The past of
Zemun extends through a very long space of time, beginning with Paleolitic hunters which
traces were found on the high bank of Danube, near today's town. The oldest settlement on
the region of today's Zemun has been founded in Neolit, and its remains still can be seen
on the town cemetery. The succesion of various cultures on this soil-from the earlier
Stone Age agricultural one, through the early metallic to the Bronze and Iron Ages-tells
us of many intricate events and significant changes in the development of human
society in this region.
Zemun 1900 Railway station
| Prosperity of the town and the riches of its inhabitants in
the second part of 18th and in the 19th century exerted a great influence on cultural
life. Many outstanding political and cultural personalities of that time lived or
temporary stayed there. In Zemun existed few first schools, a high school (founded 1858)
and Merchant academy (1883) and also library (1825), various cultural-artistical societies
and few printing firms (first was founded 1849), as well as appeared several newapapers.
Amusing and sport's life were also developed. Each religion had its churches. First
hospital was founded even in 18th century, and in 1870 was founded a voluntary
fire-fighting society. In the first part of 19 th century Zemun became an important
steamboat station, and in 1883 was connected with railway tracks with Budapest and Wien
and also with Serbia.
The First World War official began by attack of Austro-Hungar army from Zemun to Belgrade on July 28th, 1914. After the battle of Cer, Serbian army conquered Zemun in a brief period of time, but soon it withdrew. A considerable number of Serbian volunteers and civilians retreated with the army, while the rest of Serbian inhabitants of Zemun were deported from the town, and turned back just during 1916. On 5th day of November, 1918, Serbian army liberated Zemun and town became a component part of the newly formed Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovens, later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Zemun 1925 Zemun 1935
| In the period between two world wars, Zemun strongly
developed, turning into one of the most powerful industrial centers of the country, which
led to a considerable change of ethnic and social structure of its inhabitants. From 1934
Zemun was administrativly joined to Belgrade.
After the defeat of Yugoslavia in the April War 1941, Zemun was again separated from Belgrade and it was joined to the so-called Independent State of Croatia. During the war, Zemun was significant center of the resistance movement, few thousand people from Zemun fought in the partisan army, and many inhabitants of Zemun, Specially Serbian, Jewish and Gipsy suffered and were killed in the enemy prisons and concentration camps. the Partisans and the Russian Army liberated Zemun on October 22nd, 1944. One year later Zemun again became an integral part of Belgrade.
In the period after the Second World War Zemun records strong economic, social and cultural development. Town is widened, a lot of new objects were built, as well as two new settlements-Nova Galenika and Zemun polje. Today Zemun borough comprises of nine Srem's villages: Batajnica, Becmen, Boljevci, Dobanovci, Jakovo, Petrovcic, Progar, Surcin and Ugrinovci. Zemun borough has about 200.000 inhabitants.