Michael Servetus


From A HISTORY OF UNITARIANISM, SOCINIANISM, etc., 1945 by Earl Morse Wilbur

...   When he [i.e. Servetus] died, there was none so poor to do him reverence, and few even to pity. It was generally accepted without question that he had been an abandoned and blasphemous heretic ; and this view was for a hundred and seventy-five years repeated by historians as a matter of course. It was not until 1750 that Gautier, who as Secretary of State had been the first to examine the records of the trial, while editing a new edition of Spon's Histoire de Genève ventured in a foot-note to correct Spon's unfavorable view of Servetus and to say that his views were ot so detestable as they had been represented.42 Even before this the English littérateur de la Roche had been at Geneva and been permitted to see the records, from which he hd made copious extracts, which he published with a running commentary often favorable to Servetus.43 A copy of long lost Christianisimi Restitutio had also come to light in London and increased interest in its author, which was heightened yet more by the elaborate study of his life by Mosheim in 1748, and the records of the vienne trial published the following year by the Abbé d'Artigny.  ...  The change of opinion reached its climax of feeling when Voltaire published at Geneva in 1756 his Essai sur les moeurs, in which he sharply attacked Calvin, and later said of him that he avoit une âme atroce, aussi bien qu'un esprit éclairé.44 The essay produced a prodigious sensation throughout Europe. (Etc.)

      42 cf. Jacques Spon, Histoire de Genève, rectifiée et augmentée, etc.   (Geève, 1730) ii, 64, n. z.
      43 In his Memoirs of Literature, vol. iv.; also republished in his Bibliothèque Angloise (Amsterdam, 1717-'28), tom. ii, part i.
      44 Essai, chap. cxxxiv., De Calvin et de Servet; cf.. his letter in the Mercure de France, Mai, 1757, pp. 35-38.

pp. 210-11.

Harvard 1945.



Sir Simonds D'Ewes (1602-50) classed Ochino, Lelius Socinus, Castellio, Servetus, and Erasmus of Rotterdam together, as revivers of the heresy of Pelagius.   (The Autobiography and Correspondence of Sir S. D.'Ewes (1845), ii. 64-5.)

Oxford 1951, Note, p. 31.


Selected bibliographic ( University of California http://melvyl.cdlib.org )

Author Mosheim, Johann Lorenz, 1694?-1755, Title Historia Michaelis Serveti / quam praeside Io. Laur. Moshemio ... a.o.r. MDCCXXVII d. XIX Decembris placido doctorum examini publice exponit auctor Henricus ab Allwoerden
Publisher Helmstadii [i.e. Helmstedt] : Stanno Bucholtziano, [1727]
Description [15], 238, [2] p., [1] leaf of plates : port. ; 22 cm. (4to) Note Thesis (doctoral)--Universitšt Helmstedt, 1727 (H. v. Allwoerden, author and respondent) Signatures: a-bp4s, A-2Gp4s, (I2 unsigned) Full page portrait of Servetus faces titlepage Note "Scripta Serveti": p. 162-237 Language Latin

Author Mosheim, Johann Lorenz, 1694?-1755 Title Historie van Michael Servetus den Spanjaart: bestaande in een omstandig verhaal von zyn gansche leven, geschreve boeken en ongelukkigen doot: getrokken uit schier alle schryveren, die van, voor of tegen hem de pen hebben opgevat. Waarin niet alleen vele zeltsame brieven en onuitgegeve schriften voorkomen, maar ook verscheide geschiedenissen van dien tyt in een'helderen dach gezet worden. Uit de Latynsche en andere talen verduitscht volgens de uitg. van den heere Henrik van Allwoerden, die haar in't jaar 1727 ... onder't opzicht van ... Joh. Laurens Mosheim by wyze van opentlyke redetwisting heeft verweert
Publisher Rotterdam, J.D. Beman, 1729 Description 1 p. l., xliv, 275, [11] p. front. (port.) 21 cm

Author Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919. Title Michael Servetus [microform] / by William Osler. Publisher London : Oxford University Press, 1909. Description 35 p., [9] leaves of plates : ill. ; 23 cm. Series ATLA monograph preservation program ;ATLA fiche 1991-3377. ISBN 0524078300 (microfiche) Language English

Author Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919. Title Michael Servetus. Publisher Baltimore, 1910. Description 11 p. illus. Series Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. Bulletin.v. 21, no. 226 Language English

Author Servetus, Michael, 1511?-1553. Title The two treatises of Servetus on the Trinity: On the errors of the Trinity; seven books. Publisher Cambridge, Harvard university press; London, H. Milford, Oxford university press, 1932. Description xxxviii, 264 p. 24 cm. / Now first translated into English by Earl Morse Wilbur.

Author Kot, Stanisław. Title L'Influence de Michel Servet sur le mouvement antitrinitarien en Pologne et en Transylvanie. Publisher Haarlem, H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1953. Description 72-115 p. Note Offprint from: Autour de Michel Servet et de Sebastien Castellion, recueil publiť sous la direction de Bruno Becker, Haarlem, 1953. Language French


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