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    The CIA - Gloria Steinem - the Press
part 2
                         reformatted: 03 january 1999 

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-Breaking Up the Opposition-


Part 2
Continued from: Part 1

A few subjects covered:
JFK Assassination - Katharine Graham - Operation Mockingbird - Watergate

This document is assembled from several issues of Conspiracy Nation
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 34
with added notes and links by risephoenix

[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

We're talking about Gloria Steinem, her association with the Central Intelligence Agency, with Ms. magazine (of course), with people like Katherine Graham, with men like J. Stanley Pottinger. We just took a look at Pottinger's possible role in an arms smuggling scam and his definite role in covering up the assassinations of Orlando Letelier and Martin Luther King.
[These subjects are covered in part 1 --risephoenix]

Now we're going to take a look at the interesting "extra-curricular activities," I guess you could say, of the woman who was the *first* publisher of Ms. magazine. Sometime in the early '70s, a woman by the name of Pat Carbine ("Carbine," sort of ironic in light of Pottinger's role in these assassinations) was, she became the publisher of Ms. Before that, the publisher of Ms. magazine was a woman named Elizabeth Forsling Harris (sp?). And it appears that Elizabeth Forsling Harris played a primary role in the assassination of John Kennedy.

Reading from Volume IV of one of the best series of books on the Kennedy assassination... It's called, Forgive My Grief[1]. It occurs in 4 volumes. It's authored by Penn Jones, Jr.

Now Penn is the editor of the Midlothian Mirror (Midlothian is a suburb of Dallas), and he's one of the foremost researchers, and a man who began investigating the Kennedy assassination *on* 11/22/63 and stuck with it for a long time. Far, far longer than most. And he published Forgive My Grief, Volume IV, in 1974. Copyright 1974, privately published by Penn Jones, Jr., in softcover.

By the way, the title comes from a poem: "In Memoriam," by Alfred Lord Tennyson. It says,

Forgive my grief for one removed,
Thy creature whom I found so fair.
I trust he lives in Thee,
And there I find him worthier to be loved.

(A lot of people have wondered where that reference comes from.)

But anyway, far more important than that reference, is the association of Gloria Steinem and Ms.'s first publisher, Elizabeth Forsling Harris. And it appears that Elizabeth Forsling Harris was involved in planning the assassination of John Kennedy. (Interesting, in light of Steinem's paramour, J. Stanley Pottinger, and his connections not only to the assassination of Martin Luther King, but also his association with people like Michael Vernon Townley, Frank Turpel, Edwin Wilson -- and not to mention George Bush -- in the assassination of Orlando Letelier.)

Reading now from Forgive My Grief, Volume IV.

(And by the way, most of the articles in Penn's book are actually editorials or investigative columns done by Penn in the Midlothian Mirror. And this is one of them.)

    Infiltrating Again

    The Women's Liberation Movement, as well as the Youth Movement, must constantly be aware of the problem of infiltration by enemies. In fact, the [Women's] Liberation group may very well have been taken over already by the Ms. publisher, Elizabeth Forsling Harris. According to the Dallas papers, Mrs. Harris accompanied Liberation leader Gloria Steinem during the Steinem appearances in Dallas.

    Since reading Coup d'Etat by Edward Luttwak, it is easier to understand the enormous planning, and checking and double-checking, necessary before the killing of President John Kennedy could be successfully accomplished. Taking over the most powerful country in the world is not a small task. Having constant surveillance on the opinion makers in Dallas was only one of the necessary requisites in the planning stages. Betty Forsling Harris appears to have been one of the high-level observers moved here from Washington. She left Dallas shortly after the assassination.

    Elizabeth Forsling came to Dallas a few years before the assassination. She was a great and good friend of Stanley Marcus of Nieman-Marcus [department store]. She married and divorced Leon Harris of the A. Harris firm. Elizabeth Forsling Harris worked for the Saul Bloom Advertising Agency and was referred to by Washington planners as "our Dallas contact." She attended the important planning sessions for the coming visit of the President. The Bloom Agency handled the public relations for the visit, then also handled public relations for the Jack Ruby trial. This was a first for any court, to have a public relations firm employed in a court case.

    Elizabeth Forsling Harris was a very close co-worker, with Jack Pewterbaugh (sp?), on the Dallas trip which cost the life of President John Kennedy. Pewterbaugh came to Washington from Minnesota, with Orville Freeman (sp?). In the Agriculture Department, Pewterbaugh was working closely with Billy Sol Estes, later convicted and sent to prison. It was Pewterbaugh who made the decision to hold the lunch in the Trade Mart, "because of the proximity to Love Field." And it was Pewterbaugh who made the decision to take the unauthorized and unnecessary detour in Dealey Plaza.

The two decisions make Pewterbaugh up to his hips in the assassination. Neither he, nor Betty Harris, were ever questioned by the Warren Commission.

And again, the Bloom Agency handled the P.R. not only for President Kennedy's visit to Dallas, but also handled the public relations for Jack Ruby's trial. This was the first time any court had had a public relations firm employed in such a capacity. (Although my understanding is that now that is sort of standard operating procedure, where anyone can afford it. So this was sort of a ground-breaking event.)

One thing that is *not* included in that particular article about the Bloom Agency (and recall that's with whom Elizabeth Forsling Harris was working) is that Oswald had visited the Bloom Agency a number of times before his alleged (and obviously non-existent) role in the assassination of Kennedy.

The important thing in examining Oswald, by the way (as we looked at not only in "The Guns of November," but in a number of Radio Free America shows -- the "Aryan Nation" series and "World Anti-Communist" series in particular [CN: Tapes of past broadcasts may still be available; phone 415-346-1840, or contact Conspiracy Nation for more info]), but the important thing about examining Oswald is to find out *who* manipulated him in such a way as to take the fall for the Kennedy assassination. Lee Harvey Oswald didn't kill anyone.

The point here is that Elizabeth Forsling Harris appears to have been a primary planner in the Kennedy assassination. She was never questioned by the Warren Commission, she worked for the Bloom Agency, which had some curious roles throughout the [Ruby] trial. And beyond that, she was heavily involved, along with Jack Pewterbaugh, in planning the motorcade route for John Kennedy. (That, of necessity -- for those who've studied the details of the assassination -- has to have placed her, as Penn Jones indicated, in the very center of the conspiracy itself. And as we've looked at in our "Aryan Nation" series as well as "The Guns of November," the Kennedy assassination was, for all intents and purposes, a military coup.)

Now again, perhaps the Steinem association with Elizabeth Forsling Harris in and of itself wouldn't be too damning. But in light of all the other information -- the Independent Research Service connections, in light of her association with J. Stanley Pottinger and some of the things Pottinger's been involved in -- it's one more very interesting detail concerning Steinem and her involvement in a very deep intelligence mileau.

And again, Elizabeth Forsling Harris replaced (ironically enough) by Pat Carbine, as publisher of Ms. magazine.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 35
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

Katherine Graham

The last person that we're gonna take a look at (well, the next-to-last person, actually) in considerable detail is the aforementioned Katherine Graham. A principle stockholder in Ms. [magazine], one of the people who helped lean on Random House for the deletions in the book, Feminist Revolution [out of print, can be searched for: hardback or paperback], Katherine Graham is, as mentioned, one of the key people who, not only is one of the key stockholders, but one of the key people who helped found Ms. magazine in the first place.

Katherine Graham, as well as the entire Washington Post mileau, have a long-standing relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency. That information came to light in a book called Katharine the Great, subtitled, Katharine Graham and her Washington Post. Published in hardcover by Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. Authored by Debra Davis. It's copyrighted 1979, by Debra Davis. And I would point out that this book is very difficult to find because it was suppressed, almost certainly because of the CIA connections revealed in it.
[this book is available again from a different publisher: click here or above --risephoenix]

What we're going to be looking at here (and again, this is, in a sense, placing the whole Ms. magazine situation in a much larger framework) is basically that the Washington Post is part of a, well, I guess you'd have to say (ironically enough here) an "old boy network" which is one of the major axes of the CIA's involvement with the news media.

We're going to be taking a look at the evolution of the Washington Post in conjunction with the Central Intelligence Agency. And then we're going to take a look at Katherine Graham's role as head of the Washington Post, and the Washington Post's role in getting rid of Richard Nixon on behalf of the U.S. National Security Establishment. As I indicated, Watergate was much deeper (I guess one could say, extending the metaphor) than the popular imagination has generally conceived.

But we're going to take a look at "Katherine the Great" and her involvement with the CIA and Watergate a little later. But beyond that, we're going to take a look at Washington Post as basically part of a long-standing CIA intelligence/media mileau.

Operation Mockingbird
[for more on Operation Mockingbird, click here --risephoenix]

First thing we're going to look at here is the establishment of an operation called "Operation Mockingbird." This was set up, not only by Washington Post publisher Phil Graham (the former husband of Katherine Graham), but also [by] a CIA official named Frank Wisner (sp?). We've taken a look at Frank Wisner's role in importing the Ukranian fascists and SS units, in Radio Free America #1 and #2. And in Radio Free America show #15, we looked at the role of these same elements in the assassination of John Kennedy in setting up a "left" cover for the assassination. We also took a look at the role of Wesley Liebler (sp?), a law partner of Frank Wisner's, in covering up the White Russian, Czarist, and Russian fascist connections to the assassination of John Kennedy. That, in Radio Free America #15.

Now Frank Wisner and Phil Graham were two of the people who helped set up Operation Mockingbird, which was a CIA/media propaganda effort. Debra Davis writes about this in Katharine the Great as follows.

    Frank Wisner, like Phil Graham, had been born a southerner and had made his own way in the Northeastern legal establishment. During the war [WWII], he had been recruited into the OSS by William Donovan (whose house the Grahams had bought) and had been sent to the Balkans where he conceived of and executed operations that became models for future psychological warfare. He had been excluded from postwar intelligence because of bureaucratic infighting, had been asked to return as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Occupied Countries, an intelligence post, and by September of 1948 he was named Director of the Office of Policy Coordination [OPC], the covert operations arm of the CIA. OPC and CIA were officially merged in 1952. At OPC, Wisner developed a vision that the war against Communism would be fought not as another large war, but as a series of "guerrilla-like skirmishes," a situation that he sought to control.

    Sometimes in co-operation with embassies or the Marshall Plan outposts, and sometimes not, Wisner had already begun wide-scale recruitment of foreign students and infiltration of labor unions. But he wanted something more, a way not only to subvert and disrupt but to give foreign peoples a sense of America, to "alter their perceptions" against Communism without violence. And thus Wisner, his deputy Richard Helms, and Phillip Graham, conceived of a formal program to recruit and use journalists. A haphazard practice until then, it was said to have had the code name, "Operation Mockingbird."

And Philip Graham here, again, one of the people working with Richard Helms, later Director of Central Intelligence, and CIA official Frank Wisner, was one of the people who helped develop this Operation Mockingbird: the first, and most long-running and successful, of the many CIA programs infiltrating and manipulating the news media.

The next thing we're going to look at is the primary role that the CIA has played in building the Washington Post over the years and the Washington Post Corporation. Again, returning to Katharine the Great by Debra Davis:

    But the Post was also unique among news companies in that its managers, living and working in Washington, thought of themselves simultaneously as journalists, businessmen, and patriots, a state of mind that made them singularly able to expand the company while promoting the national interest. Their individual relations with intelligence had, in fact, been the reason that the Post company had grown as fast as it did after the war. Their secrets were its corporate secrets, beginning with Mockingbird. Phillip Graham's committment to intelligence gave his friend Frank Wisner and Allen Dulles an interest in making the Washington Post the dominant news vehicle in Washington, which they did by assisting its two most crucial acquisitions, the Times-Herald and WTOP [radio].

    The Post-men most essential to these transactions (other than Phil) were Wayne Coy, the Post executive who had been Phil's former New Deal boss, and John S. Hayes (sp?), who replaced Coy in 1947 when Coy was appointed chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. It worked like this: Hayes had been commander of the Armed Forces Radio Network, ETO (European Theater of Operations), and in that capacity had made intelligence connections all over Europe. He came to the Post, after turning the network to the service of the Marshall Plan, with the title of Vice President for Radio and Television. In Washington, he became friendly with Frank Wisner, father of [Operation] Mockingbird, and with Allen Dulles, an OSS man who became the second Director of the new CIA in 1953.

(I would interrupt, of course you look at Dulles' role in the Bay of Pigs and the importation and manipulation of the [Nazi] Gehlen organization as well as the assassination of Kennedy.)

    The relationship with Dulles was particularly important because of Dulles' ties to Wall Street, from which intelligence, industry, and government all draw their leaders -- the men who form this country's ruling clique.

    Between 1937 and 1943, when he joined the OSS, Dulles had been a director of the Schroeder (sp?) Bank, which in Germany had mis-judged the oneness of corporate and national interests to the extent of helping to finance Hitler because he promised to stabilize the German economy. From his membership in the tiny merchant banking community, which includes at any time only about 100 active partners distributed among the Morgan, Lazar (sp?), Rothschild, Hambros, and Baring Houses, Dulles knew and respected former Lazar associate Eugene Meyer.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 39
CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

    From his corporate law work at Sullivan & Cromwell, the pre-eminent foreign policy law firm in America, Dulles was close to [Washington] Post company attorney Frederick S. Beeb (sp?) at Kravith, Swayne & Moore (sp?), another foreign policy firm. A quiet, thoughtful man, Beeb had been recruited out of Yale 1938 by Kravith senior partner Roswell Kilpatrick (sp?), later the Assistant Secretary of Defense under Robert McNamara during the Vietnam War. At Kravith, Beeb had been assigned to handle estate planning and other legal affairs for the Meyer family

(That's the family from which Katherine Graham came, by the way.)

    and eventually became their chief corporate as well as personal counsel, representing their interests in every significant transaction over three decades, including the legally complex, monopolistic acquisition of the Times-Herald in '54. The merger was critical for Katherine [Graham's] family, confirming their power and influence in Washington and making the paper financially "safe enough for her son Donny."

    It was also critical to Hayes, Phil Graham, Beeb, Wisner, and Dulles -- men who had a political interest in her family's newspaper -- because the Times-Herald maintained a bank of dossiers routinely made available to the FBI, the CIA's rival in domestic Cold War intelligence. When Col. McCormick decided to sell his nearly bankrupt Washington newspaper, he asked Eugene Meyer the price of $8.5 million for it, about three times its worth. John Hayes went to Chicago in March of 1954 to make the initial payment in cash. The merger drove up the value of the Post's stock and made the executives richer. It also increased the CIA's access to information, news sources, and co-operative newsmen, to the benefit of [Operation] Mockingbird, which Frank Wisner had been expanding throughout the Cold War.

So, reviewing that section very briefly, not only in its acquisition of radio station WTOP, but also the McCormick newspaper the Washington Times-Herald, basically the CIA was intimately involved in assisting the [Washington] Post and thereby, obviously, also assisting itself, in cementing its relationship with one of this country's major papers.

Now the next element of the Washington Post/CIA association we're going to be looking at concerns Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee, his brother-in-law (a man named Cord Meyer, a CIA counter-intelligence official operating under James Jesus Angleton), and also, a fellow named Richard Ober.

Now Richard Ober is a close friend and old buddy of Ben Bradlee. Richard Ober also went to work for CIA. And Richard Ober was to become "Deep Throat" himself. We're gonna talk about that in a minute. The point is, here, Cord Meyer is another CIA counter-intelligence official. He is the brother-in-law of Ben Bradlee.

In 1956, Ben and Toni Bradlee are part of a community of Americans who have remained in Paris after having been trained in intelligence during the war or in propaganda at the Economic Cooperation Administration. Many have now addressed themselves to fighting Communism, a less visible but more insidious enemy than Nazi-ism had been. Some of them, like Bradlee, are journalists who write from the Cold War point of view. Some are intelligence operatives who travel between Washington and Paris, London and Rome. In Washington, at Phillip Graham's salon, they plan and philosophize. In foreign cities, they do the work of keeping European Communism in check.

Bradlee's childhood friend, Richard Helms, is part of this group. He has written portions of the National Security Act of 1947, a set of laws creating a Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency, the latter to support the CIA with research into codes and electronic communications. Helms is the Agency's chief expert on espionage. His agents penetrate the government of the Soviet Union and leftist political parties throughout Europe, South America, Africa and Asia. Angleton and Ober are counter-intelligence and run agents from Washington to Paris who do exactly the opposite: they prevent spies from penetrating American embassies, the State Department, the CIA itself.

Head of the third activity, covert operations, is Phil Graham's compatriot, Frank Wisner, the father of [Operation] Mockingbird, whose principal operative is a man named Cord Meyer, Jr. Meyer was a literature and philosophy major at Yale, and is consequently well-liked by Angleton who, when at Yale, thought of himself as a poet and edited a literary magazine. Meyer is married to Toni Bradlee's sister, Mary Pinchot Meyer, the woman who later became [John F.] Kennedy's lover and was murdered in 1964.

Among the fascinating and glamourous Americans of Paris, London and Rome, the Meyers are more fascinating and glamourous than the rest. Mary was the most brilliant and beautiful girl in her class at Vassar and is now a painter beginning to be critically recognized. Cord is an attractive and articulate figure whose evolution as an anti-Communist has given him a unique understanding of Communist trends in European trade union and Third World liberation movements. Because of this specialized knowledge, he is, as few men are, considered within the Agency to be indispensable.

The point is here that, not only was Ben Bradlee, the editor of the Washington Post, himself trained in intelligence, very close not only to Richard Helms (who was CIA Director at the time of Watergate), but also to Cord Meyer, his brother-in-law, a key CIA counter-intelligence official, and also [to] a man named Richard Ober. We're gonna talk about Richard Ober a little later.

But again, the point here is that the Washington Post is really (like many other newspapers in this country) inextricable from the U.S. intelligence establishment. And that very relationship was indispensable in helping the Washington Post to grow as an institution.

Now although Phillip Graham was one of the people who helped set up the working relationship between the [Washington] Post (and other news media) with the CIA, he eventually, for a reason or reasons unknown, began to disintegrate mentally. One of the interesting "symptoms" (if one could call it that) of his mental disintegration is that he became very vocal and critical about the CIA relationship with the news media. (Which, of course, he had helped to set up in the first place.)

Again, reading from Katharine the Great, of Phillip Graham, [Debra Davis] writes,

    He had begun to talk, after his second breakdown, about the CIA's manipulation of journalists. He said it disturbed him. He said it to the CIA. His enchantment with journalism, it seemed, was fading. "Newspapers are the rough drafts of history," he now thought. "Media politics do not become history until the moral judgements are in."

    As he became more desperate, unable to control the forces that controlled him (one of the manic-depressive's greatest fears), he turned against the newsmen and politicians whose code was mutual trust and, strangely, silence.

So it's worth noting here that, upon the eve of his death, which in turn was a few months before President Kennedy was to be killed (and obviously, the whole thing was very much in the workings at that time. People can check our archive tapes for that. [415-346-1840]). But it's interesting that Phillip Graham had become disenchanted, and vocally so, about the very relationship between CIA and the media that he had helped to set up in the first place.

Now eventually, as a result of this mental disintegration, Phillip Graham was interred in a very well-known mental institution called "Chestnut Lodge." Many people have suggested that Chestnut Lodge is one of the many CIA mind-control institutions or ones that have been affiliated with it. I can't document that. It's something I've heard said. But it is interesting in light of the longstanding and successful effort of the CIA to not only use mind-control techniques -- hypnosis, psycho-surgery, and psycho-pharmacology -- to get people to commit assassinations, but then to commit suicide themselves later, thereby sealing their lips.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 40
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

It's worth noting here because, upon leave from Chestnut Lodge, Phil Graham blew his own brains out, in August of 1963.

Reading again from Katharine the Great:

    Death preoccupied Phil all that Spring. Three times, with permission to leave Chestnut Lodge, he visited Edward Bennett Williams to re-write his will, each time reducing Katherine's share of his estate. On the second visit, he demanded that Williams burn the first will. On the third, he had him burn the second. These wills rescinded and superseded the carefully thought out document of longstanding, one that provided trust funds for his children and gave the bulk of his estate to his wife. After he died, during probate, Katherine's lawyer challenged the legality of the last will. The probate proceeding enabled Katherine to take control of the [Washington] Post with no significant legal problem. Although with the discredited will not on the public record, it is not known who Phil might have designated in her place.

    Manic-depressives frequently plan their deaths on the anniversary of a significant event. Saturday, August 3rd, 1963, was the 15th anniversary of the formation of the Washington Post Company, the umbrella corporation for the Post and other property in which Katherine and Phil Graham were sole partners. On the morning of August 3rd, Phil telephoned Katherine from Chestnut Lodge and said that he was feeling much better. He asked if he could spend the weekend with her on their farm. Katherine called Joe Rowe (sp?) and told him happily, "Phil is better! He's coming home. Why don't you come over and see him on Tuesday?"

    On Monday he would spend the day with the children. She picked him up at Chestnut Lodge that morning. They drove to a small Virginia town called Warrenton, in Fochier (sp?) County, 42 miles southwest of Washington, in the Virginia Hunt country. The farm, Glen Welby (sp?), was that of a gentleman and weekend hunter, equipped with television and telephones, books and paintings, shotguns for hunting deer and rifles for quail hunting parties, horses, servants, a large, well-stocked kitchen and bar. Katherine and Phil spent some time together, and then Katherine took a nap. Phil went downstairs, sat on the edge of the bathtub, and shot himself in the head.

Again, he may very well have been disturbed here. However one of the x-factors that's missing here from Debra Davis's ruminations on the death of Phil Graham is his long standing with intelligence and, in turn, the longstanding, ongoing, and highly successful attempts by the CIA to institute mind control, including training mind-control assassins and consequently (as we looked at in our Radio Free America series on mind control) to get some of those assassins (or apparent assassins: they're often used as decoys) to commit suicide. So whether or not the death of Phillip Graham here, who had become disenchanted with the pattern of CIA co-operation with the media, had anything at all to do with CIA mind control, remains to be seen. As we like to say here, "Food for thought, and grounds for further research." It is worth noting, though, that this happened just about 3 months before the assassination of President Kennedy. It's also worth noting that Phillip Graham's discredited wills *might* have invested the Washington Post (at least to a certain extent) away from the CIA which had been so inextricably involved with it from the very beginning.

And of course, one of the main names to take note of here -- again, by way of noting how the Washington Post really is part of a sort of old intelligence, old boy network here -- is the name of Edward Bennett Williams, the owner of the Washington Redskins for awhile, and now the Baltimore Orioles. Edward Bennett Williams is one of the prime, intelligence-related attorneys in the United States. His clients not only include Richard Helms, whose association with Ben Bradlee we looked at awhile ago (Helms, of course, CIA Director; CIA Director at the time of the overthrow of the Allende government, worked with Henry Kissinger, [Gloria] Steinem's old [boyfriend], among others.) But Edward Bennett Williams has represented John Connally, Jimmy Hoffa, Robert Vesco. And interestingly enough, it was while working as an investigator for Edward Bennett Williams's law firm, that Robert Maheu, formerly of the [Howard] Hughes organization, helped set up the organized crime assassination teams which were allegedly to be used against Castro, but there's some indication that they were used against John Kennedy instead. [CN: See, for example, "Alpha-66," CN 8.43] Again, documentation on that, on "Guns of November," program #1, the first of our 4 programs on the assassination of John Kennedy.

It's worth noting here now too, that surrounding the death of John Kennedy, we have an interesting situation that, not only does Phillip Graham "bow out" in sort of a grisly fashion, but also *after* John Kennedy was killed, in October of 1964, Mary Meyer, the ex-wife of Cord Meyer, the brother-in-law of Ben Bradlee (who himself had intelligence connections) -- Cord Meyer, a key CIA counter-intelligence official -- Mary Meyer was murdered, her diary then appropriated by CIA counter-intelligence chief James Angleton.

Reading again from Katharine the Great:

    Ben Bradlee was considered by some members of the Washington press to be insensitive and ruthless, professionally and socially. He was indiscrete about having been on intimate terms with Kennedy, one aspect of which was that his sister-in-law, Mary Pinchot Meyer, who had lived in Bradlee's renovated garage, had been Kennedy's lover. Mary Meyer had been murdered in October of 1964. She was killed near her house, or by the C&O Canal in Georgetown, shot or stabbed. The location, even the manner of her death, varies with each account. Immediately after she died, James Angleton, the CIA's Chief of Counter-Intelligence, searched her apartment for a diary she had kept about Kennedy and took it to CIA headquarters. Supposedly to burn it, although because of his training he never destroyed any document. A year later, when Bradlee went to the [Washington] Post, the slaying was still unsolved. (It has never been solved. Bradlee was uncharacteristically silent about it.)

So the point here again is, right around the time John Kennedy was leaving this world, a lot of the people within the whole Washington Post axis (and again, I use that term ["axis"] advisedly) were also "bowing out" in grisly fashion: Phil Graham, and the late, unfortunate, Mary Pinchot Meyer, being a couple of them here.


Now the last two details that we're gonna look at here are, in a sense, a sort of an abbreviated look at the Washington Post involvement with CIA in the Watergate case. Now one of the aspects of Watergate that has not received enough publicity is the fact that it appears almost probable that the CIA, as well as other elements of the National Security establishment, wanted Richard Nixon out for a reason or reasons which are debatable. Debra Davis here gives some reasons; we're gonna entertain those. I'm gonna suggest a couple of others here in a couple of minutes.

Now we could go into the indications of CIA involvement in Watergate all day. Unfortunately, due to time limitations here, we're not gonna be able to do it. Suffice it to say that James McCord, who was a very high-ranking intelligence official, head of the security organization for the Committee to Re-Elect the President, led the Watergate burglars into the Watergate Hotel. Now one of the things that McCord did is, after placing a piece of tape on the door to alert him as to whether or not the "Plumbers'" presence had been discovered in the Watergate -- when he discovered that tape missing, he then replaced the tape *without* notifying the other Plumbers. For a man of McCord's very longstanding and sophisticated involvement with the intelligence community, that is frankly incredible, if one is to accept that James McCord was not a double agent placed within the Plumbers organization to get rid of Richard Nixon on behalf of CIA and others. That is the general view of most researchers, simply because as soon as McCord saw that tape missing he has to have known that their presence in the Watergate Hotel was discovered. There's no other conclusion. He placed the tape to alert him to a discovery. When he saw it was missing -- not just knocked off, but missing -- he has to have known that their presence was discovered. Despite that, he replaced the tape again; didn't alert the other Plumbers. And when the security guard at the Watergate Hotel saw that the tape was replaced again, he notified authorities. Because obviously he knew someone was in there. So again, that's just one of the many indicators that, in fact, Nixon's Plumbers unit was deep-sixed by CIA from the inside. The motives for doing so remain a matter of debate.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 42
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

Now obviously, people are aware of the role of the Washington Post, Woodward and Bernstein in particular, in breaking the Watergate case. It appears that Woodward and Bernstein, through Katherine Graham the publisher and Ben Bradlee, were manipulated by CIA -- and specifically, Richard Ober, an associate of Bradlee's and himself a key CIA counter-intelligence official, along with Cord Meyer, Bradlee's brother-in-law. Richard Ober was indeed the "Deep Throat" who alerted Woodward and Bernstein. Interestingly enough, Richard Ober was also head of "Operation Chaos," a CIA domestic counter-intelligence operation which involved setting up provocations as well as infiltrating radical groups.

Of the Washington Post's role in removing Richard Nixon and in the Watergate case, Debra Davis writes as follows. (You'll see some references here to the book, All The President's Men, by Woodward and Bernstein.)

    Watergate was, according to this scenario, a counter-intelligence operation of the highest order, carried out for patriotic as well as bureaucratic reasons which were, in the minds of the intelligence directors, one and the same. It is clear what their motives must have been. Kissinger was pursuing a disastrous policy in Cambodia, disregarding the CIA's advice and blaming the CIA when he failed -- all the time adding fuel to the anti-war movement. Nixon's harsh and stupid attempts to "get political control over the CIA," as Watergate burglar James McCord later told the Senate Watergate Committee, his intention to have the Agency's judgements conform to rather than inform his policies, "smacked of the situation which Hitler's intelligence chiefs found themselves in" before the fall of Germany. But primarily because Nixon seemed at times to be insane, a terrible and a dangerous head of state, double-agent Ober, by this logic, arranged for double-agent McCord to be arrested during the Watergate break-in. And then Richard Ober, the head of Operation Chaos, the only man in the nation with access to classified information at the White House, the FBI, the CIA, and CRP [Committee to Re-Elect the President], became Deep Throat, a favor to Ben Bradlee, an old Harvard chum. Ober's boss, James Angleton, finally had achieved the ultimate dirty trick. Bradlee would take all the risks, and either Bradlee would succeed in getting rid of Nixon, or Katherine Graham would have to salvage her newspaper by getting rid of Bradlee.

That, basically, is the view of Richard Ober, the counter-intelligence official of CIA. The further information that Richard Ober was, in fact, Deep Throat, and that the CIA and Washington Post were involved in removing Nixon, is added here by Debra Davis. (It doesn't really matter the order here, but I read that a little out of order.)

But again, reading more about the use of Washington Post by CIA and CIA counter-intelligence to remove Nixon, Debra Davis writes as follows.

    The minor deception in the book is that only Woodward knew who Deep Throat was.

(That book, of course: All The President's Men.)

    Bradlee knew him; had known him for longer than Woodward. There is a possibility that Woodward had met him while working as an intelligence liaison between the Pentagon and the White House, where Deep Throat spent a lot of time, and that he considered Woodward trustworthy or useful and began talking to him when the time was right. It is equally likely, though, that Bradlee, who had given Woodward other sources on other stories, put them in touch after Woodward's first day on the story, when Watergate burglar James McCord said at his arraignment hearing that he had once worked for the CIA. Whether or not Bradlee provided the source, he recognized McCord's statement to the court as highly unusual. CIA employees, when caught in an illegal act, do not admit that they work for the CIA unless that is part of the plan. McCord had no good reasons to mention the CIA at all, except apparently to direct wide attention to the burglary, because he had been asked to state only his present occupation and he had not worked for the CIA for several years.

(I think that last statement is open to question. That last statement of Debra Davis is open to question.)

What matters is not how the connection with Deep Throat was made, but why. Why did Bradlee allow Woodward to rely so heavily upon it? And ultimately, why did the leaders of the intelligence community, for whom Deep Throat spoke, want the President of the United States to fall?

All of that, really, highlights the ongoing association of not only the Washington Post, but Katherine Graham, a key partner in the Ms. [magazine] axis, in working with CIA.

Now one scenario that is not discussed by Debra Davis concerns the possibility that Richard Nixon was not only removed because he was a dangerous leader, but there are a lot of indications that he was removed, basically, because the military and the "far right" were upset with his policies of detente towards the Soviet Union and China. The China lobby in particular (and we've looked at that in great detail in Radio Free America shows #11, #14, and #15, the second of our "Aryan Nations" programs and our two "Anti-Communist League" programs), the China lobby is a dominant and extremely reactionary force in American politics. Nixon was very close to them and many researchers feel (and there's indications that they felt betrayed by Richard Nixon) that they wanted a harder "Cold Warrior" than Nixon turned out to be -- even though he was a lifelong anti-Communist -- and that as a result they had him removed. That's another interpretation that many researchers have.

I also think... (I think that is correct.) I also think, to a certain extent, Debra Davis's analysis is correct. In a sense, Nixon wanted to become larger than the system. As of 11/22/63, the intelligence services and military were giving orders to the President, not the other way around. Nixon (although he was involved in the Kennedy assassination himself, as we looked at in the "Guns of November," program #3, about Watergate connections to the assassination), Nixon wanted to basically gain control of the whole show. He didn't want to be a servant; he wished to be a master. I think Davis's analysis in that respect is correct, and that that was one of the reasons why he was ousted.

Many people feel that the Kennedy assassination and Nixon's involvement in it was the lever used to oust Richard Nixon. The fact that Kennedy's assassination and discussion of it appears to have been involved *with* the Watergate tapes themselves we went into in great length in "Guns of November" #3. Also, there's some interesting information in an interview that I had with Gordon Novel (sp?), one of the principal figures in Jim Garrison's investigation in New Orleans. The full tape is available from Dav-Cor (sp?), and a little blurb of that is something that you hear on our little promotional part that I'm going to play in just a couple minutes.

Again, this discussion of Katharine Graham and the Washington Post, and their mutual association with CIA, is being included here not only for the information about Watergate, the fact that CIA official Richard Ober, in charge of Operation Chaos, appears to have been Deep Throat, but primarily because, in connection with all the other associations -- Clay Felker and Gloria Steinem, Elizabeth Forsling Harris -- it paints a rather damning picture not only of Gloria Steinem herself, and her association with people like Pottinger and so forth, but that it shows a larger pattern of CIA co-operation with and manipulation of the media.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 43
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

One last item here that I'm gonna talk about (actually, review; we read this last week) concerns the curious associations of Geraldine Ferraro. Again, by way of taking a look at reactionary and intelligence infiltration of the women's movement and perhaps, at this point, control of the same. Research credit for this article goes to Ted Rubinstein, and it's from a Betty Beale (sp?) column. She's a society columnist. And it was carried in the Cleveland Plain Dealer on October 14th, 1984. It's featured by the News America Syndicate.

    Political Opponents Make Strange Playmates

    You'd never guess it, but ultra-liberal Geraldine Ferraro and super-conservative Roy Cohn are friends. In fact, Cohn, the brash young investigator of the Joe McCarthy days, may have been the first to plug Ferraro for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination.

    It happened at Cohn's birthday party last February at Regine's in the "Big Apple" [New York City]. It was "quite a do," says Victor Laskey (sp?), author of It Didn't Start With Watergate. "Our Ambassador to Austria, Helena von Dame (sp?) was there, as was prominent New Yorker hostess C.Z. Guest (sp?), Barbara Walters, the Rupert Murdochs, Andy Warhol, Bianca Jagger, the Charles Wickes (sp?), Baron and Baroness Ricky DePortnova (sp?), and Heaven knows who else, and the John Zacaros (sp?)." In fact, the Zacaros had been at previous Cohn birthday celebrations. [CN: As I recollect, Zacaro was/is Ferraro's husband.]

    It was at the last one, however, that the lawyer/host [Cohn] introduced Ferraro as the possible next vice-presidential candidate of the Democratic Party. Playmates make strange politics.

Now a couple of the interesting points about the Roy Cohn/Geraldine Ferraro association and the fact that Roy Cohn appears to have been the first person to promote Geraldine Ferraro as the Democratic vice-presidential candidate: Roy Cohn, although a luminary in New York society until his death, he was nominally a Democrat. But he was a loyal supporter of Ronald Reagan and obviously one of the guiding figures of the "far right" for a long time. Also, as we've looked at from the book Farewell, America, he himself was a participant in the assassination of President Kennedy.

Now the fact that the Geraldine Ferraro financial scandals, as well as her husband's questionable deals with mafiosi possibly, and real estate manipulations, were a couple of the things that really damaged the Democratic campaign in 1984. It's questionable whether Walter Mondale would have been able to win at all. But when the Democratic campaign got off on such a low note, it was basically dead almost from the word go. Mondale never really had a chance, and Geraldine Ferraro is one of the reasons why.

Now the reason, again, that I bring up the Roy Cohn association with Ferraro... And note, also, that Helena von Dame is a close friend of Roy Cohn's -- of course, her association not only with Ronald Reagan, but Nazi war criminal Otto von Bolsing (sp?) we've dealt with in Radio Free America show #3. Helena von Dame was Reagan's appointments secretary, drew up the lists of people from whom his gubernatorial appointments were made when he was Governor of California, and moved into the White House and became Special White House Executive Director for Personnel. She chose also, basically, the lists of people to be selected as cabinet appointees in this [Reagan's] administration.

The question, I think, that has to be asked here is whether or not, perhaps, Geraldine Ferraro's alleged shady dealings and those of her husband were known to Roy Cohn. And again, the possibility of a Watergate-type counter-intelligence operation has to be thought of here.

Now a couple of other interesting associations of Geraldine Ferraro, both of which can be gleaned from the major news media (I don't have them with me at this time, because we're sort of running out of time)... But Geraldine Ferraro first got her biggest boost as a congresswoman from a fellow named Joseph Califano. Joseph Califano was a former Pentagon official, a good friend of Alexander Haig, participant in the Bay of Pigs. And Califano was dismissed, basically, as Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under Jimmy Carter, because of his sort of reactionary stands on abortion and other aspects of women's rights. The fact that when Geraldine Ferraro's badly under-financed congressional campaign took off, the fact that it took off with money secured for her by Joseph Califano from the Carter campaign is intriguing. (By the way, you can read about that in wire service accounts of the Ferraro rise in politics right about the time of her nomination as [candidate for] Vice-President.)

Beyond that, Geraldine Ferraro's first press secretary was the widow of Santo Barrio. Santo Barrio was a DEA agent who, like so many of the DEA agents, appears to have worked both sides of the narcotics question. Barrio, by the way, died, and appears to have been poisoned, in investigation of a case (or perhaps co-operation of a case) called, "The Company," that we're gonna be dealing with when we discuss the inter-relationship of organized crime, intelligence and narcotics.

So again, none of those associations are conclusive in and of themselves. Together, it's an intriguing picture of some of the background of Geraldine Ferraro. And in light of Roy Cohn's devotion to Ronald Reagan, one has to ask whether perhaps the Reagan camp, and Cohn in particular, were aware of just what Geraldine Ferraro and John Zacaro had to hide. Perhaps that was the reason they manipulated them into that position in the first place. Again, bear in mind the whole Watergate scenario where dirty tricks were used to help deep-six the McGovern candidacy.

That more or less winds things up for the prepared portion of the broadcast. I'm gonna review very briefly what we've looked at, because it's been a long section here.

We began by taking a look at Gloria Steinem, her association with a CIA front called "The Independent Research Service," and efforts on the part of Steinem and associates to block publication of that information -- first of all by Random House in a book called Feminist Revolution, then by the Village Voice, and finally by the Heights and Valley News, a New York community newspaper.

Then we took a look at further information confirming CIA association with the Independent Research Service, that from The Espionage Establishment by Wise and Ross.

Then we next took a look at a more detailed account of the Independent Research Service's work in breaking up Socialist youth conferences abroad. And in particular, we took a look at the fact that Clay Felker, who played a key role in setting up Steinem at Ms. [magazine], was an associate of Steinem's with the Independent Research Service.

We also looked at the fact that Katherine Graham was a principal figure in helping to get Ms. [magazine] started and also a major stockholder.

We then looked at the fact that Gloria Steinem's paramour for the last 9 years, at least as of 1984, was a man named J. Stanley Pottinger, implicated in an arms smuggling scam and, more importantly, J. Stanley Pottinger helped block the investigations into the assassinations of Martin Luther King and Orlando Letelier.

After that we took a look at the fact that Ms. [magazine's] first publisher, Elizabeth Forsling Harris, appears to have been a key figure involved in setting up the assassination of President Kennedy.

After that, we took a look at the background of Katherine Graham, a principal figure in the whole Ms. axis. Katherine Graham, first of all, was part of an "old boy" intelligence network inextricably involved with the Washington Post. Her husband, Phillip Graham, had worked with CIA official Frank Wisner in setting up one of the first CIA/media operations, called "Operation Mockingbird."

We then looked at how the Washington Post grew, largely as a result of assistance from the CIA.

We took a look at the intelligence background of Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee, and in turn his associations with old chums Richard Helms, CIA Director at the time of Watergate, and also a guy named Cord Meyer, his brother-in-law and a key CIA counter-intelligence official himself.

We then looked at the fact that Phillip Graham, just before his untimely death, became very disenchanted with the CIA's relationship to the news media -- perhaps more importantly, began vocalizing this disenchantment. We then took a look at the fact that this vocalizing didn't last too long because he blew his brains out in August of '63, three months before John Kennedy had *his* brains blown out.

We also took a look at how [Phillip Graham's] attorney was key intelligence-related attorney Edward Bennett Williams, who himself has possible connections to the assassination of Kennedy.

Following that, we took a look at the fact that Mary Meyer, the former wife of Bradlee brother-in-law Cord Meyer, who [Mary Pinchot Meyer] was Kennedy's lover, was murdered in the aftermath of the Kennedy assassination, and her diary was appropriated by James Angleton, CIA Chief of Counter-Intelligence.

We then looked at the proposed scenario by Debra Davis that the CIA manipulated the Washington Post and used it as a vehicle for removing Richard Nixon because, basically, Nixon wanted to be too big for the system.

And we then also took a look at the fact that "Deep Throat" appears to have been CIA counter-intelligence official Richard Ober, again, a long-standing friend of Ben Bradlee at the Washington Post.

Finally, we took a look at the close political association between reactionary attorney Roy Cohn and unsuccessful Democratic vice-presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 46
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

It's time now to formally begin the prepared portion of tonight's broadcast. And we're going to begin by taking a look at a column that appeared... (By the way, today is Sunday, July 14th, of 1991.) We're gonna begin by taking a look at a column that appeared in the San Jose Mercury News this past Wednesday -- this past Wednesday was July 10th of 1991. This is a column by Diane Mason, a correspondent for the St. Petersburg Times. The San Jose Mercury News entitled this particular column, "Like 'Thelma,' NOW's Ready To Kick Some." (And you know what 'some' is.) This particular column reads, in part,

    There's a scene in the movie "Thelma and Louise" where Louise (Susan Sarandon) tells Thelma (Gina Davis) that she has really changed. "You used to be so sedate," Louise says. "No more," answers the now armed and dangerous Thelma. "I've had it up to my (expletive deleted) with 'sedate.'"

    At the annual convention of the National Organization for Women [NOW] held in New York this past weekend, "Thelma and Louise" kept popping up -- not in person, nor as an official theme, but from the heart. It's not that NOW has ever been all that sedate, but this convention unharnessed more "we've had it up to here; let's kick butt" spirit than I've seen in a long time, maybe ever.

    Hot items on sale are buttons that say, "Thelma and Louise Live," and t-shirts that read "Graduate of the Thelma and Louise Finishing School." Keynote speakers Gloria Steinem and activist lawyer Flo Kennedy talked about their travels and speeches together in the early days of the modern women's movement, calling themselves "the Thelma and Louise of the 1970s."

    "Raising Hell and kicking (expletive deleted) is such fun," said Kennedy, 75. In a wheelchair, Kennedy jokes that what she does "besides being on my deathbed" is to be outrageous. She is the person who coined the oft-quoted proverb, "If men could get pregnant, abortion would be a sacrament." Claiming all the privileges of growing older and unashamed to be outspoken, Kennedy said that "Women have been reasonable too long."

(Skipping down......)

    Steinem, with her matchless zing and clarity, nearly brought down the house when she speculated on why the military doesn't want women in combat. "Can you imagine what would happen if every welfare mother, every underpaid waitress, every sexually harassed secretary, had two years of military training?" she asked.

    Well it would be, indeed, interesting to speculate about what might happen, under the circumstances. However I think there are other things to ruminate about in connection with this particular development of this attitude on the part of elements of the women's movement.

    Always a firm believer in women's rights myself, I am at the same time very critical of many of the directions that the women's movement has taken. And it is my belief and fear that considerable elements of the women's movement are allowing themselves to be manipulated by elements of the "far right," and specifically, are allowing themselves to be manipulated in the direction of one of the oldest techniques for subduing a given enemy population, namely, "divide and conquer."

    There would be no more profound division that one could effect in American society or in any other society than to divide up men and women. You split up the male and female halves of the species, and you have effected as fundamental a division as you can possibly effect. For one thing, that will have a profound effect on the family unit, the basic element of socialization. And the more you weaken the family, the more you strengthen fascism. Because once the family itself is weakened, the main element of socialization is gonna be the television set. And children who have basically had their ideas concerning conflict resolution shaped by Saturday morning cartoon shows, Nintendo games, and Arnold Schwarzenegger movies, well that is a society which when faced with a bind is going to resort to violence in order to resolve the conflict.

    I do not think that dividing men and women is a good idea at all. Certainly no one should have to sacrifice basic human liberties for the sake of fitting any particular stereotype concerning sexual activity or sex-typing. However, it should be noted in this context that most people's feelings concerning the opposite sex are among the most conflicted emotional feelings and emotional complexes that they have. People's feelings concerning the parent of the opposite sex, siblings of the opposite sex, lovers and/or spouses of the opposite sex -- these are things which often have a very profound effect on people's personalities. And many people carry the scars and wounds of some of the things they have suffered during the socialization process forward, into life.

    It is my fear that an over-emphasis by anyone -- be it the women's movement or some of the forces ranged in reaction to the women's movement -- an over-emphasis on male/female conflicts and differences is very likely to wind up exacerbating the differences and divisions between men and women. Also, [it is] likely to further mobilize some of the deep psychological conflicts many people of *both* sexes feel towards members of the opposite sex. And my fear, once again, is that not only elements ranged opposite the women's movement, but also elements of the women's movement itself, have, knowingly or otherwise, allowed themselves to be manipulated in such a direction that they are actively promoting an unnecessary and counterproductive division between the sexes.

Ultimately (obviously), men and women are dependent upon one another for the continued survival of the species. And as I've said before, there could be no more effective way of dividing and conquering than splitting up men and women.

So at a psycho-social level, I think the extent of identification of elements of the women's movement with what looks to me to be a contemporary feminist adaptation of the old Rambo, shoot-'em-up and crack their skull theme -- namely, this movie "Thelma and Louise" -- this does not look to me to be a particularly constructive attitude for elements of the women's movement to take. And I'm afraid it is likely to sow unnecessary division and further weaken progressive forces as we head into 1992, a very important election year.

I would also note that there is a searing irony here, to have Gloria Steinem ruminating as she has here:

    Steinem, with her matchless zing and clarity, nearly brought down the house when she speculated on why the military doesn't want women in combat. "Can you imagine what would happen if every welfare mother, every underpaid waitress, every sexually harassed secretary, had two years of military training?" she asked.

Well I would ask in connection with that, Can you imagine what would happen if the most visible and (at least so far) effective feminist spokesperson in the United States, namely Gloria Steinem (regarded by many as the doyen of American feminism), can you imagine what would happen if she had a background in the Central Intelligence Agency?

Well you don't have to imagine what would happen. Because, in fact, Gloria Steinem has an extensive background in the intelligence agencies -- namely, the CIA -- and a number of the people in her mileau have very obvious intersections with the National Security establishment, going up to the present time. Who knows? Perhaps Gloria Steinem's CIA past is not *quite* as far behind her as she might like to have some of us think.

Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 47 [CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.] [...continued...]

In a miscellaneous archive show entitled "Gloria in Excelsis" (subtitled "The CIA, the Women's Movement, and the News Media"), Gloria Steinem's many intelligence contacts were described in considerable depth. The main intersection between Steinem and the CIA is Steinem's role as co-founder, and at one point director, of an organization called the Independent Research Service: this is a CIA-financed student organization which has been used in a number of different capacities. We also noted that Ms. magazine itself, which had Steinem as editor, has as a principal stockholder Katherine Graham of the Washington Post. The Graham publishing empire, and the Washington Post in particular, [are] inextricably linked with the Central Intelligence Agency, as we looked at in the book Katharine the Great by Debra Davis. It should also be noted that the first publisher of Ms. magazine was a woman named Elizabeth Forsling Harris, who arranged many of the key Dallas details for President Kennedy's motorcade route.

By way of further exploring Gloria Steinem's CIA background -- specifically, her role with the Independent Research Service -- we're gonna take a look at some information now which comes from a book entitled The Pied Piper (subtitled Allard K. Lowenstein and the Liberal Dream.) This was authored by Richard Cummings. The book was published in hardcover by Grove Press, Inc., in New York. And it's copyright 1985.

Of Gloria Steinem and her involvement with the Independent Research Service, and in turn the Independent Research Service's involvement with disrupting the Vienna Youth Festival (which had very strong Socialist and Communist participation), author Cummings writes as follows:

    The Independent Service for Information on the Vienna Youth Festival, which was technically founded by Gloria Steinem and Paul Sigmund, and which came to be known as the Independent Research Service, was funded by the Independence Foundation, one of the conduits of CIA funds into the National Students Association [NSA]. In 1965, it was the Independence Foundation which leased its posh offices in Washington to the NSA [National Students Association], signing a 15-year rent-free agreement.

    The Independent Service diligently recruited hundreds of American students to attend the 1959 Vienna festival and later, the 1962 Communist-backed Helsinki festival, to oppose the Communists as vigorously as possible. According to Eugene Theroux, who served as chairman of the metropolitan New York region chapter of NSA in 1958, the Americans went "to cause trouble."

I would note here also, more about the activities of the Independent Research Service, the CIA-financed student organization, co-founded by Gloria Steinem. And we're gonna look at, in addition to the glance we just took at the Independent Research Service's work in disrupting not only the 1959 Vienna festival but also the 1962 Helsinki festival, we're gonna look at plans of some of these same elements and individuals to disrupt a conference that had been scheduled for Algeria in 1965. This conference was cancelled. But had it not been cancelled it might very well have been disrupted by the aforementioned Eugene Theroux. And one of the people who is aiding Theroux was the aforementioned Allard Lowenstein, a former Dean of Students for Stanford University, and Gloria Steinem presiding over the same mileau once again.

Turning again to Richard Cummings, The Pied Piper: Allard Lowenstein and the Liberal Dream, we find,

    Another Communist-backed youth festival was planned by the IUS for the summer of 1965 in Algiers, and Lowenstein made preparations to go there in order to disrupt it. Planning to join him this time was Paul Theroux's brother, Eugene, who as a NSA leader in 1958 had met Lowenstein and been inspired by him to work on behalf of southwest Africa and black students in the south. Eugene Theroux had been recruited in 1965 by Gloria Steinem to work for the CIA front, Independent Research Service. They were to be part of a delegation to "cause trouble," as Theroux puts it, or to "engage people in debate," as he corrects himself.

And again, as noted, the 1965 conference never came off. But we find some of the same elements: Lowenstein, Steinem, Theroux, et al., planning to disrupt this conference as they had the 1962 Helsinki conference and the 1959 conference in Vienna as well.

It should be noted that a number of other prominent liberals have intersected with this same mileau, this CIA mileau which involves Gloria Steinem. Among those are William Sloan Coffin (sp?), one of the leaders of the anti-war movement, himself a chaplain from Yale University, himself also, for several years, a CIA agent. We took a look at William Sloan Coffin and his intersection with the CIA in discussions from the book, The Man Who Kept the Secrets (about Richard Helms.) That's authored by Thomas Powers. William Sloan Coffin's CIA background is described there. As we shall see, William Sloan Coffin intersecting with the mileau involving people like Allard Lowenstein and Gloria Steinem and, as we shall see, current Massachusetts congressman Barney Frank, who also worked with Gloria Steinem and the CIA-sponsored Independent Research Service.
[For more on some of the above people and their connections, see the article on Skull and Bones --risephoenix]

Returning once again to The Pied Piper, by Richard Cummings.

    It is known that the CIA had established centers on the campuses of many American universities. In his recruiting efforts at some of these universities, Lowenstein was working with people who had been affiliated with the CIA or had participated in CIA-sponsored projects. William Sloan Coffin at Yale, whom Lowenstein wanted to head the summer project, had worked for the CIA. Barney Frank at Harvard had been with the Independent Research Service delegation to Helsinki, an operation which, by Frank's own admission, he clearly understood was CIA-backed. Frank jokes about the role of fellow delegate Gloria Steinem, whom he describes as running around at nightclubs set up by the CIA in Helsinki, helping to win over Africans from the Communists.

And again, this little section here is going to go into the aforementioned miscellaneous archive show, "Gloria in Excelsis: CIA, the Women's Movement, and the News Media." That is already on file with Archives on Audio [PO Box 170023, San Francisco, CA 94117-0023; phone: 415-346-1840]. And this particular section of the program is going to go in as an addendum to that particular broadcast.

Notes --added by risephoenix:

    1. Louise Jones Box 1140 Midlothian, Texas 76065
    As of about three years ago, Ms. Jones was still marketing, via mail order, the "Forgive My Grief" series of books written by her ex-husband, although volume two is no longer available

    Penn Jones, Jr. Route 6 Box 356 Waxahachie, TX 75165
    As far as we know, Mr. Jones still markets his "Forgive My Grief" series and has some copies available. However, as he wrote in 1993, "Volume 2 was gone long ago. About the only place they can be found is in old and used book stores. People tell me they find them sometimes." Other sources listed on this page would also be good for tracking down copies of each of the four FMG volumes -- from Fair Play





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