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Paul Puhallo
von Brlog
Paul Puhallo was born in Brlog, Croatia, on 21 February 1856.  Following is a summary of his career prior to the war:

1873 Attended a military technical school
1877 Graduated from the Military Academy in Vienna
1877 Promoted to Leutnant
1882 Promoted to Oberleutnant
1886 Promoted to Hauptmann 1. Klasse
May 1893 Promoted to Major
November 1895 Promoted to Oberstleutnant
November 1898 Promoted to Oberst
May 1903 Chief of the Operations Bureau until April 1905
April 1905 Commander of 5. infantry brigade until October 1906
May 1905 Promoted to Generalmajor
October 1906 Head of War School until September 1910
May 1909 Promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant
September 1910 Commands 46. Landwehr Div. until October 1912
October 1912 Commands V. Armee Korps until May 1915
November 1913 Promoted to Feldzeugmeister
May 1915 Commands 3.Armee until June 1915
June 1915 Commands 1.Armee until July 1916
May 1916 Promoted to Generaloberst

FML Paul Puhallo von Brlog succeeded to command the V. Corps in December 1912, replacing GdI Artur Sprecher von Bernegg.  Puhallo started the war with a rank of FZM.  He remained in command of the V. Corps until 25 May 1915, when he ascended to command the III. Army.  He replaced General
Boroevic who organised a defense on the Isonzo River against the Italian invasion.  Puhallo held sway over the III. Army until he was transferred to the command of the I. Army on June 10, 1915, replacing General Karl von Kirchbach there.  (General Tersztyanszky later replaced Puhallo as commander of the III. Army after it had been moved to the Vojvodina for the impending invasion of Serbia.)  

In May 1916, Puhallo was given the rank of Generaloberst along with many other fellow officers.  He lost his command over the I. Army on 26 July 1916, probably because most of it had been destroyed by the Lutsk Offensive executed by General Alexei Brussilov.  The I. Army was reorganised for the invasion of Roumania a month later, and commanded by General
Arz von Straussenberg.

Puhallo died in Vienna on 12 October 1926.

GWS, 7/01
Attention: Visit FEEFHS map room for a Map of Galicia including some of the placenames mentioned here.  Also, see the Map of Volhynia including Lutsk and Kowel (on the far left).  Be sure to open in a separate window to toggle between this page and FEEFHS.

Orders of Battle:  Polish Front, August 1914

Immediately preceding the invasion of Poland

I. Armee, General der Kavallerie
Viktor Dankl
     V. Korps, Feldzeugmeister Puhallo von Brlog
          XIV. inf. div., Feldmarschalleutnant
Hugo Martiny
          XXXIII. inf. div., Feldmlt. von Rebracha
          XXXVII. Honved inf. div., Feldmlt.

Orders of Battle:  Galician Front, January 1915

Immediately preceding the Battles for the Carpathians
III. Armee, Gen. d. Inf. Boroevic von Bojna
     Puhallo Group:  XVIII. Korps, Feldmarschalleutnant
Tschurtschenthaler von Helmheim
          XLIV. Schützen inf. div., Feldmarschalleutnant Tschurtschenthaler
     V. Korps, Feldzeugmeister Puhallo
          XXXIII. inf. div., Feldmlt.
          XXXVII. Honved inf. div., Feldmlt.
     XIX. Korps, Feldmlt.
          XXIX. inf. div., Feldmlt. Zanantoni
     Szurmay Group, Feldmlt.
          VII. inf. div., Feldmlt. von Lütgendorf
          XL. Honved inf. div., Feldmlt. Plank
          VIII. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Lehmann
          CXXVIII. k. Ung. Landsturm brigade, Oberstleutnant von Artner
          I. k. Ung. Hussar brigade, Oberst von Bothmer

Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, May 1915
Immediately preceding the Dunajec offensive
II. Armee, Gen. d. Kav.
Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli
   V. Korps., Feldzeugsmeister v. Puhallo
   Chief of Staff, Oberst Sallagar
        37. Honvéd inf. div., Genmj. Tabajdi
                   73. Honvéd inf. brig., Oberst v. Pogany
                   74. Honvéd inf. brig., Genmj. Hunke
                   37. field art. brig., Oberst Wondre
        33. inf. div., Feldmlt.
                     65. inf. brig., Genmj. Frh. v. Dürfeld
                     66. inf. brig., Genmj. Lieb
                     33. field art. brig., Oberst Kaufmann
          27. inf. div., Feldmlt.
Kosak (troops dispersed amongst IV. and XVIII. Korps)

Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, August 1915

Immediately following the counteroffensive against the Russians
I. Armee, Feldz. von Puhallo
          XIII. Schützen div., Genmj. von Szekely
     Szurmay Korps, Feldmlt.
          VII. inf. div., Genmj. von Dani
          XL. Honved inf. div., Feldmlt. Plank
     I. Korps, Gen. d. Kav.
von Kirchbach
          IX. inf. div., Feldmlt.
von Schenk
          XLVI. Schützen div., Genmj.
von Czapp
     II. Korps, Gen. d. Inf.
J. von Kirchbach
          XXV. inf. div., Genmj. Poleschensky
     Army reserve: Smekal Group
          XLV. Schützen div., Feldmlt. Smekal
          IV. inf. div., Feldmlt. Schmidt

After the fall of Lemberg on June 22, General
Mackensen reorganised the armies on the Eastern Front.  He directed the II. Army to cover his flank and join the newly formed Army Group Böhm-Ermolli, which also included the German Süd Armee and the VII. Army.  Meanwhile, Army Group Mackensen was formed from the Austrian IV. Army, the German XI. Army, and a newly formed German Army of the Bug. 

Puhallo's I. Army was stationed between these two army groups, and was to cover the right flank of the Army of the Bug.  Puhallo was ordered to advance on Vladimir Volynski as Mackensen drove into eastern Poland.  After some initially swift successes in early and mid-July, Army Group Mackensen slowed to a crawl, failing to encircle the Russian armies retreating from Poland. 

By the beginning of August, the Russians were pouring out of Poland and Puhallo was ordered to march behind Brest-Litovsk to block the retreat.  In mid-August, Puhallo took Kowel and by late August was involved in the battles for the Volhynian fortress of Lutsk, which fell in September.

GWS, 11/00
Puhallo and his staff near Brest-Litovsk, 1915.
Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, June 1916
Immediately preceding the Brussilov offensive

Böhm-Ermolli Group, Generaloberst von Böhm-Ermolli
I. Armee, Generaloberst von Puhallo
     XVIII. Korps, Feldmlt.
          I. Landsturm brigade, Feldmarschal Bandian
          VII. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Micewski
          XLVI. Schützen div., Genmj. von Urbanski
          XXV. res. inf. div., Genmj. von Boog

Orders of Battle:  Eastern Front, July 1916
Immediately following the Russian breakthrough at Lutsk and later at Czernowitz
Army Group Linsingen, Gen. d. Inf. von Linsingen
I. Armee, Generaloberst von Puhallo
     XVIII. Korps, Feldmlt.
          VII. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Micewski
          XLVI. Schützen div., Genmj. von Urbanski
          XXV. res. inf. div., Genmj. von Boog
     Marwitz Army Group, Gen. d. Kav.
von der Marwitz
          VII. K.u.K. inf. div., Genmj. Baumgartner
          XXII. Deutsch inf. div., Genlt. Dieffenbach
          CVIII. Deutsch inf. div., Genlt. Beckman
          XLVIII. K.u.K. inf. div., Feldmlt. Gabriel
     Falkenhayn Army Group, Gen. d. Kav. von Falkenhayn
          LXI. K.u.K. inf. div., Feldmlt. Winckler
          VII. K.u.K. kav. div., Feldmlt. Miczewski
          IV. K.u.K. kav. div., Feldmlt. von Leonhardi
          XLIII. Deutsch res. inf. div., Genmj. von Runckel
          IX. Deutsch kav. div., Genmj. von Heuduck

Czibulka's northern sector was handed over to the Corps of German General der Kavallerie von der Marwitz, who suffered from an offensive by the Russian XXXV. Corps.  Czibulka was not spared by General Sakharov, commander of the Russian XI. Army.  The Russian XVII. and XXXII. Corps attacked between von der Marwitz and Czibulka to the north and between Czibulka and Kosak's Corps to the south, respectively.  This treacherous predicament caused a break between the latter two, and the result was that Kosak lost Brody and more than 10,000 prisoners, while Czibulka lost a few thousand and found himseld engulfed on his right.  Both he and Kosak were ordered to cross the Styr and prevent the Russians from securing bridgeheads.  Kosak managed to keep bridgeheads of his own on the left side of the river, and this position was held through the rest of the summer.

GWS, 10/01
Oskar Bruch's lithograph of General Puhallo, 1915