and other anti-fascists of Irish origin
updated 25th May 2004
There is an interesting piece by a Belfast researcher which details Belfast people who went out for both sides, see the Quinn article.
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Key to the sources of the list
Anti-fascists of Irish origin
There are, to put it mildly, some differences on who would make a list of the Irish involved with the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War. There are problems over memory and problems with the records. The real difficulty is who or what is an Irish person! Although not being a football fan, this site originally used the principle of the Irish and Northern Irish football teams. In other words; those born in Ireland, or of Irish parents/grandparents, no matter where the individual themselves were born. BUT on further consideration we've tightened this up. People listed here were if they were born here or had Irish parents.
So I have included Irish-Americans, Irish born in England, etc. Having said this, there are probably still errors in this list, but please contact me with corrections.
O'Riordan in his book listed 145 people; this list now exceeds 240. Ciaran 25th May 2004
E-mail me, Ciaran Crossey at: firstname.lastname@example.org, with any corrections, information, etc.
Robert A. Stradling compiled a list for his book, The Irish and the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. Published by Mandolin, an imprint of Manchester University Press, and 1999. http://www.man.ac.uk/mup ISBN 1901341135, cost £10.95
Additional people have been added by checking the list of Feargal McGarry, in Irish Politics and the Spanish Civil War, ISBN 1859182402, Cork University Press, 1999, £15.95 as well as a number of other sources, all indicated.
List of names of those who went out to
Spain on the Republican side
These combined lists give a potential total for Irish involvement on the Republican side as 244 (see McLaughlin and Blake notes). Having said that, the "Irish" includes those of Irish decent or some of even inclination!
These 2 were listed on the original International Brigades memorial banner, but are not Irish.
Samuel Lee London d. Jarama 0237 MoRiordan
John Scott S Africa d. Jarama 0237 MoRiordan
Jim Brady is listed in Stradlings book, on the basis of the words of the C Moore song. But on rechecking this, see the Peter O'Connor pamphlet that replaces JB with "Jim Straney of the Falls", this makes more sense even if is wrong geographically, JS was from the Short Strand.
Key to sources
|21st December 1979
|11th October 1990
|Strong Words, Strong Deeds
|Into the Fire. p268 "had been in Spain since October 1937. He was 28, Irish, and judged an 'incorrigible, useless type.' In his file the commissar noted tersely that Meeke was shot while attempting to escape.
[Info. From Soviet archives. The impression I take from the book is that this death was in Jan, 1938.]
|IB Association Archives, London
|9th April 1975 and 29th September 1997
|With the Reds in Spain
|Single to Spain
|27th October 1938
|Irish and Jewish volunteers in the Spanish anti-fascist war. 1987
|National Museum of Labour History
|Even the Olives are Bleeding
|Brother against Brother
|29th May 1983
The following Irish names (whose owners may have been Irish born) occur in the Spanish Archives:
W. Boyce, P. Boyle, F. Butler, R. Burns, W. Byrne, S. Donnell, Doyle, John Gorman, J. Kelly, W. McCartney, G. McDermott, McGrath, John O’Connell, William O’Hanlon, J. O’Hara, Charles O’Neill, Riley, M. Sullivan, Bernard Sweeney, D. Walsh
Lincoln Battalion (0637):
A. Burke, G. Cunningham, J. McGrath, M. McLaughlin (?Charles) O’Neill, M. Moran, J. Nolan, W. Walsh
Lincoln Battalion (0238):
Roe Burke, Vincent Deegan, Bill Donnelly, Joe MacKean, Tom McNulty, Patrick Murphy, Charles O’Barr, Joe O’Brien, Patrick O’Boyle, Paul O’Dell, Walter O’Kane, Tom O’Malley, John O’Sullivan, Larry O’Toole, Joe Walsh
Other XV Brigade Units:
Patrick O’Brien (cook at Albacete) Ernest Mahoney (postal services)
Some notes added by Ciaran Crossey
While I need to check this out, I think this Robert Armstrong is possibly mistaken. There was a Robert Armstrong, a Scottish Marxist active in the Revolutionary Socialist Party/Workers International League in Ireland between 1939-1948. He was a member of the International Brigade, and the Communist Party of Great Britain. After he was wounded and returned home, Armstrong became a Trotskyist and moved to Belfast.
The Belfast Telegraph of 30th May 1937 lists some anti-fascists who are being released, included among them is a Jack Flin, aged 29 from Derry.
He died in WW2 while serving on a Norwegian ship in 1942.
This is almost certainly a case of double counting, see W Laughlin listed above. they are one and the same person.
Additional Note, June 17th, 1999
If you check the Belfast News Letter reports, they give information on the two men who went out to help with Medical Aid, Fred McMahon and Joseph Boyd.
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