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If you are male and wish to see your Test Results in comparison to others, click here (DNA). If you are female and wish to see your Test Results in comparison to others, click here (mtDNA). Please refer to your test-kit number while using the tables since the identities of test participants are not revealed to anyone except through the Study administrators and only then by written permission and under conditions mutually agreeable to both parties.
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Team Liddell et al is dedicated to understanding the relationships and origins of these surnames, all assumed to be derived from the ancient Scotland borderland, Liddesdale: Laydel, Laydell, Leddel, Leddell, Leddle, Ledel, Ledwll, Leedahl, Leddel, Leddell, Leidel, Leidl, Leidle, Leydel, Lidaill, Lidall, Lidale, Lidall, Liddaile, Liddaill, Liddal, Liddale, Liddell, Liddel, Liddele, Lidden, Lidderdale, Liddesdale, Liddiard, Liddil, Liddle, Liddll, Liddle, Liddil, Liddol, Lide, Lideall, Lidele, Lidel, Lidell, Liden, Lidiard, Lidie, Lidle, Liedel, Liedle, Lindel, Lindell, Loydall, Loydell, Luddall, Luddell, Luddil, Lydal, Lydall, Lyddal, Lyddale, Lyddall, Lyddel, Lyddell, Lyddie, Lydel, Lydell, Lydle, Lytasl, Lytell, Lytle, Lyttle, Riddell, Riddle, Riedel, Riedl (Team Liddell et al is additionally interested in a few possible connections in the Liddesdale region between the Team's surname cluster and a few of the Little variants possibly also originating there.)
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The Team-generated essays provided in this website are designed to assist individuals with understanding how genealogy-genetics provide highly accurate test results for use in interpreting an individuals genetic history and are not intended to be an explanation of reproductive biology.
Copyright, October 2004: The contents of this website, the names Team Liddell et al, Group Liddesdale, Group Liddesdale2, Group Liddesdale3, "No Longer Separated By Oceans and Centuries" and the Team Liddell et al Logo at the tops of the text files. Copyright, March 2005, Team Liddell, Group Liddesdale 4, and Liddesdale Vault.