The Tents of History

Part 15. Tent Type Index

Edited by Stephen Francis Wyley

Bell Tents


11th century

 11th century A.D. (Homilies of Gregory of Nazianzos)
 11th century A.D. (Birdcatcher, from pseudo-Oppian, Kynegetica)

12th century

 1100-1197 A.D. (Chronicles of Petrus de Eboli)
1200-1207 A.D. A.D. (The Silver Shrine of Charlemagne)
12th century A.D. (John Skylitzes Chronicle)  Link to pictureA replica of one of the bell tents from the John Skylitzes Chronicle (12th - 13th century).

13th century

1200-1207 A.D. (The Silver Shrine of Charlemagne)
2nd Quarter of the 13th century (The Royal Encampment) Link to picture
1225-1235 A.D. (Assemblies (Maqâmât) of al Harîrî)
1227 A.D. (The Siege of Savone)
1250 A.D. (The Maciejowsky Bible) A replica of a bell tent from the Maciejowsky Bible, 1250 A.D.
1250-1260 A.D. (William of Tyre)
2nd Half of the 13th Century (Sammlung moralisch-didaktischer Schriften in Latein und Altvenezianisch)(20/1/2002)
1264 A.D. (Roman de Troie)
1270 A.D. (Psautier de St.Louis) Link to picture  (15/7/01)
3rd Quarter 13th century (Balnea Puteolana)
1283 A.D. (Alfonso X El Sabio, (The Book of Chess, Dice, and Board Games
(El Libro de Juegos: los libros de ajedrex, dados e tablas)) Link to picture
13th century (Painted Marriage Chest from Provence)
13th century (Henry III landing in Aquitaine with his retinue)
A replica of a bell tent from the 13th century 'Cantigas de Santa Maria'13th century (Cantigas de Santa Maria)
13th century (Robert de Borron, Historie du Graal)
13th century (Le Chevalier du Cygne)
13th century (Slaying of the Assyrians and the Vision of Zechariah)

14th century

 Early 14th century (Le Roman de Lancelot de Lac et La Mort de Arthur)
Early 14th century (The Siege of Jerusalem)
Early 14th century (Cassydorus, Siege of Constantinople)
1312 - 1317 A.D. (Scenes from the Life of St Marttin (St. Martin Renounces his Weapons)
Cappella di San Martino of San Fancesco, Assisi)  Link to picture
1314 A.D. (Rashid al-Din’s Jami al-Tawaikh)   Link to picture
1328 A.D. (Simone Martinis fresco of Guidoriccio da Fogliano at the Siege of Monte Massi) Link to picture
1340 A.D. (Luttrell Psalter)
Mid 14th century (Histoire ancienne)
1350 A.D. (Roman de Troie)
1350s (Historia destructionis Troiae)
About 1370 A.D. (Historia destructionis Troiae)
About 1370 A.D. (Psalter of Humphrey de Bohun)
1396 A.D. (Altichiero, The Battle of Clavijo)
 1400 A.D. (Grandes Chroniques de France)  Link to pictures
1400 A.D. (Bible History of the Jews)
14th century (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. ms verandas 12559)
14th century (Chroniques de St. Denis)   Link to picture
14th century (Crusaders attacking Saracens)
14th century (William of Tyr, Saintes Chroniques d’Outremer, The Battle of Dorylaeum)
14th century (Guillaume de Tyr, Historie de Jerusalem, The Fall of Jerusalem)
14th century (Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Bodl. 264, fol 22r)
14th century (Warriors scale the walls of a besieged city with ladders)
14th century (The Tree of Battles: the Hundreds Year’s War)
14th century (Titus Livy, Ab urbe condita)
14th century (Lucan, ‘De bello civili’)
14th century (The Catalan Atlas)  Link to picture
 Late 14th century (Mythistorima Tou Alexandrou (The Alexander Romance))
14th - 15th century (Chess in front of a pavilionn) Link to picture

15th century

 14th - 15th century (Chess in front of a pavilionn) Link to picture
First quarter of the 15th century (Book of Hours, "Sanctae Annae Domnum" (Saint Anne's house)) Link to picture
1418 A.D. (The Beauchamp Pageant, British Library. MS Cotton Julius E IV, art vi, f. 19)
1418-19 A.D. (Vigiles de Charles VII)
1425-1450 A.D. (Veronese ‘Camp Scene’)
1425-1452 A.D. (Lorenzo Ghiberti, ‘Gates of Paradise’ (East Doors)) Link to picture
1429 A.D. (Scaling ladders are used to storm the English defences Orleans)
1443 A.D. (The Conquest of Pisa)
Mid 15th century (Besieging a fortified city)
1450 A.D. (Book of Hours of Alfonso V of Aragon)
1450 A.D. (Hussite War-wagons)
1450-1460s A.D. (De Sphera, (a) fol. 7v, The Planet Mars)
1453 A.D. (Hundred Year War, BL MS Roy CIX)
1454-1458 A.D. (Piero Della Francesca, The Vision of Constantine)  Link to picture
1455 A.D. (The Siege of Constantinople)
1456-1459 A.D. (Avis Directif pour faire la passage d’Outremer)
1460 A.D. (Giovanni Bettini, Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS Canon. Class lat. 81) Link to picture
1460 A.D. (Bible of Evert Zoudenbalch)
1460 A.D. (Justinus, “Epitoma historiarum Philippicarum Pompei Trogi”)
1460-1470 A.D. (‘The Story of the Vengeance of Our Lord’)
1465 A.D.(King Rene of Anjou, Le Cueur d' Amours Espris (The book of the Heart Possessed by Love)) Link to pictures
1470 A.D. (The King of Hungary holding a council in his tent on a battlefield)
1471 A.D. (Frontin, Livre des Stratagemes)
1470-90 A.D. (The Story of the Trojan War, The Battle with Sagittary and the Conference at Achilles’ Tent)
1470's (Chroniques de Angleterre)
1472 A.D. (La Savlt de Beavvais)
About 1475 A.D.(The wagenburg of the Hussite Wars from Das Mittelateriche Hausbuch)Link to picture
Last Quarter 15th Century (The Tent of Achilles)
 1475 A.D. (The English heralds arrive at the gates of Troyes in 1380 to make a formal request for surrender)
1477 A.D. (Master of the Vatican Homer, ‘Iliad’)
Late 1470's (Jean de Courcy; ‘Chemin de Vaillance’)
 1480 A.D. (Diebold Schilling’s ‘Amtliche Chronicle’)
1480 A.D. (The Turks, having landed on Rhodes, attack from land and sea)
1480's (Bible of Matthias Corvinus (King of Hungry))
1483 A.D. (Anon., ‘A woman feeds, then mourns her soldier lover)
1483 A.D. (British Library, Add. ms. 17440, f 13v; Missal, Ghent, 1483”)
1485 A.D. (Beauchamp Chronicles. British Library, MS Cotton Julius E IV)
1485 A.D. (Historie van Jason (Dutch translation of Raoul Lefevre ‘L’Historire de Jason))
1485 A.D. (Camp scene, attributed here to Shãh-Mozaffar, from a Layla and Majnun by Amir ‘Ali-Shir Navã’i)
1486 A.D.(Golestãn of Sa’di, The Traveler and the Dervish)
1487 A.D. (The Siege of Montagu Castle)
1489 A.D. (Hans Memlinc, The Shrine of Saint Ursula)
1490 A.D. (Guillaume Caoursin, Siege of Rhodes, Descriptio Obsidionis Rhodiae urbis)
1490 A.D. (The Siege of Jerusalem. ‘Les Passages faits Outremer’)
1490 A.D. (Jacopo del Sellaio, Ahasuerus’s Banquet) Link to picture
1493 A.D. (Vittore Carpaccio, Arrival in Cologne)
1493 - 1494 A.D. (Salek b. Sadi, Shahname of Ferddowsi)
1495 A.D. (Anonymous, The Battle of Fornovo
1496 A.D. (Guilielmus Caoursin, ‘Turris divi Nicolai: et Ecclefia Sancri Antono’, Obsidionis Rhodiae urbis descriptio)
1497 A.D. (The Isabella Breviary, Advent1: Twelve Sibyls foretell the Coming of Christ)
1499 A.D. (Dorneck 1499. Coloured woodcut. Basle, Kunstmuseum, Kupferstichkabinett)
15th century (Hortoire du Grand Alexandre)
15th century (The Adventures of Agravain, from a fifteenth century copy of Lancelot)
15th century (A battery of cannons, Bibliothèque National, Paris, MS fr. 87 f. 1.)
15th century (Tents on Carts in a festive parade)
15th century (Jean de Courcy, ‘La Bouquechardière’)
15th century (Jean Froissart, Chroniques de Froissart) Link to pictures
15th century (A fifteenth century impression of siege warfare in the Holy Land)
15th century (The capture of Ascalon (Chroniques  de Outremer))
15th century (Chroniques de Charles VII)
15th century (Tending the wounded outside the city walls during the Battle of Jacob on Bir)
15th century (Siege of Arras by King of France (Chroniques de Monstrelet))
15th century (Besieging a fortress with longbows and cavalry)
15th century (The Crusader siege of Constantinople painted by Philippe de Bon)
15th century (Boccaccio’s Decameron)
15th century (French army of the 15th century)
15th century (The Savages’ Ball,  a 15th century tapestry)
15th century (15th century tapestry, Tournai Workshops)
15th century (Titus Livy, “Ab urbe condita”)
15th century (Homer, Works (C15))
15th century (King Minos' retreat after his unsuccessful siege of Athens)
15th century ('Lo.s. Conte de turzo')
15th century (Wedding chest)
15th century? (Fleet of Crusaders before the Coast of the Holy Land)
15th century (William of Tyre, Emperor Manuel Comnemus and Baldwin II)
15th century ? (The Commander of Châteauneuf du Randon Surrending his keys to Bertrand du Guesclin) Link to picture
Late 15th century (“Die shweizer Bilderchronfen”)

16th century

 Early 16th century (The Storming of Nantes) Link to picture
 Early 16th century (The Story of David and Goliath)
 Early 16th century (The Spinola Hours)
1502-1506 A.D. (The Siege of Dole from the Life of Saint Anatoile)
1503 A.D. (‘La Spagna Historiata’)
1505 A.D. (‘Maximilian in a Park of Artillery’)
1507 A.D. (Niklaus Manuel, ‘Young Halberdier and Siege Scene’)
1509 A.D. (‘La Historia de tutte quante le guerre fate el fato darme fatto in geradadda...’)
1509-1513 A.D. (The Lady and the Unicorn)
1510 A.D. (‘La obsidione di Padua...’)
1512 A.D. (Master of History, ‘The Second Expedition into Flanders’)
1512 A.D. (Albrecht Altdorfer, ‘The Utrecht Campaign’)
       1513 A.D. (Anon., ‘The Battle of Grandson’)
1513 A.D. (Henry VII and Maximilian I meet at the Battle of the Spurs)
1513 A.D. (The Battle of Novara)
Before 1515 A.D. (Master of History, The Betrothal of the Children of Maximillian and Charles the Bold)
 1515 A.D. (Hans Burgkmair, The Elder.  Judith in the Camp of Holofernes)
1515-1516 A.D. (Anon., ‘The Battle of Marignana’)
 1515-1520 A.D. (Tapestry, the Siege of Dijon in 1513)
1520 A.D. (Two pike schiltrons clash in this German wood cut) Link to picture
1520 - 1530 A.D. (Qadimi, The Court of Faridun)
1522 A.D. (Hans Sebald Beham,  The Siege of Rhodes)
 1522 A.D. (Muzaffar Ali, nephew of Master Bihzad, ‘Laila and Majnum’)
1524 A.D. (Lorenzo Lotto, ‘Judith with the Head of Holofernes’)
1525 A.D. (John Lydgate, ‘The Siege of Thebes, and Other Works’)
1525 A.D. (J. Breu, the Elder, The Battle of Pavia)
1525 A.D. (Jost De Negker,  Ebernburg Castle)
  1525 A.D. (The Battle of Pavia)
1525 A.D. (The Battle of Pavia, Frundsberg defends the forces of Francis I)
1525 A.D. (Hans Schaufelein, The Battle of Pavia)
 1526 A.D (Giovanni Andrea Vavassore, The Siege of Pavia)
1526 A.D. (Hans (Leonhard) Schäufelein, The Battle of Pavia)
1527 A.D. (School of Joachim Patinier, The Battle of Pavia)
1529 A.D. (Last days of the Turkish siege of Vienna)
1529 A.D. (Ruprecht Heller, ‘The Battle of Pavia’)
1529 A.D. (Hans Sebald Beham, The Siege of Vienna)
1529 A.D. (Lucas Cranach, The Elder, The Old and New Testament)
1529 A.D. (Albrecht Altdorfer, ‘The Battle of Issus’)
1530 A.D. (Jean de Bueil, ‘Le jouvencel’)
1530 A.D. (Wolf Huber, ‘The Battle of Pavia’)
1530 A.D. (Jörg Brue, ‘The Battle of Zama’)
1530 A.D. (Hans Sebald Beham, Entry of Emperor Charles into Munich)
1530 A.D. (J. Breu, The Elder, The Investiture of King Ferdinand I )
1530 A.D. (Georg Pencz, Bridge of Adultery)
1530 A.D. (Hans (Leonhard) Schäufelein, The Battle of Betulia)
1530 A.D. (Anonymous, The Battle of Pavia)
1530 A.D. (Unknown artist, The Battle of the Spurs
1530 A.D. (Mirza Àli, Preparing for the “Joust of the Twelve Rooks”)
1530-1534 A.D. (Simon Bening, Genealogy of the Infante Don Fernando of Portugal)
1531 A.D. (Barnaert van Orley, The Pavia Tapestry)
1532 A.D. (Hans (Leonhard) Schäufelein, Battle with the Turks)
1533 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Siege of Betulia)
1533 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, War between Dogs, Cats, Mice and Rats)
1535 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Army Train)
 1535 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Siege of Münster)
1535 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Bird’s Eye view of Tunis)
1536 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, The Siege of Munster)
1539-1543 A.D. (Mir Sayyid Ali, Majnun being brought by a beggar women to Laila’s tent) Link to picture
1540 A.D. (Mir Sayyid Ali, Life in the City and Life in the Camp) Link to picture
1540 A.D. (Niklas Stoer, Two Cannons)
1540 A.D. (Unidentified Artists, The Welcoming of the Bride by his Imperial Roman Majesty on the Shore of the Danube with Guard of Honour)
1540 A.D. (Unidentified Artists, Tournament on Foot Before the Castle in Vienna)
1541 A.D. (J. Breu, The Younger, The Siege of Algiers)
1541 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Massacre of Lansquenents)
1541 A.D. (Erhard Schoen, Siege of Budapest)
1542 A.D. (Lucas Cranach, The Younger, The Siege of Wolfenbüttel)
1543 A.D. (H. Vogtherr, the Elder, Judith and the Holofernes)
1544 A.D. (The Camping of the King at Morgvison, at the Siege of Boulogne)
1544 A.D. (The Siege of Boulogne by Henry VIII) Link to picture
1545 A.D. (The Cowdray Engraving of the Solent Battle)
1545 A.D. (Artist Unknown, Field of the Cloth of Gold)
1547 A.D. (Master M.S., Bivouac of Emperor Charles V near Wittenberg)
1548 A.D. (Matthias Gerung, The Emperor Defeating the Pope)
1549 A.D. (Hans Mielich, Encampment at Ingolstadt)
1550 A.D. (Italian, Pageant Shield)
 Mid 16th century (The Life of Desert Nomads - Persian)
1551 A.D. (Sebald Mayer, The Miraculous Stream of Walkershofen)
1552 A.D. (Hans Adam, The Law was given us by Moses and Grace and Truth by Jesus Christ)
1552 A.D. (Master C.S. , The Siege of Metz)
1553 A.D. (Heylreich Zeell, Siege and Capture of the City of Thérouanne)
 1553 A.D. (Hans Glaser, The Siege of the city of Hof)
1554 A.D. (Hans Glaser, Hohenlandsberg Castle, Besieged and taken 8 April 1554)
1555 A.D. (Lucas Cranach the Younger, Die Erloesung) Link to picture
1555 A.D. (Olaus Magnus, Historia de gentibus Septentrionalibus)
1556 A.D. (Circle of Giulio Clovio)
1557 A.D. (Futühat-i-Jamî, Siege of the Fortress of Temesvar (Timisoara))
1558 A.D. (Diogo Homen, Atlas, ‘South America’)
1560 A.D. (Shahname of Ferdowsi, Murder of Iraj by his brothers)
1560 A.D. (Pieter Bruegel, La Temerance) Link to picture
1563 A.D. (Donat Hübschmann, Coronation of Maximilian as King of Bohemia at Pressburg [Bratislava])
1565 A.D. (The Siege of Malta)
1565 A.D. (Majnun before Layla’s tent)
1565 A.D. (Matthäus Frank (Francus), The Siege of Malta by Turkish forces)
1565 A.D. (Hans Wolf Glaser, The Siege of Malta by Turks)
 1566 A.D. (Matthäus Frank (Francus), Zigeth Castle besieged by Turkish forces)
1567 A.D. (The Siege of Gotta)
1567 A.D. (Martin Poppe, The Siege of Gotha)
 1570 A.D. (Wolf von Senftenberg, How to lay siege to a city)
1573 A.D. (Military operations near Middleburg, Zeeland)
1574 A.D. (Ceremonial Burial of Sultan Suleiman and five of his sons)
1575 A.D. (Michael Peterle, Funeral of Suleiman II and his five brothers, strangled by order of his son at Constantinople)
1576 A.D. (Tobias Stimmer, The Great Shooting Match at Strassburg)
1578 A.D. (Muhammadi, ‘Life in the Country’)
1578 A.D. (Hans Mack the Elder, The Defeat of the Turks by the Persians at Vann)
1579 A.D. (Georg Mack the Elder, The Capture of Polotsk in Lithuania by Polish troops under Stephan Bathory)
1579 A.D. (Michael Manger, The Siege of Maastricht)
 1581 A.D. (Derricke's, The Image of Ireland)
 1582 A.D. (‘Nasratnâma’ Alî of Gallipo., Lâlâ Mustafa Pasha in his encampment)
 1586 A.D. (Anthony Corthoys the Younger, The Siege of Frankfurt)
1587 A.D. (Old Military Hospital, Amsterdam, Military Life)
1588 A.D. (Lucas Mayer, Siege of Bonn)
 1589 A.D. (Lucas Mayer, Assignation of King Henry III of France by a Dominican monk at St.Cloud)
1592 A.D. (Lucas Mayer, News from Neuheuss; The Turkish Danger)
1593 A.D. (Master C.L. , Turkish Tyranny)
1595 A.D.  (Samuel Dilbaum, Death of Sultan Armurat III)
 1595 A.D. (Georg Kress, The Capture of Blündenberg [Visegrad] Hungary)
1595 A.D. (Lucas Mayer, The Comet seen in Transylvania above the Turkish Command Post)
1596 A.D. (Bartholomäus Käppeler, The Capture of Calais by Duke Albrecht of Austria)
 1600 A.D. (Faramarz ibn Khudadad, Khvurshidshah visited by King Tujjar Qissa-yi Farrukhruz)

16th century (The soldiers in this sixteenth century wood cut maneuver for imminent battle)
 16th century (Jost Amman, David and Goliath)
 16th century (Jost Amman, The Bridge of Adultery)
16th century (Matthias Gerung, Confrontation between the Roman Church and the Infidels)
16th century (Siege of a city)
  16th century (Anonymous, Trained militamen and noble preparing to attack a city)
 16th century (Jost Amman, The Vereidigung (The Oath Taking))
16th century (Jost Amman, Wagon Fort)
 16th century (A.Hoffman, Das deutsche Soldatenbuch (The German Soldier Book))
 16th century ? (Russian Icon) Link to picture

17th century

1602 A.D. (Siege of Dunboy)
1617 A.D. (Utriusque Cosmi Maiaris scilicet et Minoris Metaphysica, Johann Theodore de Bry)
1628 A.D. (Williem Akersloot, The Siege of Harlem)
1633 A.D. (Jacques Callot, Misères et Malheurs de la Guerre)
1639 A.D. (Wenceslaus Hallar, 'Manner in which a single regiment of foote should make camp')
1639 A.D. (Pieter Snayers, Battle of Thionville)
1643-46 A.D. (The De Bry Recension Bible, Isfahan 1643 - 46
1650 A.D. (Payne Fisher, Battle of Dunbar)
1683 A.D. (Sobieski attacks the huge Turkish camp outside Vienna, just as the Ottomans prepare to storm the city)
17th century (Conquests of Louis XIV, Bivouac scene. Tapestry.)

18th century


13th century ? (A Byzantine icon showing the Saba Monastery)
13th century? (History of the World)
13th century ? (Ivory showing people play chess in a bell tent)
13th century ? (Le Livre des diversites et merveilles du monde)
13th century ? (Map showing the Expedition organized by St Louis)

1387 - 1456 A.D. (János Hunyàdi)

14th century ? (Mêlée in the lists)
Renaissance (Alfonso, Duke of Calabria, and his troops march into the town of Colle)

Late Medieval (The Siege of Damascus)

15th century ? (A knight in training, playing a ‘game’ called quintain)
15th century ? (Defeat of the Turks before Antioch (Bibliothèque Nationale, ms 5594))
15th century ? (English ms, Provenance Unknown)
15th century ? (Timur the Lame being entertained near Samarkand) Link to picture

1471 - 1528 A.D. (Drawing by Albrecht Dürer))

1493 - 1533 (Lucas Van Leyden, Lot and his daughtter)

1520's (Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen, ‘David and Abigail’)
1548-50 A.D. ? (The English Cavalry Attack the Scots at the Battle of Pinke)

16th century ? (A royal tapestry, of Spain depicting Spanish Galleys off Tunis)
16th century ? (artillery emplacement)
16th century ? (Book of Festivals)
16th century ? (Sultan Suleiman besieges Bucharest)
16th century ? (The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman crosses to Baghdad)

Under Investigation

1360 A.D. Italian camp.
1686 A.D. Alessandro Paolo Abbiati, "Girolamo Cornaro", Procurator of San Marco. Engraving, Mr & Mrs Marcus Sopher Collection
17th century Anonymous, German Biblical Illustration
? Anonymous, Italian Biblical Illustration
Persian Tents From an article by Steven and Amanda Baker

This page was last updated on the 20th January 2002

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