In Victoria before 1848
News from Victoria, Australia

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Image from Victorian Periodicals and the Empire, "The March of Civilisation, or News from Australia!" The Illuminated Magazine Jan 1844.

The march of Civilisation





My Other Site

To South Australia by Di Cummings
Convicts register, Medical Pioneers
Passenger lists - NSW as families or singles
Victoria has age of individual,
hand luggage for voyage,
1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843,
1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849,
My Resume and Pioneers site
Notes on over 41,500 people.
Churches before 1848
Ferguson news 1840-5
Baptisms of two sets of triplets
39 - David Clark, John Barry,
Westminster, William Metcalfe
40 - Andromache, China, Coromandel,
Glenhuntley, Himalaya, Isabella Watson,
John Bull, Orient, Theresa
Diary 1835 - 1842, in Rootsweb
1841 - Georgiana, Grindlay, Intrinsic,
Ward Chapman
Caroline Agnes came 1849
Sydney shipping reports in The Colonial Magazine and Commercial Maritime Journal are good, also see the Hobart Courier
The Geelong Advertiser is online from 21 Nov 1840, 1841, 1842, and missed 1843, has 1844 and 1845. Melbourne Times began Volume 1, Number 1 on 9 April, 1842.
'PaperofRecord' had 'Port Phillip Herald' beginning 3 Jan 1840, omits issues for Nov 1842. This was sold to Google, and has dropped off Internet, 20 Feb 2009.
In references to ship size, 1 ton refered to 100 sq feet of space, each adult passenger was supposed to have 2 tons of living space.

Passengers were provided with the following aids:

Knife, fork, tablespoon, teaspoon, metal plate, hot cook pot and mug. Upon arrival in the colony, these articles were given to assisted immigrants who behaved well on the voyage. Immigrants were also advised to take an iron kettle, a couple of saucepans, a frying pan, tea pot and pail.
For every 100 passengers the following medical comforts were carried on board.
10 pounds of arrowroot, 50 pounds of preserved beef, 400 pints of lemon juice, 400 lb of sugar to mix with the lemon juice 60 pounds of scotch barley, 18 bottles of port wine, 300 gallons of stout, 50 gallons of rum.
See Garrison orders Feb 28, 1803 - fascinating pages of Orders. The book of Lt Colonel David Collins, to be Lt Governor of Port Phillip, 1803-4. On 13 Dec 1803 notes the meritorious conduct of six convicts - John Rawlinson, Urias Allender, Christopher Forshap, William Thomas, James Price and David Wakefield who appear to have been included in the Detachment to be landed near Arthur's Seat, Port Phillip.
From RS Webb's

Return of Immigrants,

in 1837 - 619 men, 78 women and 43 children, in 1838 - 1088 men, 97 women and 75 children, and in 1839 - 1629 came from Van Dieman's Land, 33 from SA, 517 from NSW, 4 from New Zealand, and 1036 from Great Britain and Ireland.
William Buckley welcomes Batman From Meeting Batman 1835 Victoria, Australia: William Buckley (1780 - January 30, 1856), Cheshire, UK-born escaped convict in Australia, gave himself up to John Batmanís landing party.
Buckley had spent 32 years in the bush living among Aboriginal tribespeople, and was the only known European living in what is today the state of Victoria.
William Buckley 11 October 1836 appointed constable and interpreter to the natives, at a salary of 60 pounds per year.
8 Nov 1836 had 2 horses, hut and 1 acre garden
He died in 1856 at Hobart.
Self-funded (paying) passengers were independant of the bounty system, may not be listed.
Reason for lists on arrival was to approve claim of Bounty payment to the Agent who organised the voyage and selected the passengers, so the list concentrated on the passengers who arrived alive.
For Bounty to be approved, adults had to be healthy, single, or accompanied by spouse (who may die during the voyage). Boys under 18 and girls under 15 must accompany their parents. Children under a year old were not counted for the Bounty, but were included in the count of souls for the Gratuity (which could be refused if passengers could prove it had not been earned).
Standard Bounty payment increased in 1840, was in pounds - 19 for adults, 15 for boys aged 15-18, 10 for children 7-15, 5 for children aged 1-7. Infants were not paid for, not issued with food, etc.
Staff are consistently shown as 5 - the Mastor, Surgeon-Superintendent, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Mate, because these 5 are paid, names are usually on Ship Disposal Certificate (Victorian lists). The Crew payments - Superintendant-Surgeon (Doctor) 10/6, Master 3/-, 1st Mate 1/6 and 2nd and 3rd Mates each received 1/- were based on the number of Bounty souls landed, so infants were counted here. It was in the Doctor's interests to give mothers extra 'medicines'.
In 1844 the amount of Bounty was reduced to 18/14/- per adult.
A ship
A ship
Barque - also spelt 'Bark'. A barque has at least three masts, all rigged with at least three square sails each, except for the sternmost one, which is rigged with fore-and-aft sails. The wooden three-masted barque was the most common type of cargo-carrier in the middle of the 19th century.
A barque has all of the front masts with sails across the ship while the rear mast has the sails parallel to the ship. The older configuration was a square rigged ship, and by conversion to a barque, needed fewer seamen to handle the rig, and could sail closer to the wind. To quote from Michael Cannon's 'Perilous Voyages to the New Land', a ship 'ton' refers to 100 cubic feet of space and can vary according to the way the vessel is fitted, and a 'ton' of freight usually occupied forty cubic feet of space.
typical barque

More Links
John Larkin Australian Family History, launched Thu, 17 Apr 2008. A quote - "We're particularly keen to follow the fortunes of the 6,000 'Bounty' (assisted immigrants) who came to Victoria (then called Port Phillip) in 1840-41. We'd guess they'd have 300,000 descendants today." and he quotes a family I have written up in my Pioneers site - John and Isabelle Primrose

Clancy's first 10_years here

Irish Orphan girls 1848-9, view with Nelligan notes,
Pioneer Owners of the Wimera, a pdf file of the book by Thomas Young, showing the pastoral leases and changes in ownership, from 1842 when Benjamin Boyd took up the first station, Ledcourt, an area of 200,000 acres, up to the year 1880, and quoting from Mr AS Kenyon's "The Story of the Mallee".
Resident Judge Willis, 1841-3

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Began first web 1st Nov, 1998.
This page is part of Elizabeth Janson's web site