An International Conference
The Tamils claim that they belong to the most ancient race of the world.
" The age old Tamil Community’s origination dates back to the time long past
Even prior to the formation of stone and where from had sand evolved"-
("Kal thonri man thonraak kaalaththu
Mun thonri mooththa kudi")
Dr. Ambedgar had remarked that the word ‘Tamizhar’ was mutilated as
Dravidian and the people who were living throughout India were Tamils or
Dravidians. (Tamizhar - Thramilar - Thramidar-Dravidar - Draavidar).
The world could not discover the fame of the Dravidians until the research
findings based on the excavations of the Indus Valley was carried out in the
middle of the Twentieth century.
Tamil Sangam literature was not available to Dr. Caldwell, the author of
Comparative Grammar of Dravidian Languages, in the later half of 19th c.A.D. The
Sangam Literature was brought to the lime light only after this period.
The False Conception
William Jones had translated Manu Smiriti into English at the end of the 18th
c.A.D. and it had lead him to misconceive that a separate race by name Aranyan
was in existence and whose language was Sanskrit. He mistook it to be more
glorious than the Dravidian languages and he concluded that Sanskrit should have
been the first language of the world and he started propagating this folly idea
throughout the world.
6. Sir William Jones was ignorant of the terminology that Aryan was the name which commonly denoted the different groups of people like the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Sakas, the Kushans, Huns etc. who had gained entry into the Indian soil from alien countries without any religion; moreover he never knew that it was not the name of a particular race, nor was it a fact that it had a separate language namely Sanskrit.
7. Sir William Jones was not aware the fact that Dravidians were the most ancient people and India was a country of the Dravidians. Nor was he aware that Tamil was the mother tongue of the Dravidians.
he never knew that it was the Dravidians who developed a new language named
Sanskrit (perfected language) which was a conglameration of Tamil, Pali,
Arthamagadi, Persian, Greek and Latin and it should be noted here that other
than Tamil the rest were the spoken languages of the alien nationals like
Persians, Greeks, Romans etc. who were living through out India so that they
could understand the new spiritual concepts through a commonly developed
language. This had misled him to conceive a wrong idea that Sanskrit was a
language that was more ancient than Tamil, Persian, Greek and Roman .
Sanskrit is of Dravidian
was never a spoken language of the common people. In as much as a beautiful doll
was crafted this language also was artificially crafted. (A child has a natural
birth whereas a doll could only be skillfully crafted).
was termed as ‘Deva Bhasha’ because it was developed by the highly learned,
spiritual Dravidian leaders.
Sanskrit was developed by the Dravidian scholars after Christ. That is why there
are no Sanskrit inscriptions in the rock edicts of Ashoka. Dravidians viz.
Valmiki and Veda Vyasa composed the two great epics of India - Ramayana and
Mahabharata in Sanskrit. It was Veda Vyasa, a Dravidian had compiled the Vedic
hymns and developed the Vedas in Sanskrit and he too had collected and arranged
the Upanishads and also had composed the spiritual books like Brahma Sutra,
Bhagavad Gita etc. Kalidasa who had brought out beautiful epics in Sanskrit was
also a Dravidian.
Aryavardha & Manu Dharma Sastra
major portion of North India was under the regime of Aryans between 7th c.A.D.
and 12 c.A.D. and hence it was denoted as ‘Arya Vardha’. Since these Aryans
who were living in the cold countries they were pale in complexion and these
pale - coloured Aryans flocked together and captured the ruling power in India
and had deceptively multilated justice by devicing separate laws for themselves
and a different set of laws for the Indians, namely the Dravidians. The law
deviced by the Aryans based on the colour is known as Varnashrama Dharma. And
thus Manu Dharma Sastra was codified as the law book for upholding this
Ramanuja and Madhva were the Aryan Brahmin commentators who had rendered their
deceitful commentaries based on Varnashrama Dharma for the spiritual books viz.
Brahma Sutra, Baghavad Gita and the Upanishads of Veda Vyasa.
three commentators while writing the commentaries on the spiritual books of a
Dravidian, i.e., Veda Vyasa, they had imposed prohibition on the Dravidians
saying that they had no right to learn or profess spiritualism as they were of
the lowest caste.
the Dravidians had lost their political power to the Aryans, the Aryans
suppressed them. The Dravidians who had adjusted and compromised with the Aryans
were the Sudras or the slaves (BC) and the Dravidian leaders who had put up
resistance against the Aryans were degraded as Panchamas or the untouchables
(SC/ST). Hence the two divisions in Dravidians.
At the time when the European white English captured the Indian rule they believed that they could rule the Indians with an iron hand through the codes of Manu Dharma Sastra which was the source book of Varnashrama Dharma.
Sastra had professed diametrically opposite laws for the whites (12%) and the
non-whites who formed 88% of the Indian population. Therefore, they propagated
this venomous concept through out the world. Apart from this, they also had
claimed that they too had belonged to the Aryan race. Nevertheless they included
Aryan Brahmins with them and subsequently offered them a good deal in their
rule. The Brahmins had a lion’s share of top positions in the British Rule.
English had decided to render justice to the Christians based on the Christian
Rules; to the Muslims based on the Muslim Rules and to the other Indians based
on the Manu Dharma Sastra. Hinduism or the Hindu Law was a new English name
given to the Manu Dharma Sastra by them. Now a days ‘Hinduism’ and
‘Hindutva’ are used inter changeably.
The Apex court of India had passed a verdict saying that Hinduism is not a religion but it is a way of life. Mr. Vajpayee, the Prime Minister of India has made a remark that there was no place for God in Hindutva.
is different and Hindu religion is different altogether. Infact the Hindu
religion refers to Saivism and Vaishnavism. But Hindutva refers to the hegemony
of caste inequality. Sir William Jones who had translated the Manu Dharma Sastra,
into the European language which was useful for the English people, was
acclaimed and was honoured by way of the installation of his statue, holding the
Manu Dharma Sastra in his hand, at St. Paul’s Cathedral at London. As of today
this statue is very much there in the Cathedral.
It was because Manu Dharma Sastra was translated into the European languages,
the Europeans had misconstrued the idea that was a race by name Aryan. They
began to claim themselves to belong to the so-called Aryan race and started
detesting others. This had prompted Hitler believe that the Aryan race was born
to rule over the country and consequently he had brutally massacred several
lakhs of the Jews.
The Jews are the descendants of Abraham, the worshipper of one-God. There is a
very close relationship between Abraham and the Dravidian race. Because it was
only during the middle of the 20th century the glory and the antiquity of the
Dravidians were unearthed through the research findings of the Indus Valley
excavations and since the Brahmins who are in power in the Indian politics
resort to ruin this truth through various unethical means the antiquity and
glory of the Dravidians are camouflaged till date and the world still remains in
darkness without knowing this truth.
Sivalinga in the Bible and in Islam
the world religions are closely related to the Dravidian civilization. The
Sivalinga worship that reveals the spirituality of the Dravidians was uncovered
from the Dravidian Indus Valley civilization.
Bible and Islam tell us that the worship of Abraham or Ibrahim was the Sivalinga
- worship of the Dravidians. The Aryans who were Nature - worshippers could not
understand either God or One - God and they had attributed ignoble meaning to
the Sivalinga worship.
Bible very vividly divulge that the Sivalinga worship was in vogue in as much as
six places viz., Bethel, Shechem, Gilgal, Mizpah, Dan and Ebenezer. In the same
manner, the worship that was initiated by Ibrahim at Mecca, the only temple for
the universal Muslims, is the Sivalinga worship of the Tamils. Anyone who could
closely observe the holy stone at Kabha can easily decipher that it is a
Sivalinga and the manner of its worship is the worship of the Tamils.
The Bible, without any ambiguity, reveals the developmental stages of the
tripartite worship comprising of the Sivalinga, the sacrificial altar and the
calf which are prevalent in the Dravidian worship in Saivite temples in India.
We can observe in the Bible about the historical perspective of the evolvement
of the lifeless stone transforming into a living stone and the family of Siva.
fanaticism Vs Spiritualism
know the evolvement of the family of Siva - worship from the worship of Siva,
that consisting the worships of Vishnu, Sakthi, Kumaran, Pillaiyar, Brahman and
Ayyappan, one has to be refrain from religious fanaticism and should study the
Bible, Panniruthirumurai (The twelve canonical scriptures of Saivism), Naalayira
Thivyap Praphamdam, The sacred Quran and the fourteen Saiva Siddhanta Sastras.
Spiritualism and Religion are separate entities.
Spiritualism - Religion
spiritualism gets mixed up with politics it gives birth to religion. The
religionists are politicking in the guise of spiritualism. They only instigate
religious fanaticism and divide people. The Buddha, Mahavir, Jesus Christ and
Prophet Mohammed were only the spiritual leaders and not the religious leaders.
They were persecuted by the religionist. They also murdered Jesus Christ. It is
the historical fact that the politicians had incorporated their spiritual
concepts into politics and had founded religions in their own names.
The River and the Tank
religions are like different tanks, which are fed by the river. There are
controversies, disputes, conflicts and riots over the rights of the tanks. These
are all the outcome of their locations, their backgrounds, the periods and the
group of people who claim the rights of the tanks.
Yet, those who stand above these controversies and watchfully survey the course
of the river could understand the unity and the integrity in the midst of these
isolated tanks. The course of the river would make them understands this fact.
This understanding only is Spiritualism.
Glory of Tamil Language
spiritualists regard every religion as equal. They have no religious fanaticism.
Tamil language alone is an example for this. Tamil is the only language, which
has in its possession epics for every religion. There are epics for Buddhism,
Jainism, Saivism, Vaishnavism, Christianity and Islam only in Tamil. No other
language has this type of outstanding glory.
20. Bhakthi of Reasoning & Non - Reasoning
Bhakthi of reasoning is attributable to spiritualism whereas blind affinity of non-reasoning is to the religion. This Bhakthi of non-reasoning would vary, differ or be controversial.
breeds conflicts and religious riots. But the Bhakthi of reasoning shall give
birth to unity of the society; it can throw more light on one’s own Bhakthi;
it shall bring all the religions together; it shall discern the spiritual
aspects in the religions from the political aspects and shall spiritually unite
all the religions. It shall endure the welfare of the whole world.
who like the welfare of the world shall free themselves from the fetters of
religious fanaticism and they would create a spiritual life instead.
Tamil is a Spiritual Language
the major religions of the world had originated only in Asia. The recent
researches reveal a historical truth that all these religions had developed in
Asia, that too only from the Dravidian race. Tamil is the basic language of the
all the spoken languages of India, Tamil is the only language that has
literature of more than two thousand years of antiquity.
Tamil, the mother - tongue of the Tamils or Dravidians is a spiritual language.
Because of the spiritual thoughtfulness of the Tamil people, the Tamil alphabets
had been named as ‘Uyir ezhuththu’ -Uyir = life - (Vowels), ‘Mei ezhuththu’
- mei = the body (consonants),
mei ezhuththu’ - Uyir mei = combination of life and body.
way of naming the Tamil alphabets such as ‘Uyir ezhuthtu’, ‘Mei ezhuththu’
and ‘Uyir mei ezhuththu’ the Tamils had explained spiritualism through the
means of grammar.
That which is written is the syllable. The syllables shall combine to form a
word. The word shall reveal the meaning. Arranging the words in a meaningful
form is the prosody and the beautification of verse is ‘Ani’ (figure of
is the only language in the world, which has five grammatical classifications
for Ezhuthu (Orthography) 'Sol'
(Etymology), ‘Porul’, pertaining to the life of the people, ‘Yappu’ is Prosody and ‘Ani’
is Figure of Speech. The other languages do not have grammar of life ‘Porul’
-. They have only the other four. ‘Porul’ is the most distinguished feature
of the Tamil language.
special feature of 'Porul' grammar is the classification of Agapporul and
Purapporul in Tamil and each one has distinguished grammatical aphorisms. That
which tells ‘Agapporul’ is the grammar of spiritualism. That which tells the
grammar of politics is Purapporul. Just as we have a flow of continuity of
history for politics there is also a continuous history for spiritualism in this
Spiritualism as a River
of the world originates from Tamil. As a matter of fact it begins from the
Dravidian race. The Sivalinga worship of the Dravidian Indus Valley civilization
exemplifies the origin of the history of spiritualism. Spiritualism is just like
a perennial river.
is the end result of the man’s sixth sense through which he had started
examining about the body and about the life that preserves the body and lead him
to find out the soul that activates the body according to his will and
subsequently his realization of the soul from where it had departed and to which
it is going to be united with the Supreme Soul.
senses are the political thoughts pertaining to the body.
sense is the spiritual thought pertaining to the soul.
The River and the sea
sea could be compared to that of the Supreme Soul and the river to that of the
Individual Soul. The river originates from the sea and flows into the sea. There
is no river without the sea but the exits even sea without the river. Therefore
the spiritual thought has continuity and that spiritualism shall have its
completeness in God.
attempts to explain about the body. Philosophy tries to explain about the life
(spirit). Theology attempts to explain about the soul. Spiritualism shall be
complete when all these three conjoin and get accomplished.
The Religionist and the Spiritualist
as the scientific inventions are used for the destructive purposes of the human
society, there are people who use philosophy and theology for the destructive
purposes of the humanity. They are only the religionists.
are the opponents of the spiritualists. Just like the political leaders generate
the political slaves, the religionists also generate the religious slaves. The
spiritualistic ideologies are used by the religionists so as to generate the
We have already noted that the Dravidians are the spiritual thinkers.
Life and its course
Buddha and Mahavir were the Dravidian spiritual thinkers who lived before
Christ. They were the first in the world who had found out that there was life
apart from the body and they tried to explain about its course. The outcome of
their thought was the Concept of Cycle of Birth. Their concepts were later on
fabricated into Buddhism and Jainism after their period and were spread thought
India. Buddhism could find its way even beyond India. There is neither candid
explanation about the soul nor about God in these religions. Therefore these
were considered as atheistic religions.
new movement was evolved in Tamil Nadu in the post - Christ Era. That movement
had attempted to give an explanation about the soul and about God. In history it
is termed as the Bhakti Movement.
on the concept of the soul and of God this Bhakti Movement had given a new
explanation to the theory of cycle of birth that was ignorant of the soul and of
Among the Tamils those who had accepted the new explanation had left their
religions and had joined the new movement. Thirunavukkarasar was a prominent
person among themselves. He was from Jainism and had joined this new movement.
He took the lead to spread this new doctrine throughout the length and breadth
of Tamil Nadu and it was his ‘Bhakti’ which had given the name to the new
movement as Bhakti
Movement. As a sincere spiritual leader he wanted to forgive those who
were inflicting evil upon him. He was instrumental to change the mind of the
Pallava King, who was persecuting Thirunavukkarasar for having accepted the new
doctrine, and made the king embrace the Bhakti
Movement. So, the Bhakti Movement had gathered great momentum and was
highly applauded by the kings.
Aryan Brahmin in the Bhakti Movement
An Aryan Brahmin had gained entry into the Dravidian Bhakti Movement at this juncture. As a result 8000 Tamil Dravidian intellectuals were branded as Jains and were impaled and killed. By whom were they killed? It was very much by a Dravidian King. The King who had to safe guard the Dravidian intellects was instigated by an Aryan Brahmin to put them to death.
Bhakti Movement which had professed the doctrine of doing good in return of evil
that was nutured by Thirunavukkarasar was later on converted into a religion and
consequently religious fanaticism was unleashed. The Tamils were instigated to
hate each other, to show enmity, and to commit murders by the Aryan Brahmins.
were the instigators. From that time onwards the Tamils had been pushed down to
the lower position and the Aryans had gained the upper position. This is the
history of South India.
Concept of Caste Stratification
was in the 7th c.A.D. in North India, due to the downfall of the Dravidians and
due to the rule by the Aryans, ‘Aryavardha’ was founded. Justice for the
Aryans and for the Dravidians had been chalked out separately. This is the point
of time where the political upswing for the Aryans had gained currency.
The Aryan Brahamins had conspired in such a way that the Aryan supremacy should be safeguarded on a permanent basis without facing any wreckage in future.
It became imperative for the minority Aryan Brahmins to beget divisions and to
devise undying conflicts amounting to destruction among the majority Drvidians
so as to keep them ever as slaves.
expectation of the Aryans could be fulfilled only when such divisions gain
permanent footing. So the deceptive concept caste stratification was invented by
the Aryan Brahmins to achieve this.
The High Caste and the Low Caste
The Dravidians were segregated into very many fragments since the Aryans had
political power. Higher status in caste was awarded to the Dravidians according
to the extent they had supported the Aryans and the lower status in caste was
imposed on the others according to the level of their resistance. The betrayers
were much acclaimed and were approved as belonging to the high castes.
who had opposed the Aryans were plundered of their assets. Laws were enacted in
such a way to keep them under poverty and ignorance. They were compelled to
indulge in ignoble occupations and those of whom counteracted were put to death.
The Spiritual Veiling
Ramanuja and Madhva were the three commentators who had given spiritual colour
to the above political tenet of the Aryans.
had brought out misleading commentaries for the spiritual books of the
Dravidians and had also written so much to uphold the caste stratification and
had interpolated them in these Dravidian spiritual books. Siththars, the
Dravidian intellectuals were humiliated and were annihilated because they
opposed this injustice.
The Bogus Spiritualism
As a result of this, the Dravidians who were the descendants of the spiritual tradition had to let slip their Dravidian spiritualism and were enslaved permanently through the veiled and bogus Aryan spiritualism. They had even forgotten the relationship of their ancestors with spiritualism. In addition to this they still had inclined to enjoy the state of slavery. It has become an everyday’s affair to witness caste clashes and religious conflicts at the instance of the Aryans.
Dravidians go on destroying each other and are thus vanishing. The truth is
camouflaged and the bogus one is being applauded. If at all the Dravidians are
to be safeguarded from humiliation and destruction the truths that are hidden
have to be brought to lime light. An awareness of Dravidian spiritualism should
come into being.
to the Aryan Brahmins
Sivagnanabodham is a spiritual book authored by Meykandar, a Dravidian intellect
who had disapproved and refuted the three doctrines of Advaita, Visistadvaita
and Dvaita which were written by the Aryan Brahmins as commentaries written for
the spiritual books of Vyasa, a Dravidian.
is the basic book of the fourteen Sastras of Saiva Siddhanta. Therefore these
fourteen Saiva Siddanta Sastras are termed as ‘Meykanda Sastras’.
are only forty lines in the 12 aphorisms of Sivagnanabodham. These forty lines
are versatile and powerful enough to claim superiority over all theologies and
philosophies of the world.
Must be salvaged from Casteism & Religious Fanaticism
historic spiritual thoughts of the Tamils have attained fullness.
Notwithstanding this the Tamils remain as slaves.
is because of the fact that the Tamils have slipped down from their spiritualism
and have been enslaved by the bogus spiritualism and the caste segregation of
the Aryans. This has instigated the Tamils to indulge in religious frenzy and
caste clashes which in turn has resulted in the impotency of thoughts of the
Tamils. So, they must be released from the fanaticisms of religions and castes
and they have to be brought under the spiritual web.
must make them realize the fact that elevation in casteism came into being as a
result of betrayal and therefore it is shameful. They must be provided with
spiritual awareness so that they could realize what is truth. To achieve this we
must make the Tamils / (Dravidians) realize the spiritual glory of the Tamils
The Glory of Dravidians
who was instrumental in the origin of the Bhakti Movement was a Dravidian. Veda
Vyasa who had compiled the nomadic folk songs of worship of the Aryans, which
speak about offering of animal sacrifice, and had classified them as Vedas and
in contrary to these Vedas he had professed the Doctrine of Fulfillment of
Sacrifice through Vedanta, was also a Dravidian.
Vedanta is a Dravidian doctrine which invariably negate the Vedic concept.
Meykandar who had disproved the commentaries of Sankara, Ramanuja and Madhva was
also a Dravidian.
Temple worship has no place in the Vedas
temple worship is strikingly contrary to the Vedic worship. (Worship and
religion are separate entities.) That is, the Six Fold Religion of the family of
Siva is the outcome of the Tamil Bhakti Movement. There is no place for temple
worship in the Vedas. The temple-worship of the Dravidians and the temple -
worship of the descendants of Abraham are inter-linked and thus they have
and Jainism do not have the concept of God. Therefore, they do not have the
concept of offering sacrifice to God.
were the Aryan Vedas Compiled?
Vyasa believed in the concept of One God. The conceptualization of Vyasa was
this that because God was born in this world as a man and He had offered Himself
as a sacrifice for the sake of human beings there was no necessity to offer
sacrifice anymore and hence the Doctrine of the Fulfillment of Sacrifice.
had collected the folk songs of sacrificial worship which were prevalent at a
time when Buddhism and Jainism had spread throughout India, in order to
propagate the new Doctrine of the Fulfillment of Sacrifice among the people.
had become an easy task for him to explain the concept of Vedanta through his
own compilation of the Vedas.
following are the important tenets of Veda Vyasa’s Doctrine of Vedanta.
The Doctrine of God.
The Doctrine of Avatara - God’s birth as man.
The Doctrine of the Fulfillment of Sacrifice of God incarnate.
The Doctrine of Trinity that explains how the Triune God functions.
and Vaishnavite temples were founded on the Doctrine of Vedanta of Veda Vyasa.
There are sacrificial altars in these temples sans offering of sacrifice.
Doctrine of Vedanta is related to the Doctrine of the New Testament in the
Bible. The Old Testament that tells about the Doctrine of sacrifice is the Veda
of the Jews. The New Testament that tells about the fulfillment of sacrifice is
the end of the Veda of the Jews (Vedanta).
and Vaishnavism are the religions developed on the basis of Veda Vyasa’s
Doctrine of Vedanta. There is no connection between these religions and the
Aryans. These are the religions of the Tamils or the Dravidians.
Religion or Dravidian Religion
63 Nayanmars (Saivite Saints) who were the root cause of the rise of Saivism had
hailed from Tamil Nadu only.
12 Alwars (Vaishnavite Saints) who were the root cause of the rise of
Vaishnavism had hailed from Tamil Nadu only.
of 275 ancient Saivite temples of India more than 230 are situated in Tamil Nadu
of 108 ancient Vaishnavite shrines of India s96 are situated in Tamil Nadu only.
basic twelve scriptural canons (Panniru Thirumurai) of Saivism are in Tamil
Naalayira Thivyap Prabhandam the basic scripture of Vaishnavism, otherwise known
as ‘Dravida Vedam’ had been rendered only in Tamil Language.
14 Saiva Siddhanta Sastras inclusive of Sivagnanabotham which had refuted the
Braminical concepts viz. Advaita, Visistadvaita and Dvaita are in Tamil Language
it is imperative that the Tamils or the Dravidians have to name their religions
viz. Saivism and Vaishnavism, as Dravidian religion in order to achieve the
spiritual liberation of the Dravidians. That alone shall glorify the Dravidians.
Is there Anyone else?
spiritual glory of the Tamils or the Dravidians can thus be added on and on. We
whole heartedly welcome any one who could come forward to point out any book
with a tint of spiritual glory of the Aryan Brahmins to their credit, other than
the political codification with which they had enslaved the Dravidians and
continued to keep them under lasting bondage. The Aryan Brahmins have never
known the difference between life (spirit) and soul. That is, the difference
between a human being and an animal.
The Dravidians must acquire spiritual awakening from spiritual delusion. So it is planned to organize an International Tamilan (Dravidian) Spiritual Awakening conference. This will be a historic conference.
research scholars of the philosophies of 1) Advaita 2) Visishtadvaita 3) Dvaita
and 4) Saiva Siddhanta shall be invited from various parts of the world and
seminars would be conducted at the conference. Invitations would be extended to
different mutts to delegate scholars which are run in the names of Sankara,
Ramanuja and Madhva.
hidden and the deceitfully shrouded spiritual facts of the Dravidians would be
brought to the lime light. The authors of the papers would answer the questions
that shall be raised by the scholars in the conference.
who would like to participate in the conference are requested to contact the
address given below:-
Konnur High Road, Ayanpuram, Chennai - 600 023. India, Ph : 644 9032, 644 3842.
: Dr.M.Deivanayagam M.A.,Ph.D. -------- Organizer : Dr.D. Devakala M.A.,Ph.D.)
|108 Questions to Sankara Mutt| \An International Conference\| Bhakti Marga - from South or North?| |Brahmins - Leaders of Hindu Religion?| |Christ - Bodhisattva - Brahman| \Cycle of Birth\\Dravida Samayam Prayer\| God & Satan| \|How to protect our Hindu Religion?| \Hinduism is not a Religion\|Hindu Religion-Iconography| |Hindu Religion-Myths| |Hindu Religion-Theology| \Humane Love and Spirituality\|Indus Valley - Aryan or Dravidian?| |Mythical Aryan Race| |Origin of Hindu Religion| |Racism through Advaita Philosophy| \ \Religion Under Threat| |Religious Fanaticism| |Soul & Spirit|\Why Caste and Religious Clashes?\
Dr. M. Deivanayagam
Dr. D. Devakala
The Revival Movement of Dravidian Religion