These are a few terms that are used in reference to the pattern King's Crown. Definitions have been taken from Heacock's Book 7 Ruby~Stained Glass From A to Z, Barret's Popular American Ruby-Stained Pattern Glass, The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, and from The Corning Museum of Glass Glossary of Glassmaking Terms.

Carnival glass
Inexpensive pressed glass with vivid gold, orange, and purple iridescence, made in the United States between about 1895 and 1924. It is so called because it was frequently offered as fairground prizes.

A small vessel with a perforated top from which one casts or sprinkles sugar or condiments such as pepper. A castor set is a matching group of castors, which, together with cruets, form a condiment set.

Celery Vase
A tall, narrow vase used at the table for holding celery.

Condiment Set
A group of matching vessels, usually with a tray or rack, that includes containers for salt, pepper, and mustard, and perhaps also cruets for oil and vinegar.

wavy or bent. As used in the description of the edge of the crimped edge compote.

The technique of decorating glass by manipulating its outer surface against, small rotating copper wheels to produce a design of varying depth. See Engraved Goblet.

An ornamental projection or end. See the handle on the covered sugar bowl. An example of no finial is the jam jar.

a layer of glass. A thin layer of glass on the surface of a glass object which could change the base color. As used in the description of the coloring of King's Crown. (I think this term is used incorrectly in describing the coloring of King's Crown. I would think a layer of glass would protect the coloring from scratches.)

a grooved pleat. As used in the description of the fluted compote.

Frosted Glass
The matte finish on clear glass produced by acid-etching or sandblasting. See Satin Finished Blue Compote. The jury is still out on this example. The compote has a matte finish as suggested here, but is not rough to the touch as frosted objects frequently are.

A drinking vessel with a bowl that rests on a stemmed foot.

The rainbowlike effect that changes according to the angle from which it is viewed or the angle of incidence of the source of light. See Iridescent Amber Compote and Iridescent Dark Blue Compote.

Opaque White Glass
The correct name of the glass more commonly known as milk glass or opal glass. See Opaque White Compote.

Patterned Glass
Clear or colored glass pressed into one of hundreds of patterns.

Pressed glass
Glassware formed by placing a blob of molten glass in a metal mold, then pressing it with a metal plunger or "follower" to form the inside shape. The resultant piece, termed "mold-pressed," has an interior form independent of the exterior, in contrast to mold-blown glass, whose interior corresponds to the outer form. The process of pressing glass was first mechanized in the United States between 1820 and 1830.

Ruby Glass
is properly used to describe glass which is made of a comparatively expensive gold solution formula, and is red in color all the way through, solid color. True "Cranberry" glass falls into this group, although it usually has applied clear glass parts.

is the proper term for a less expensive method of making a piece of glass appear to have been made of solid color. A small quantity of ruby glass is blown slightly, cooled a bit and then dipped into a batch of clear, molten glass, and the desired item is then made. This gives the finished article a thin colored coat, a mere film of color in relation to the amount of clear glass used.

is the name for the least expensive way of obtaining red color on a piece of glass, the item is fashioned in the usual way from clear, moten glass, usually pressed in one of several thousand patterens. The staining material, usually ruby-red in color, was painted onto the annealed glass with a brush, wherever it was desired for decorative effect, and fired on for permanency. This enabled one factory to produce the glass items and to sell them to various decorating companies, where different portions of the same pattern could be stained. King's Crown is of this variety.

Satin Finished
A finish on glass, produced by hydrofluoric acid, suggestive of satin, especially in its smooth, lustrous appearance and sleek touch. See Satin Finished Blue Compote. The jury is still out on this example. The compote is smooth to the touch as suggested here, but not lustrous at all.

Slag or Marble Glass
Produced by combining two different colors of molten glass and then reheating to a temperature suitable for pressing. See Opaque Purple and Gold Goblet.

a coating of paint. Ruby stained glass was painted with a chemical solution including sulfate of copper which, when exposed to a high kiln temperature of about 1,000 degrees, would turn color and adhere to the surface of the glass permanently. As used in the description of the coloring of King's Crown. (This is the correct term in describing the coloring of King's Crown, because the color is so easily scratched.)

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