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The word hematology literally means the study of blood.  The discipline of hematology is limited to the study of the formed elements of the blood (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets) and hemostasis (blood vessels and blood coagulation).  The hematologist examines the quantity (too many or too few) of the blood components as well as the quality (morphology and function) of these components.  In order for a technologist to study the various aspects of blood, an understanding of the terminology, units of measurement, and a basic physiologic concepts must be mastered.

Body Fluid studies are also included in this section of the laboratory.  Upon receipt of any type of body fluid various tests are performed. Some of the studies performed are gross examination, cell counts, microscopy including normal and abnormal cytology (which includes a spectrum of malignant disorders) interpreted by the pathologists.