Everyone will experience acne. Here is an example of acne on the forehead.
Acne is very common disorder that most young people get in early puberty. It is caused by inflammation of the small oil glands (sebaceous glands) that surround the fine hairs on the face and chest. The severity of acne increases and, typically, reaches its peak around the ages of 17 to 19. For most people, acne tends to go away by the time they reach their mid-20s; however, very sensitive people may continue to have the disorder until they reach their 43s.
Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or menstrual periods can also cause or contribute to acne. This is also the case with environmental irritants such as pollution, intense heat, humidity or cold.
Puberty period , the production of male sex hormones (androgens) increases in both girls and boys, which can stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. In some people, the sebaceous glands are extremely sensitive to androgens. These people, mostly men, get acne so severely that they need medical treatment.
The increased production of sebum makes the openings of the sebaceous glands narrower, which prevents the sebum from getting out. Meanwhile, the sebum production continues regardless.
Pimples are often caused by Propionebacterium acnes, a common bacterium on the skin that feeds on sebum. This bacterium produces waste products and fatty acids that irritate the sebaceous glands and make them inflamed.
Small symptom at first, tender, red spots that later turn into pimples containing degraded fatty acids. The inflammation disappears over a few days or weeks, depending on the severity.
Severe acne can cause scars which will never disappear. Acne can also cause psychological stress and be socially disabling. An early effective treatment is therefore imperative.
Whiteheads are the direct result of skin pores becoming clogged with sebum (naturally occurring oil) and dead skin cells. Whiteheads are symptoms of acne vulgaris and consist of pores blocked with sebum. Unlike blackheads the sebum is white but is otherwise similar.
Whiteheads with correct treatment or time may resolve and do not generally scar. They do not form a head, although the sebum may sometimes protrude from the pore. Individual whiteheads can become infected and progress to pustules and form a head.
No infection is present in whiteheads, infected pores are pustules, papules or nodules- these terms are frequently confused.
A blackhead (medically known as an open comedo] , plural comedones) is a yellowish or blackish bump or plug on the skin. A blackhead is a type of acne vulgaris. It is caused by excess oils that have accumulated in the sebaceous gland's duct. Blackheads are typically caused by excessive oil and makeup, which can facilitate the multiplication of the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, the predominant anaerobe of the normal skin flora. The substance found in these bumps mostly consists of keratin and modified sebum (an oily secretion of the sebaceous gland), which darkens (resembling dirt) as it oxidizes.
Washing your face twice a day with a mild cleanser. Make sure you wash your skin whenever it becomes sweaty. Do not scrub your face as this will only make your acne worse.
Avoid hairstyles in which the hair is constantly touching your face. Shampoo your hair regularly. Do not squeeze or pick at the pimples. This makes them worse and may cause scarring. Avoid exposing your skin to too much cold, heat and sunlight. Sunlight may improve your acne for a while, but it won't cure it. Too much exposure to sunlight can lead to burning and skin cancer. Use a water-based moisturizer. Greasy or oily creams and foundations block the pores and may cause pimples.
No scientific research has shown that certain foods can cause acne, but if you notice that spots increase after you eat certain things, it makes sense to avoid them, especially the heaty food.
Choose a sensible, varied diet, drink lots of water and exercise regularly.
Acne vulgaris, or acne, is a skin problem that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog
up your pores. Some people call it blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, or zits.
Most young people get at least mild acne. It usually gets better after the teen years.
But many adult women do have acne in the days before their menstrual periods.
Acne starts when oil and dead skin cells clog the skin's pores. If germs get into the
pores, the result can be swelling, redness, and pus.
Symptoms of acne include whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples. These can occur on the face, neck, shoulders, back, or chest.