In The Name Of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful
Before one stands up for the Prayer, one has to satisfy one-self that each of the
pre-requisites of the prayer has been attended to and fulfilled. Then one should
turn one's whole attention towards Allah with the feeling that one is standing in
His presence and recite the following:
"Inni Wajjahtu wajhiya lillazi fatar-as-samawati wal arda
hanifam wama ana min-al-mushrikin."
(I have turned my face sincerely towards Him Who created the heavens and the
earth, and I am not of those who commit shirk.)
Then one should express intention, preferably in the mind, saying which particular
Prayer is one going to offer, with how many rakahs. There is no harm if the
intention is expressed in words as well.
While standing up for the Prayer one should stand in a natural posture and eyes
should be looking at the place where the forehead would rest in Sajdah. Soon after
expressing intention the hands should be raised with Takbir
(Allah-o-Akbar) to the ears, keeping the palms
facing the Qiblah and fingers naturally apart and straight. Then the hands should
be placed under the navel with the palm of the right hand over the back of the
left hand.This is called the Waquf position. (The women have to raise the hands
up to the shoulder level only and then place them on the breast, right hand over
the back of the left hand.)
"Subhanak-Allahumma wa bi-hamdica wa tabarakasmuka wa
ta'lla jadduka wa la-Ilaha ghairuk". (Glory be to Thee, O Allah, and I
praise Thee. Blessed is Thy name and Thou art exalted. There is no god
other than Thee.)
Ta'awwuz and Tasmiyah:
Then recite: "Auzu billahi min-ash-shaitan-ir-rajim"
(I seek Allah's protection from Satan, the accursed) and after it:
"Bismillah-ir Rahman-ir Rahim" (In the name of
Allah, Who is most Kind and most Merciful)
Then Al-Fatihah is recited which is to be followed by a Surah or a passage
containing at least three short verses.
Then saying Takbir, bend down in Ruku. In this posture one has to grip the
knees, and recite the following Tasbih at least thrice:
"Subhana Rabbi-yal-Azim" (Glorified is my Lord,
the Great)(The women do not have to grip the knee.)
Then saying: "Sami-Allahu liman hamidah"
(Allah listens to him who praises Him) one should resume the upright
standing posture, called Qaumah, and leaving the hands hanging by the sides,
say: "Rabbana lakal hamd"(Our Lord! Praise is
only for Thee)
Then saying Takbir, fall prostrate on the ground, in Sajdah, in a manner
that the knees should touch the ground first, thenthe hands, then the nose and
last of all the forehead; the face should lie between the palms, the thumbs
in line with theear-lobes, the wrists and elbows raised from the ground, the
elbows clear of the ribs and the belly clear of the thighs, leaving an open
space below, and the toes in contact with the ground and pointing to the Qiblah.
One has to recite the following Tasbih at least thrice during Sajdah.
"Subhana Rabbiyal A'ala" (Glorified is my Lord,
the Exalted.) (The women have to keep the belly in contact with the
thighs and the elbows in contact with the belly and fully resting on the ground.)
Assume with Takbir the upright sitting position, lifting the forehead first and
then the hands, in a manner that the right foot is kept upright as usual and
the left foot is placed flat on the ground for the buttocks to rest on; the
hands are placed on the thighs with the fingers reaching the knees. Then with
Takbir, go down for the second Sajdah and observe it with the usual Tasbih.
Then stand up with Takbir for the second rakah and complete it . (The feet of
women have to be turned to the right and buttocks placed on the ground in such
a manner that the right thigh rests against the left thigh and the right shin
against the left shin.)
After completing the second rakah with two Sajdahs, assume the sitting position
as described under Jalsa and recite Tashahhud.
While reciting La-Ilaha, one should make a ring with the thumb and the middle
finger of the right hand, and keeping the other fingers closed, raise the
forefinger to point up to the sky, and drop it at ill-Allah, and keep the
fingers in the same position up till the end of the prayer. If the prayer one
is offering consists of three or four rakahs one has to stand up with Takbir
for the third rakah and complete it, and the fourth rakah, as the case may be,
with Al-Fatihah (without the additional passage) if it is the Fard Prayer.
Then after the second Sajdah of the third or fourth rakah, as the case may be,
one has again to assume the sitting position and recite Tashahhud to be followed
by Salat (Allah's blessings for the Holy Prophet)
Finish the prayer with Salutation: "As salamu alaikum
wa rahmat-ullah". (Peace be on you and Allah's mercy) turning the
face first to the right and then to the left, over the shoulders. While doing
so one should bear in mind that the salutation for peace and mercy is meant
for all those with whom one is praying and for the angels.
After the prayer is over, one may make extra
supplications to Allah according to one's private lawful wishes and needs.