After the flooding 

   The floods in the whole China in 1998 brought a direct economic loss of 255 billion yuan (RMB). 4152 people were dead; 223 million people and 318 million arces of land (including 22 million acres of fields) were affected; and 6 850 000 houses were collapsed (estimated in April 1999). Also, lots of roads, railways, fields, etc were destroyed.

   The following is going to talk about what the China government did after (or during) the Changjiang flooding, which was mainly for rebuilding the affected regions.

   The China government and the charitable institutions started to donate for the rescue and recovery works in August. They had received lots of rescue materials and cash, which totally cost over 2 billion yuan. The government then used these resources to tackle the following problems: hygiene, transport, social order, recovery of society, resettle of people and prevention from re-occurrence of floods.


1) The history tells us that, there is always a great plague after a great hazard. As a hazard brings a large number of deaths, bodies may cause a growth of diseases. Secondly, flooding brings an environmental pollution to the drowned region, and so the risk of plague increases. Lastly, a hazard damages lots of buildings, including people's homes and medical facilities, and so the homeless refugees are not provided enough medical services.

   This time the China government was mostly worried about the problem of hygiene. It directed the people to clean their living environment, to protect the drinking water from pollution, and to prevent rats and mosquitoes from growing. The government then mobilized ten thousands of medical service teams to the affected regions to provide medical services, and provided them necessary materials.


2) During the flooding, many transport facilities such as railways and roads were damaged. Also, because ten thousands of rescue workers went to the affected regions, the need of transport increased a lot, during and after the flooding. China government repaired damaged railways and roads immediately. It then let the trains for rescue works to have a priority to use the railways. Planes, trains and trucks rushed to the affected regions. They carried rescue materials, and also textbooks and stationeries, to confirm that the students could start the new term in September on time.


3) As the government mobilized the most for rescue works, thefts then occurred when the society fell into disorder. During the flooding, some people ignored the safety of the dams and continued mining sands illegally. Also some thieves dredge up things in drowned areas. They robbed or stole the refugees' things when they left their homes. Also, rescue materials were robbed or stolen. China government strengthened the security work during and after the flood. It organized more policemen to prevent and investigate crimes.


4) Manufacturing industries in affected regions were terminated during the flooding. Immediately after the flooding, the need of rescue materials provided a large market for the factories. The China government formulated two main points: (1) preventing the flooding from re-occurrence to keep people's safety; and (2) exploiting the market to confirm agricultural, industrial and commercial developments. It also carried out infrastructure works to speed up the recovery of the society. We can see that the gross domestic product continued to rise by 7.8 %. Also, most of the other economic indices continued to rise. Thus I believe the China government's measures were successful.

Wuhan City

(Wuhan City in 2002)


5) During the flooding, millions of people became homeless. To resettle the refugees was another difficult problem. The China government set ten thousands of tents; and let the refugees to stay in schools and government buildings. Other than places to live, the government also provided the refugees cash, food, clothes, quilts, medicines and so on. It later formulated some favourable policies to help the affected people to rebuild their houses. Its aim was to confirm that, the people could live in the winter with enough daily necessities.


6) The Changjiang has been severely flooded for 216 times since the first record in 127BC (Western Han Dynasty). Two of them occurred after 1949, one in 1954 and one in 1998. Aiming at tackling the long-lasting flooding problem in Changjiang, since 1993, the China government had started to carry out a large-scale multi-purpose water scheme as a long-term measure. This water scheme is known as the Three Gorges Dam Project (Tlu{), and is expected to be finished in 2009. The government built a dam at Sandouping (TW) to control the water flow of Changjiang. I hope that the government's plan will be successful.

Three Gorges Dam

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