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Prinz Leopold von Bayern (Wittelsbach)
Leopold von Wittelsbach, a prince of Bavaria, was born in 1846.   Prince of Bavaria and later son-in-law of Kaiser Franz Josef of Austria.   Like most royals, he became an officer in the army.   His Bavarian army fought against Prussia during the Seven Weeks' War in 1866.   King Ludwig II sent him to the battlefields of France in 1870 as an ally of Prussia, and Leopold witnessed the great victory at Sedan.    He remained in the Bavarian army after the war and was promoted to German Field Marshal in 1905.   Leopold retired in 1912.  

But, like so many other old German generals, he would not enjoy retirement for long.  When WWI started, Leopold was recalled to active service and he was given the  command of the IX. Army on the Eastern Front, where he engaged in several fierce battles around Lodz and Warsaw during autumn 1914.  Following the spectacular and difficult drive east begun by General
Mackensen (now in command of the IX. Army) in spring 1915, Army Group Prinz Leopold von Bayern was formed on 5 August 1915 to centralise the German effort against Poland.  He was made commander of the IX. Army at this time.  In fact, Leopold kept this command all the way through 30 July 1916, when the Austrians subordinated their half of the Eastern Front to the German High Command, and heavy reorganisation followed. 

Leopold’s Army Front was redefined to include the Austrian Army Group Böhm-Ermolli, with its II. And III. Armies and the German Südarmee.  After the brutal summer campaigns succeeded in reversing Brussilov's drive against the Austrians, Leopold was called to replace Hindenburg as Commander in Chief of the Eastern Front, because Hindenburg had become Chief of Staff to Kaiser Wilhelm (replacing
Erich Falkenhayn).  Meanwhile, General Max Hoffmann became his Chief of Staff on the Eastern Front.   On 31 August 1916, Leopold became the Supreme Commander of the Eastern front, and Army Group Prinz Leopold became Army Group von Woyrsch.  Still, Leopold kept himself involved intimately with what was happening in the Austrian sector; during the Kerensky offensive, he devoted his attentions to an entire front, named after himself.  Leopold retained this post until war's end.  After the war, he retired once again. 

Prince Leopold died at Munich in 1930.

GWS, 5/01 [rev. 9/03]
A cheerful Prinz Leopold sports a camouflagued pickelhaub helmet in 1915
Orders of battle:  Roumanian and Eastern Front, November 1916
Immediately following Roumania’s defeat by the Central Powers
Southern Front, Prinz Leopold von Bayern, Supreme Commander
Böhm-Ermolli Army Group, Generaloberst
von Böhm-Ermolli
III. Armee, Generaloberst
von Kirchbach
VIII. Korps, Feldz.
von Benigni
  V. inf. div., Genmj. von Felix
  II. kav. div., Genmj. von Abele
XIII. Korps, Feldmlt.
von Csicserics
  XLII. Honved inf. div., Feldmlt.
  XXXVI. inf. div., Genmj. Nöhring
Hadfy Group, Feldmlt.
von Hadfy
  XXI. Schützen div., Genmj. von Podhajsky
  XLVII. Deutsch res. div., Genlt. von Oppeln-Bronikowski
Deutsch Südwest Armee, Gen. d. Inf.
von Bothmer
X. Deutsch Korps, Gen. d. Inf. von Eberhardt
  CXIX. Deutsch inf. div., Genmj. von Grönert
  LXXV. Deutsch res. inf. div., Genmj. Eisenhart-Rothe
  CIC. Deutsch inf. div., Genlt. von Puttkammer
XXIV. Deutsch res. Korps, Gen. d. Inf.
von Gerok
  III. Deutsch Guards inf. div., Genmj. Lindequist
  XLIX. Deutsch res. div., Genmj. Zöllner
  XXXVI. Deutsch res. div., Genlt. Kruge
XV. Türkisch Korps, Genmj. Sevki Pasha
  XIX. Türkisch Korps, inf. div., Lt. Col. Sedad Bey
  XX. Türkisch inf. div., Lt. Col. Jasin Hilm Bey
Hoffman K.u.K. Korps, Feldmlt. von Unschuld
  LV. inf. div., Genmj. von Unschuld
  LIV. inf. div., Genmj. von Severus
  XXXVIII. Honved inf. div., Genmj. von Molnar
II. K.u.K. Armee, Generaloberst
von Böhm-Ermolli
Eben Group, Gen. d. Inf. von Eben
IX. K.u.K. Korps, Feldmlt. von Kletter
  XIX. inf. div., Feldmlt. Eduard v. Böltz
  XXXII. inf. div., Genmj. von Willerding
IV. K.u.K. Korps, Feldmlt. von Hordt
  XXXIII. K.u.K. inf. div., Genmj. Iwanski
V. K.u.K. Korps, Feldmlt.
von Goglia
  XXXI. inf. div., Genmj. Lieb
  XXVII. inf. div., Genmj.
  IV. kav. div., Genmj. Berndt
XVIII. K.u.K. Korps, Feldmlt.
Klaudius Czibulka
  II. Deutsch kav. div., Genmj.
von Etzel
  I. Landsturm inf. div., Genmj. von Soretic
  CVI. Landsturm inf. div., Genmj.
Karl Kratky
  XXV. inf. div., Genmj. von Boog

Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, mid-July 1917
Immediately preceding the Kerensky offensive
Prinz Leopold von Bayern Front, GFM Prinz Leopold
Böhm-Ermolli Group, GdI
von Böhm-Ermolli
3. K.u.K. Armee, GO
von Tersztyánszky
         V. inf. div., GM von Felix
    XIII. Korps, FML
von Schenk
        XLII. honved inf. div., GM Mihaljevic
        XXXVI. inf. div., GM Nöhring
    XXVI. Korps, FML
von Hadfy
        XV. inf. div., GM von Aust
        II. kav. div., GM von Abele
    reserve: XVI. inf. div., GM von Kaltenborn
        LXXXIII. Deutsch inf. div., GM von Stumpf
Assigned in July:  VIII. Bayerisch res. div., GM Jehlin
        XVI. Deutsch res. inf. div., GLt Sieger
        XX. Deutsch inf. div., GLt Wellmann
        Bayerisch kav. div., GM von Egloffstein
Deutsch Süd Armee, GdI
von Bothmer
    XXVII. Deutsch res. Korps, GdK Krug von Nidda
        XXXVIII. Honved inf. div., GM von Than
        LIII. Sächsisch res. div., GLt Leuthold
        LXXV. Deutsch res. div., GM von Eisenhart-Rothe
    XV. Türkisch Korps, GM Javid Pasha
         XX. Türkisch inf. div., Obst Jasin Hilmi Bey
    XXXV. Deutsch rs. Korps, GLt von Heineccius
         XV. Deutsch res. div., GLt Limbourg
         XXIV. Sächsisch res. div., ?
    XXV. K.u.K. Korps, FML
Peter Hofmann
         LV. inf. div., GM v. Unschuld
         LIV. inf. div., GM von Severus
     reserves: CCIV. Sächsisch inf. div., GM Fortmüller
         IV. Deutsch ersatz div., GdK. von Werder
II. Armee, Generaloberst
von Böhm-Ermolli
    Zloczow Group, GdI on Winckler
    IX. K.u.K. Korps, FML Kletter
         XIX. inf. div., FML Eduard v.  Böltz
         XXXII. inf. div., GM von Willerding
         CXCVII. Deutsch inf. div., GLt Wilhelmi
         XXXIII. inf. div., GM von Iwanski
    Zloczow reserves:  CCXXIII. Deutsch inf. div., GM Hävernick
         XCVI. Sächsisch inf. div., GM von der Decken
    Anrollen Group, GM von Jacobi
        CCXXXVII. Deutsch inf. div., GM von Jacobi
    V. K.u.K. Korps, FZM
von Goglia
        XII. Deutsch Landswehr div., GM Drabich-Wächter
        XVII. inf. div., FML
        IV. kav. div., GM Berndt
    XVIII. Korps, FML
        XV. Deutsch Landwehr div., GLt Sack
        XXV. K.u.K. inf. div., GM von Boog
Prinz Leopold greets the heir to the throne Archduke Karl on the Eastern Front, 1915.