI Inf., Co. H - Burnside Zouaves
South Carolina 1st Regt. of Rifles - Charleston Zouave Cadets / Chichester Zouaves / McClellan Zouaves
2nd Inf. Battalion, Hampton Legion, Co. H - South Carolina Zouave Volunteers / McCord's Zouaves
Tennessee Nashville Zouaves, CSA - Nashville Militia, A. C. Bauer O.S.
6th TN Vol. Inf, CSA, Co A - Gotten Zouaves
154th TN Vol. Inf., CSA, CO. ? - Harris Zouave Cadets(Memphis Zouaves)
1st TN Zouaves / Anglade's Zouaves (failed to complete organization) - Capt. M. O. Brooks' Co. - McCann Zouaves,
Texas ? TX Inf., Co ? - Magruder Zouave Cadets
1st Regt. Galveston Vol. Militia, Co. ? - Galveston Zouaves
9th Texas Infantry, Co ? - Galveston Zouaves
United States Troops 10th US. Colored Troops
Unknowns Help Identify These Unknown Zouaves!
Vermont 4th VT Inf., Co. A - Bennington Zouaves
Virginia 1st VA Inf., Co. F - Beauregard Rifles/ "The Zouaves"
2nd VA Inf. USA, Co. D / 5th WV Cav., Co. D - Pittsburgh Fire Zouaves (also listed under PA and WV)
19th VA Inf., Co. A - Monticello Guard
44th VA Inf., Co. E - Richmond Zouaves
47th VA Inf., Co. H(transferred to 2nd Arkansas Battalion) - Zarvona's Zouaves/Potomac Zouaves/Maryland (Guerrilla) Zouaves
West Virginia 5th WV Cav., Co. D / 2nd VA Inf. USA, Co. D - Pittsburgh Fire Zouaves (also listed under VA and PA)
Wisconsin Burlington Zouaves
1st Regiment WI Militia, Co. ? - Racine Zouave Cadets
1st WI Inf., Co. D - National Zouaves
5th WI Inf., Co. B - Milwaukee Zouave Cadets
8th WI Inf., Co. G - Janesville Fire Zouaves
11th WI Inf., Co. F - Harvey Zouaves, Co. G - Randall Zouaves, Co. I - Fox River Zouaves
13th WI Inf., Co. B - Janesville Zouaves
23rd WI Inf., Co. A - Madison Zouaves
Website copyright 1999-2003 Shaun Grenan; images copyright their respective owners and author's collection. For info, send an e-mail request.