Frost Dates for Gardeners
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Average First and Last Frost Dates for US



Canadian Frost Dates

Australian and New Zealand Frost Dates



Crocus: a flower that blooms even with frost Tulips bloom in early to mid spring.  

WARNING!

Average frost dates are only a rough guide since the dates can vary by two or three weeks in any year. In very rough terms, California, southern Arizona, and areas along the Gulf Coast can plant in March or earlier. The lower South in early April; the Ohio River Valley, late April; and most other regions in early May. At spring planting time, it's best to take close notice of the local long term weather forecast to tell whether it is safe to plant tender plantsUS Map



Extending the Growing Season

States

Cities Last Frost Day First Frost Day Growing Season Length
Alabama Birmingham March 29 November 6 221 Days
Mobile February 27 November 26 272 Days
Montgomery March 28 October 29 217 Days
Tuscaloosa April 6 October 20 197 Days
Alaska Anchorage May 17 September 23 130 Days
Juneau May 16 September 28 133 Days
Fairbanks May 25 August 25 91 Days
Arizona Flagstaff June 13 September 21 99 Days
Phoenix February 5 December 15 308 Days
Tucson February 28 November 29 273 Days
Yuma February 19 December 14 298 Days
Arkansas Fayetteville April 21 October 17 179 Days
Fort Smith April 14 October 18 Days
Little Rock March 23 November 9 230 Days
California Bakersfield March 3 November 20 262 Days
Barstow April 15 October 29 197 Days
Berkeley January 19 December 26 341 Days
Bishop May 25 September 26 125 Days
Blythe March 1 November 28 272 Days
Chico April 23 October 30 190 Days
Eureka March 14 November 15 246 Days
Fresno February 22 November 25 273 Days
Klamath April 27 October 28 209 Days
Lompoc April 11 November 7 210 Days
Los Angeles Freeze unlikely 365 Days
Modesto March 28 November 10 227 Days
Monterey February 11 December 11 303 Days
Napa April 28 November 30 206 Days
Oxnard February 9 December 24 318 Days
Palmdale May 2 October 27 178 Days
Palm Springs March 6 November 18 257 Days
Palo Alto March 30 November 9 224 Days
Pasadena February 3 December 13 313 Days
Pomona April 1 November 16 229 Days
San Jose February 19 November 23 227 Days
San Luis Obispo March 27 November 22 240 Days
Santa Barbara February 26 December 4 281 Days
Santa Rosa May 1 November 5 188 Days
Sacramento February 14 December 1 289 Days
San Bernardino February 23 December 8 294
San Diego No Freezes 365 Days
San Francisco January 8 January 5 362 Days
Visalia March 17 November 8 236 Days
Colorado Denver May 3 October 157 Days
Durango June 4 September 18 105 Days
Connecticut Hartford April 25 October 10 167 Days
Delaware Wilmington April 13 October 31 198 Days
D.C. Washington April 10 October 31 203 Days
Florida Avon Park March 1 December 6 Days
Ft. Lauderdale February 1 January 16 350 Days
Fort Pierce February 19 December 15 Days
Fort Lauderdale February 1 January 16 Days
Gainesville March 29 November 5 Days
Jacksonville February 14 November 16 303 Days
Miami none none 365 Days
Orlando January 31 December 17 320 Days
Pensacola March 20 November 8 Days
Tallahassee April 5 October 28 Days
Tampa February 25 December 3 338 Days
Georgia Albany March 31 October 26
Atlanta March 13 November 12 243 Days
Augusta April 15 October 23
Blairsville May 21 September 29
Brunswick March 18 November 15
Columbus April 8 October 27
Macon April 4 October 27
Rome April 21 October 12
Savannah March 10 November 15 250 Days
Waycross April 5 October 22
Idaho Boise May 8 October 9 153 Days
Pocatello May 20 September 20 122 Days
Illinois Chicago April 14 November 2 201 Days
Springfield April 17 October 19 185 Days
Indiana Indianapolis April 22 October 19 185 Days
Iowa Des Moines April 19 October 17 180 Days
Kansas Wichita April 13 October 25 193 Days
Kentucky Louisville April 1 November 7 220 Days
Louisiana Alexandria March 26 October 31
Baton Rouge March 18 November 4
Monroe March 9 November 7 242 Days
New Orleans February 20 December 5 288 Days
Shreveport April 2 October 27
Maine Portland May 10 September 30 143 Days
Maryland Baltimore March 26 November 13 231 Days
Massachusetts Boston April 6 November 10 217 Days
Worcester April 27 October 17 172Days
Michigan Detroit April 24 October 22 181 Days
Marquette May 12 October 19 159 Days
Minnesota Duluth May 21 September 21 122 Days
Minneapolis April 30 October 13 166 Days
Mississippi Biloxi March 18 November 8 Days
Columbus March 27 October 29 215 Days
Holly Springs April 15 October 18
Jackson March 17 November 18 250 Days
Missouri Jefferson City April 28 October 16 173 Days
St. Louis April 3 November 6 217 Days
Montana Billings May 12 September 23 133 Days
Nebraska Lincoln March 13 November 13 180 Days
Nevada Las Vegas March 7 November 21 259 Days
New Hampshire Concord May 23 September 22 121 Days
New Jersey Newark April 4 November 10 219 Days
Trenton April 6 November 7 214 Days
New Mexico Albuquerque April 16 October 29 196 Days
Los Alamos May 8 October 13 157 Days
New York Albany May 7 September 29 144 Days
New York City April 1 November 11 233 Days
Rochester May 3 October 15 164 Days
Syracuse April 28 October 16 170 Days
North Carolina Asheville April 10 October 24 195 Days
Charlotte March 21 November 15 239 Days
Durham April 29 October 11
Morehead City April 11 November 3
Raleigh April 11 October 27 198 Days
North Dakota Bismark May 14 September 20 129 Days
Ohio Akron May 3 October 18 168 Days
Cincinnati April 14 October 27 195 Days
Cleveland May 18 October 5
Columbus April 26 October 17 195 Days
Dayton
April 27 October 16
Lima May 19 September 24
Toledo May 16 September 29
Youngstown May 24 September 29
Oklahoma Oklahoma City March 28 November 7 224 Days
Tulsa March 30 November 4 218 Days
Oregon Portland April 3 November 7 217 Days
Pennsylvania Allentown April 20 October 18
Philadelphia April 6 November 4 Days
Pittsburgh April 16 November 3 201 Days
Rhode Island Providence May 8 September 30 144 Days
South Carolina Anderson April 15 October 19
Beaufort March 28 November 1 Days
Charleston March 11 November 20 253 Days
Columbia April 4 November 2 211 Days
Conway April 3 October 26 Days
Florence March 10 November 11 Days
South Dakota Rapid City May 7 September 29 145 Days
Tennessee Chattanooga April 18 October 19
Kingsport April 29 October 7
Knoxville April 9 October 7
Memphis March 23 November 7 228 Days
Nashville April 5 October 29 209 Days
Texas Amarillo April 30 October 14 Days
Austin March 21 November 5 Days
Brownsville February 15 December 17 Days
Dalhart May 9 October 11 Days
Dallas/Ft. Worth March 18 November 12 239 Days
El Paso April 14 October 28 Days
Henderson April 2 October 29 Days
Houston February 4 December 10 309 Days
Longview April 2 October 29 Days
Midland April 11 October 21 Days
Port Lavaca March 15 November 17 Days
San Angelo April 12 October 22 Days
San Antonio March 3 November 24 265 Days
Wichita Falls April 13 October 24 Days
Utah Salt Lake City April 23 November 1 203 Days
Vermont Burlington May 11 October 1 142 Days
Virginia Norfolk March 23 November 17 239 Days
Richmond April 10 October 26 198 Days
Washington Seattle March 24 November 11 232 Days
Spokane May 4 October 5 153 Days
Wisconsin Green Bay May 12 October 2 175 Days
Milwaukee May 5 October 9 156 Days
Wyoming Casper May 22 September 22 123 Days


More cities and more precise information is available at: NOAA Freeze/Frost Dates.


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For those who appreiciate winter and nature



Stopping By The Woods On A Snowy Evening

By Robert Frost

Whose woods these are I think I know,
His house is in the village though.
He will not see me stopping here,
To watch his woods fill up with snow.

My little horse must think it queer,
To stop without a farmhouse near,
Between the woods and frozen lake,
The darkest evening of the year.

He gives his harness bells a shake,
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound's the sweep,
Of easy wind and downy flake.

The woods are lovely, dark and deep,
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.




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