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They came by ship - Assisted Immigrants who arrived 1844
|Mr Ridley, at his section close to the Port Adelaide Rd, has erected a horizontal windmill - described in detail. To raise water for irrigation Copied from Adelaide Observer, July 27 1844. Source - Melbourne Weekly Courier 31 Aug 1844
Port Phillip Herald 22 Oct 1844 has a statement about population of the Colony of Port Phillip at the close of 1842 and 1843. The increase of the entire colony was only 5652 souls, those of 42 being 159889 and of 43, 165541. The District of Port Phillip at 2 March was 11,738 - 8274 being males and 3464 females. In Dec 43 it amounted to 21,138.
Passenger lists - NSW lists as families or singles, Victoria has age of individual, or C=child, A=Adult.
Mail Ships - a description of the usual path taken across the seas from England to Australia. |
News of the establishment of the contract mail service to New South Wales was printed in The Times on November 18th, 1843. The same paper carried an advertisement regarding the sailings of the packets, in which they were described as "first-class fast-sailing vessels, fitted with every regard for the comfort and accommodation of passengers, and so adapted as to render a regular and punctual communication between this country and the colony." Then it went on to say "The vessels will load in the London Docks and will in every case leave Gravesend on the first day of each month".
Owing to the increasing number of vessels sailing direct for Port Phillip, mails for there were sent by private ship, unless endorsed otherwise, in accordance with Instructions No. 12, issued in July 1847. Instructions No. 8, of 1849, announced the termination of the contract as from March of that year. Following this all mail was once again sent by private ships, the rates being 8d. the half-ounce on letters and one penny each for newspapers.
Abbertonarrived 22 Sept 1844 barque 450 tons, Captain John Campbell from London 18t May and Cork on 1 June 1844,Surgeon Superintendent Edward John Waring 10 views of bounty list
Passengers Cabin Mr Bryant, Mr and Mrs Medley, 5 chn and 2 servants, Mr Rucker, Mr Colin Campbell and Mr Berry. Dr Edward John Waring Surgeon Superintendent.
Abberton Steerage 156 adults, 81 children from 1 to 14 yrs, and 15 infants. Were Bros Agents
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, pages 118-9, Surgeon Dr Edward John Waring, reported death of 35 year old Mary Wheeler while giving birth, and infant dau died 4 days later. $ other children died, also Thomas Foote aged 16 died of inflamation of the brain.
Passengers included the Mundy family, from Bowbrickhill in Berkshire, George Mundy 38, wife Mary, sons Henry 13 and John 9. In 1911, when aged 80, Henry wrote his recollections of the voyage. Squatter Alexander Sprot employed the family on his 17,000 acre 'Caramut' run at Muston's Creek where they were paid 25 pounds a year, with as much food as they could eat.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 74 begins a chapter on the Abberton, including a description of the voyage.
Joseph Bussell 28 and Miriam are the only passengers from Somerset, and they went to work for Richard Hanmer Bunbury, the Harbour Master at Williams Town.
Abercrombieschooner notes from Mauritius to Port Phillip 1844 [Mar 28] March 28 Abercrombie,
Adenarrived 2 Feb 1844, barque, 422 tons, Maddell master, from Sydney. arrived 2 Feb 1844 on the Aden from Sydney.
ArabArrived 25 Apr 1844, barque, 269 tons, Captain Dalgarno master, from London on the Arab
Athensbrig 300 tons, Capt William Fordyce arrived 18 Oct 1844 from Liverpool to Geelong via Hobart 8 Oct 1844
Passengersó James Bowden, J Grant and wife. Original cargo from Liverpool: 20 tons salt, 1 case paper, 1 case stationery. Shipped at Hobart Townó4,000 feet timber, 1,000 paling, 1 horse, 1 cart.
Athens Departed Jan 1845 from London
Ceciliaarrived 3 Apr 1844 on the Cecilia from Leshenault Western Australia to Port Phillip
Clarendonarrived 28 Oct 1844, barque 421 tons, Capt James B Grant, arrived 28 Dec 1844 from Leith 5 Jun 1844. Passengers Cabin arrived 28 Oct 1844 on the Clarendon
Dale Parkarrived 21 July 1844 barque 402 tons, Captain John J Coombes master from London and Cork to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Veitch Images 315-324, also sets 9 pages
arrived 21 July 1844 from London and Cork on the Dale Park
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, pages 115-6, the surgeon Dr Thomas Veitch, reported with satisfaction that only 8 deaths had occurred during the voyage, all young children or infants, some of whom were boarded at Cork 'in a dying state'. Only two passengers had misbehaved, Ann Mullen a single woman and James Sedgwich, married man, and both 'were soon brought to do their duty by confinement and stoppage of their rations'.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 71 begins a chapter on the Dale Park, including a description of the voyage.
Some passengers were refused bounty grants - Thomas Ash had lost his left hand. Anne Reid aged 13 travelled alone - not in a family group. Rosanna Ward was epileptic and died 2 months after arrival.
Robert Nicholas 29, Anna 28, Elizabeth 3 and Walter Isaac 9 months, left the Depot at their own cogniance. He had been a Constable during the voyage and was paid 2 pounds gratuity. Robert born 1815 son of Rachel Mitchell and Walter Nicholas of North Cheriton, wed Apr 1840 to Anna Hannan, dau of Anna Welchman and William Hannan, also born in Horsington.
Samuel Perry 26, wed early 1844 to Jane Lock 27 in All Saints Church Matlock. He had been a Constable during the voyage and was paid 2 pounds gratuity. They later moved to Ballarat and registered 3 daus, Lydia Georgina 1852, Eliza 1855 lived 16 days, and twins Ann and Eliza 1856
Joseph Stuckey 22 wed at South Petherton to Ann Dunhouse 21 and left the ship to join Joseph's sister-in-law, Mrs Male of Brighton. Eliza Male nee Dunhouse had arrived in the colony in 1841.
James Wheeler 19 and Charlotte 19, left the Depot at their own cogniance.
Ellenbarque from London to Port Phillip via Launceston.
arrived 26 Feb 1844 on the Ellen barque from London to Port Phillip via Launceston.
Imaum of Muscatdeparted 10 Feb 1844 for Liverpool on the Imaum of Muscat
Isabella shipwrecked 21 June 1844, reported Port Phillip Herald 2 July 1844, she left Hobson's Bay on 18 June for London and Leith. Isabella The Wreck Of The "Isabella" On 18 June 1844 the "Isabella" left Melbourne headed for London, England and Leith, Scotland. She was a 422 ton barque under the command of Captain J. F. Hardie. Her journey had started in Sydney and since arriving at Melbourne on 6 April 1844 had loaded a cargo of wool. Her cabin passengers were Mrs. Hardie and infant daughter, Mrs. French and daughter, Miss Scott, John Broadfoot, John Hunter, Alexander Campbell, Mr. McNeil (from Port Fairy), and Dr. Barry Cotter. The intermediate passengers were Jack Ewart, G. Roach (of the Darebin Creek), H. Davis and Mr. Coffin (late of the ship "Wallace"). When she left Melbourne there was a strong fair wind and thick weather which had increased to a hurricane by 21 June when land was sighted. Captain Hardie mistakenly thought this to be part of the Kent Group of islands and tried to navigate through what he believed to be a well known channel of those islands. Unfortunately the land was actually part of Flinders Island and the ship ran aground on a reef of rocks on the morning of 22 June 1844. All the passengers and crew were able reach shore safely before the ship broke up. After some days they made contact with a party of sealers and a few days later reached the "Flying Fish" which was on the other side of Flinders Island and about to sail for Melbourne. They were all taken aboard the "Flying Fish" and arrived at Melbourne on 2 July 1844. On 9 September 1844 the Postmaster, Henry D. Kemp, issued a list of some letters he was holding at the Melbourne Post Office. He said that these letters had been rescued from the wreck of the "Isabella" and would be re-forwarded to London in the first direct mail. This list, with addresses abbreviated for privacy reasons, was published in the "Port Phillip Herald" on 17 September 1844, and appears hereunder: see The Wreck Of The "Isabella" for a list of the letters recovered.
Jane Goudiearrived 11 March 1844, barque 234 tons, Master Goudie, arrived 11 Mar 1844 from Glasgow 14 Nov 1843 and the Clyde. Jane Goudie,
Johnstonearrived 12 Apr 1844, ship 436 tons, Capt JB Harrison, from Liverpool 10 Dec 1843. Johnstone,
Lord Keanedeparted 12 Feb 1844 for London, Master Roberts, barque, 363 tons. Lord Keane,
Lord William Bentinckarrived 22 Aug 1844 after 112 day voyage, Captain Alfred Sainthill master, 440 ton barque from London and Cork, ship's surgeon Dr John H Brown testified that government regulations on health and cleanliness had been strictly observed and all on board had cooperated well.
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, page 118 suffered no deaths of adults, though seven small children died of croup. Lord William Bentinck
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 73 begins a chapter on the Lord William Bentinck, including a description of the voyage.
Noah Francis 22, son of Ann and Joseph Francis was baptised 17 Mar 1822 at Horsington. He went to work for Thomas Chirnside as a general servant
Charles Vigor 23 left the ship with his own resources. He wed 23 Jan 1845 to Mary Hillis at St Andrews Presbyterian Church, Geelong. They revisited Somerset and came back 1853 on the Lady Flora to set up a Grocery STore in North Geelong. Mary died 4 Oct 1857, leaving several small children.
Mary LloydMarch 1844 Mary Lloyd,
Mary Whitearrived 19 October, 1844, barque, 329 tons, Walker master, arrived 19 Oct 1844 from Liverpool 21 May 1844 via Sydney 9 Oct 1844
Medusaarrived 14 Feb 1844, barque 389 tons arrived 14 Feb 1844 from Leith 14 Oct 1843 via St Medusa,
Platinaarrived 8 Jan 1844 barque Wycherly master from London to Geelong 1 Platina,
Rewardbrig notes from London to Port Phillip 1844 [Oct 30] Reward,
Royal Consortarrived 18 Feb 1844 ship 530 tons, Captain James Legg, from London and Cork, to Port Phillip [assisted emigrant passengers] 1844 [Feb 18] Images 273-283, Agent JB Were brought 148 migrants from London and Cork, only 2 adults died during the voyage. Royal Consort,
Royal Georgearrived 16 Nov, 1844 ship 585 tons, Greives master, from London 22 July, Royal Royal George,
Sea Queenarrived 16 Apr 1844 barque 418 tons, Master SS Martin, Surgeon Superintendent Samuel Curtis.
The Sea Queen came with 219 emigrants (176 adults and 83 children from Plymouth and Cork, one mother and 4 chn died during the voyage), being sent out by Emigration Agents Carter and Bonus of London, who had a contract with Her Majesty's Colonial land and Emmigration Commission to send 2000 adults at a cost of 18/14/- pounds per statute adult.
"The Somerset Years", by Florence Chuk, page 69 begins a chapter on the Sea Queen, including a description of the voyage.
Thomas Hughesarrived 23 Nov 1844, barque 310 tons, Capt Thomas Butler, from Liverpool 18 Jul 1844. Thomas Hughes,
Vixenarrived 20 Dec 1844 barque 296 tons, Capt James Douglas, from Glasgow Vixen,
Wallacearrived 16 Feb 1844 from Liverpool, 860 ton Ship, Capt Andrew Main, Images also 284-299. with about 340 immigrants, Surgeon Dr Edward L Fallon, Agents AB Smith &Co, and 11 adults and 27 children died of typhus during the voyage
'Perilous Voyages to the New Land' by Michael Cannon, pages 113-
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