- Breaking Up the Opposition -
Part 2 is here
A Partial Cast of Characters:
The CIA - Gloria Steinem - Katherine Graham
- Clay Felker - Henry Kissinger
Allard K. Lowenstein - Geraldine Ferraro - Roy Cohn - Watergate
- Operation Mockingbird
J. Stanley Pottinger - Ben Bradley - Allan Dulles - George
Bush - Frank Turpel
Newsweek - The Washington Post - Edwin Wilson - James Buckley
- William F. Buckley
Orlando Letelier - Martin Luther King
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 28
GLORIA IN EXCELSIS
Now. The first article I'm going to be reading here comes from
Counterspy magazine, Volume IV, Number 1. And it was published
in 1980. This is a statement by a group of radical feminists who
called themselves "The Red Stockings," who (despite
the fact that neither Nip [co-host] nor myself would agree with
nor identify with their ideological underpinnings), they did some
excellent and readily verifiable research. And that research is
"front and center" in the following letter which they
mailed to Counterspy. (By the way, Counterspy is
one of the top publications covering the activities of the U.S.
intelligence establishment. It's now been renamed, The National
Reporter.) ...the following statement from the Red Stockings
Collective (this from September 6, 1979). It's headlined,
We feel that we must respond to the latest in a series of attempts
to suppress the inquiry into the details and nature of Gloria
Steinem's association with the Central Intelligence Agency.
We are alarmed that the most visible commentary on these events
comes from several well-known figures in the feminist movement
who not only condone but endorse this suppression.
Because feminism's appeal and impact spring from a fundamental
intellectual honesty, it is particularly distressing that the
suppression of dissent may be seen as some kind of official
In 1975, after Red Stocking researched Gloria Steinem's affiliations
and raised questions about her political past, Steinem published
a "statement," in connection with her activities on
behalf of the Independent Research Service, a CIA-funded group.
Many feminists found this document neither entirely credible
nor to the point, and they have insisted upon seeking more enlightening
Because of the conscious counter-revolutionary role that the
CIA has played at home and abroad over the years, it makes sense
to expect a participant in the women's movement, especially
one who has come to symbolize it, to fully discuss her past
relationship to the CIA. We are still waiting to hear Steinem's
opinion of the Agency. The last one she gave characterized the
CIA as "liberal" and far-sighted. [New York Times,
Feb. 21, 1967, according to Emory.]
The events that prompted us to send out this letter include:
Gloria Steinem, Clay Felker (sp?) (most recently publisher
of Esquire), and Ford Foundation president Franklin Thomas,
were among those who threatened to sue for libel if Random House
allowed the CIA chapters to be published in the Random House
edition of Red Stocking's Feminist
Revolution. At the same time, Newsweek and Washington
Post publisher Katherine Graham and Warner Communications
(a major Ms. [magazine] stockholder) also complained.
The offending chapters were deleted. Thus, Steinem and her powerful
supporters successfully used the threat of litigation to exercise
prior restraint over publication.
When Steinem learned that the Village Voice had assigned
journalist Nancy Borman (sp?) to prepare an article on the censorship
of Feminist Revolution, her attorneys, Greenbaum, Wolf
& Ernst (sp?), threatened suit against the Voice if
any mention of Steinem's CIA association appeared in this article.
After some delay, to allow the Voice's legal counsel
to review the material, the Voice published the article
on May 21st, 1979. And, in subsequent issues, several letter
writers responded with attacks on Borman and the Voice.
In May of 1979, when Heights and Valley News, a New
York City neighborhood paper published by the Columbia Tenant's
Union [CTU], began a series on the material deleted from Feminist
Revolution, Steinem's attorneys again threatened suit. But
instead of threatening the Columbia Tenant's Union corporation,
they sent a letter to each of CTU's 32 board members. Board
members cannot be individually sued for a corporation's acts
except in a few instances not relevant here. But Steinem's attorneys
stated in their letter to the board members that publication
of the material "could subject them to individual liability."
Heights and Valley News stood up to this attempt at intimidation
and is continuing the series. All this legal harassment was
in response not to any actual instance of false, malicious defamation,
but to the potential raising of embarrassing questions about
some feminist relations with the power elite. We think that
Steinem and her associates have not made a convenient case for
cutting off discussion.
And at the bottom they have a few questions they ask about the
implications of this for the women's movement. And there's a series
of signatories to this particular statement. And the only two
names I recognize here are, a woman by name of Marge Piercy who's
a well-known feminist poet, and also a woman named Louise Billotte,
who is a KPFA [radio] staff member.
There are a number of points to be brought up concerning this
particular statement, here in Counterspy.
First of all, Steinem, as the article pointed out, has never
denied her relationship to the Independent Research Service. However,
people who have attempted to highlight the nature of the Independent
Research Service relationship to the CIA and, in turn, Steinem's
relationship to Independent Research Service, have been threatened
with litigation and have had a lot of pressure put on them. The
pressure in this instance not only coming from Steinem herself,
but also from a man named Clay Felker (whose role in establishing
Ms. magazine we're gonna take a look at), as well as Katherine
Graham. We're gonna take a look at Katherine Graham, her relationship
with CIA, and her involvement with Ms. [magazine], in just
a couple of minutes.
Not only was the book Feminist Revolution "leaned
on" (I guess you'd say) by the Ms. axis, but also
the Village Voice, when writing an article about the censorship
of Feminist Revolution, also had similar pressure put on
And the interesting thing is, the attorneys Greenbaum, Wolf &
Ernst are a law firm that produced some of the people helping
to defend, among others, Richard Nixon, in the Watergate case.
The fact that the Independent Research Service is, for all intents
and purposes, a CIA front, is a matter of record.
If there was nothing to be covered up, why all of the pressure
to cover it up? Even Steinem's own resume will maintain that she
was related to the Independent Research Service.
So keep an eye on these events, and remember the names Clay Felker
and Katherine Graham. We're going to come back to those a little
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 29
As far as the Independent Research Service itself, there's quite
a few sources that document the connections of the Independent
Research Service to the Central Intelligence Agency. I'm going
to read one of them, very briefly, right now.
The book is called (and it's published in hardcover), it's called
Espionage Establishment, by David Wise and Thomas Ross.
Published in hardcover by Random House and copyrighted 1974. In
the [book] there's a footnote, in which a number of CIA domestic
funding conduits and organizations funded by the CIA are listed.
The organizations range from some which are obviously not CIA
fronts but have simply received money from CIA (such as the National
Council of Churches [sic--the World Council of Churches was inaugurated
by those who were the predecessors to the CIA1,
so why not the National Council?--risephoenix]), to organizations
like Radio Free Europe which were not only begun, basically, by
the CIA but for all intents and purposes are CIA fronts and always
have been. And in the list (which is in alphabetical order --
this, by the way, on page 155 of The Espionage Establishment),
the Independent Research Service is listed right there.
risephoenix note 1: ["Peace agitator,"
William Sloane Coffin, tapped for 1949 Skull and Bones and
a CIA agent himself--] "His uncle, the Reverend Henry
Sloane Coffin (S&B 1897), had also been a "peace"
agitator, and an oligarchical agent. Uncle Henry was for 20
years president of the Union Theological Seminary, whose board
chairman was Prescott Bush's partner Thatcher Brown. In 1937,
Henry Coffin and John Foster Dulles led the U.S. delegation
to England to found the "World Council of Churches",
as a "peace movement" guided by the pro-Hitler faction
in England." from Chapter 7,
The Unauthorized Biography of George Bush. This section
of the book is reproduced here.
Still more information about the Independent Research Service
and just exactly what sorts of functions it performs on behalf
of CIA is carried in an excellent article that appeared in the
Berkeley Barb. (Now again, as I indicated, neither Nip
[co-host] nor myself endorses the ideological underpinnings of
a publication like the Berkeley Barb.)
The reportage here is excellent and essential, and it represents
the deepest investigation into the background of Gloria Steinem
we've been able to come up with.
The following article from the Berkeley Barb is from the
issue of May 30th thru June 5th of 1975. The article is by Gabriel
Schang and it's titled, "Radical Women Won't Be Ms.-led."
And it concerns Steinem and her whole relation with Independent
Gloria Steinem, founder and editor of Ms. magazine and
president of the Ms. Corporation, has an association spanning
ten years with the CIA which she has misrepresented and covered
up. To some people, particularly feminists, the relationship
seemed obvious, if nebulous and difficult to verify. Others
will probably remain incredulous until Time magazine
finally acknowledges it. And then, there will be people who
don't perceive the implications of such a liaison, and still
more who will simply shrug it off.
A group of women tied-in with the origins of the modern Women's
Liberation Movement and concerned about its future, who call
themselves "Red Stockings," have been able to piece
together enough documentation to convincingly expose and describe
the Ms./Steinem/CIA connection. Moreover, the Red Stockings
have closely examined the financial backing and contents of
Ms. magazine and have arrived at the conclusion that
the ideology put forth by Ms. has been positively harmful
to the Women's Movement.
The first revelations of Gloria Steinem's relationship to the
CIA appeared in the New York Times in 1967, in an article
that stated that Steinem had a part in launching a CIA front
group which was called the "Independent Research Service."
Just prior to this exposure, Ramparts magazine had disclosed
that the organization was CIA-funded.
The purpose of the Independent Research Service seems to have
been to subvert communist-minded youths on an international
basis. The supposedly "Independent" Research Service
was, in fact, totally dependent on the CIA. It is believed to
have been formed in response to the Communist World Youth festivals
occurring throughout the 1950s and 1960s. These festivals were
held in communist countries until 1959, when the festival for
that year was scheduled to take place in Vienna -- neutral territory
during the Cold War. The State Department did its best to discourage
American youths from attending. Some did go, though, and in
the meantime the CIA covertly arranged for the Independent Research
Service to organize an anti-communist delegation to attend and
disrupt the festivals.
In 1967, Ramparts exposed the intricate
laundering and funneling process by which the Independent Research
Service obtained money from the CIA. The funds passed through
five different foundations: the Borden Trust, the Price Fund,
the Beacon Fund, the Edsel Fund, and the Kentfield Fund,
on its way to the Independent Research Service as well as to
the National Students Association and other groups. The final
channeling was accomplished through the well-known Boston law
firm of Hale & Dorr (sp?). This same law firm produced
Joseph Welch as attorney for the Army and in its confrontations
with Joseph McCarthy and, more recently, James St. Claire as
Nixon's chief counsel during the Watergate scandals.
(Excuse me. I was a little confused at first. The law firm representing
Gloria Steinem in her media pressure efforts was not the same
one which was involved... [i.e., Greenbaum, Wolf & Ernst are
apparently not Nixon-related.] I was confusing that with the law
firm involved with setting up the Independent Research Service
in the first place.)
(Of course, it's still intriguing that this organization would
be so very much involved with Gloria Steinem and connecting her
to people like James St. Claire -- Nixon's counsel during the
Watergate crisis. The Watergate crisis and its connections with
Katherine Graham we're going to be looking at, as I had indicated,
a little later.)
No one claims to know why Gloria Steinem was chosen to found
and direct this group. But two early organizers of the Independent
Research Service stated, in a New Republic article of May 11th,
1959, that "most of the sponsors have had considerable
experience in domestic and international youth and student affairs."
What in Steinem's past prepared her for this sort of work?
It is a matter of public record that Gloria M. Steinem graduated
from Smith College and then received the Chester Bowles Asian
Fellowship to the Universities of New Delhi and Calcutta, in
India, in 1956 thru 1958. All the Red Stockings could glean
of her activities in India is the alleged publication of a book
in 1957 called, The Thousand Indias. Although the recent
edition of Who's Who in America lists the title of the
book, all attempts by Red Stocking to find it in past or current
listings of the Cumulative Book Index listings of the New York
Public Library Books in Print and the Library of Congress
were unsuccessful. The very existence of Steinem's book cannot
be determined, let alone its contents or the identity of the
According to the recent Red Stocking press release, and a February
21st, 1967 interview in the New York Times, Steinem was
described as "a full-time Independent Research Service
employee in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1959 until after
the Helsinki Youth Festival in 1962." Under media pressure,
Steinem could not disavow her CIA association. But she gave
a distorted view of her activities at the festivals. Steinem
claims all the group did at the two festivals was establish
a newspaper, a news bureau, cultural exhibits, and jazz clubs.
The groups most important work, she said, was convincing youths
from Asia, Africa, and Latin America that there were some Americans
who understood and cared about their situation. Steinem emphasized,
"I was never asked to report on other Americans or assess
foreign nationals I had met."
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 30
CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.
"I was never asked to report on other Americans or assess
foreign nationals I had met." -- Gloria Steinem
The Red Stockings charge that this statement is an alarming
lie. In a "Report on the Vienna Youth Festival" printed
with Steinem's name on it as director of the Independent Research
Service, there are 13 pages devoted exclusively to biographies,
political affiliations, and even some superficial analyses of
persons from all countries participating in the festival. Youths
were monitored in much the same way at the 1962 World Youth
Festival in Helsinki. In addition to the news and cultural events
put on by the Independent Research Service, the Helsinki festival
was marked by four nights of "spontaneous" rioting
against the festival during which 40 people were arrested. It
was reported by Newsweek in August 1962 that "Pravda,
of course, blamed the disturbances on well-financed CIA and
(Interrupting briefly. Of course remember that Newsweek is
published by Katherine Graham. We're going to be coming to *her*
role in setting up Ms. [magazine] in just a minute.)
This is Gloria Steinem's background from the late 1950s and
early 1960s. She functioned as a secret representative of the
American government abroad. At least, she was representing certain
American interests, and her activities in the Independent Research
Service involved her inextricably with the U.S. domestic political
Another fact exhumed by the Red Stockings is the group's [Independent
Research Service's] publication of a pamphlet in 1959 called,
"A Review of Negro Segregation in the United States."
Steinem's name is listed on the inside cover, this time as co-director
of the Independent Research Service. The pamphlet focusses on
the supposed advances made by black people in the U.S. For example:
"Beyond the noisy clamor of those who would obstruct justice
and fair play, no alert observer can be unaware of the concerted
effort to rule out segregation from every aspect of American
life." The reason some discrimination does still occur,
according to the research group, is because "it is also
self-perpetuating, in that the rejected group, through continued
deprivation, is hardened in the very shortcomings, real or imaginary,
that are given as the reasons for the discrimination in the
first place." In other words, the oppression of blacks
continues not because of white, ruling-class interests, but
because black people actually have become inferior. [CN: Here
Red Stocking is paraphrasing how they see the Independent Research
Service pamphlet's argument.]
The Red Stocking's analysis equates this denial of black oppression
with Ms. magazine's rationalization to explain the prolonged
subjugation of women: both blacks and women have supposedly
become apathetic and deficient.
By 1967, the Independent Research Service was declared "largely
inactive" by the New York Times. Steinem, however,
was still a director in 1968 when Ramparts [magazine]
broke another story. This time they disclosed that the CIA had
plans of their own for another World Youth Festival to be held
in Sofia, Bulgaria. A scandal involving some confidential letters
implicating the CIA, which found their way into print before
the festival, had the effect of curtailing the CIA's plans for
youths in Sofia.
It was during the following year, 1969-70, that Gloria Steinem
first began publicly identifying herself with the Women's Movement.
Around this same time, Red Stocking researchers noted there
was a change in the biographical information listed about Steinem
in Who's Who. Reportedly, Who's Who sends data
sheets to their subjects requesting them to furnish the details.
The 1968 and '69 edition was the first issue ever mentioning
Steinem, and at the time she was listed as "Director, educational
foundation, Independent Research Service, Cambridge, Massachusetts/New
York City, 1959-62. Now member Board of Directors, Washington."
By the 1970 edition of Who's Who, this entry was shortened
to "Director, educational foundation, 1959-60." No
mention of her position in Washington on the Board of Directors
appears, and she abbreviated her term of employment with the
Independent Research Service to one year. The censored version
appears in each successive edition of Who's Who.
There does seem to be an attempt on Steinem's part to mislead
Ms. readers and conceal parts of her past. For instance,
her bio-blurb in June 1973 Ms. is even vaguer: "Gloria
Steinem has been a free-lance writer all her professional life.
Ms. magazine is her first full-time, salaried job."
(Obviously, that is not the case.)
Then there is Gloria Steinem's mysteriously swift rise to national
prominence so soon after the 1967 exposures. It is a common
complaint among ex-CIA agents that past involvement with the
Agency often impedes their ability to find other forms of employment.
This was not the case for Steinem. According to Red Stocking,
"her career skyrocketed after the 1967 exposures. Much
of the credit for this must go to Clay Felker, publisher of
New York Magazine. Recently in the news for his acquisition
of the Village Voice, Felker immediately fired its two
remaining founders from their jobs as publisher and editor.
Felker was Steinem's editor at Esquire [magazine] where
her first free-lance pieces were published. He hired her as
contributing editor to New York Magazine in 1968 and
booked publicity spots for her on radio and tv talk shows. Felker
put up the money for the preview issue of Ms. in January
of 1972, a large part of which appeared as a supplement in the
1971 year-end issue of New York Magazine. In effect,
it was Felker who made Steinem famous by giving her a platform
from which to establish her Women's Liberation credentials.
These facts are all part of the public record. What has not
been widely known up to this time are the earlier political
roots of the Steinem/Felker collaboration. Felker was with Steinem
at the Helsinki Youth Festival editing the English language
newspaper put out by the CIA-financed delegation.
In addition to Steinem's initial boost from Clay Felker, the
Red Stockings were able to determine two other major sources
of funds for the then fledgling Ms. magazine. One resource
was Katherine Graham, owner and publisher of the Washington
Post and Newsweek. She bought $20,000 worth of stock
before the first issue of Ms. was ever published. According
to "perfect Ms. ideology," Graham was recently featured
on the magazine's cover, depicted by the headline as "The
Most Powerful Woman in America."
(That, by the way, from the Ms. issue of October 1974.)
It should be noted in conjunction to this fact that Newsweek
became the most enthusiastic, mass-circulation magazine
promoting the Independent Research Service and later, Gloria
Steinem as an individual. (See early articles of 5/10/65 and
cover story of 8/16/71.)
The second major money source for Ms. was Warner Communications,
Inc. They purchased $1 million worth of Ms. stock after the
preview issue appeared. Warners allegedly put up nearly all
the money and only took 25 percent of the actual stock holdings.
Even the Ms. editors admitted that this was a trifle
odd: "We are especially impressed that they took the unusual
position of becoming a major investor but minority stockholder,
thus providing all the money without demanding the decision
vote in return."
(That from the Ms. Reader, page 226.) (Skipping down in
The ad policies of Ms. are an equally important indicator
of the magazine's financial and political backing, especially
in view of the frequently stated Ms. claims of extreme
selectivity regarding which ads they will accept. This stance
makes any ad they choose tantamount to an endorsement. Blatantly
sexist ads are most often rejected, along with ads for cosmetic
and fashion products. However Ms. seems to have no moral problem
accepting public relations and job recruitment ads for large
corporations. IT&T is one of the most regular advertisers
in Ms., along with non-product ads from Ortho Pharmaceuticals,
Exxon Oil, Chemical Bank, Bell Telephone, Singer Aerospace,
Shearson-Hammel stockbrokers, Gulf & Western, and Merrill-Lynch
In their special "Human Developments" section each
month, Ms. runs a series of advertisements for careers
in companies like these.
A letter in September of 1973 from Amy Sverdlow (sp?) of Women's
Strike for Peace questioned what the recruiting of women for
IT&T had in common with human development: "Let's have
a Ms. story on all IT&T activities around the world.
Then, let the reader decide what talented women will find at
IT&T headquarters," she submitted. Ms. editors
replied that in light of all the unemployed women and women
on welfare that they could not be too selective about their
job ads. As if welfare mothers are all headed toward IT&T
careers! There is much controversy over whether Ms. magazine
is a commercial or a political enterprise. Elements of both
seem to exist as ingredients of the Ms. ideological package.
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 31
CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory....continued
Recently, in a television appearance, Pat Carbine, now publisher
of Ms. [magazine] and formerly editor of McCalls [magazine]
in 1971 when that magazine named Gloria Steinem "Woman
of the Year," declared that the Women's Movement was currently
in "Phase II." What that means here (the Red Stockings
go on to explain), "radicals were necessary for getting
the thing started," she conceded, "but the moderates
were now in control."
(And skipping down still further, the article closes here with
an interesting little blurb.)
Do not forget that Gloria Steinem dated Henry Kissinger at
one time. And think about this: "There is still the assumption
that a woman is not a complete human being by herself. We have
to consider the ways in which we are 'man junkies.'"
(That from Gloria Steinem in a New York Times interview
of August 11, 1974.)
Well the Kissinger association is not necessarily very significant
at all [sic! risephoeinx]. However we *are* going to talk about
a man that she's been with for a very long time who appears to
be a very insidious individual indeed.
Perhaps none of the things in any of the material that we're
gonna present here, taken by themselves, would be too conclusive.
However the intersection of all of them is very intriguing indeed.
Now reviewing some of the key points of this Berkeley Barb
article: The Independent Research Service, founded to a considerable
extent by Gloria Steinem and co-directed by her for quite some
time, was involved with basically breaking up socialist youth
conferences and disrupting them abroad, as well as reporting on
the affiliations of some of the people involved. That is obviously
the kind of activity CIA does engage in. And one of the most interesting
things is the role of Clay Felker in boosting Steinem's career
and helping to get Ms. started, because Felker was an associate
of Steinem's in the Independent Research Service. Katherine Graham
here played a key role in launching Ms., and then a sort
of symbiotic relationship between Ms. [magazine] and Steinem
and Newsweek followed from that.
We're gonna take a look at Katherine Graham -- her and the Washington
Post's long-standing affiliation with CIA as well as role
in Watergate -- a little later in the broadcast.
It's also worth noting that (as the article here points out)
some corporations which have sort of dubious policies, at least
abroad, have been very prominent Ms. advertisers. I think
people who would like to find out more about IT&T should take
a look at IT&T's role in the Chilean coup of 1973. And then
examine some of the Amnesty International reports on what happened
to women political prisoners under Pinochet's regime. One of the
most grotesque things that I recall reading in the Amnesty International
reports about the political repression and torture under Pinochet
immediately after the overthrow of Salvador Allende in Chile,
was that female political prisoners were often subjected to torture
by specially trained dogs who would first rape them, and then
sexually mutilate them. Although Ms. [magazine] does not
appear to have too much hesitation about running ads by an organization
that would help precipitate that kind of activity, I suspect that
if Gloria Steinem were tied down onto a Chilean torture table
getting the "once over" from "Fido," I expect
her attitude would be somewhat less circumspect than it was under
And last, but certainly not least, it's interesting to note that
she dated Henry Kissinger. Of course Kissinger was very much involved
in setting up that very same coup, as was Richard Helms (part
of the Washington Post orbit.) We're going to take a look at another
interesting fellow, though, that Gloria Steinem dated. Again:
one doesn't want to damn people by association. But when you're
examining intelligence connections, the people one associates
with intimately and over a long period of time are one of the
indicators of where one's real sympathies lie.
We're now going to play a short section of the "One Step
Beyond" show from June 17th, 1984. You're going to hear some
material here from Newsweek magazine, as well as some material
from the New York Times. And it's going to be talking about
Gloria Steinem's paramour for the past, what... It was nine years
in '84. I don't know whether they're still together, but that's
a long time to be with anybody in terms of a dating relationship.
Gloria Steinem's relationship with a man named J. Stanley Pottinger,
who J. Stanley Pottinger is, some of the things he has been involved
in, is the next thing we're going to take up in relation to Gloria
Steinem and the whole Ms. axis.
Playing now from "One Step Beyond," June 17th, 1984.
An interesting bit of information here concerning Gloria Steinem.
And again: this on the occasion of her 50th birthday. This is
from Newsweek, the issue of June 4th, 1984. There's an
article on Gloria Steinem's 50th birthday. It's very short.
It's entitled, "Steinem at 50: Gloria in Excelsis."
(And I'm only going to read you one sentence of this article.)
"In previous incarnations, Steinem dated Mike Nichols,
Rafer Johnson, and other notables. For the past nine years she
has been romantically involved with Washington attorney Stanley
Pottinger, a Republican and former Assistant Attorney General
for Civil Rights."
But he was Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights under
the Nixon/Ford administration, from 1973 until 1977. You'll
all recall what Nixon's Justice Department was like: both Mr.
Kleindeist and John Mitchell were indicted -- Mitchell convicted
and Kleindeist eventually... I don't know whether he was convicted
and received a suspended sentence, or whether he eventually
was acquitted. But half the Nixon Justice Department wound up
being indicted on one charge or another, many of them acquitted,
most in connection with the Watergate affair. They also presided
over COINTELPRO and a number of other interesting things. Surely
the Nixon administration has never been regarded as a great
champion of civil rights. And a woman like Gloria Steinem, who
is at least nominally aligned with a civil rights movement,
the feminist movement... Well, her association, her 9-year romantic
involvement with Mr. Pottinger, is really intriguing.
Now those of you who listen to Mae Brussell's "World Watcher"
series will recall Mae referring very briefly to Mr. Pottinger's
[alleged] involvement in an arms smuggling scam. (Research credit
for the following article, again, goes to Mr. Ted Rubenstein.)
(By the way, that Newsweek article, if you'd like to look
it up, is from June 4th, 1984.)
Now, concerning Mr. Pottinger and his alleged involvement in
an arms smuggling scam, the following article (research credit
goes to Ted Rubenstein)... This is from the New York Times
of June 3rd, 1984. This is an article by Solwyn Rabb, headlined
"Iranian is Sought in Inquiry on Arms." Subtitled:
"Banker Wanted in Smuggling of Prohibited Equipment."
"An Iranian banker in New York City who offered to help
seek the release of the American hostages in Iran in 1980 is
under investigation for leading a group that purportedly smuggled
banned military equipment into Iran, according to federal authorities.
The investigation, which began four years ago, resulted in the
arrests in New York last month of the brother of the banker
and of a Huntington, Long Island businessman on smuggling charges.
According to federal officials, a former United States Assistant
Attorney General, J. Stanley Pottinger, is also under investigation.
The 44-year-old Mr. Pottinger, who was in charge of the Civil
Rights Division in the Justice Department from 1973 to 1977,
recently testified before the federal grand jury in Manhattan
investigating the case. He did not return telephone calls left
at his Manhattan office or his home."
Conspiracy Nation -- Vol. 9 Num. 33
CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory....continued
So, again, he [Pottinger] is being investigated in connection
with... That is to say, J. Stanley Pottinger, longtime paramour
of Gloria Steinem (9 years, to be exact), is being investigated
in connection with an arms smuggling case, which in turn is connected
with a possible attempt to seek the release of the American hostages
in Iran in 1980.
It certainly isn't conclusive, obviously, because, first of all,
Pottinger's only being investigated in connection with the case.
But that his name should turn up at all... And I understand from
broadcast news reports on the subject (there haven't been many
in print), apparently his voice was on wiretaps of the Hashemi's,
the Iranians involved in this arms smuggling scam and also the
attempt to obtain the release of the hostages from Iran.
Well, of course, arms smuggling is a major focus of intelligence
activity. And Iran, of course, has also been a major focus of
intelligence activity for many years. And among the many people
who crop up in connection with attempts to obtain the release
of the American hostages, Frank Turpel(sp?) and former congressman
John Jenrette (sp?), who went out in the ABSCAM convictions, were
among the many names that crop up in connection with various attempts
to win the release of the hostages.
And of course that whole crisis, the Iranian hostage crisis,
in many ways is viewed by many people as having brought President
Reagan into power.
So, again, we have Gloria Steinem, associated with the Independent
Research Service, a documented CIA domestic funding conduit. We
have her making statements about the "fact" that the
CIA is a liberal and far-sighted organization. And we have her
attempts, through attorneys and major stockholders in Ms.
[magazine], to attempt to suppress the information concerning
her affiliation with Independent Research Service. In addition,
she's 9-years-involved with one of the Nixon/Ford administration's
Assistant Attorneys General, this one in charge of civil rights,
whose name crops up in connection with a major arms smuggling
scam. So, nothing conclusive, but very interesting indeed.
That concludes the tape segment.
Now one of the things that's intriguing about Steinem's association
with Pottinger concerns the fact that Pottinger was not only possibly
involved in an arms smuggling scheme to Iran. What is very intriguing
is the fact that J. Stanley Pottinger was involved, while working
for the Nixon/Ford Justice Department, not only in helping to
block the investigation into the assassination of Martin Luther
King, but also in operating in connection with former Director
of Central Intelligence and current Vice-President of the United
States [1981-89] George Bush in covering up the assassination
of Orlando Letelier, a dissident Chilean diplomat who was blown
up (as many of you, I'm sure, here know) in the middle of Washington,
DC. Although U.S. intelligence has disclaimed any involvement
in that, that claim has been destroyed by a number of different
books. One of those is an excellent book we've used before on
this program. It's called Death
In Washington, co-authored by Donald Freed and Fred Landis.
It was published in hardcover by Lawrence Hill & Co. and it
was copyrighted 1980.
And of J. Stanley Pottinger's role in blocking the investigation
of Martin Luther King [assassination], when it began to lead in
the direction of the FBI, Freed and Landis write as follows in
Death In Washington:
At the Department of Justice, J. Stanley Pottinger and Michael
Shaheen (sp?) were working overtime to blunt the charge that
the Federal Bureau of Investigation might have murdered Dr.
King and certainly had not investigated the crime.
Pottinger was not only involved in blunting the investigation
into the assassination of Martin Luther King, but he also was
involved in a milieu that helped block the investigation, not
only block the investigation into the assassination of Orlando
Letelier, but to deflect it into the direction of the Chilean
Some of the people involved in not only setting up the [Letelier]
assassination but covering it up are names that we've used here
before. The two names here, Frank Turpel and Edwin Wilson, are
going to be "front and center" here. Specifically, Frank
Turpel supposedly met with (according to this account here) James
Buckley, in New York City, shortly before the Letelier assassination.
And according to Landis and Freed, some of the explosives used
in the Letelier assassination were provided by Edwin Wilson and
Frank Turpel. Of course, we've looked at the fact that Turpel
and Wilson were by no means ex-CIA agents when they worked with
Moammar Khaddafi in Libya. And certainly, since this took place
before that, they were not ex-CIA agents at this time too.
So what we have is, Turpel and Wilson, George Bush, and J. Stanley
Pottinger, as well as James Buckley (and later, William F. Buckley),
working not only to assassinate Orlando Letelier, but to cover
it up and deflect blame for the crime in the direction of the
Again, reading from Death In Washington by Landis and
Freed. (The "Townley" referred to here was Michael Vernon
Townley (sp?), the man actually convicted, along with a couple
of anti-Castro Cubans, in performing the Letelier assassination.)
Townley met with Frank Turpel one week before the Letelier
murder, on the same day that he met with Senator James Buckley
and aides in New York City. The explosives, sent into the United
States on Chilean airlines, were to replace explosives supplied
by Edwin Wilson, according to a source close to the office of
U.S. Attorney Lawrence Barchella (sp?), Jr. Barchella had worked
with Eugene Propper (sp?) on the Letelier/Moffit (sp?) case.
Each increment of American involvement in the crime leads to
the threshold question: What did George Bush and the CIA know,
and when did they know it? On October 4th, 1976, Director of
Central Intelligence Bush met with Eugene Propper and J. Stanley
Pottinger, and promised cooperation in exchange for FBI caution
in any national security matters. Then, on November 8th, Bush
flew to Miami on the pretext of "a walking tour of Little
Havana." Actually, he met with FBI Special Agent in Charge
Julius Matson (sp?) and the chief of the Anti-Castro Terrorism
Squad. According to a source close to the meeting, Bush warned
the FBI against allowing the investigation to go any further
than the lowest-level Cubans. This was a secret meeting, but
publicly, Bush was selling headlines like, "Left Is Also
Suspect In Slaying Of Letelier," to Jeremiah O'Leary and
the Washington Star [newspaper].
And just the week before, on November 1st, the Washington Post
had quoted both Bush and Kissinger to the effect that the [Chilean]
Junta was not involved.
This is obstruction of justice, and misprision of a felony at
the least. Why would the Director of the American Central Intelligence
Agency violate the law in the interests of the Chilean Junta?
Well I think that the reasons are fairly obvious, because of
the involvement of the CIA in installing and preserving that very
Junta are a matter of public record.
So again, Michael Vernon Townley cooperating not only with Frank
Turpel and Edwin Wilson on the actual assassination of Orlando
Letelier, but interestingly enough, he meets with Senator James
Buckley on the same day he meets with Frank Turpel. And both the
Buckleys were involved in helping to circulate the myth that the
Chilean left had been involved in killing Orlando Letelier.