PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA

DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM FILOSOFIA

ÉTICA E POLÍTICA: INDIVÍDUO, SOCIEDADE E ESTADO

PROF. NYTHAMAR DE OLIVEIRA
Segundas-feiras 9:00-11:00 h - Sala 507 / pr. 50

Axel Honneth und das Phänomenologische Defizit der Kritischen Theorie:
Phénoménologie, Herméneutique, Déconstruction



Phänomenologie der Gerechtigkeit: Ontologie, Subjektivität, Sprache


Fall 2009/2 : A Critical Theory of Justice : Habermas, Honneth, and French Phenomenology
EMENTA: Axel Honneth e o Déficit Fenomenológico da Teoria Crítica:
Reconhecimento, Reificação e Tecnologias do Mundo da Vida

Trata-se de revisitar a formulação do problema da correlação entre sistema e mundo da vida à luz da teoria crítica do reconhecimento intersubjetivo em Axel Honneth, enfocando os problemas da técnica e da reificação, através da leitura de textos seletos de Heidegger, Habermas, Ellul, Foucault, Derrida e Stiegler. O seminário dá continuidade ao trabalho de pesquisa desenvolvido sobre os debates atuais em torno de uma reformulação da Teoria Crítica capaz de resgatar a normatividade inerente ao mundo da vida através de uma fenomenologia hermenêutica da justiça como alternativa a modelos liberais e comunitaristas, modernistas e pós-modernos.

Website do Seminário: http://www.oocities.com/nythamar/honneth.html

Cebrap Paper: Axel Honneth, Affirmative Action and Social Technologies

Axel Honneth conference at PUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil, on Sept. 29 - Oct. 1, 2009

Brazilian Centre for Research in Democracy

What technology is the most important to the Japanese?
YouTube: Global Technology Facts
The Book: A technology we all tend to take for granted
Rodriguez-Watkins, Revisiting the Age of Enlightenment from a collective decision making systems perspective (First Monday)

Social Technologies: Axel Honneth and the Phenomenological Deficit of Critical Theory

Course Description

What is technology? What is society? In this course, I will argue that technology might be a good clue not only to the so-called "social construction of reality," but to the very concept of the social. In order to tackle the first question and understand what technology is all about, we will be reading some seminal texts by Heidegger, Habermas, Ellul, Foucault, Derrida, and Stiegler, stemming from what has been called the phenomenological movement and related schools of thought. Critical theory itself, especially as conceived by Habermas and Honneth, can be thus understood as a political theory which is ultimately indebted to the phenomenology of the social world or the lifeworld. In order to deal with the second question, we'll be exploring Axel Honneth's theory of intersubjective recognition as a highly original response to systemic reductionisms (such as technicism, bureaucratization, monetarization, juridification, and other social pathologies and effects of reification to be found in late capitalism). Honneth succeeds, I will argue, in recasting a critical theory of society that avoids the demonization of modern technologies and dichotomies opposing systems and lifeworld, hence he successfully cashes in what I dubbed "the phenomenological deficit of critical theory " --beyond the so-called normative, sociological, and political deficits of social analyses.


BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY:

BAYNES, Kenneth, 1992. The Normative grounds of social criticism: Kant, Rawls, Habermas. State University of New York Press.
BENHABIB, Seyla, 1986. Critique, Norm and Utopia. A study of the Foundations of Critical Theory, New York, Columbia University Press.
_____. 2002. The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton UP.
_____. 1996. Democracy and difference : contesting the boundaries of the political. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BERNSTEIN, Jay. 1995. Recovering Ethical Life. J. Habermas and the future of critical theory. London & New York, Routledge.
BERNSTEIN, Richard J. 1971. Praxis and Action. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
_____. 1985. Beyond Objectivism and Relativism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
_____. 1976. The Restructuring of Social and Political Theory. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
BRUNKHORST, Heike. Solidarität. Von der Bürgerfreundschaft zur globalen Rechtsgenossenschaft. Frankfurt/M: Suhrkamp, 2002.
D’ENTRÈVES, M.P & BENHABIB, S. Habermas and the unfinished project of modernity, The MIT Press, 1997.
DIETZ, S. Lebenswelt und System, Königshausen & Neumann, 1993.
DURBIN, Paul T. Philosophy and Technology (Kluwer) series, Philosophy and Technology, volume 7: Broad and Narrow Interpretations of Philosophy of Technology (1990)
ELLUL, Jacques, Le système technicien. Calman-Lévy, 1977.
_____. 1964. The Technological Society. New York, NY: Knopf. French original 1954.
FEENBERG, Andrew. 1986. Lukacs, Marx, and the Sources of Critical Theory. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
_____. 1991. Critical Theory of Technology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
_____. 1995. Alternative Modernity. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
_____. 1999. Questioning Technology. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
FOUCAULT, Michel. 1988. Technologies of the self.
_____. 1991. "Governmentality," in Graham Burchell, Colin Gordon, & Peter Miller (eds.), The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Harvester Wheatsheaf.
_____. 1993. "About the Beginning of the Hermeneutics of the Self," edited by Mark Blasius, Political Theory, Vol. 21, No. 2, May 1993: p. 198-227.
_____. 1997. "The Birth of Biopolitics," in: Michel Foucault, Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth, ed. by Paul Rabinow, New York: The New Press.
FORST, Rainer. 2003. Toleranz im Konflikt. Geschichte, Gehalt und Gegenwart eines umstrittenen Begriffs, Frankfurt/Main.
_____. 1994. Kontexte der Gerechtigkeit, Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp.
_____. 2008. Das Recht auf Rechtfertigung. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
FRASER, Nancy. 1997. Justice Interruptus. Critical Reflections on the ‘Post-Socialist’ Condition, New York and London: Routledge.
_____. 2008. Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World.New York: Columbia University Press.
FRASER, Nancy and Axel Honneth. 2003. Redistribution or Recognition? A political-philosophical exchange. London / New York: Verso.
FREEMAN, Samuel. (ed.) 2003. The Cambridge Companion to Rawls. Cambridge University Press.
GOODIN, Robert. 2003. Reflective Democracy. Oxford University Press.
HABERMAS, Jürgen. 1990. Technik und Wissenschaft als "Ideologie", Suhrkamp.
_____. 1987. Philosophisch-politische Profile, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1985. Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne, Suhrkamp. _____. 1987. Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns, 2 vols, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1984.Vorstudien und Ergänzungen zur Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1988. Nachmetaphysisches Denken.Philosophische Aufsätze, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1994. Faktizität und Geltung, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1996. Die Einbeziehung des Anderen, Suhrkamp.
_____. 1999. Wahrheit und Rechtfertigung. Philosophische Aufsätze. Suhrkamp Verlag.
_____. 2005. Zwischen Naturalismus und Religion: Philosophische Aufsätze Suhrkamp.
HARSANYI, J. C., 1976. Essays on Ethics, Social Behavior, and Scientific Explanation. Reidel.
_____. 1977. Rational Behavior and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations. Cambridge University Press.
HEIDEGGER, Martin, 1954. Die Frage nach der Technik. ET: " The question concerning technology ."
HICKMAN, Larry. 1988. "The Phenomenology of the Quotidian Artifact." In P. Durbin, ed., Technology and Contemporary Life. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Reidel. Pp. 161–176.
________. 1990. "Literacy, Mediacy and Technological Determinism." In T. Casey and L. Embree, eds., Lifeworld and Technology. Washington, DC: Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology and University Press of America. Pp. 117–131.
HONNETH, Axel. 1992. Kampf um Anerkennung. Suhrkamp.
_____. 2002. Das Andere der Gerechtigkeit. Aufsätze zur praktischen Philosophie. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
_____. 2001. Leiden an Unbestimmtheit. Eine Reaktualisierung der Hegelschen Rechtsphilosophie. Stuttgart: Reclam.
_____. 2003. Zwischenbilanz einer Rezeption: Frankfurter Foucault-Konferenz 2001. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.
_____. 1985. Kritik der Macht. Reflexionsstufen einer kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie, Suhrkamp.
HONNETH, Axel. (ed.). 1993. Kommunitarismus: Eine Debatte über die moralischen Grundlagen moderner Gesellschaften. Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag.
_____. 1994. Pathologien des Sozialen. Die Aufgaben der Sozialphilosophie. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer.
_____. 2002. Befreiung aus der Mündigkeit Paradoxien des gegenwärtigen Kapitalismus. Frankfurter Beiträge zur Soziologie und Sozialphilosophie, Frankfurt: Campus.
HONNETH, A. McCARTHY,T. OFFE,C. & WELLMER,A.(eds.)1989. Zwischenbetrachtungen im Prozess der Aufklärung J. Habermas zum 60 Geburtstag. Frankfurt, Suhrkamp.
IHDE, Don. 1979. Technics and Praxis. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Reidel.
————. 1983. Existential Technics. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
————. 1990. Technology and the Lifeworld: From Garden to Earth. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
————. 1993. Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction. New York, NY: Paragon House.
JONAS, Hans. 1979. "Toward a Philosophy of Technology." Hastings Center Reports 9 (February 1979): 34–43.
MARCUSE, Herbert. 1964. One-Dimensional Man. Boston, MA: Beacon.
MEAD, George Herbert. 1938. The Philosophy of the Act. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
________. 1964. “Scientific Method and Individual Thinker.” In A. Reck, ed., Selected Writings.
OLIVEIRA, Nythamar Fernandes de. 1999. Tractatus ethico-politicus. Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.
_____. "The Critique of Public Reason Revisited: Kant as Arbiter between Rawls and Habermas", Veritas 44/4 (2000): 583-606.
_____. "Kant, Rawls, and the Moral Foundations of the Political", in Kant und die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des IX Internationalen Kant-Kongresses, org. Volker Gerhardt et al., Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 2001, pp. 286-295.
_____. "Les défis normatifs de la justice globale selon John Rawls", in Mattéi, Jean-François et Denis Rosenfield (orgs.), Barbarie et civilisation. Paris: PUF, 2002.
_____. On the Genealogy of Modernity. Huntington, NY: Nova Science, 2003.
_____. "Rawls's normative conception of the person: A Kantian reinterpretation" Veritas 52/1 (2007): 79-99.
_____. "Affirmative Action, Recognition, Disrespect: Recasting Honneth's Critique of Power" (unpublished paper)
OLIVEIRA, Nythamar Fernandes de & Ricardo Timm de SOUZA (eds), 2008. Fenomenologia Hoje III: Bioética, Biotecnologia, Biopolítica. Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.
RAPP, Friedrich (ed.), Contributions to a Philosophy of Technology (1974); Analytical Philosophy of Technology (1981)
RAWLS, J. A Theory of Justice, Oxford University Press, 1996.
_____. Political Liberalism, Columbia UP, 1996.
_____. The Law of Peoples.Oxford U.P., 1999.
_____. Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy, ed. B. Herman. Harvard University Press, 2000.
_____. Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, ed. S. Freeman. Harvard University Press, 2008.
_____. Collected Papers, ed. S. Freeman. Harvard UP, 2001.
SIMONDON, Gilbert, Du mode d'existence des objets techniques, Aubier, 1958.
SMITH, Michael, 1994. The Moral Problem. Oxford: Blackwell.
_____. (ed.), 1995. Meta-Ethics. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
_____. 1997. "In Defence of The Moral Problem : A Reply to Brink, Copp and Sayre-McCord," Ethics October (1997): 84-119.
STIEGLER, Bernard, La Technique et le temps. Tome 1: La faute d’Epiméthée, 1994.
_____. La Technique et le temps. Tome 2: La désorientation, 1996.
_____. La Technique et le temps. Tome 3: Le temps du cinéma et la question du mal-être, 2001.
THOMPSON, J.B. & HELD, D. (orgs.) Habermas. Critical Debates, London, McMillan Press, 1983.
WALDENFELS, Bernhard, Grenzen der normalisierung. Frankfurt : Suhrkamp, 1998.
_____. Menschliches Leben zwischen therapie und technik [documento impresso e eletrônico] Veritas 2006 p. 159-173.
WHITE, S. (org.). The Cambridge Companion to Habermas. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Cronograma de leituras:

17/agosto : Apresentação: Axel Honneth e o Déficit Fenomenológico da Teoria Crítica:
Reconhecimento, Reificação e Tecnologias do Mundo da Vida

24/agosto : Martin Heidegger, Die Frage nach der Technik, 1954.
Em port. Trad. de Marco Aurélio Werle. PDF

31/agosto : Jürgen Habermas, Technik und Wissenschaft als 'Ideologie'. Suhrkamp, 1968.
Em port.: HABERMAS, Jürgen. Técnica e ciência como ideologia. In: Os Pensadores, vol. XLVIII. São Paulo: Abril Cultural, 1975, p.45-92. Outras versões portuguesas: Lisboa: Edições 70 (trad. Mourão) e Porto: Rés Editora, 1994.
Versão em espanhol (formato PDF)
Jürgen Habermas Archive
Andrew Feenberg, "Philosophy of Technology at the Crossroads"
Wiki sobre "Técnica e Ciência como Ideologia" (em port.)
Habermas Forum

14/setembro : Theodor W. Adorno e Max Horkheimer, Dialektik der Aufklärung, Querido, 1947; Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man
Frankfurt School Archive
A. Feenberg, MARCUSE OU HABERMAS: DUAS CRÍTICAS DA TECNOLOGIA (Tradução de Newton Ramos-de-Oliveira)
You Tube Cartoon: Manifesto do Partido Comunista
Arquivo Marxista
"From_technique_to_technology"
Jack Caputo on Heidegger & Meister Eckhart
Wiki on the "Dialectic of Enlightenment"

21/setembro : Michel Foucault, Technologies of the self, 1988.
M. Foucault, Tecnologías del yo
M. Foucault parle sur Bachelard
M. Foucault on "Discipline and Punish"
Foucault-Chomsky
Tina Besley, "Foucault & Technologies of Self"

28/setembro : Axel Honneth, Kritik der Macht. Reflexionsstufen einer kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie. Suhrkamp, 1997.
Paper on Axel Honneth, Affirmative Action and Social Technologies
2007 Talks by A. Honneth (audio)
Wikipedia entry on Axel Honneth
Wikipédia (français) Axel Honneth
Wikipedia (Deutsch) Axel Honneth
Book Review of The Critique of Power
Professor Honneth's Research Program at the Institut für Sozialforschung, Frankfurt
Deranty, Axel Honneth's ethics of recognition
Número da Revista "Civitas" 8/1 (2008) sobre Axel Honneth
O. Koslarek, La actualización de la teoría crítica de A. Honneth

Habermas-Rawls Blog

5/outubro : Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte. Suhrkamp, 2001.
A. Honneth's Tanner Lecture on Reification
A. Honneth's Research Program at Frankfurt: "Paradoxes of Capitalist Modernization" (2006)
Interview avec Axel Honneth Le Monde
Entrevista com Axel Honneth Folha de São Paulo
A. Honneth, "Gerechtigkeit und kommunikative Freiheit. Überlegungen im Anschluss an Hegel" (auf Deutsch)
A. Honneth, "Reconnaissance et justice" (en français)
A. Honneth, Entretien Philomag (en français)

Patterns of Intersubjective Recognition, Cap. 5 do "Struggle for Recognition"
Resenha do livro de A. Honneth (em port.)
Joel Anderson, Introduction to A. Honneth's The Struggle for Recognition

12/outubro : Não haverá aula (Feriado - N. Sra. Aparecida)

19/outubro : Jacques Ellul, Le système technicien. Calman-Lévy, 1977.
Jacques Derrida, De la grammatologie, Minuit, 1967.
Wiki sur Jacques Ellul
Association Jacques Ellul
Derrida, Hegel, Heidegger
Seminário JD
J. Derrida, Of Grammatology, ch. 2
J. Ellul l' inclassable
Site JD (en français)
Rorty on JD (Stanford U)

26/outubro : Bernard Stiegler, La Technique et le temps. Tome 1: La faute d’Epiméthée, 1994.
---------. La Technique et le temps. Tome 2: La désorientation, 1996.
---------. La Technique et le temps. Tome 3: Le temps du cinéma et la question du mal-être, 2001.
---------. "Quand faire c'est dire. De la technique comme différance de toute frontière." (xerox Casta/prédio 5)
Wiki sur Bernard Stiegler
Website de Bernard Stiegler
Conférence dans "l'Humanité"
Entretien Fadben

Apresentações de papers / artigos / pesquisas dos estudantes:
9/novembro : Robison /
16/novembro : Odir /
23/novembro : Fernando / Itamar
30/novembro : Filme "The Ister" / Semana Acadêmica PPG-Filosofia
7/dezembro : Luciana / Felipe

Spring 2009/1 : A Critical Theory of Justice : Habermas, Honneth, and French Phenomenology
EMENTA: Teoria Crítica da Justiça: Habermas e Honneth

Trata-se de revisitar a formulação do problema da justiça através de leituras dos dois mais importantes representantes da Teoria Crítica contemporânea (Escola de Frankfurt): Jürgen Habermas e Axel Honneth, sobretudo à luz das suas respectivas apropriações de Kant e Hegel, assim como das suas interlocuções com a fenomenologia francesa, a hermenêutica e a desconstrução em torno da questão do poder e da alteridade (esp. Emmanuel Levinas, Paul Ricoeur, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida). O seminário dá continuidade ao trabalho de pesquisa desenvolvido sobre os debates atuais em torno da Teoria da Justiça e da Teoria Crítica e em que medida podemos reformular uma fenomenologia hermenêutica da justiça como alternativa a modelos liberais e comunitaristas, modernistas e pós-modernos.



2. PLANO DE ENSINO:

2.1. Objetivos:

Explorar o caráter interrogante da filosofia social de Foucault, Habermas e Honneth aplicado à formulação de proposições práticas e teorias políticas; problematizar definições da justiça, da ontologia social, da subjetividade, da liberdade, da igualdade, do reconhecimento e da alteridade, a partir da leitura de Habermas, Honneth, Levinas, Ricoeur, Foucault, Derrida e interlocutores.
Aprofundar os conceitos de justiça, universalismo, comunitarismo, contratualismo, natureza humana, universalização, multiculturalismo, democracia, sociabilidade, liberalismo, cosmopolitismo, direitos humanos, procedimentalismo, teoria crítica, razão comunicativa, esfera pública, ética do discurso, teoria do reconhecimento, o problema da alteridade, práxis e teoria, a fundamentação normativa do político, a suposta normatividade da globalização, democracia deliberativa, moral e direito, a primazia do justo sobre o bem, realismo e anti-realismo, pragmatismo político, republicanismo.
Proporcionar ao estudante um background filosófico no pensamento sócio-político moderno, a fim de desenvolver sua própria reflexão crítica.

2.2. Metodologia:

Trata-se de um curso expositivo-participativo, no qual serão requeridas leituras semanais, apresentações orais e a participação do aluno nos debates e workshops.

2.3. Avaliação:

Freqüência obrigatória. Apresentação oral (pelo menos uma, em sala de aula). No final do semestre, entrega de um trabalho escrito (paper de 20 ou mais páginas; tópico e bibliografia a serem previamente discutidos com o professor).


2.4. Bibliografia:

DERRIDA, Jacques. Force de Loi. Paris: Galilée, 1994. "Force of Law," trans. Mary Quaintance, in Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice, eds., Drucilla Cornell, Michael Rosenfeld, and David Gray Carlson. New York: Routledge, 1992. pp. 3-67.

FOUCAULT, Michel. Microfísica do Poder, org. R. MACHADO. Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 1979.
______. As palavras e as coisas. [Les mots et les choses] 6a. ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1992.

HABERMAS, Jürgen. O discurso filosófico da modernidade. Lisboa: Dom Quixote, 1990. [PDF em espanhol]
______. "As objecções de Hegel a Kant também se aplicam à ética do discurso?" In Comentários à ética do discurso. Lisboa: Inst. Piaget, 1999.
______. Faktizität und Geltung: Beiträge zur Diskurstheorie des Rechts und des demokratischen Rechtsstaats. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1992.
______. Between Naturalism and Religion: Philosophical Essays. London: Polity Press, 2008.

HONNETH, Axel. Luta por reconhecimento: A gramática moral dos conflitos sociais. Trad. Luiz Repa. São Paulo: Ed. 34, 2003.
______. Reification: A Recognition-Theoretical View. Oxford University Press, 2007.
______. Das Andere der Gerechtigkeit. Aufsätze zur praktischen Philosophie. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2002.
---------. Leiden an Unbestimmtheit. Eine Reaktualisierung der Hegelschen Rechtsphilosophie. Stuttgart: Reclam, 2001.
---------. Zwischenbilanz einer Rezeption: Frankfurter Foucault-Konferenz 2001. Frankfurt/M. 2003.

LEVINAS, Emmanuel. Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence. [Autrement qu'être] Trans. Alphonso Lingis. Dordrecht and Boston, MA: Kluwer, 1978.

RICOEUR, Paul. Le juste. Paris: Esprit, 1995. Tome II: 2001. The Just, trans. David Pellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Toward a Phenomenology of Justice: Theses on Formal-Pragmatic Perspectivism
Hans-Georg Flickinger, A Juridificação da Liberdade: Os Direitos Humanos no Processo da Globalização
Stanford Encyclopedia entry on Reflective Equilibrium
Stanford Encyclopedia entry on Hermeneutics
Stanford Encyclopedia entry on Public Justification

Habemus Habermas: O Universalismo Ético entre o Naturalismo e a Religião
"Kant, Hegel e a Fundamentação Normativa da Ética"
Stanford Encyclopedia entry on Critical Theory
Website Habermas

A Democracia Deliberativa segundo Habermas
"Habermas, o Mundo da Vida e a Terceira Via dos Modernos"

BLOGS & RELATED LINKS:

Honneth and Affirmative Action (Power Point)

Wiki on Technology
Wiki on Society
Wiki sobre Tecnologia

Interview with Dan Everett
Wiki on Pirahã
Wiki (em port) sobre os Pirarrãs
BBC report on Pirahã
Stanford Enc. on Innateness and Language
The Brooks Blog: Honneth conference in Sydney, Australia (2007)
Silence and Voice: Axel Honneth
distropia
Blog do Fabricio
blog do walter
Blog do Ronai
ethics bites
Brian Leiter's Nietzsche Blog
Stanford Encyclopedia on Moral Epistemology
Stanford Enc. on Moral Realism
Stanford Enc. on Moral Naturalism
Stanford Enc. on Moral Cognitivism

YouTube video clips:

Th. W. Adorno bei einer Vorlesung
Adorno on pop music
Max Horkheimer
Herbert Marcuse (1976 interview)
M. Foucault
M. Heidegger
J.-P. Sartre
Jürgen Habermas Interview
Habermas Lectures on Kant's Cosmopolitanism
Axel Honneth interview

Heidegger
Website Fenomenologia
Husserl & Heidegger
Heidegger Page
Heidegger en castellano
"The Ister" : The Movie

Foucault
Michel Foucault Page
Foucault Info
Nancy Fraser on Foucault and Globalization
Verdade, Poder, Ética
Textos de MF em português

Rawls
Website John Rawls
Rawls, Procedimentalismo e Contratualismo
Rawls's Normative Concept of Person
O Debate Rawls-Habermas
Pesquisa em Andamento (CNPq): A Fundamentação Filosófica dos Direitos Humanos: Kant, Rawls, Habermas
John Rawls, Uma teoria da justiça [PDF]
J. Rawls, O liberalismo político
J. Rawls, Lectures On The History Of Moral Philosophy
The Cambridge Companion to Rawls
J. Habermas & J. Rawls, Debate sobre el liberalismo político

Derrida
J. Derrida, "Force de Loi" en castellano
Derrida en castellano
Hegel, Heidegger, Derrida
Bram Ieven, Essay on Rawls and Derrida
A-Deus : Levinas/Derrida


Fall 2008/2 : Justice, Ontology, Subjectivity
EMENTA: Justiça: Ontologia e Subjetividade

Trata-se de revisitar o problema da justiça através de leituras contemporâneas que retomam a critica de Hegel a Kant, assim como a abordagem da fenomenologia e da hermenêutica, em autores como Michel Foucault, John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas e Axel Honneth. Partiremos das recepções de duas das mais importantes obras sobre a articulação entre Ontologia e Subjetividade [Fenomenologia do Espírito (1807) de Hegel e Ser e Tempo (1927) de Heidegger] para melhor entendermos os debates atuais em torno da Teoria da Justiça e da Teoria Crítica sobre os modelos liberais e os modelos comunitaristas e em que medida pode-se ainda defender uma fenomenologia hermenêutica da justiça.


Bibliografia:

Leituras obrigatórias:

Passagens selecionadas dos seguintes textos:

DERRIDA, Jacques. Force de Loi. Paris: Galilée, 1994. "Force of Law," tr. Mary Quaintance, in Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice, eds., Drucilla Cornell, Michael Rosenfeld, and David Gray Carlson. New York: Routledge, 1992. pp. 3-67.

FOUCAULT, Michel. Microfísica do Poder, org. R. MACHADO. Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 1979.

______. As palavras e as coisas. 6a. ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1992.

HABERMAS, Jürgen. O discurso filosófico da modernidade. Lisboa: Dom Quixote, 1990.

______. "As objecções de Hegel a Kant também se aplicam à ética do discurso?" In Comentários à ética do discurso. Lisboa: Inst. Piaget, 1999.

______. Faktizität und Geltung: Beiträge zur Diskurstheorie des Rechts und des demokratischen Rechtsstaats. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1992.

HEGEL, Georg W.F. Fenomenologia do espírito. Trad. Paulo Meneses. Petrópolis: Vozes, 1992.

HEIDEGGER, Martin. Ser e Tempo. Trad. Márcia de Sá Cavalcanti. Petrópolis: Vozes, 1988.

HONNETH, Axel. Luta por reconhecimento: A gramática moral dos conflitos sociais. Trad. Luiz Repa. São Paulo: Ed. 34, 2003.

RAWLS, John. Uma Teoria da Justiça. Trad. A. Pisetta e L.M.R. Esteves. Martins Fontes, 1997.

______. Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Paperback edition, 1996.

2.5.2. Leituras complementares:

Alexy, Robert. Begriff und Geltung des Rechts. Freiburg/München: Alber, 2002.

Audard, Cathérine. "Le principe de légitimité démocratique: le débat Rawls-Habermas", in: Rainer Rochlitz (ed.) Habermas ou la politique de la raison. Paris, 2002.

----------. "Droits de l'homme et théories de la justice", in: A.da Silva Estanqueiro Rocha (org.) Justiça e Direitos Humanos. Braga (Portugal), 2001.

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LINKS SUGERIDOS:
Toward a Phenomenology of Justice: Theses on Formal-Pragmatic Perspectivism

Entrevista com A. Honneth (esp.)

S. Okazaki, Honneth and Fromm

D. Freundlieb, Rethinking Critical Theory

G.W.F. Hegel, Phänomenologie des Geistes

Wikipedia entry on Axel Honneth

Site Hegel

Site Heidegger

Site Foucault

Site Rawls

Site Habermas

Megasite on Just War

Fundamentação Filosófica dos Direitos Humanos

"Human Rights" (Stanford)

O que é Filosofia Analítica?

Wikipedia entry on John Rawls

Wikipedia entry on The Law of Peoples

Joshua Cohen, PLURALISM AND PROCEDURALISM

John Rawls, TWO CONCEPTS OF RULES (1955)

H. A. Prichard, Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake? (1912)

G. E. Moore, THE NATURE OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY (1922)

Direitos Humanos e Cosmopolitismo em Kant e Rawls

G. Chartier's Cosmopolitan Critique of Rawls's LoP

A Post-Colonial Critique of Rawls's LoP

André Van De Putte, "Rawls's Political Liberalism"

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Philippe Van Parijs, "Qu'est-ce qu'une nation juste, un monde juste, une entreprise juste?"

Giorgio Agamben on so-called "War on Terror"

Rede Direitos Humanos e Cultura

Movimento de Justiça e Direitos Humanos

Secretaria Especial dos Direitos Humanos (Governo Federal)

Rede Nacional de Direitos Humanos

Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte

Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil (1988)

Biblioteca Virtual de Direitos Humanos da USP

Tribunal Regional Federal - 4a. Região

Martha Nussbaum on Capabilities and Human Rights

Website do Professor Philippe Van Parijs (Louvain)

Grupo de Pesquisa Interdisciplinar em Teoria da Justiça e Cultura Política

The NY Review of Books (Feb. 1981, vol. 28 N. 2) - Mais de 70 filósofos de respeitáveis instituições dos EUA condenam a política externa americana de apoio direto ou indireto à repressão militar e ao abuso dos direitos humanos na América Latina, dentre eles Hector-Neri Castaneda, Stanley Cavell, Noam Chomsky, Arthur C. Danto, Jaakko Hantikka, Thomas Kuhn, John Rawls, Richard Rorty, Wilfred Sellars, Barry Stroud e outros.

JUSTIÇA GLOBAL

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

International Federation for Human Rights

R. Sinnerbrink, Platonism and Politics in Heidegger and Nietzsche



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