"Migraine afflicts 28 million Americans, with females suffering more frequently (17%) than males (6%)"
What is a migraine?
Migraine is more than just a ‘bad headache’ – this condition causes considerable pain and suffering and has a tremendous impact on the ability to carry out ordinary daily activities. Only 50% of migraine sufferers currently consult a physician about their condition and many rely on suboptimal over-the-counter (OTC) medications in an attempt to manage their headaches. Many more patients lapse from care due to ineffective treatment and lack of follow-up by their medical care giver.
This situation has not changed markedly over the past decade, despite major advances in the development of new migraine remedies – especially the introduction of the triptans – a migraine-specific medication that abolishes all migraine-related symptoms. Find out more about migraine and what causes this disorder in the following pages.
Unlike a simple headache, migraine is a complex and extremely disabling, episodic condition, which makes life a misery for millions of people worldwide. Migraine was recently identified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as one of the world's leading 20 causes of disability, with an impact on quality-of-life, career, and social activities extending beyond the sufferer to their family, friends, and community.
The exact cause of migraine is unknown, however, clinical and experimental research have identified several important mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Consistent with many medical conditions, genetic, endogenous and environmental factors have also been found to be important contributory components.
Regularly, people who suffer of migraine have a migraines hereditary but it is not clear how large a role heredity plays. Most people suffering from migraine is a Women. It attack more frequently around the time of their menstrual periods.
Migraine sufferers should avoid such as
alcohol, foods that are known to cause attacks such as caffeine and make
sure have enough sleep.
To be able to diagnose the migraine, below are the conditions should be met:
1. The attack occur around 4 to 72 hours.
2. At least two of the following characteristic:
- Pain only in one half of head.
- A throbbing sensation.
- Moderate to severe pain.
- Nausea and/or vomiting.
- Sensitivity to light and sound.
Most of the people suffering from migraine also have problems such as
numbness of hands, arm and legs during an attack, speech not clear and
A migraine headache is also often accompanied by other signs and symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine is a painful neurological condition, of which the most common symptom is an intense and disabling episodic headache.
Migraine is a severe, episodic disorder with freedom from symptoms between attacks. Attacks are characterised by transient focal neurological symptoms, headache or both.
A migraine is far more than just a bad headache. It encompasses a cycle of symptoms including fatigue, mood changes, sensitivities to light and sound, vomiting and nausea.
Migraine is a form of headache which is severe and usually one sided, frequently associated with nausea and vomiting. This is sometimes preceded by warning symptoms which usually affect the eyesight and are known as an "aura".