Genealogy of the Royal Family of Great Britain and Hanover1, 2

House Brunswick-Lüneburg


HSH Duke Ernst August of HanoverHSH Elector Ernst August Friedrich of Hanover, Fürst-Bishop of Osnabrück, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Born as: HSH Duke Ernst August Friedrich of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since 1661:) HSH Fürst-Bishop Ernst August Friedrich of Osnabrück, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since 1679:) HSH Duke Ernst August Friedrich of Hanover, Fürst-Bishop of Osnabrück, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
* Herzberg, November 20th or 30th, 1629 or 1630
† Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, January 23rd, 1698
Fürst-Bishop of Osnabrück, 1661; Duke of Hanover, 1679; Elector of Hanover, 1692

HSH Duchess Sophia of Hanover née Princess Palatine of the RhineMarried:

Chapel, Schloß Heidelberg, September 30th, 1658:
HSH Princess Palatine Sophia of the Rhine
* Wassenaar Court Palace, The Hague, October 13th/14th, 1630
† Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, June 8th or 14th, 1714
Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Great Britain and Ireland, March 19th n.s., 1702

Children from this marriage:

  1. HM King George I Louis of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
  2. HSH Duke Friedrich August of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Prince Friedrich August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Hanover, October 3rd, 1661
    † (killed in action) St. Georgen, Transylvania, December 31st, 1690
    General of the Imperial Army
  3. Stillborn twins
    * Heidelberg, February 1664
  4. HSH Duke Maximilian Wilhelm of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Prince Maximilian Wilhelm of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Iburg, Hanover, December 23rd, 1666
    † Vienna, July 27th n.s., 1726
    Fieldmarshal of the Imperial Army
  5. Stillborn son
    * Schloß Iburg, Hanover, December 23rd, 1666
  6. HM Queen Sophia Charlotte of Prussia née Princess of HanoverHSH Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Princess Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Iburg, Hanover, October 12th, 1668
    † Hanover, February 1st n.s., 1705

    HM King Friedrich I of PrussiaMarried:

    Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, October 8th n.s., 1684:
    HM King
    Friedrich I of Prussia, Elector of Brandenburg
    (Born as: HSH Prince Friedrich of Brandenburg)
    (Since May 9th n.s., 1688:) HSH Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia
    * Köningsberg (today: Kaliningrad), July 11th n.s., 1657
    † Berlin, February 25th, 1713
    Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia, May 9th n.s., 1688; King of Prussia, January 18th, 1701

  7. HSH Duke Karl Philipp of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Prince Karl Philipp of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Iburg, Hanover, October 13th n.s., 1669
    † (killed in action) Pristina, December 31st, 1690/January 1st, 1691
    Colonel of a Regiment of the Imperial Army
  8. HSH Duke Christian of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Prince Christian of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Iburg, Hanover, September 29th n.s., 1671
    † (drowned in action) in the River Danube near Ulm, July 31st, 1703
  9. HSH Fürst-Bisshop Ernst August of OsnabrückHSH Duke Ernst August of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1679:) HSH Prince Ernst August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since 1715:) HSH Fürst-Bishop Ernst August of Osnabrück, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since July 5th, 1716:) HSH Fürst-Bishop Ernst August of Osnabrück, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of York
    * Osnabrück, September 17th n.s., 1674
    † Osnabrück, August 14th, 1728
    Fürst-Bishop of Osnabrück, 1715; created Duke of York and Albany, Earl of Ulster, July 5th, 1716
    Knight of the Garter, July 3rd, 1715

HM King George I of Great Britain and IrelandHM King George I Louis of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Born as: HSH Duke Georg Ludwig of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since 1679:) HSH Hereditary Prince Georg Ludwig of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since January 23rd, 1698:) HSH Elector Georg Ludwig of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
* Osnabrück, June 7th n.s., 1660
† (stroke) near Osnabrück, June 11th, 1727
Hereditary Prince of Hanover, 1679; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Great Britain and Ireland, June 8th or 14th, 1714
Elector of Hanover, January 23rd, 1698; King of Great Britain and Ireland, August 1st, 1714 (crowned: Westminster Abbey, London, October 20th, 1714)
Knight of the Garter, June 18th, 1701

HSH Hereditary Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover née Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle with her childrenMarried:

Chapel, Schloß Celle, Celle, November 21st, 1682:
HSH Duchess Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
(Since February 1695 styled as: Duchess von Ahlden)
* Schloß Celle, Celle, February 3rd or September 15th n.s., 1666
† Schloß Ahlden, December 13th n.s., 1726
(Divorced: December 28th, 1694)

Children from this marriage:

  1. HM King George II Augustus of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
  2. HM Queen Sophia Dorothea of Prussia née Princess of HanoverHSH Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Hanover, March 26th n.s., 1685 or 1687
    † Schloß Monbijou near Berlin, June 28th or 29th, 1757

    HM King Friedrich Wilhelm I of PrussiaMarried:

    Hanover, November 17th and Berlin, November 28th, 1706:
    HM King
    Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, Elector of Brandenburg
    (Born as: HSH Hereditary Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Brandenburg)
    (Since January 18th, 1701:) HRH Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia, Hereditary Prince of Brandenburg
    * Kölln an der Spree (today a part of Berlin), August 14th, 1688
    † Potsdam, May 31st, 1740
    Hereditary Prince of Brandenburg, August 14th, 1688; Crown Prince of Prussia, January 18th, 1701
    King of Prussia, Elector of Brandenburg, February 25th, 1713


HM King George II of Great Britain and IrelandHM King George II Augustus of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Born as: HSH Prince Georg August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since January 23rd, 1698:) HSH Hereditary Prince Georg August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since November 9th, 1706:) HSH Hereditary Prince Georg August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cambridge
(Since August 1st, 1714:) HRH Prince George Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cornwall
(Since September 27th, 1714:) HRH Prince George Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
* Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, November 9th n.s., 1683
† Kensington Palace, London, October 25th, 1760
Hereditary Prince of Hanover, January 23rd, 1698; created Duke and Marquess of Cambridge, Earl of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton, Baron Tewksbury, November 9th, 1706; Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of Scotland, August 1st, 1714; created and invested Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester: Palace of Westminster, September 27th, 1714
King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover, June 11th, 1727 (crowned: Westminster Abbey, London, October 11th, 1727)
Knight of the Garter, April 4th, 1706

HM Queen Caroline of Great Britain and Ireland née Margravine of Brandenburg-AnsbachMarried:

Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, September 2nd n.s., 1705:
HSH Margravine Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
* Ansbach, March 11th n.s., 1683
† St. James's Palace, London, November 20th, 1737

Children from this marriage:

  1. HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
  2. HRH Princess Anne of Orange née Princess of Great Britain and IrelandHSH Princess Anne of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since August 1st, 1714:) HRH Princess Anne of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since August 30th, 1727:) HRH Princess Anne of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess Royal
    * Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, November 2nd n.s., 1709
    † The Hague, January 12th, 1759
    Created Princess Royal, August 30th, 1727; Princess-Regent, 1751-1759 (for her son)

    HH Prince Willem IV of OrangeMarried:

    Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, March 25th n.s., 1734:
    HH Prince
    Willem IV Carel Hendrik Friso of Orange and Fürst zu Nassau, Graf zu Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren und Leerdam
    (Since 1748:) HH Prince Willem IV Carel Hendrik Friso of Orange and Fürst zu Nassau, Graf zu Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Diez, Spiegelberg, Buren, Leerdam und Culemborg
    * (posthumously) Leeuwarden, September 1st, 1711
    † Paleis Huis ten Bosch near The Hague, October 22nd, 1751
    Fürst of Nassau-Diez, September 1st, 1711 (renamed his country into Nassau-Dillenburg, February 16th, 1742; inherited the principality Nassau-Hadamar, February 18th, 1743)
    Stadtholder of Friesland, September 1st, 1711 (under regency until 1731); Stadtholder of Groningen, October 13th, 1718 (under regency until 1729); Stadtholder of Drenthe, 1722 (under regency until 1729); Stadtholder of Gelderland, November 2nd, 1722 (under regency until 1729); Member of the Council of State, 1747; Stadtholder of Zeeland, April 28th, 1747; Stadtholder of Holland, May 3rd, 1747; Stadtholder of Overijssel, May 10th, 1747; Stadtholder of Utrecht, May 18th, 1747 (the commissions Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel, Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe were declared hereditary in both male and female lineage, 1747)
    Rector Magnificentissimus of the University of Herborn, 1727; Curator Magnificentissimus Primarius et Honorarius of the University of Franeker, 1731
    Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Groningen, Drenthe and Gelderland, September 1st, 1729; Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Friesland, September 1st, 1731; Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of Zeeland, April 28th, 1747; Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of Holland, May 3rd, 1747; Commander-in-Chief of the Army and the Navy of the Republic of the United Netherlands, May 4th, 1747; Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Overijssel, May 10th, 1747; Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Utrecht, May 18th, 1747 (the military commissions were declared hereditary in both male and female lineage, 1747)
    Knight of the Garter, July 22nd, 1733

  3. HRH Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanore of Great Britain and IrelandHSH Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanore of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg ("Emily")
    (Since August 1st, 1714:) HRH Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanor of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, June 10th n.s., 1711
    † Cavendish Square, London, October 31st, 1786
  4. HRH Princess Caroline Elisabeth of Great Britain and IrelandHSH Princess Caroline Elisabeth of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since August 1st, 1714:) HRH Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Schloß Herrenhausen near Hanover, June 10th n.s., 1713
    † St. James's Palace, London, December 28th, 1757
  5. Stillborn son
    * St. James's Palace, London, December 20th n.s., 1716
  6. HRH Prince George William of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * St. James's Palace, London, November 13th n.s., 1717
    † Kensington Palace, London, February 17th n.s., 1718
  7. Miscarriage
    1718
  8. HRH Prince William Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of CumberlandHRH Prince William Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since July 27th, 1726:) HRH Prince William Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cumberland
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, April 26th n.s., 1721
    † Upper Grosvenor Street, London, October 31st, 1765
    Created Duke of Cumberland, Marquess of Berkhamsted, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon, Baron of Alderney, July 27th, 1726
    Fieldmarshal and Commander-in-Chief of the Army
    Knight of the Order of the Bath, May 27th, 1725; Knight of the Garter, May 18th, 1730
  9. HRH Princess Mary of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, March 5th n.s., 1723
    † Hanau, January 14th, 1772

    HSH Landgrave Friedrich II of Hesse-CasselMarried:

    (by proxy) St. James's Palace, London, May 19th n.s. and (in person) Cassel, June 28th, 1740:
    HSH Landgrave Friedrich II of Hesse-Cassel
    * Cassel, August 14th, 1720
    † Schloß Weissenstein, October 31st, 1785
    Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, February 1st, 1760

  10. HM Queen Louisa of Denmark and Norway née Princess of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Louisa of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, December 18th n.s., 1724
    † Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, December 19th n.s., 1751

    HM King Frederik V of Denmark and NorwayMarried:

    (by proxy) Hanover, October 27th or 30th and (in person) Altona near Hanover, December 11th, 1743:
    HM King Frederik V of Denmark and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Lauenburg and Oldenburg
    * Royal Palace, Copenhagen, March 31st, 1723
    † Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, January 14th, 1766
    King of Denmark and Norway, August 6th, 1746


HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of WalesHRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
(Born as: HSH Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since August 1st, 1714:) HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since January 10th, 1717:) HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Gloucester
(Since June 11th, 1727:) HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cornwall
* Hanover, February 1st n.s., 1707
† Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, March 31st n.s., 1751
Created Duke of Gloucester, January 10th, 1717; Hereditary Prince of Hanover and Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of Scotland, June 11th, 1727; created Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, Baron of Snowdon, July 26th, 1727; created Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, January 8th, 1729
Knight of the Garter, July 3rd, 1716

Married:

Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, May 8th n.s., 1736:
HSH Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Duchess of Saxony
* Gotha, November 30th n.s., 1719
† (cancer) Carlton House, Pall Mall, London, February 8th, 1772

Children from this marriage:

  1. HRH Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Lüneburg née Princess of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Augusta of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Augusta of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * St. James's Palace, London, August 12th n.s., 1737
    † Hanover Square, London, March 23rd, 1813

    Married:

    Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, January 16th, 1764:
    HSH Duke Karl II Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
    * Wolfenbüttel, October 9th, 1735
    † (killed in action) Ottensen, November 10th, 1806
    Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, March 26th, 1780

  2. HM King George III William Frederick of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
  3. HRH Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of YorkHRH Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since April 1st, 1760:) HRH Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of York
    * Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London, March 25th n.s., 1739
    † (fever) Monaco, September 17th, 1767
    Created Duke of York and Albany, Earl of Ulster, April 1st, 1760; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Great Britain and Ireland and to the Throne of Hanover, October 25th, 1760 - August 12th, 1762
    Knight of the Garter, March 13th, 1752
  4. HRH Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London, January 10th n.s., 1741
    † Kew Palace, Surrey, September 4th, 1759
  5. HRH Prince William Henry of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of GloucesterHRH Prince William Henry of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since November 19th, 1764:) HRH Prince William Henry of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Gloucester
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince William Henry of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Gloucester
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, November 25th n.s., 1743
    † Gloucester House, Grosvenor Street, London, August 25th, 1805
    Created Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Earl of Connaught, November 19th, 1764
    Knight of the Garter, May 27th, 1762

    Married:

    (in contravention of the Brunswick House Laws) London, September 6th, 1766:
    Maria Walpole
    * St. James's, Westminster, London, before July 10th, 1736
    † Oxford Lodge, Brompton, Middlesex, August 22nd/23rd, 1807

    Children from this marriage:

    1. HH Princess Sophia Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover
      (Since January 1st, 1801:) HH Princess Sophia Matilda of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover
      (Since July 23rd, 1816:) HRH Princess Sophia Matilda of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover
      * Gloucester House, Grosvenor Street, London, May 29th, 1773
      † Ranger's House, Blackheath, Kent, November 29th, 1844
      Granted the style Royal Highness by Letters Patent of July 23rd, 1816
    2. HH Princess Caroline Augusta Maria of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover
      * Gloucester House, Grosvenor Street, London, June 24th, 1774
      † Gloucester House, Grosvenor Street, London, March 14th, 1775
    3. HH Prince William Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover
      (Since January 1st, 1801:) HH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover
      (Since August 25th, 1805:) HH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, 2nd Duke of Gloucester
      (Since July 22nd, 1816:) HRH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, 2nd Duke of Gloucester
      * Palazzo Tedoli, Rome, January 15th, 1776
      † Bagshot Park, Surrey, November 30th, 1834
      2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Earl of Connaught, August 25th, 1805; granted the style Royal Highness by Letters Patent of July 22nd, 1816
      Knight of the Garter, July 16th, 1794

      Married:

      Private Chapel, Buckingham Palace, St. James Park, London, July 22nd, 1816:
      HRH Princess
      Mary of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Mary of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, April 25th, 1776
      † Gloucester House, Piccadilly, London, April 30th, 1857

  6. HRH Prince Henry Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of CumberlandHRH Prince Henry Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since October 22nd, 1766:) HRH Prince Henry Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cumberland
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, November 7th n.s., 1745
    † Cumberland House, Pall Mall, London, September 18th, 1790
    Created Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, Earl of Dublin, October 22nd, 1766
    Knight of the Garter, November 21st, 1767

    Married:

    Hertford Street, Mayfair, London, October 2nd, 1771:
    Lady Anne Luttrell
    * Parish of St. Mary-le-Bone, London, January 24th, 1742 or 1743
    † Trieste, December 28th, 1808

  7. HRH Princess Louisa Anna of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Louisa Anna of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, March 8th, 1749
    † Carlton House, Pall Mall, London, May 13th, 1768
  8. HRH Prince Frederick William of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, May 13th, 1750
    † Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, December 29th, 1765
  9. HRH Princess Louisa Anna and HRH Princess Caroline Mathilda of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Caroline Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Leicester House, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London, July 11th, 1751
    † Schloß Celle, Celle, May 10th, 1775

    HM King Christian VII of Denmark and NorwayMarried:

    (by proxy) Carlton House, Pall Mall, London, October 1st and (in person) Frederiksborg Castle, November 8th, 1766:
    HM King Christian VII of Denmark and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Lauenburg and Oldenburg
    * Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, January 29th, 1749
    † Rendsborg Castle, March 13th, 1808
    King of Denmark and Norway, January 14th, 1766
    (Divorced: April 6th, 1772)


HM King George III of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHM King George III William Frederick of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc., Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since January 1st, 1801:) HM King George III William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith, Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Since October 26th, 1814:) HM King George III William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith, King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
(Born as: HRH Prince George William Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
(Since March 31st n.s., 1751:) HRH Prince George William Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cornwall
(Since April 20th, 1751:) HRH Prince George William Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
* Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London, June 4th n.s., 1738
† Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, January 29th, 1820
Hereditary Prince of Hanover and Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of Scotland and 2nd Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, Baron of Snowdon, March 31st n.s., 1751; created Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, April 20th, 1751
King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover, October 25th, 1760 (crowned: Westminster Abbey, London, September 21st/22nd, 1761); King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, January 1st, 1801; King of Hanover, October 26th, 1814
Knight of the Garter, June 22nd, 1749

HM Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland née Duchess of Mecklenburg-StrelitzMarried:

Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, September 8th, 1761:
HSH Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
* Mirow, May 19th, 1744
† Kew Palace, Surrey, November 17th, 1818
Canoness of the Abbey of Herford, March 7th, 1760

HM King George IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandChildren from this marriage:

  1. HM King George IV Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith, King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Born as: HRH Prince George Augustus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cornwall)
    (Since August 17th, 1762:) HRH Prince George Augustus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince George Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
    (Since October 26th, 1814:) HRH Prince George Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of Wales
    * St. James's Palace, London, August 12th, 1762
    † Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, June 26th, 1830
    Hereditary Prince of Hanover and Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of Scotland, August 12th, 1762; created Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, August 17th or 19th, 1762; Prince-Regent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, February 11th, 1811; Crown Prince of Hanover, October 26th, 1814
    King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, January 29th, 1820 (crowned: Westminster Abbey, London, July 19th, 1821)

    Maria Anne SmytheMarried:

    1. Park Lane, Mayfair, London, September 15th, 1785:
      Maria Anne Smythe (aka Mrs. Fitzherbert)
      * Brambridge, Hampshire, July 26th, 1756
      † Brighton, Sussex, March 27th, 1837
      (This marriage, being in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act, was considered legally void ab initio)
    2. Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, April 8th, 1795:
      HSH Duchess Caroline Amelie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
      * Brunswick, May 17th, 1768
      † Brandenburg House, Hammersmith, London, August 7th, 1821

    Child from the second marriage:

    1. HRH Princess Charlotte of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Charlotte Augusta of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Charlotte Augusta of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      * Carlton House, Pall Mall, London, January 7th, 1796
      † (in childbirth) Claremont House (today: Claremont Fan Court School, Claremont Drive), Esher, Surrey, November 6th, 1817

      HM King Leopold I of the BelgiansMarried:

      Crimson Drawing-Room, Carlton House, Pall Mall, London, May 2nd, 1816:
      HM King
      Leopold I Georg Christian Friedrich of the Belgians, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony
      (Born as: HSH Prince Leopold Georg Christian Friedrich of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony)
      (Since March 29th, 1816:) HRH Prince Leopold Georg Christian Friedrich of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony
      (Since December 16th, 1826:) HRH Prince Leopold Georg Christian Friedrich of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony
      * Buchnerhaus near Schloß Ehrenburg, Coburg, December 16th, 1790
      † Kasteel Laeken, December 10th, 1865
      Granted the style Royal Highness by HRH Prince George The Prince-Regent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, March 29th, 1816
      King of the Belgians (elected: June 4th, 1831; provisionally accepted the throne: June 26th, 1831; formally accepted the throne: July 12th, 1831; inaugurated: Royal Square, Brussels, July 21st, 1831)
      Major-General of the Cavalry of Russia, 1807; Fieldmarshal of the British Army, 1816

  2. HRH Prince Frederick Augustus of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of YorkHRH Prince Frederick Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since November 29th, 1784:) HRH Prince Frederick Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of York
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince Frederick Augustus of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of York
    * St. James's Palace, London, August 16th, 1763
    † (dropsy) Rutland House, Arlington Street, London, January 5th, 1827
    Fürst-Bishop of Osnabrück, February 27th, 1764; created Duke of York and Albany, Earl of Ulster, November 29th, 1784; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and to the Throne of Hanover, January 29th, 1820
    Commander-in-Chief of the Army
    Knight of the Garter, June 19th, 1771

    Married:

    Schloß Charlottenburg, September 28th and Buckingham Palace, St. James Park, London, November 23rd, 1791:
    HRH Princess
    Friederike Charlotte Ulrike Katharine of Prussia
    * Schloß Charlottenburg, May 7th, 1767
    † Oatlands Park, Weybridge, Surrey, August 6th, 1820

  3. Miscarriage
    Richmond Lodge, Surrey, Summer 1764
  4. HM King William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHM King William IV Henry of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith, King of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Born as: HRH Prince William Henry of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg)
    (Since May 20th, 1789:) HRH Prince William Henry of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Clarence
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince William Henry of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Clarence
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, August 21st, 1765
    † Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, June 20th, 1837
    Created Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews, Earl of Munster, May 20th, 1789; Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and to the Throne of Hanover, January 5th, 1827
    King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, June 26th, 1830 (crowned: Westminster Abbey, London, September 8th, 1831)
    Knight of the Thistle, April 5th, 1770; Knight of the Garter, April 19th, 1782

    Married:

    Kew Palace, Surrey, July 13th, 1818:
    HSH Princess Adelheid Luisa Theresa Caroline Amelia of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess of Saxony
    * Meiningen, August 13th, 1792
    † Bentley Priory, Stanmore, Middlesex, December 2nd, 1849

    Children from this marriage:

    1. Stilborn child
      * 1818
    2. HRH Princess Charlotte Augusta Louisa of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      * Schloß Fürstenhof, Hanover, March 27th, 1819
      † Schloß Fürstenhof, Hanover, March 27th, 1819
    3. Stillborn child
      * Dunkirk, September 5th, 1819
    4. HRH Princess Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
      * St. James's Palace, London, December 10th, 1820
      † St. James's Palace, London, March 4th, 1821
    5. Stillborn child
      * Bushy Park, Middlesex, April 23rd, 1822
    6. Stillborn twins
      * 1824
  5. HM Queen Charlotte of Württemberg née Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since June 22nd, 1789:) HRH Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess Royal
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Princess Royal
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, September 29th, 1766
    † Schloß Ludwigsburg, Stuttgart, October 6th, 1828
    Created Princess Royal, June 22nd, 1789

    HM King Friedrich I of WürttembergMarried:

    Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London, May 18th, 1797:
    HM King
    Friedrich I Wilhelm Karl of Württemberg
    (Born as: HSH Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Karl of Württemberg)
    (Since December 22nd, 1797:) HSH Duke Friedrich III Wilhelm Karl of Württemberg
    (Since February 25th, 1803:) HSH Elector Friedrich I Wilhelm Karl of Württemberg
    * Treptow an der Rega, November 6th, 1754
    † Stuttgart, October 30th, 1816
    Duke of Württemberg, December 22nd, 1797; Elector of Württemberg, February 25th, 1803; King of Württemberg, December 26th, 1805

  6. HRH Prince Edward Augustus of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of KentHRH Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since April 23rd, 1799:) HRH Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Kent
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince Edward Augustus of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Kent
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, November 2nd, 1767
    † Woodbrook Cottage, Sidmouth, Devon, January 23rd, 1820
    Created Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Earl of Dublin, April 23rd or 24th, 1799; Commander of Gibraltar, 1802
    Knight of the Garter, June 2nd, 1786

    Married:

    Schloß Ehrenburg, Coburg, May 29th and Kew Palace, Surrey, July 13th, 1818:
    HSH Princess Viktoria Maria Luise of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony
    (Since December 16th, 1826:) HSH Princess Viktoria Maria Luise of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony
    * Coburg, August 17th, 1786
    † Frogmore House, Windsor, Berkshire, March 16th, 1861

    Child from this marriage:

    1. HM Queen Alexandrina Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
  7. HRH Princess August Sophia of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Augusta Sophia of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, November 8th, 1768
    † Clarence House, St. James, London, September 22nd, 1840
  8. HRH Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, May 22nd, 1770
    † Frankfurt am Main, January 10th, 1840

    Married:

    Private Chapel, Buckingham Palace, St. James Park, London, April 7th, 1818:
    HSH Landgrave Friedrich VI Joseph of Hesse-Homburg
    * Homburg, July 30th, 1769
    † Homburg, April 2nd, 1829
    Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, January 20th, 1820

  9. HRH Prince Ernest Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since April 24th, 1799:) HRH Prince Ernest Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cumberland
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince Ernest Augustus of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Cumberland
    (Since June 20th, 1837:) HM King
    Ernst August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Cumberland
  10. HRH Prince Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of SussexHRH Prince Augustus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Prince Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since November 27th, 1801:) HRH Prince Augustus Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Duke of Sussex
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, January 27th, 1773
    † (erysipelas) Kensington Palace, London, April 22nd, 1843
    Created Duke of Sussex, Earl of Inverness, Baron Arklow, November 27th, 1801
    Knight of the Garter, June 2nd, 1786; Grandmaster of the Freemasons

    Married:

    1. Hotel Sarmiento, Rome, April 4th and St. George Church, Hanover Square, London, December 5th, 1793:
      Lady Augusta Murray
      (Since October 13th, 1806:) Lady Augusta d'Ameland
      * London, January 27th, 1763
      † East Cliff, Ramsgate, Kent, March 5th, 1830
      Assumed the surname and title Lady d'Ameland by Royal License of October 13th, 1806
      (The marriage was declared null and void, as being in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act, by the Arches Court of Canterbury, July 14th and again by the Prerogative Court, August 3rd, 1794. The couple however continued to live together as husband and wife until 1801)
    2. (in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act) Great Cumberland Place, London, May 2nd, 1831:
      Lady Cecilia Letitia Saunders Gore
      (Since May 2nd, 1831:) Lady Cecilia Letitia Underwood
      (Since April 5th, 1840:) Lady Cecilia Letitia Underwood Duchess of Inverness
      * ca. 1785
      † Kensington Palace, London, August 1st, 1873
      Assumed her mother's surname Underwood by Royal License of May 2nd, 1831; created Duchess of Inverness, April 5th, 1840

    Children from the first marriage:

    1. Sir Augustus Frederick d'Este
      * 16 Lower Berkeley Street, London, January 13th, 1794
      † (disseminated sclerosis) Ramsgate, Kent, December 28th, 1848
    2. Augusta Emma d'Este
      * Grosvenor Street, London, August 11th, 1801
      † 83 Eaton Square, London, May 21st, 1866

      Married:

      London, August 13th, 1845:
      Thomas Wilde 1st Baron Truro of Bowes
      * London, July 7th, 1782
      † London, November 11th, 1855
      Lord Chancellor

  11. HRH Prince Adolphus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
  12. HRH Princess Mary of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Mary of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Mary of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, April 25th, 1776
    † Gloucester House, Piccadilly, London, April 30th, 1857

    Married:

    Private Chapel, Buckingham Palace, St. James Park, London, July 22nd, 1816:
    HH Prince
    William Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover
    (Since August 25th, 1805:) HH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, 2nd Duke of Gloucester
    (Since July 22nd, 1816:) HRH Prince William Frederick of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, 2nd Duke of Gloucester
    * Palazzi Tedoli, Rome, January 15th, 1776
    † Bagshot Park, Surrey, November 30th, 1834
    2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Earl of Connaught, August 25th, 1805; granted the style Royal Highness by Letters Patent of July 22nd, 1816
    Knight of the Garter, July 16th, 1794

  13. HRH Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Sophia Mathilda of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Sophia Mathilda of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, November 3rd, 1777
    † Vicarage Place, Kensington, London, May 27th, 1848
  14. HRH Prince Octavius of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Prince Octavius of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Buckingham House, St. James Park, London, February 23rd, 1779
    † Kew Palace, Surrey, May 3rd, 1783
  15. HRH Prince Alfred of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Prince Alfred of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, September 22nd, 1780
    † Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, August 20th, 1783
  16. HRH Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandHRH Princess Amelia of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    (Since January 1st, 1801:) HRH Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg
    * Royal Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire, August 7th, 1783
    † (erysipelas) Augusta Lodge, St. Albans Street, Windsor, Berkshire, November 2nd, 1810

Footnotes:

  1. Source: Britain's Royal Families by Alison Weir. With special thanks to Brigitte Gastel Lloyd, Netty Leistra, Oleg Schultz and Paul Theroff.
  2. The official titles of the sovereigns of Great Britain were: King/Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith, etc. with the style Majesty. Since January 1st, 1801 the official titles of the sovereigns of Great Britain are: King/Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of Faith with the style Majesty.
    The official title of the sovereigns of Hanover was (in German): Kurfürst von Hannover with the style Durchlaut (Serene Highness). Since October 26th, 1814 the official title of the sovereigns of Hanover is: König von Hannover with the style Majestät (Majesty).
    The official titles of the eldest son of the sovereign of Great Britain are: Duke of Cornwall (in England) and Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of Scotland (in Scotland). In England the sovereign can grant his eldest son the official titles Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester.
    The official title of the heir apparent of Hanover was (in German): Erbprinz von Hanover with the style Durchlaut. Since October 26th, 1814 the official title of the heir apparent of Hanover is: Kronprinz von Hannover with the style Königliche Hoheit (Royal Highness).
    The sovereign of Great Britain can grant his eldest daughter the official title Princess Royal. There can only be one Princess Royal at the same time.
    The official title of the children of the sovereigns and the children of the heirs apparent of Great Britain was: Prince/Princess of Great Britain and Ireland with the style Royal Highness. The official title of the other descendants in male lineage of the sovereigns of Great Britain was: Prince/Princess of Great Britain and Ireland with the style Highness. Since January 1st, 1801 the official title of the children of the sovereigns and the children of the heirs apparent of Great Britain is: Prince/Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland with the style Royal Highness. Since January 1st, 1801 the official title of the other descendants in male lineage of the sovereigns of Great Britain is: Prince/Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland with the style Highness.
    The official titles of the descendants in male lineage of the sovereigns of Hanover were (in German): Prinz/Prinzessin von Hanover, Herzog/Herzogin von Braunsweig und Lüneburg with the style Durchlaut. Since October 26th, 1814 the official titles of the descendants in male lineage of the sovereign of Hanover are: Prinz/Prinzessin von Hanover, Herzog/Herzogin von Braunsweig und Lüneburg with the style Königliche Hoheit (in Hanover) and Durchlaut (in Brunswick).

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Last updated: November 4th, 2007.

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