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August 8 1999







  • Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from Maluku and Poso
    Asia Report N103
    Click here to view the full report as a PDF file in A4 format.
    Click here to view read media release. Asia Report N103
    In the wake of a second terrorist attack on Bali, the need to understand Indonesia's violent jihadist networks is greater than ever. Two incidents in May 2005 -- the execution of paramilitary police in Ceram, Maluku, and the bombing of a market in Tentena, Poso -- offer case studies of how those networks are formed and operate. Weakening the networks is key to preventing further violence, including terrorism. In Maluku and Poso, sites of the worst communal conflicts of the immediate post-Soeharto period, one place to start is with programs aimed at ex-combatants and imprisoned mujahidin due for release. These men are often part of networks that extend beyond the two conflict areas, but if they can be "reintegrated" into civilian life, their willingness to support mujahidin elsewhere in Indonesia and engage in violence themselves might be lessened. Addressing broader justice and security issues would also help.
  • CONFLICT AND ANTHROPOLOGY: Some notes on doing consultancy work in Malukan battlegrounds (Eastern Indonesia)
    Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU
    Jaap Timmer
    State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Project
    Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
    The Australian National University
    In the conclusion to a collection of articles titled Fieldwork under fire which appeared when the anthropology of violence and terror became a burgeoning area, Jeffrey Sluka (1995) reflects upon the management of danger by drawing on his experiences in the Catholic ghettos of Belfast, Northern Ireland, in 1981-2 and 1991. He discusses some of the practical methodological sensitivities of doing fieldwork among members of a liberation organisation that has many enemies and is under threat from the security forces. Sluka reminds us of ethical matters concerning the 'bargaining' with participants in a conflict about the expected results of the research. In that respect, he also remarks on the risks of becoming partisan in a conflict area. His main advice to anthropologists doing fieldwork in hazardous conditions is, however, confined to such issues as mediating threats through foresight, planning, and skilful manoeuvre (ibid.:277). Sluka does not push this point further by aski! ng whether mediating danger and negotiating the safety of anthropologists and informants who work in distressing battlefields warrants a critical reflection on the conventional ethics of the discipline.
  • Kertas Posisi The Baku Bae Peace Movement
    The Baku Bae Peace Movement. Ambon hari ini adalah sebuah kota yang berada dalam situasi serba relatif. Artinya, secara visual terlihat kehidupan kota cukup normal dan cenderung makin menuju kepada keteraturan. Namun dalam situasi positif tersebut, terdapat sentimen psikologis yang sulit diprediksi, apa yang akan terjadi pada hari-hari yang akan datang.
  • Mungkinkah merebak lagi konflik baru?
    - Kondisi Maluku saat ini -
    AL.AI.EM, Lembaga Antar Iman, Untuk Kemanusiaan Maluku, 14 April, 2005
    Pengantar: Judul di atas terkesan agak provokatif untuk merangsang munculnya pertanyaan "apa lagi yang akan terjadi di Maluku?". Pertanyaan demikian wajar saja, mengingat sejak berakhirnya petaka April 2004, suasana di Ambon dan Maluku secara menyeluruh terlihat sangat kondusif. Kota Ambon sebagai barometer konflik selama ini, telah kembali menjadi ruang hidup bersama.
  • International Religious Freedom Report 2003, U.S. Department of State, December 18, 2003
    The Government made considerable progress in some areas, such as reducing interreligious violence in the Maluku islands and Central Sulawesi, and arresting and prosecuting terrorists and religious extremists for carrying out religiously motivated attacks. However, in several cases the Government failed to hold religious extremists responsible for murder and other crimes.
  • Jemaah Islamiyah in South East Asia: Damaged but Still Dangerous
    Click here to view the full report as a PDF file in A4 format from The International Crisis Group (ICG) Report, 26 August 2003
    Afghanistan veterans became the trainers of a new generation of mujahidin when JI set up a camp in Mindanao from 1996 to 2000 in a reciprocal arrangement with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The recruits trained in everything from explosives to sharp-shooting and included not only JI members but also members of like-minded jihadist organisations from other parts of Indonesia, especially South Sulawesi and West Java. This means that Indonesia has to worry about other organisations as well, whose members have equally lethal skills but do not operate under the JI command structure. This background report describes the emergence of one such organisation in South Sulawesi that was responsible for the bombing of a McDonald's restaurant and a car showroom in Makassar in December 2002.
  • Indonesia Backgrounder: How The Jemaah Islamiyah Terrorist Network Operates in Poso and Maluku
    The International Crisis Group (ICG) Asia Report No. 43, 11/12/2002
    [Only part of Jihad in Poso, Maluku and the Conclusion]
    [Click here for the full report in a PDF file]
    If they differed on other issues, JI and the MMI moderates were in total agreement on means and ends in Maluku and Poso. The Laskar Mujahidin, the armed forces of the Ngruki network, totalled at its height in late 1999 and early 2000 some 500 men - much smaller but better-trained than the Laskar Jihad troops, with whom they did not cooperate and sometimes clashed. (A particularly virulent enmity existed between Fikiruddin alias Abu Jibril of Laskar Mujahdin and and Ja'far Umar Thalib of Laskar Jihad, and the two nearly came to blows three times, once in the Middle East, once in Afghanistan, and once in Ambon, according to an ICG source.) The commander of Laskar Mujahidin forces through October 2000 when he was killed in Saparua, was Haris Fadillah alias Abu Dzar, a former Darul Islam figure from Bogor, West Java, but perhaps better known now as Omar al-Faruq's father-in-law.
  • Utopian Visions And Kinship Divisions
    Ideological Perceptions Of Ethnic Conflict In Ambon
    By Kathleen Turner (Kathleen Turner is a Ph.D Research Scholar in the School of Politics & International Studies at Murdoch University, Western Australia. She completed her Bachelor of Asian Studies degree at the Australian National University in 1996. Her current research for her dissertation focuses on ethnic conflict in the Moluccas in Eastern Indonesia)
    The island of Ambon, in the Eastern Indonesian province of Maluku, has been wracked by prolonged and violent outbreaks of conflict since early 1999. The island had previously enjoyed peaceful coexistence between local Muslim and Christian communities as a result of the traditional alliance system known as pela with only occasional sources of tension based on local land boundaries and property rights.
  • Jubilee Campaign Indonesia Trip Report
    Kie-Eng Go and Ann Buwalda (Long Report)
    More than 97,000 refugees in Poso and more than 350,000 refugees in Maluku are in desperate need of basic life necessities, including basic education for children. Before the violence erupted, both the Muslim and Christian IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) had lived with very adequate lifestyles and income, but now they exist in conditions that are a shocking change for them. Central Sulawesi and Maluku, both rich with natural resources, had in the past attracted a good deal of international commerce.
  • Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal 2002 for Internally Displaced Person in Indonesia
    OCHA, UN (Long Report, 152 pages)
    The collapse of the Soeharto regime in 1998 permitted a series of violent conflicts to resurface across the archipelago. In less than three years, six different internal conflicts have erupted forcing more than 1.3 million people to become internally displaced (IDPs). This consolidated appeal (CA) focuses on these IDPs from the provinces of Aceh, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and Madura, Central Sulawesi, Malukus and Papua.

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