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Routine urinalysis is defined as “the testing of urine with procedures commonly performed in an expeditious, reliable, and cost-effective manner in clinical laboratories”.  

In general the urinalysis will provide information concerning:

  • (1) the state of the kidney and urinary tract, and 
  • (2) information about metabolic or systemic (nonrenal) disorder.  

A urinalysis is performed for any of the following purposes:  

  • (1)  to aid in the diagnosis of disease;  
  • (2)  to screen a population for asymptomatic, congenital, or hereditary diseases (to monitor wellness);  
  • (3)  to monitor the progress of disease.