In 1724 we have the first
official protected Jew of Oberlistingen—The Jew Falcke
This document is found in the
archives of the town of Oberlistingen:
I, the undersigned am writing
because I am protected by the esteemed sires of Malsburg.
I wish to become a member of the Oberlistingen community
with permission to reside there.
I have obtained all of the rights to function in this
community as a Jew and who has officially received these rights
along with your right to cancel my contract.
Furthermore, I am obligated, if the community is in need of
money, and if I have the means to provide a loan without interest
without damage to myself, I will make an advance to them if the
need arises. All of
what is said here and recorded is based on free will and opinion,
which my signature authenticates.
Signed 19 October 1724
(The Jew Falcke--signature in Hebrew)
additional information about the Jew Falcke and his descendants.
One can discern from the state archives in Marburg: “Following
a decree of 31 March 1808 all Jews in the Kingdom of Westfalen
must adopt family names. These names of which cannot be changed without permission.”
The list of family names that were created as of this
decree in Fulda District still exists. Unfortunately, the list of names of the Canton of Niedermeiser
that Oberlistingen belongs to are not available as proof of
identity. One can
discern from other sources that an Oberlistingen Jew by the name
of Jacob Goldschmidt was the same person who carried the name
Jacob Falcke, the son of the Jew Falcke.
According to the town records,
Jacob Falcke was the son of the original Falcke Jacob (born in
1696 and died in 1764)-and whose wife was named Sara (born 1704).
From this marriage the son Jacob was born in 1729, another son
Joseph born in 1735, followed by a daughter, Blume, in 1740.
The sons Jacob and Joseph were taken in as Shutzjuden in
1764 and 1770, paying their schutzgeld (Jew tax) regularly to the
Jacob Falcke was first married
to Bela___, who bore his first son, Elieser Goldschmidt (who
married Roeschen Braunschild from Nieheim) He then married Judith
Arons (also known as Juette or Juetchen), he produced one child,
Jude Jacob, who later moved to the Netherlands and married Dina
Levi. After Judit
died, Jacob married Eva, the daughter of Selig Ruben from Warburg.
The marriage contract between the two was sealed on the 24th
November 1780. Out
of this marriage a number of children were produced:
Lehmann Goldschmidt, who married Ranchen Frank daughter of
Eva Goldschmidt from Warburg (relative?)
Seligmann Goldschmidt, who married Hincka Schoenschen
Alexander from Wolfhagen
Meyer Goldschmidt, who married Lea Katzenstein from
Simon Goldschmidt, who married Lea’s sister Edeline also
A daughter ?, who married David Grunewald from Pombsen near
the archival records Meyer was registered as an “ellenwarren
handle” (yard goods trader) and Simon was a “schneidermeister
(journeyman tailor). The fact that the family of Jacob Falcke was not rich in 1794
can be deducted that he only paid half of the tax that was
dictated by the authorities.
Moreover, in 1794, he borrowed from the hunter’s guild of
Breuna, 30 reichtaler with his residence as collateral.
He bought his
residence in 1768 from a Jew named Herz Juda.
In the contract, the name of his wife was Bela. We believe
that Jacob Falcke (Goldschmidt) died in 1815.
This surmise stems from the fact that in 1815 his widow, Eva, declined
to pay his residence tax for which she only paid a reduced rate.
Between the heirs of Jacob Falcke, a probate occurred in
1849, in which the other sons ceded the residence bought in 1768
to their brother, Lehmann Goldschmidt. The latter sold the house in 1859 to the teacher Karl Rohner
and his wife.
*Chapter III- Die Juden
Geschichte Beider Listingen by Dieter Carl
Published by Herausgegeben vom Gemeindevorstand der Gemeinde
Breuna, 1999. Translation by Joseph Voss