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Tippu Sultan



Tipu Sultan
By Prof. Sheik Ali
(Former Vice Chancellor of Goa & Mangalore Universities)

Tipu Sultan was a fascinating figure of 18th century, who offered his blood to write the history of free India. He had a vision and a mission in life. The vision was to make his people enlightened and prosperous, and mission was to liberate his land from the yoke of the colonials. His short but stormy rule is significant because of his view that only that life was worth living which would unfold the drama of human freedom, not only political freedom, but also social freedom, economic freedom, cultural freedom, and freedom from want, hunger, apathy, ignorance and superstition. His definition of State itself was organized energy for freedom.
An important aspect of his regime is his secular policy. Gandhiji wrote in
Young India that Tipu was an embodiment of Hindu-Muslim unity.
His letters to Sringeri Mutt speak volumes of his deep respect towards Hindu religious establishments. He furnished
Shri Shankaracharya with funds to reinstall the displaced image in the Sharada temple. He gave several articles of silver to Lakshmikantha temple and to many other temples.
Silver Vessel Presented to Ranganatha Temple
Silver Vessel presented to Ranganatha Temple by Tipu
Ranganatha temple at Srirangapatna was hardly a stone-throw from his palace from where he listened with equal respect to the temple bell and the Muezzin's call from the mosque. His civil list included quite a few non-Muslims in higher posts, besides the lower cadres which were almost entirely manned by them. Therefore, to say that Tipu was not tolerant is highly erroneous. If he was harsh on the Nairs of Malabar, the Christians of Mangalore, and the Raja of Coorg, that was because of political reasons as they were allied with the British. He did not spare the muslim Mopillas and Mahadevis either in the interest of law and order. He attacked the Nawabs of Savanur, Cuddapah and Kurnool, and was more hostile towards the Nizam than towards the Marathas. His harshness was politically motivated and not religiously inspired.
For a long time the colonials distorted our history to suit their imperial interests. They called our uprisings as mutinies, our heroes as villains, and our freedom fighters as usurpers and terrorists. The need is great to remove this wrong impression.

Tipu's Reign
Chronology of Events
Crusader for Freedom
Freedom Fighter par Excellence
Powerful System of Administration

Secular Policy

Secular Policy
Restoration of Sringeri Mutt
Other temples patronised by Tipu
Hindus in important civil posts
Hindus in important army posts
Fair policies
The French alliance
Policy towards prisoners of war
Some more on his impartiality...

Perfect harmony...a very popular ruler
Funds to Sharda Temple
An embodiment of Hindu-Muslim unity
Impartial to all communities
Jacobin Club membership - "Citizen Tipu"
Humane treatment for prisoners

Patriotic fervour
The first freedom fighter
His efforts on gathering support
A model army...a dread for enemies
Progressive thinking & Modernisation

Development work
Trade and Commerce
His interest in Agriculture
Social Reforms
Western political and economic development

Revolutionary thoughts
His message to convey to the posterity

Significance Of Tipu's Life
Vision and mission in life
Political freedom from British
Alliance of the indian powers
Technology, Commerce, Industry & Education
Industry in Karnataka and Foreign tie ups
Embodiment of Hindu - Muslim unity
Membership with Jacobin Club

Tipu's contribution to Rocket Technology

Wars And Agreements

The only resistance to the British
Continuos warfare
Great Self belief & Results
Purpose of the Mysore Wars
A Natural Warrior
A great victory
Recovery of Chittur
The humbling of the British
The Two Thorns-Marathas & The Nizam
Third Mysore War...a big blow to Tipu
The Last War...a Patriotic soldier's death

International Relations
External Policy
External Relations
Commercial Relations
Relations with Turkey
Relations with France

Alliance against the English
French Connection
Freindship with Louis XVI
Tipu's dream of a Republic
Relations with Afghanistan
Relations with Iran

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Last updated: February 22, 2000.