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JEAN-PAUL SARTRE : Chronology

Check out a simple chronology of Jean-Paul Sartre which I came across while surfing the web years ago. If you know the author of this one, please feel free to contact me for proper documentation.

1905 June 21 Born to Jean-Baptiste Sartre and Anne-Marie (Schweitzer) Sartre.
1905 October 20 The General Strike of Russia, leading to the formation of the first Soviet in St. Petersburg.
1906 November 17 Jean-Baptiste dies.
1907 Sartre and Anne-Marie move in with her parents: Karl "Charles" Schweitzer, noted writer and music historian, and Louise. Anne-Marie's cousin is Albert Schweitzer.
1909 Sartre suffers from a cold or influenza, causing leucoma in his right eye. He loses some sight in the eye.
1911 The Schweitzers move to Paris.
1913 October Dr. Eymard Sartre dies.
1914 June 28 Assassination of Austrian archduke Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo signals the start of World War I.
1914 August 1-23 Various European nations formally declare war against each other.
1916 January 29 Germans launch an air raid on Paris, using the Zeppelin Fleet.
1917 Anne-Marie marries Joseph Mancy. The couple settles in La Rochelle.
1917 April 2 America declares war on Germany.
1917 November 7 (October 26, according to old Russian calendar) The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
1917 November 8 Lenin assumes the chair of the Council of People's Commissars.
1918 Writes novel Götz von Berlichingen.
1918 November 9 Revolution in Berlin.
1920 February German Workers' Party changes its name to the National Socialist Party.
1922 Writes the short L'Ange du morbide and begins the novel Jésus la Chouette, which he does not finish.
1923 August 10-13 Riots in Germany, lead by unions and National Socialists.
1925 January 16 Trotsky dismissed as chair of people's Military Council.
1926 October Stalin expels Trotsky and Zinoviev from Politburo.
1927 Writes thesis L'Image dans la view psychologique.
1927 December 27 Trotsky expelled from Communist Party.
1928 Fails agrégation.
1929 Meets Simone de Beauvoir. They both take the agrégation. He places first, she places second.
1929 January 31 Trotsky exiled from Soviet Union.
1930 Inherits portion of grandmother's estate.
1931 Publishes La Légende de la vérité and starts writing Nausea.
1934 Writes La Transcendance de l'Ego.
1935 Grandfather, Karl "Charles" Schweitzer dies.
1935 Fall Relationship with de Beauvoir and Olga Kosakiewicz.
1936 Alcan publishes L'Imagination. Sartre writes the short stories Erostrate and Dépaysement.
1936 Series of government changes in France, the result of power struggles between the left and moderates.
1936 July 18 Spanish Civil War begins.
1937 The journal Recherches Philosophiques publishes La Transcendance de l'Ego.
1938 Writes about 400 pages of Le Psyché and begins writing La Age de raison. Publishes the stories La Chambre, Intimité, and Nourritures (originally titled Dépaysement).
1938 April Publishes La Nausée (Nausea).
1938 September 7 French government activates all reserve military personnel.
1940 June 14 German troops enter Paris.
1940 June 21 Sartre is taken prisoner by German army.
1941 March Escapes from German stalag. He founds the resistance group Socialisme et Liberté, which is disolved within the year. Maurice Merleau-Ponty, a student of Husserl and acquaintance of de Beauvoir joins the group.
1941 December 8, 11 America declares war on Japan, then Germany.
1943 June 2 Meets Albert Camus.
1943 Writes Huis clos in two weeks. Finishes Le Sursis and Réflexions sur la question juive, published in 1946.
1944 July Escapes from Paris with de Beauvoir.
1944 August 25 Allied troops enter Paris. The liberation of France does little to change the instability of the French government.
1944 Fall Forms Les Temps Modernes, which is to remain a popular journal.
1945 January 21 Stepfather, Joseph Mancy, dies.
1945 Refuses the Légion d'Honneur.
1946 November 8 The plays Morts sans sépulture and La Putain respectueuse premiere.
1946 November 10 French elections are marked by Communist and Socialist gains, leading to a Socialist-Communist coalition government.
1948 February Joins the Rassemlement Démocratique Révolutionnaire (RDR).
1950 Denounces Soviet labor camps, after defending them in several articles.
1952 Publishes Saint Genet.
1952 May 28 Communists demonstrate in Paris.
1952 August Publishes public reply to Camus' essays on rebellion in Les Temps Modernes.
1953 May Merleau-Ponty parts with Sartre, leaving the staff of Les Temps Modernes.
1954 January-February The former Allies meet to discuss German autonomy. The Soviet Union vetoes proposed free elections in Germany.
1954 May-June Visits the Soviet Union for the first time.
1954 December Elected president of the Franco-Soviet Association.
1955 May 5 Occupation of Germany officially ends, but troops remain.
1955 June Merleau-Ponty publishes Les Aventures de la dialectique, which inclides a chapter attacking Satre for ultra-bolshevism.
1955 October 2 France withdraws from the United Nations over perceived interference by other nations in the Algerian-French Revolt.
1956 November Condemns Soviet intervention in Hungary.
1956 December Martial law is declared in Hungary. Once again, Sartre is forced to recognize the totalatarian nature of the Soviet Union.
1958 December 21 Anti-communist De Gaulle elected president of France, just two months after radical-socialists had formed a coalition government. In many ways, De Gaulle's rise is a result of Soviet actions.
1959 September 24 The play Les Séquestrés d'Altona premieres.
1961 May Maurice Merleau-Ponty dies.
1961 July 19 A bomb explodes near Sartre's apartment, 24 Rue Bonaparte.
1962 January 7 Another bomb attack prompts Sartre to move.
1962 Sartre visits Russia three times during the year. He is also elected as vice-president of the Congrès de la Communanté Européenne des Ecrivains (COMES). He steadfastly remains a supporter of Marxist ideals.
1962 July 3 Algeria wins independence from France and soon after joins the Arab League.
1963 Received by Krushchev in Soviet Georgia. Sartre will make regular trips to the USSR in coming years.
1964 Refuses the Nobel Prize in literature.
1965 Again elected as vice-president of COMES.
1965 January 25 Begins adoption process of Arlette Elkain.
1968 After appearing on Czech television in support of the Prague Spring, Sartre once again is faced with the true nature of the Soviet Union when it crushes Czechoslovakian reforms with tanks.
1969 Sartre's mother, Anne-Marie, dies.
1969 May Supports Communist candidate for French presidency.
1969 November 12 The Soviet Union expells Solzhenitsyn from the Union of Soviet Writers. Sartre remains publically loyal to the Communist Party.
1970 November 9 De Gaulle dies.
1971 Publically breaks with Fidel Castro.
1972 May 22 American President Richard Nixon becomes the first President to visit Moscow.
1974 February 13 The Soviet Union deports Solzhenitsyn and revokes his Soviet citizenship.
1976 Sartre leads a campaign of 50 Nobel prizewinners for the release of Mikhail Stern, a political prisoner in the Soviet Union.
1976 April 15 In Spain the Union of Workers convenes its first congress in 44 years.
1976 April 25 Portugal has first elections in 40 years. The Socialist Party wins most seats.
1976 November 7 Accepts a doctorate from Jerusalem University.
1977 In an interview, Sartre declares that he is no no longer a Marxist. The interview appears in Lotta Coninua.
1977 May 17 Israeli Labour Party defeated after 29 years in power.
1978 February Visits Israel.
1978 March 12 In French elections leftists parties win an absolute majority for the first time.
1980 April 15 Dies at 9 p.m. in a Paris hospital while in a coma.

[Go back to the comprehensive biography]


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Copyright © 2001. Denchu Jose Decino. All rights reserved.

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