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The Institutional Composition of Hindutva

The Hindutva forces in India is not a monolithic institutional structure. In other words, Hindutva is not embodied only by the most visible aspect - the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP - Indian people Party) but by an entire set of institutional arrangements and structures which all function together, in a reasonably coherent fashion to produce the ideological and material structures of the fascist complex. For any student of Hindutva therefore, it is important that they know the different organizations, its origins and its role. Outlined below is a brief description of each component part of the Hindutva complex - what in India is popularly referred to as the Sangh Parivar.

Know Your Hindu Fundamentalism

Brahmanic Terrorist Organisations

The Sangh Parivar

VHP Bajrang Dal
Ranvir Sena Shiv Sena
ABVP Congress
Bharatiya Jan Sangh Hindu Mahasabha
Hindu Students' Council Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh
Arya Samaj Ram Rajya Parishad

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
National Volunteers Association 

National Volunteers Association:
The RSS was founded in 1925 by Keshav Baliram Hegdewar is the ideological fountainhead of the modern Hindutva movement. Organized around the concept of Shakas, a local cell formation where young men would gather for physical and ideological training, under the tutelage of a brother or dada, the RSS ideology as espousing the national cause was articulated over the next decade or more. Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar, who was anointed head of the RSS shortly before his death by Hegdewar, clarified the idea of the nation in his treatise "We, or Our Nationhood Defined":

We belive that our notions today about the Nation are erroneous... It is but proper therefore, at this stage, to understand what the Western Scholars state as the Universal Nation idea and correct ourselves (p. 21).

Based on a racial idea of Nation Golwalkar in praise of Hitler says:

To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her purging the country of the semitic Races - the Jews... Germany has also shown how well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by (p. 35).

The above two quotes are only samples of what is a very clearly articulated twin pronged ideology of exclusion (of other races/religions) and supremacy (of Hindus). The RSS, cell like Shaka formation and the discipline inculcated within are central to its success as a fascist force. The RSS cultural and ideological work has not stayed within the boundaries of India. In the 1980's the RSS itself broached out. The Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh (HSS), an organization modeled along RSS lines emerged in the US in the 1980's, openly claiming allegiance to the founding principles of the RSS.

The RSS was founded in 1925 by the Maratha Brahmin Keshav Baliram Hegdewar [ Biju ] on the Aryan Vaishnava Holy day of Vijaya Dashami (the 10th day of the moon) when the Aryan invader Rama destroyed the Dravidian Empire of Lanka [ Sangh ]. This was done to symbolise its inherent anti-Sudra nature. Its organisation is highly skewed, with the Sar Sangh Chalak (supreme dictator) at the top [ Roots ]. This person can only be a Brahmin. It is the successor of Vivekananda and Arya Samaj in the Neo-Brahmanist fundamentalist movement. The militia is organised around local cells or `shakas' where weapons are distributed to its hardcore members, who are drilled in a vigorous program of harsh discipline. Vishnu temples serve as repositories of weapons as well as centers of dissemination of its racist ideology of Aryan supremacy. Its only leaders have been blue-eyed Sarasvat Brahmins, a condition enshrined in its constitution. The Brahmin Golwalkar, the second leader of the RSS, was trained as one of the hardcore followers of Vivekananda.

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Indian People's Party
Indian Peoples party:
This is Hindutva's parliamentary front which constantly makes efforts to breach the secular formation through parliamentary actions - elections, pushing for legislations of various kinds, making visible the ideology in limited and constitutional ways within mainstream political discourse. The BJP came into existence after the collapse of the Janata Party which came to power after Mrs. Gandhi's Emergency in 1979. The erstwhile Hindu parliamentary party - the Jan Sangh - had merged itself into the Janata Party in the wake of Emergency. However to call it a parliamentary party is to ignore its actual working. The party top leadership with few exceptions are all RSS cadre. The party participates in joint meetings with RSS leadership often. The election campaigns of the party are often significantly shaped and helped by RSS cadres of the local region campaigning for the party's candidate. In short, in more than one ways the relation between BJP and other Hindutva organizations is quite clearly visible.Its top leaders are all hardcore Brahminist RSS cadres. All its leaders have been Brahmins too. Generally, RSS cadre graduate to the BJP.

VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad)
World Hindu Council 

World Hindu Council:
The VHP was founded on August 29, 1964 in Bombay with the clear aim of being the activist wing, that would undertake aggressive actions in civil society as a whole. The first general secretary of the VHP made its goals clear as follows:

It is therefore necessary in this age of competition and conflict to think of. and organise, the Hindu world to save itself from the evil eyes of all three {all three being Christianity, Islam and Communism).
(From the Organiser, Diwali Special, 1964.)

The VHP has gone on to do just that - spread out as a extra-parliamentary force throughout not just India, but the world. Its primary functions in India are to mobilize forces for agitational and violent purposes. It took part in the Cow Protection Movement though out the 60's and the 70's. The entire Babri Masjid movement was orchestrated by the VHP - steadfastly refusing to enter into any negotiation, rejecting the right of the judicial system in adjudicating on the issue and mobilizing often violent events with the clear intent of polarizing society and creating a political movement within public discourse of Hindutva - the Rath Yatras of the 1980's and the final demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992 were orchestrated by the VHP in association with its "youth wing" the Bajrang Dal. Again the strategy of the Hindutva combine as a whole is palpably apparent here. BJP leaders for instance would participate in VHP sponsored events, but when the results of such events came out - such as violence and killings - the BJP would conveniently distance itself temporarily from the VHP.

On the international front, the VHP's success lies in mobilizing migrant Hindus, especially the middle class and lower middle class. The VHP of America and its student wing the Hindu Student Council (which is present on many US and Canadian campuses) is the most obvious example of its international mobilization. The VHP of America and HSC's for instance conducted the the World Vision 2000 conference in Washington D.C in 1993, which became a rallying point for overseas Hindus and a ground for further recruitment in the wake of what many commentators called a "celebration" over the destruction of the mosque in India. The VHP of America and UK primary success can be seen if not in any other way in terms of financial clout - as it is the primary mode of channeling dollars and pounds into Hindutva politics back in India.

The council was established on August 29, 1964 in Bombay, Maharastra [ Biju ] with a political objective of establishing the supremacy of Hinduism all over the world. It obtains funds and recruits from Aryan Hindus all across the globe, especially from the US, UK and Canada and has grown to become the main fund-raising agency of Brahmanist Fundamentalism. The council was instrumental in the demolition of the holiest Islamic shrine in Oudh, the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya and has organised several massacres of Muslims and Christians. It is in the forefront in the call for a Hindu Rashtra, a Hindu State ethnically cleansed of its non-Aryan populations.

Bajrang Dal
Party of Hanuman
The militant wing of the VHP, it was formed "to counter `Sikh militancy' " during the Sikh Genocide of 1983-84 [ Bajrang ]. Created with the objective of the eradication of Sikhs which it has termed "Muslims in disguise", its cadres fought alongside Congress-backed Hindutva militias during the massacre of 200,000 Sikhs under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. Recruits carry a " knife-like trident to be slung across the shoulder - an answer to the Sikh kirpan " [ Bajrang ]. It has subsequently expanded its targets to include Muslims and Christians as well.

Ranvir Sena
Army of Ranvir
The militia was founded in 1994 by `the merger of several upper-caste private armies such as the Savarna Liberation front and the Sunlight Sena' [ Rama ] in order to combat Maoist Dalit organisations. It is essentially the Brahmin private army of Bihar. Enjoying clandestine Government support, the organisation is devoted to anti-Dalit terrorism and the preservation of the Vedic apartheid system. Its militiamen are known to be heavily armed with the most modern weaponry which is financed by the VHP, and the Sena has openly claimed responsibility for numerous massacres of landless Dalit Blacks and mass rapes of Dalit women. Human Rights Watch estimates the private army has been responsible for more than 400 deaths [ HRW ].

Shiv Sena
Shivaji's Army
The Shiva Sena arose as a movement amongst Congress members. It intitially unleashed a `physical annihilation' of Communists (who were mainly Black) and against Dalits, and organised the mass murder of Bombay's once-influential Black South Indian communities (`lungiwallahs') and Gujaratis [ Roots ]. Subsequently, it engaged in the mass murder of 3000 Muslims [ Sri ]

Indian Universities Council
This front comprises students of Hindu religious schools (vidyalayas). It has expanded its base by infiltration into `secular' universities. Its higher-ranking cadres are well-equipped with weaponry; they often organise communal campus disturbances against Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains. Most of its members graduate to become hardcore RSS and VHP militants.

Bharatiya Jan Sangh
Indic Race Party
Founded in October 1951 with the Bengal Brahmin Shyama Prasad Mookerjee as its president, who had resigned from the allied `soft' Brahminist Congress in Apil 1950 [ Chandra ] was president until he died in 1953. Its cadres were carefully chosen indoctrinated activists. The second president, the Brahmin Mauli Chandra Sharma resigned in 1954 to protest against RSS domination of the party. It strove for an `Akhand Bharat' [ Chandra ] ethnically cleansed of its Muslim, Christian and Black Sudroid Populations.

Hindu Mahasabha
Great Congress of Hindus
The Sabha began as `an extremist wing of the Congress Party' [ Perry ] and was founded by the Maratha Brahmin Vinayak Damodar Sarvarkar. Influenced by `German racism' [ Letter ] Sarvarkar sought to establish a racially pure Hindu state ethnically cleansed of its non-Hindu populations. Sarvarkar's followers were involved in the brutal assasinations of of Sir Wyllie [ Sarvar ].

HSC (Hindu Students Council)
World Hindu Council
The `student wing' of the VHP [ Biju ]. It conducted the the World Vision 2000 conference in Washington D.C in 1993 which was a celebration over the destruction of Babri Masjid and the attendant genocide of 5,000 Muslims [ Biju ]. It is involved in setting up hardcore Hindutva websites across the internet, spewing hatred against Christians, Muslims, Buddhists and Sikhs.

Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh (HSS)
Hindu Volunteers Association
The HSS was formed in the US in the 1980s, ` openly claiming allegiance to the founding principles of the RSS' [ Biju ], in order to organise Hindu terrorists in America.

Arya Samaj
Society of Aryans
Founded by Dayanand Sarasvat (born 12 Feb 1824) [ Rao ] Swami Dayanand established the Arya Samaj in 1875. The Dayanand Anglo Vaidic schools (DAVs) are its propaganda wing, designed to raise a generation of brainwashed militants. Most of its students go on to become hardcore RSS and ABVP members. The Arya Samaj is the fountain of the Hindutva movement : `The rise of Hindu nationalism can be traced to the Arya Samaj in the late nineteenth century' [ Perry ]. Dayananad Sarasvati was a bigoted anti-Islamist. This is what he had to say regarding Islam :
" Such teachings deserve to be utterly discarded. Such a book [ Quran ], such a prophet [ Mohammed ] and such a religion [ Islam ] do nothing but harm. The world would be better off without them. Wise men would do well to discard a religion so absurd and accept the Vedic faith which is absolutely free from error." [Polemics], [ Sarasvati, p.633 ]
The raison-d'etre of the Arya Samaj was anti-Islamism and anti-Sikhism :
" Both of the early leaders of the militant Aryas, Pandit Lekh Ram and Lala Munshi Ram [in 1917 he became Swami Shraddhananda], died at the hands of Muslim assassins as a direct result of their involvement in communal activities -- polemics and conversions. Lekh Ram was killed in 1897 due to hostile exchanges with the Ahmadiya sect of Qadian. Shraddhanand was murdered in 1926 due to his shuddhi activities in Delhi and the United Provinces." [ Polemics ]

Ram Rajya Parishad
Council of the Kingdom of Ram
Formed with the explicit purpose of re-establishing Ram-Rajya (the Empire of Ram), its goal was the elimination of Sudroid Blacks (Dalits, Dravidians, Adivasis, Kolarians) and to establish a racially pure Aryan nation on the lines of Ram-Rajya. Jan Sangh, the Hindu Mahasabha and the Ram Rajya Parishad was 10 seats with 6.4 per cent of the votes. [ Chandra ] By 1967 it had disappeared.



[ Bajrang ] = `The Trident Speaks', Outlook Magazine,
[ Biju ] = `The Institutional Composition of Hindutva', Biju Matthew,
[ Chandra ] = `Jan Sangh: The BJP's Predecessor', by Bipan Chandra, THE HINDU ONLINE : Monday, May 11, 1998.
[ HRW ] = `Human Rights Watch World Report 1999', Published by Human Rights Watch,
[ Letter ] = `Appeal to the Mayor of Marseilles', by EKTA ( Committee for Communal Amity ),
[ Perry ] = `The Rise of Hindu Nationalism in India', by A.Perry,
[ Polemics ] = "Religious Polemics in the 1920s and the Rushdie Case,", by G.R.Tursby, Indo-British Review , 18, 1 (1990), 51-59; earlier version published in `Rushdie, Rajpal, and Religious Controversy in British India,' in Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Asian Studies, (1989), 423-34
[ Rama ] = `A history of massacres', Venkitesh Ramakrishnan Frontline Vol. 16, ( Feb. 27 - Mar. 12, 1999 ), No. 05.
[ Roots ] = `Hindutva Offensive Social Roots: Characterisation', by R.R. Puniyani
[ Sangh ] = `RSS - The "Sangh" - What is it, and what is it not?', by Partha Banerjee,
[ Sarvar ] = `V.D.Sarvarkar', Gambhirwala, Siddharth ,
[ Sarasvati ] = `Light of Truth' , Swami Dayananda Saraswati, tr. by C. Bharadwaja (3rd edn.; Lahore: Imperial Printing Works, 1927). cf. p. 633 for his polemics against Islam.
[ Sekhon ] = `Khalistan : The Struggle To Regain Lost Sovereignty', Dr Awatar Singh Sekhon and Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer, The Sikh Educational Trust, Box 60246, University of Alberta Postal Outlet Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2S5, Canada; web-published at
[ Sri ] = `Sri Krishna Commission Report',
Basu T. et al (1993) Kakhi Shorts, Saffron Flags, Orient Longman, N. Delhi.
Andersen W. and S.D. Damle (1987) The Brotherhood in Saffron: The RSS and Hindu Revivalism Vistaar, N. Delhi.
Gopal S. (1990)" Anatomy of a Confrontation: The Babri Masjid RJB Issue",Viking, N. Delhi.
Pandey, G. (1993) (ed.) "Hindus and Others: The Question of Identity in India Today" ,Viking, N. Delhi.
Nandy A. et al (1995) Creating a Nationality: The RJB Movement and the Fear of the self , OUP, N. Delhi.
Thapar, R. (1985) "Syndicated Moksha", Seminar, Sept. 1985.
Sanskriti - Two Special Issues on Communalism in India (will be available on this web site shortly).

The Peddlers of Hate in the name of Religion!

[ The Hindu Fundamentalist Circuit ]

Watch out for the following organisations.. of these the RSS and VHP have operations within South Asia (in India, Nepal) and in many locations of the Indian diaspora. Be on the look out for them in your nearest city, they operate using hundreds of seemingly harmless cover or front outfits promoting "Hindu culture". They form part of the same 'family or clan' (known as the 'Sangh Parivar') engaged in a planned & systematic use of religion towards political ends. This project is referred to as 'Hindutwa' (about making India 'Hindu'). The present day Hindutwa organisations all emanated out of the 'Hindu Maha Sabha' founded during the colonial period. A key activist of the then Hindu Maha Sabha assasinated Mahatma Gandhi in 1948; Over the last 50 years these organisations have acquired wide experience in plotting mass pogroms, organising communal riots, engaging in mass propaganda campaigns against religious minorities, etc..

Hindu Fascists at work
[On 6 December 1992 hysterical hoards of the langot brigade
manualy destroyed a 15 century old mosque as part of their campaign to
build a Hindu Temple in its place]

Dont remain deaf and dumb to the menace of communal politics.
Be active now. Collect their addresses and monitor the worldwide operations of the Hindu Fundamentalists. Lets share information on how these operators from the Saffron Brigade engage in international propaganda and fund raising.!


The Global Hindu Electronic Network (GHEN) [The Barbarians Main Electronic Hub]
Hindutwa [ A website dedicated Hindusing Indian Polity]
Rashtra Svayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) [The Hindu Neo Fascists in Khakhi Shorts / "Roze Saffron Seva" / 'Racism, Sexism Self-Service']
Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) [ The Vermin & Hate Peddlers or The World Hindu Council or Moon main Ram Bagal Mein Choori-walas ! ...This is the organisation that gave the initial call for the 'liberation' of the Babari Mosque; Hysterical hoards of Hindu fascists destroyed the mosque on 6 December 1992]
Hindu Heritage Foundation [The money making machine while selling Hinduism]
Hindu Svayamsevak Sangh (HSS) [Hot-headed Self Seekers]
Hindu Vivek Kendra [Information & Resource Center of the Hindu Fundamentalists]
Voice of India [The Publishing and Propaganda Arm of the Hindu Fascists / 'Voice of the Insane ']
Hindu Students Forum (Moscow)
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) [The parliamentary facade of the Hindu Fascists in India / "Bada Junglee Party" ]
Satya Meva Jayete [ Hindutva fascists at their best with their most livid anti-Muslim propaganda]
The Sword of Truth ( A wide collection of Hindutva speak)
Hindutva peddling journalist Arun Shourie's column [The Best Known Indian Journalist part of the RSS]

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Last updated: March 06, 2000 .